John B. Weller
John B. Weller (February 22, 1812 – August 17, 1875) was the fifth governor of California from January 8, 1858 to January 9, 1860 and a congressman from Ohio, U.S. senator from California. He was strongly against slavery and attempted to eliminate slavery in California early. He was ambassador to the United Kingdom under Abraham Lincoln.
John B. Weller
Portrait of Weller by William F. Cogswell
|United States Minister to Mexico|
January 30, 1861 – May 14, 1861
|Appointed by||James Buchanan|
|Preceded by||Robert Milligan McLane|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Corwin|
|5th Governor of California|
January 8, 1858 – January 9, 1860
|Preceded by||J. Neely Johnson|
|Succeeded by||Milton Latham|
|United States Senator |
January 30, 1852 – March 3, 1857
|Preceded by||John C. Frémont|
|Succeeded by||David C. Broderick|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Ohio's 2nd district
March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1845
|Preceded by||Taylor Webster|
|Succeeded by||Francis A. Cunningham|
|Born||February 22, 1812|
|Died||August 17, 1875 (aged 63)|
New Orleans, Louisiana
|Spouse(s)||G. W. Staunton|
|Alma mater||Miami University|
|Profession||Ambassador, lawyer, politician|
Life and careerEdit
Weller was born in Hamilton County, Ohio, and attended the public schools and Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. He then studied law, was admitted to the bar and practiced in Butler County, Ohio. He was prosecuting attorney of Butler County from 1833 until 1836.
He served in the 1st Regiment of Ohio Volunteers as a Lieutenant Colonel during Mexican–American War from 1846 until 1847, and then was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Governor of Ohio in 1848, a bitterly fought campaign, and the only disputed election for Ohio Governor of the 19th century. A select joint committee of the Ohio General Assembly finally established January 22, 1849 that Weller lost by 311 votes to Whig Seabury Ford.
In 1849 and 1850, he was a member of the commission to establish the boundary line between California and Mexico. He was replaced by President Zachary Taylor, a Whig, who first named John C. Frémont. After Frémont resigned without beginning his duties, Taylor appointed John Russell Bartlett.
Weller then settled in California and practiced law. When Frémont's term as a U.S. Senator expired on March 3, 1851, the state legislature failed to elect a replacement for the term that started on March 4, so the position remained vacant. In January 1852, the legislature elected Weller, and he served from January 30, 1852 to March 3, 1857. During the 34th Congress he was chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Military Affairs.
After running unsuccessfully for reelection to the Senate, in 1857 he was elected Governor of California and he served from 1858 to 1860. As Governor, he intended to make California an independent republic if the North and South divided over slavery, and he personally led an assault on San Quentin Prison to take possession from a commercial contractor.
After leaving the governorship, he was appointed Ambassador to Mexico near the end of 1860 by the lame-duck Buchanan administration. He presented his credentials in 1861, but was soon recalled by the new Lincoln Administration. He moved to New Orleans, Louisiana in 1867 and continued the practice of law.
Death and burialEdit
He died in New Orleans in 1875. Original interment was at Laurel Hill Cemetery in San Francisco. His remains were moved to Girod Street Cemetery in New Orleans. That burying ground was destroyed in 1959 and unclaimed remains were commingled with 15,000 others and deposited beneath Hope Mausoleum, St. John's Cemetery, New Orleans.
Weller's first wife was Ann E. Ryan, who died in 1836. In 1840, he married Cornelia A. Bryan, who died in 1842. He married Susan McDowell Taylor in 1845, and she died in 1848; she was a daughter of William Taylor, niece of Thomas Hart Benton, and cousin of Jessie Benton Frémont. In 1854, he married Elizabeth Brockelbank Stanton.
- Taylor, William A (1900). Ohio in Congress from 1803 to 1901, with notes and sketches of senators and representatives. the XX Century Publishing Company. pp. 178–179.
- John B. Weller biography at the California State Library
- Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978.
- The Hieronimus Weller Family in America, pp. 133, 239.
- Sobel, Robert; Raimo, John (1978). Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978. 1. Westport, CT: Meckler Books.
- Weller, Ralph H. (1999). The Hieronimus Weller Family in America. Newburgh, NY: R. H. Weller.
- United States Congress. "John B. Weller (id: W000274)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Dates of service as Mexican Ambassador
- Media related to John B. Weller at Wikimedia Commons
- . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1900.