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Timothy “Tim” Eugene Scott (born September 19, 1965) is an American politician and businessman serving as the junior United States Senator from South Carolina since 2013. Appointed by Governor Nikki Haley to replace the retiring Jim DeMint, he later won a special election in 2014 and was elected to a full term in 2016. A member of the Republican Party, Scott was endorsed for the Senate by Tea Party groups.[2][3]

Tim Scott
Tim Scott, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg
United States Senator
from South Carolina
Assumed office
January 2, 2013[1]
Serving with Lindsey Graham
Preceded byJim DeMint
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 1st district
In office
January 3, 2011 – January 2, 2013
Preceded byHenry Brown
Succeeded byMark Sanford
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
from the 117th district
In office
January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byTom Dantzler
Succeeded byBill Crosby
Member of the Charleston County Council
from the 3rd district
In office
February 8, 1995 – January 3, 2009
Preceded byKeith Summey
Succeeded byElliott Summey
Personal details
Timothy Eugene Scott

(1965-09-19) September 19, 1965 (age 54)
North Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
EducationPresbyterian College
Charleston Southern University (BS)
WebsiteSenate website

In 2010, Scott was elected to the United States House of Representatives for South Carolina's 1st congressional district, where he served from 2011 to 2013. Previously, Scott served one term (from 2009 to 2011) in the South Carolina General Assembly and served on the Charleston County council from 1996 to 2008.[3][4]

Since January 2017, Scott has been one of three African-Americans in the U.S. Senate, and the first to serve in both chambers of Congress.[5] He is the first African-American senator from the state of South Carolina, the first African-American senator to be elected from the southern United States since 1881 (four years after the end of the Reconstruction Era), and the first African-American Republican to serve in the U.S. Senate since Edward Brooke departed in 1979.[6][7] Following the announced retirement of Will Hurd, the sole African-American Republican in the House of Representatives, Scott will be the only African-American Republican in Congress.[8]

Early life, education, and business careerEdit

Scott was born in North Charleston, South Carolina, a son of Frances, a nursing assistant, and Ben Scott, Sr.[9] His parents were divorced when he was 7. He grew up in working class poverty with his mother working 16-hour days to support her family, including Tim's brothers.[3] His older brother is a sergeant major in the U.S. Army.[10] Scott's younger brother is a U.S. Air Force colonel.

Scott attended Presbyterian College from 1983 to 1984, on a partial football scholarship. He graduated from Charleston Southern University in 1988 with a Bachelor of Science in political science.[2][11] Scott is also an alumnus of South Carolina's Palmetto Boys State program, an experience which he cites as an influential factor in his decision to enter public service.

In addition to his political career, Scott owns an insurance agency, Tim Scott Allstate,[12] and worked as a financial adviser.[3]

Charleston County Council (1995–2008)Edit


Scott ran in a February 1995 special election to the Charleston County Council at-large seat vacated by Keith Summey, who resigned his seat after being elected as Mayor of North Charleston.[13][14] Scott won the seat as a Republican, receiving nearly 80% of the vote in the white-majority district, which since the late 20th century has voted Republican.[15] He became the first black Republican elected to any office in South Carolina since the late 19th century.[4]

Scott was on the County Council for a time alongside Paul Thurmond, the son of the late Republican U.S. Senator, Strom Thurmond, who switched from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party in 1964.[16]

In 1996, Scott challenged Democratic State Senator Robert Ford in South Carolina's 42nd Senate district, but lost 65%–35%.[2][17]

Scott won reelection to the County Council in 2000, again winning in white-majority districts.[18] In 2004, he was reelected again with 61% of the vote, defeating Democrat Elliot Summey (son of Mayor Keith Summey).[19][20]


Scott was on the council from 1995 until 2008, becoming chairman in 2007.[9] In 1997, he supported posting the Ten Commandments outside the council chambers, saying it would remind members of the absolute rules they should follow. The county council unanimously approved the display, and Scott nailed a King James version of the Commandments to the wall. Shortly thereafter, the ACLU and Americans United for Separation of Church and State challenged this in a federal suit. After an initial court ruling that the display was unconstitutional, the council settled out of court to avoid accruing more legal fees.[21] Regarding the costs of the suit, Scott said, "Whatever it costs in the pursuit of this goal is worth it."[21]

