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Jacklyn Sheryl Rosen (née Spektor, August 2, 1957) is an American politician serving as the junior United States Senator from Nevada since 2019. A member of the Democratic Party, she previously was the U.S. Representative for Nevada's 3rd congressional district from 2017 to 2019.

Jacky Rosen
Jacky Rosen, official portrait, 116th congress.jpg
United States Senator
from Nevada
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byDean Heller
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Nevada's 3rd district
In office
January 3, 2017 – January 3, 2019
Preceded byJoe Heck
Succeeded bySusie Lee
Personal details
Born
Jacklyn Sheryl Spektor

(1957-08-02) August 2, 1957 (age 62)
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Lloyd Dean Neher (divorced)
Larry Rosen (m. 1993)
Children1 daughter
EducationUniversity of Minnesota (BA)
Clark County Community College (AAS)
Signature
WebsiteSenate website

Rosen was elected to the U.S. Senate in the 2018 election, defeating Republican incumbent Dean Heller.[1] She is the only freshman in the U.S. House of Representatives who won a seat in the U.S. Senate during the 2018 midterm elections and the only challenger to defeat a Republican incumbent U.S. Senator in the 2018 cycle.

Early life and careerEdit

Rosen was born on August 2, 1957 in Chicago, Illinois, the daughter of Carol, a homemaker,[2][3][4] and Leonard Spektor, a car dealership owner who had served in the U.S. Army during the Korean War.[3] Her mother was of Irish, German, and Austrian descent, and her father's family were Jewish emigrants from Russia and Austria.[5]

Rosen attended the University of Minnesota and graduated with a bachelor's degree in psychology in 1979.[6] While she attended college, her parents moved to Las Vegas, where she also moved after graduating. She took a job with Summa Corporation and worked summers as a waitress at Caesars Palace throughout the 1980s. While working for Summa, she attended Clark County Community College (now the College of Southern Nevada) and received an associate degree in computing and information technology in 1985.[6] She began to work for Southwest Gas in 1990 and then left to open her own consulting business three years later.[7]

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

2016 electionEdit

 
Rosen during the 115th Congress in the U.S. House

A former computer programmer with no political experience at the time, Rosen was asked by then–Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid to run for the U.S. House seat vacated by Republican Joe Heck in the 2016 elections.[8] On January 26, she officially declared her candidacy for Nevada's 3rd congressional district.[9] Rosen won 60% of the vote in the Democratic Party primary election[10] and narrowly[8] defeated Republican nominee Danny Tarkanian in the general election.[11] Rosen was sworn into office on January 3, 2017.

Committee assignmentsEdit

Caucus membershipsEdit

U.S. SenateEdit

2018 campaignEdit

Rosen was elected to the U.S. Senate on November 6, 2018, becoming the junior Senator from Nevada. Her candidacy, announced on July 5, 2017, was endorsed by former President Barack Obama[15] and former Vice President Joe Biden.[8] During the campaign, Rosen emphasized her support for the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and criticized Heller's vote to repeal it in 2017.[16][17] At the time, Rosen voted against Republicans' attempts to repeal the Affordable Care Act.[17]

Ultimately, Rosen defeated Heller, the incumbent, by a 50.4%-45.4% margin. While Heller carried 15 of Nevada's 17 county-level jurisdictions, Rosen carried the two largest, Clark (home to Las Vegas) and Washoe (home to Reno). She won Clark County by over 92,000 votes, almost double her statewide margin of over 48,900 votes.[18]

Rosen was one of only two non-incumbent Democrats to win election to the Senate in 2018. She is also the 37th freshman member of the United States House of Representatives to win a seat in the Senate and the first woman to do so.[19]

Committee assignmentsEdit

Political positionsEdit

Rosen has been described as a liberal Democrat at times and as a moderate at others.[20][21][22] As of March 2019, FiveThirtyEight found that Rosen had voted with President Trump's legislative positions approximately 40% of the time.[23]

