United States Senate Committee on Armed Services
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The Committee on Armed Services (sometimes abbreviated SASC for Senate Armed Services Committee on its Web site) is a committee of the United States Senate empowered with legislative oversight of the nation's military, including the Department of Defense, military research and development, nuclear energy (as pertaining to national security), benefits for members of the military, the Selective Service System and other matters related to defense policy. The Armed Services Committee was created as a result of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946 following U.S. victory in the Second World War. The bill merged the responsibilities of the Committee on Naval Affairs (established in 1816) and the Committee on Military Affairs (also established in 1816).
Considered one of the most powerful Senate committees, its broad mandate allowed it to report some of the most extensive and revolutionary legislation during the Cold War years, including the National Security Act of 1947. The committee tends to take a more bipartisan approach than other committees, as many of its members formerly served in the military or have major defense interests located in the states they come from.
The current Chair is Democrat Jack Reed of Rhode Island, and the Ranking Member is Republican Jim Inhofe of Oklahoma.
According to the Standing Rules of the United States Senate, all proposed legislation, messages, petitions, memorials, and other matters relating to the following subjects are referred to the Armed Services Committee:
- Aeronautical and space activities pertaining to or primarily associated with the development of weapons systems or military operations.
- Common defense.
- Department of Defense, the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force, generally.
- Maintenance and operation of the Panama Canal, including administration, sanitation, and government of the Canal Zone.
- Military research and development.
- National security aspects of nuclear energy.
- Naval petroleum reserves, except those in Alaska.
- Pay, promotion, retirement, and other benefits and privileges of members of the Armed Forces, including overseas education of civilian and military dependents.
- Selective service system.
- Strategic and critical materials necessary for the common defense.
Members, 117th CongressEdit
|Subcommittee Name||Chair||Ranking Member|
|Airland||Tammy Duckworth (D-IL)||Tom Cotton (R-AR)|
|Cybersecurity||Joe Manchin (D-WV)||Mike Rounds (R-SD)|
|Emerging Threats and Capabilities||Mark Kelly (D-AZ)||Joni Ernst (R-IA)|
|Personnel||Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)||Thom Tillis (R-NC)|
|Readiness and Management Support||Tim Kaine (D-VA)||Dan Sullivan (R-AK)|
|Seapower||Mazie Hirono (D-HI)||Kevin Cramer (R-ND)|
|Strategic Forces||Angus King (I-ME)||Deb Fischer (R-NE)|
Committee on Military Affairs, 1816–1947Edit
Committee on Armed Services, 1947–presentEdit
|Chan Gurney||Republican||South Dakota||1947–1949|
|Millard E. Tydings||Democratic||Maryland||1949–1951|
|Richard Russell Jr.||Democratic||Georgia||1951–1953|
|Richard Russell Jr.||Democratic||Georgia||1955–1969|
|John C. Stennis||Democratic||Mississippi||1969–1981|
|Strom Thurmond||Republican||South Carolina||1995–1999|
|John W. Warner||Republican||Virginia||1999–2001|
|John W. Warner||Republican||Virginia||2001|
|John W. Warner||Republican||Virginia||2003–2007|
|Jack Reed||Democrat||Rhode Island||2021–present|
Historical committee rostersEdit
|Subcommittee||Chair||Ranking Minority Member|
|Airland||Joe Lieberman (I-CT)||John Thune (R-SD)|
|Emerging Threats and Capabilities||Bill Nelson (D-FL)||George LeMieux (R-FL)|
|Personnel||Jim Webb (D-VA)||Lindsey Graham (R-SC)|
|Readiness and Management Support||Evan Bayh (D-IN)||Richard Burr (R-NC)|
|SeaPower||Jack Reed (D-RI)||Roger Wicker (R-MS)|
|Strategic Forces||Ben Nelson (D-NE)||David Vitter (R-LA)|
|Airland||Joe Lieberman (I-CT)||Scott Brown (R-MA)|
|Emerging Threats and Capabilities||Kay Hagan (D-NC)||Rob Portman (R-OH)|
|Personnel||Jim Webb (D-VA)||Lindsey Graham (R-SC)|
|Readiness and Management Support||Claire McCaskill (D-MO)||Kelly Ayotte (R-NH)|
|Seapower||Jack Reed (D-RI)||Roger Wicker (R-MS)|
|Strategic Forces||Ben Nelson (D-NE)||Jeff Sessions (R-AL)|
|Airland||Joe Manchin (D-WV)||Roger Wicker (R-MS)|
|Emerging Threats and Capabilities||Kay Hagan (D-NC)||Deb Fischer (R-NE)|
|Personnel||Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)||Lindsey Graham (R-SC)|
|Readiness and Management Support||Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH)||Kelly Ayotte (R-NH)|
|Seapower||Jack Reed (D-RI)||John McCain (R-AZ)|
|Strategic Forces||Mark Udall (D-CO)||Jeff Sessions (R-AL)|
|Airland||Tom Cotton (R-AR)||Joe Manchin (D-WV)|
|Emerging Threats and Capabilities||Deb Fischer (R-NE)||Bill Nelson (D-FL)|
|Personnel||Lindsey Graham (R-SC)||Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY)|
|Readiness and Management Support||Kelly Ayotte (R-NH)||Tim Kaine (D-VA)|
|Seapower||Roger Wicker (R-MS)||Mazie Hirono (D-HI)|
|Strategic Forces||Jeff Sessions (R-AL)||Joe Donnelly (D-IN)|
- Steinhauer, Jennifer. "With Chairmanship, McCain Seizes Chance to Reshape Pentagon Agenda", The New York Times (June 9, 2015). Retrieved June 10, 2015.
- Rule XXV: Committees, Standing Rules of the United States Senate.
- Angus King is an independent, but caucuses with the Democrats.
- Died August 8, 1913.
- At the beginning of the 107th Congress in January 2001 the Senate was evenly divided. With a Democratic president and vice president still serving until January 20, the Democratic vice president was available to break a tie, and the Democrats thus controlled the Senate for 17 days, from January 3 to January 20. On January 3 the Senate adopted S. Res. 7 designating Democratic senators as committee chairmen to serve during this period and Republican chairmen to serve effective at noon on January 20, 2001.
- On June 6, 2001, the Democrats took control of the Senate after Senator James Jeffords (VT) changed from the Republican Party to Independent and announced that he would caucus with the Democrats.
- Died August 25, 2018.
- Sens. Lieberman and King were elected as Independents, but caucused with Democrats on the committee.
- "U.S. Senate: Committee on Armed Services". Senate.gov. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Senate Armed Services Committee.|
- Official website (archive)
- Senate Armed Services Committee Report on Torture released November 20, 2008.