In January 2001, the U.S. Department of Justice sued Charleston County, South Carolina for racial discrimination under the Voting Rights Act, based on its having all its council seats elected by at-large districts. DOJ had attempted to negotiate with county officials on this issue in November 2000. Justice officials noted that at-large seats dilute the voting strength of the significant African-American minority in the county, who in 2000 made up 34.5% of the population. They have been unable to elect any "candidates of their choice" for years. Whites or European Americans are 61.9 percent of the county population.[22] Since the late 20th century, the majority-white voters have elected Republican candidates. County officials noted that the majority of voters in 1989 had approved electing members by at-large seats in a popular referendum.[23]

Scott, the only African-American member of the county council, has said about this case and the alternative of electing council members from single-member districts,

I don't like the idea of segregating everyone into smaller districts. Besides, the Justice Department assumes that the only way for African-Americans to have representation is to elect an African-American, and the same for whites. Obviously, my constituents don't think that's true.[23]

The Department of Justice alleged that the voting preference issue was not a question of ethnicity, stating that voters in black precincts in the county had rejected Scott as a candidate for the council. The lawsuit noted that because of the white majority, "white bloc voting usually results in the defeat of candidates who are preferred by black voters."[23] The Department added that blacks live in compact areas of the county, and could be a majority in three districts if the county seats were apportioned as nine single-member districts.[23]

Committee assignments

  • Economic Development Committee (Chair)[24]

South Carolina House of Representatives (2009–2011)Edit


In 2008, incumbent Republican State Representative Tom Dantzler decided to retire. With support from advisors such as Nicolas Muzin,[25] Scott decided to run for his seat in District 117 of the South Carolina House of Representatives and won the Republican primary with 53% of the vote, defeating Bill Crosby and Wheeler Tillman.[26] He won the general election unopposed,[27] becoming the first Republican African American U.S. Representative from South Carolina in more than 100 years.[28][29]


Scott supported South Carolina's right-to-work laws and argued that Boeing chose South Carolina as a site for manufacturing for that reason.[30]

In South Carolina Club for Growth's 2009–10 scorecard, Scott earned a B and a score of 80 out of 100.[31] He was praised by the South Carolina Association of Taxpayers for his "diligent, principled and courageous stands against higher taxes."[32]

Committee assignments

  • Judiciary
  • Labor, Commerce and Industry
  • Ways and Means[33]

United States House of Representatives (2011–2013)Edit



Scott entered the election for lieutenant governor but switched to run for South Carolina's 1st congressional district following the retirement announcement of Republican incumbent Henry Brown. The 1st district is based in Charleston, and includes approximately the northern 3/4 of the state's coastline (except for Beaufort and Hilton Head Island, which have been included in the 2nd District since redistricting).[34]

Scott finished first in the nine-candidate Republican primary of June 8, 2010, receiving a plurality of 32% of the vote.[35] Fellow Charleston County Councilman Paul Thurmond, son of U.S. Senator Strom Thurmond, was second with 16%. Carroll A. Campbell III, the son of former Governor Carroll A. Campbell, Jr., was third with 14%.[16][36] Charleston County School Board member Larry Kobrovsky ranked fourth with 11%. Five other candidates had single-digit percentages.[37]

Because no candidate had received 50% or more of the vote, a runoff was held on June 22 between Scott and Thurmond. Scott was endorsed by the anti-tax Club for Growth,[38] various Tea Party movement groups, former Alaska Governor and Vice Presidential nominee Sarah Palin,[3][39] Republican House Whip Eric Cantor,[40] former Arkansas governor Mike Huckabee,[41] South Carolina Senator Jim DeMint, and the founder of the Minuteman Project.[2] He defeated Thurmond[42] 68%–32% and won every county in the congressional district.[43][44]

According to the Associated Press, Scott "swamped his opponents in fundraising, spending almost $725,000 during the election cycle to less than $20,000 for his November opponents".[3] He won the general election against Democrat Ben Frasier 65%–29%.[45] With this election, Scott and Allen West of Florida became the first African-American Republicans in Congress since J. C. Watts retired in 2003.[46] Scott also became the first African-American Republican elected to Congress from South Carolina in 114 years.[47] From 1895 to after 1965, most African-Americans had been disenfranchised in the state, and they had comprised most of the Republican Party when they were excluded from the political system.