Civil rights and libertiesEdit

On January 29, 2019, she along with Senator Kirsten Gillibrand of New York and Senator Marco Rubio of Florida introduced Bipartisan Legislation to Require the President of the United States to Create Special Envoy Position to Combat Anti-Semitism.[24] On February 5, 2019 she and 45 of her other senate colleagues introduced the Keep Families Together Act which would ensure that the federal government carries out immigration procedures in the best interest of detained children.[25] On March 13, 2019 she helped introduce the equality act in the senate.[26] Following this she cosponsored the Fair Housing and Equity Act.[27]

CongressEdit

During the Government shutdown in 2019, Senator Jacky Rosen Co-Sponsored the No Budget, No Pay Act.[28] On February 14, 2019 she voted to reopen the government without Trump's border wall.[29] She along with Senator Steve Daines (R-MT), Senator Joe Manchin (D-WV), Senator John Hoeven (R-ND), Senator John Boozman (R-AR), and Senator Jon Tester (D-MT) introduced the bipartisan TRICARE Reserve Improvement Act.[30]

EducationEdit

Senator Jacky Rosen helped reintroduce the Rebuild America’s Schools Act of 2019 which would allocate an investment of $100 billion for school infrastructure projects, a $70 billion grant program, and a $30 billion tax credit bond program targeted to low-income schools with facilities that pose health and safety risks to students and staff. The bill would also expand access to high-speed broadband in public schools to provide reliable and high-speed internet access for digital learning.[31] She and her colleagues introduced the bipartisan Building Blocks of STEM Act.[32]

EnvironmentEdit

Senator Rosen has voted for the Natural Resources Management Act which is a comprehensive federal lands bill and permanently reauthorize the Land and Water, Conservation Fund.[33] She signed on Senator Tom Carper's resolution that acknowledges that climate change is real.[34] She supports prohibition of the Secretary of Energy from taking action relating to the licensing, planning, development, or construction of a nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain until the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) submits a study to Congress on the economic benefits of alternative uses of the site, and Congress holds a hearing on the benefits of alternative uses.[35]

Foreign policyEdit

In April 2019, Rosen was one of thirty-four senators to sign a letter to President Trump encouraging him "to listen to members of your own Administration and reverse a decision that will damage our national security and aggravate conditions inside Central America", asserting that Trump had "consistently expressed a flawed understanding of U.S. foreign assistance" since becoming president and that he was "personally undermining efforts to promote U.S. national security and economic prosperity" through preventing the use of Fiscal Year 2018 national security funding. The senators argued that foreign assistance to Central American countries created less migration to the U.S., citing the funding's helping to improve conditions in those countries.[36] She has cosponsred the Paycheck Fairness Act which would hold employers accountable for discriminatory practices, ending the practice of pay secrecy, easing workers’ ability to individually or jointly challenge pay discrimination, and strengthening the available remedies for wronged employees.[37]

Gun policyEdit

Rosen supports an assault weapons ban.[21]

Health careEdit

Rosen supports the Affordable Care Act and its provisions that prevent patients from being denied insurance or charged more due to age or having a pre-existing condition. She supports allowing citizens to buy into Medicaid as an alternative option to compete with private insurance companies.[38][39]

In January 2019, during the 2018–19 United States federal government shutdown, Rosen was one of thirty-four senators to sign a letter to Commissioner of Food and Drugs Scott Gottlieb recognizing the efforts of the FDA to address the effect of the government shutdown on the public health and employees while remaining alarmed "that the continued shutdown will result in increasingly harmful effects on the agency's employees and the safety and security of the nation's food and medical products."[40] She introduced a resolution along with Senator Joe Manchin of West Virginia to authorize Senate Legal Counsel to intervene in Texas vs. The United States to protect pre-existing protections.[41]