Scott was unopposed in the primary and won the general election against Democrat Bobbie Rose, 62%–36%.[48][49]


Scott's official 112th Congress portrait

Scott declined to join the Congressional Black Caucus.[50]

In March 2011, Scott co-sponsored a welfare reform bill that would deny food stamps to families whose incomes were lowered to the point of eligibility because a family member was participating in a labor strike.[51][52] He introduced legislation in July 2011 to strip the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) of its power to prohibit employers from relocating to punish workers who join unions or strike.[53] The rationale for the legislation is that government agencies should not be able to tell private employers where they can run a business.[53] Scott described the legislation as a commonsense proposal that would fix a flaw in federal labor policy and benefit the national and local economies.[53] The NLRB had recently opposed the relocation of a Boeing production facility from Washington state to South Carolina.[53]

Scott successfully advocated for federal funds for a Charleston harbor dredging project estimated at $300 million, arguing that the project was neither an earmark nor an example of wasteful government spending.[54] He said the project was merit-based and in the national interest because larger cargo ships could use the port and jobs would be created.[54]

During the summer 2011 debate over raising the U.S. debt ceiling, Scott supported the inclusion of a balanced-budget Constitutional amendment in the debt ceiling bill, and opposed legislation that did not include the amendment. Before voting "no" on the final bill to raise the debt ceiling, Scott and other first-term conservatives prayed for guidance in a congressional chapel. Afterward, he said he had received divine inspiration regarding his vote, and joined the rest of the South Carolina congressional delegation in voting "no" on the measure.[55][56]

  • Taxes and spending – Scott believes that federal spending and taxes should be reduced,[2] with a Balanced Budget Amendment and the FairTax respectively implemented for spending and taxes.
  • Health care – Scott believes the Affordable Care Act should be repealed.[2][57][58] He has said that health care in the U.S. is among the greatest in the world,[58] that people all over the world come to study in American medical schools, waiting lists are rare, and Americans are able to choose their insurance, providers, and course of treatment.[58] Scott supports an alternative to the ACA that he says keeps its benefits while controlling costs by reforming the medical tort system by having a limit on non-economic damages[58] and by reforming Medicare.[58] In January 2014 he signed an amicus brief in support of Senator Ron Johnson's legal challenge against the U.S. Office of Personnel Management's Affordable Care Act ruling.[59][60][61]
    Scott and President Donald Trump in January 2019
  • Earmarks – Scott opposes earmarks, and yet he successfully advocated for federal funds for a Charleston harbor dredging project estimated at $300 million.[2]
  • Economic development – He supports infrastructure development and public works for his district.[2] He opposes restrictions on deepwater oil drilling.[2] He proposed the opportunity zone designation in the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.
  • Social issues – Scott describes himself as pro-life. He supports adult and cord blood stem cell research[62] but opposes taxpayer-funded embryonic stem cell research[63] and the creation of human embryos for experimentation.[64] He opposes assisted suicide[62] and same-sex marriage.[65]
  • Immigration – Scott supports federal legislation similar to the Arizona law, Arizona SB 1070.[66] He supports strengthening penalties for employers who knowingly hire illegal immigrants.[66] He also promotes cultural assimilation by making English the official language in the government and requiring new immigrants to learn English.[66] He opposes a pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens.[67]
  • Labor – Scott introduced a bill that would deny food stamps to families whose incomes were lowered to the point of eligibility because a family member was participating in a labor strike.[68]
  • Foreign policy – Scott advocates a continued military presence in Afghanistan and believes early withdrawal would benefit Al-Qaeda. He also views Iran as the world's most dangerous country and believes that the US should aid pro-democracy groups there.[69] Scott opposed the 2011 military intervention in Libya.[70]
  • Police body cameras – After the shooting of Walter Scott (no relation), Scott urged the Senate to hold hearings on police body cameras.[71]
Scott speaking at a Veterans Day event in 2011

Committee assignments

The House Republican Steering Committee appointed Scott to the Committee on Transportation and the Committee on Small Business.[72] He was later appointed to the Committee on Rules and relinquished his other two committee assignments.[73]

U.S. SenateEdit

2012 appointmentEdit

On December 17, 2012, South Carolina governor Nikki Haley announced she would appoint Scott to replace retiring Senator Jim DeMint, who had previously announced that he would retire from the Senate to become the President of The Heritage Foundation.[74] Scott is the first African American to be a U.S. Senator from South Carolina. He was one of three black U.S. Senators in the 113th Congress, alongside Mo Cowan and later Cory Booker (and the first since Roland Burris retired in 2010 after succeeding Barack Obama). He is the first African American to be a U.S. Senator from the Southern United States since Reconstruction.[75]

During two periods, first from January 2, 2013 until February 1, 2013, and again from July 16, 2013 until October 31, 2013, Scott was the only African-American Senator. He and Cowan were the first black senators to serve alongside each other.

News media reported that Scott, along with Rep. Trey Gowdy, former South Carolina Attorney General Henry McMaster, former First Lady of South Carolina Jenny Sanford, and Catherine Templeton, Director of the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, were on Haley's short list to replace DeMint.[76] Of her decision to pick Scott, Haley said: "It is important to me, as a minority female, that Congressman Scott earned this seat, he earned this seat for the person that he is. He earned this seat with the results he has shown."[77]

2014 electionEdit

Scott ran in November 2014 to serve the final two years of DeMint's term and won.[78]

2016 electionEdit

Scott won reelection to a first full term in office in November 2016.[79] He was endorsed by the Club for Growth.[80]

In July 2018, Scott introduced a bipartisan bill, along with Democratic Senators Cory Booker and Kamala Harris, to make lynching a federal hate crime.[81]

In February 2019, Scott was one of sixteen senators to vote against legislation preventing a partial government shutdown and containing 1.375 billion for barriers along the U.S.-Mexico border that included 55 miles of fencing.[82]



In 2017, Scott was one of 22 senators to sign a letter[83] to President Donald Trump urging him to have the United States withdraw from the Paris Agreement. According to the Center for Responsive Politics, Scott has received over $540,000 from oil, gas and coal interests since 2012.[84]

Judicial nominationsEdit

Scott meets with Judge Brett Kavanaugh in July 2018

Scott did not support Trump's nominee, Oregon's Ryan Bounds, to the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, effectively "derailing" the nomination. His decision was based on what he called Bounds's "bigoted statements he made as a Stanford student in the 1990s." Marco Rubio joined him in opposing the nomination shortly thereafter, prompting Mitch McConnell to withdraw the nomination altogether.[85]

In November 2018, Scott bucked his party in opposing Trump's nomination of Thomas A. Farr for a federal judgeship.[86] Farr had been accused of voter suppression toward African-American voters.[86] Scott cited Farr's involvement in the 1984 and 1990 Senate campaigns of Jesse Helms, which sought to suppress black voters, and a 1991 memo from the Department of Justice under the George H. W. Bush administration that stated that "Farr was the primary coordinator of the 1984 ‘ballot security’ program conducted by the NCGOP and 1984 Helms for Senate Committee. He coordinated several ‘ballot security’ activities in 1984, including a postcard mailing to voters in predominantly black precincts which was designed to serve as a basis to challenge voters on election day."[86] Further explaining his vote, Scott said the Republican Party was "not doing a very good job of avoiding the obvious potholes on race in America."[87] In an editorial, the Wall Street Journal criticized Scott, arguing that Democrats would see Farr's defeat as a "vindication of their most underhanded and inflammatory racial tactics."[88] In a letter to the Wall Street Journal Scott said the publication was trying to “deflect concerns” about Farr’s nomination.[89][90]