In February 2019, Rosen was one of eleven senators to sign a letter to insulin manufactures Eli Lilly and Company, Novo Nordisk, and Sanofi over increased insulin prices and charging the price increases with having caused patients to lack "access to the life-saving medications they need."[42] She also helped introduce a resolution Urging Newly-Confirmed Attorney General Barr to Defend Health Care Law and Uphold the Constitutionality of the ACA .[43] She has cosponsored the Healthy MOM act which ensures that women who are pregnant can sign up for health care coverage, outside of standard open enrollment periods.[44] She does not support the Trump Administration's Short Term Association Health plans and has co-sponsored legislation to repeal them.[45] She has cosponsored the Improving HOPE (Health, Outcomes, Planning, and Education) for Alzheimer’s Act.[46] As a result of the abortion laws enacted in Georgia and Alabama she announced her support for a resolution in Support of Women’s Reproductive Rights.[47]

With colleagues from both sides of the aisle, she supports bipartisan legislation to prevent surprise medical billing.[48] She has a commitment to fight autism and has supported legislation to promote research, education, and awareness into autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other developmental disabilities.[49] She believes that breast cancer patients and survivors who have experienced a mastectomy are able to access custom breast prosthetics under Medicare.[50] She supports extending a pilot program for Certified Community Behavioral Health Clinics (CCBHCs) across the country for an additional two years.[51] She thinks our country needs to improve emergency mental health access.[52] She supports the Maternal CARE act.[53]

In August 2019, Rosen was one of nineteen senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of the Treasury Steve Mnuchin and United States Secretary of Health and Human Services Alex Azar requesting data from the Trump administration in order to aid in the comprehension of states and Congress on potential consequences in the event that the Texas v. United States Affordable Care Act (ACA) lawsuit prevailed in courts, citing that an overhaul of the present health care system would form "an enormous hole in the pocketbooks of the people we serve as well as wreck state budgets".[54]

HousingEdit

In April 2019, Rosen was one of forty-one senators to sign a bipartisan letter to the housing subcommittee praising the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development's Section 4 Capacity Building program as authorizing "HUD to partner with national nonprofit community development organizations to provide education, training, and financial support to local community development corporations (CDCs) across the country" and expressing disappointment that President Trump's budget "has slated this program for elimination after decades of successful economic and community development." The senators wrote of their hope that the subcommittee would support continued funding for Section 4 in Fiscal Year 2020.[55]

ImmigrationEdit

She supports "comprehensive immigration reform", although she does not believe the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency should be abolished.[21] She has cosponsored legislation that Safeguard Dreamer’s Private Information.[56] She also cosponsered the SECURE act which would protect TPS recipients,[57] and a bill making it legal for dreamers to work in congress.[58]

Jobs and economyEdit

She was one of three Democrats who broke with their party and voted to make individual tax cuts permanent.[59] Rosen supports a $15 per hour minimum wage.[21] On February 13, 2019, she helped introduce the FAMILY act which would be guaranteed sick leave.[60] She supports the Child Care for Working Families Act which would promote affordable, high-quality early learning and childcare for working families.[61] On March 6, 2018 she joined Senator Ed Markey in supporting the disapproval resolution which would reinstate net neutrality rules, which the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) repealed in December 2017.[62] She co-signed a letter in Opposition to Administration’s Proposed Changes to Measuring Poverty Level.[63] On July 19, 2019 she along with three other senators introduced a bill which would increase investment in American Manufacturing.[64]

National securityEdit

Senator Rosen voted for the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 which gave troops a 3.1 pay raise and also authorizes $65 million for military construction projects at Nellis Air Force Base.[65] She along with Senator John Cornyn of Texas introduced the bipartisan Secure American Research Act which would establish an interagency working group to protect federally-funded research and development activities from foreign interference, espionage, and exfiltration and would develop an agency-wide accountability metric to enhance cybersecurity protocols.[66] Rosen led a bipartisan group of senators in introducing he bipartisan JROTC Cyber Training Act which would direct the Secretary of Defense to carry out a program to enhance the preparation of students in the Junior Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (JROTC) for careers in computer science and cybersecurity.[67] Recently along with Senator Mike Rounds of South Dakota she introduces a bill which would require the State Department to investigate potential benefits of establishing a joint US-Israel cybersecurity center.[68]