In January 2019, Scott was one of six senators to cosponsor the Health Insurance Tax Relief Act, delaying the Health Insurance Tax for two years.[91]


In November 2017, in response to efforts by China to purchase tech companies based in the US, Scott was one of nine senators to cosponsor a bill that would broaden the federal government’s ability to prevent foreign purchases of U.S. firms through increasing the strength of the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). The scope of the CFIUS would be expanded to allow it to review along with possibly decline smaller investments and add additional national security factors for CFIUS to consider including if information about Americans would be exposed as part of transactions or whether the deal would facilitate fraud.[92]


In January 2018, Scott was one of 36 Republican senators to sign a letter to Trump requesting he preserve the North American Free Trade Agreement by modernizing it for the economy of the 21st century.[93]

Committee assignments

Personal lifeEdit

Scott is unmarried.[9] He owns an insurance agency and is a partner in Pathway Real Estate Group, LLC.[4] Scott is an evangelical Protestant.[94][95][96] He is a member of Seacoast Church, a large evangelical church in Charleston, and a former member of that church's board. Republican leadership has praised Scott's background as an example of achieving the American dream according to a conservative model.[97]

Electoral historyEdit

Republican Primary - 2008 South Carolina General Assembly 117th District
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 1,333 53.30
Republican William Bill Crosby 647 25.87
Republican Wheeler Tillman 521 20.83
General election 2008 – South Carolina General Assembly 117th District[98]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 9,080 99.27
Other Write-ins 67 0.73
Total votes 9,147 100
Turnout 76.02
Republican Primary – 2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina[99]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 25,457 31.49
Republican Paul Thurmond 13,149 16.26
Republican Carroll Campbell 11,665 14.43
Republican Larry Kobrovsky 8,521 10.54
Republican Stovall Witte 7,192 8.90
Republican Clark B Parker 6,769 8.37
Republican Katherine Jenerette 3,849 4.76
Republican Mark Lutz 3,237 4.00
Republican Ken Glasson 1,006 1.24
Total votes 80,845 100
Turnout 24.11
Republican Primary Runoff – 2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina[100]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 46,885 68
Republican Paul Thurmond 21,706 32
2010 1st Congressional District of South Carolina Elections[45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 152,755 65.37
Democratic Ben Frasier 67,008 28.67
Turnout 51.89
2014 United States Senate Special Republican Primary Election in South Carolina[101]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 276,147 89.98
Republican Randall Young 30,741 10.02
Turnout 15.97
2014 United States Senate Special Election in South Carolina[102]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 757,215 61.12
Democratic Joyce Dickerson 459,583 37.09
Independent Jill Bossi 21,652 1.75
Other Write-Ins 532 0.04
Turnout 43.00
2016 United States Senate Election in South Carolina
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tim Scott 1,241,609 60.57
Democratic Thomas Dixon 757,022 36.93
Libertarian Bill Bledsoe 37,482 1.83
American Michael Scarborough 11,923 0.58
Other Write-Ins 1,857 0.09

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ 2012 Congressional Record, Vol. 158, Page H7467 (December 30, 2012)
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  4. ^ a b c "Tim Scott Biography" (PDF). Tim Scott for Congress. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 25, 2011. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
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  7. ^ Reed, Adolph (December 18, 2012). "The Puzzle of Black Republicans". New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2018.
  8. ^ "Only black House Republican now sixth GOP retirement in little over a week". Retrieved August 25, 2019.
  9. ^ a b c "Members of the House Representative Timothy E. Scott". Official Web Site of the State of South Carolina. Archived from the original on July 31, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011.
  10. ^ Seelye, Katharine Q. S. Carolina Candidate Shrugs Off History’s Lure, New York Times, June 25, 2010.
  11. ^ "Scott, Tim (1965–)". Biographical Directory for the U.S. Congress. Retrieved July 30, 2011.
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  53. ^ a b c d David Slade (July 20, 2011). "Tim Scott takes on NLRB". The Post and Courier. Charleston SC. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
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