SeniorsEdit

Senator Rosen helped introduce bipartisan, bicameral legislation—the Stamp Out Elder Abuse Act, to fund efforts to combat elder abuse—along with bill author Susan Collins from Maine.[69]

WomenEdit

She is pro-choice on the issue of abortion and has been endorsed by NARAL Pro-Choice America.[70]

VeteransEdit

Senator Rosen co-sponsored Legislation to Provide Benefits to Veterans Exposed to Agent Orange.[71] She helped introduce legislation that would exempt children of Filipino World War II veterans, who were naturalized by President George H.W. Bush, from caps on immigrant visas.[72] She also introduced the bipartisan Veterans Jobs Opportunity Act which would create a small business startup tax credit to help veterans who establish small businesses in underserved communities.[73] She along with Senator Kevin Cramer of North Dakota introduced the Veterans Reimbursement for Emergency Ambulance Services Act which would require veterans’ expenses for emergency ambulance services to non-VA facilities to be reimbursed by the VA.[74]

Personal lifeEdit

Rosen resides in Henderson, Nevada with her husband, Larry, a radiologist.[75][7] The couple have one daughter.[76] Before entering politics, Rosen served as the president of the Congregation Ner Tamid synagogue, a Reform Jewish synagogue in Henderson.[7][77] She cites the philosophy of tikkun olam as a key part of her decision to enter politics.[78]

Electoral historyEdit

2016Edit

2016 Nevada's 3rd congressional district primary election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jacky Rosen 14,219 62.2%
Democratic Jesse Sbaih 2,928 12.8%
Democratic Barry Michaels 2,218 9.7%
Democratic Steven Schiffman 1,237 5.4%
Democratic Alex Singer 1,207 5.3%
Democratic Neil Waite 1,055 4.6%

[79]

2016 Nevada's 3rd congressional district election[80]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jacky Rosen 146,869 47.2%
Republican Danny Tarkanian 142,926 46.0%
Independent American Warren Markowitz 11,602 3.7 %
Independent David Goossen 9,566 3.1%
Total votes 310,963 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

[81]

2018Edit

2018 United States Senate Democratic primary in Nevada
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jacky Rosen 110,530 77.1%
None of These Candidates None of These Candidates 10,070 7.0%
Democratic David Knight 6,340 4.4%
Democratic Allen Rheinhart 4,774 3.3%
Democratic Jesse Sbaih 4,538 3.2%
Democratic Bobby Mahendra 3,833 2.7%
Democratic Danny Burleigh 3,244 2.3%

[82]

2018 United States Senate Election in Nevada[83]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Jacky Rosen 490,071 50.4%
Republican Dean Heller (Incumbent) 441,202 45.4%
None of These Candidates None of These Candidates 15,303 1.6%
Independent Barry Michaels 9,269 1.0%
Libertarian Tim Hagan 9,196 0.9%
Independent American Kamau Bakari 7,091 0.7%
Total votes 972,132 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

[84]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Midterm Election Results Leave a Divided Congress". November 7, 2018.
  2. ^ "Rosen, Jacklyn Sheryl, (1957 - ),". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Leonard Spektor Obituary". Las Vegas Review-Journal. July 2, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  4. ^ "Carol Spektor Obituary". Las Vegas Review-Journal. August 2, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
  5. ^ Jacky Rosen: From politically invisible to the center of a critical Senate race
  6. ^ a b Lochhead, Colton (July 18, 2018). "Heller ad claim against Rosen prompts new disclosure of degree". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c Lochhead, Colton (July 4, 2016). "Congressional candidate Jacky Rosen a newcomer, unknown to most Southern Nevadans". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c "Former Vice President Joe Biden endorses U.S. Senate hopeful Jacky Rosen". Reno Gazette-Journal. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  9. ^ "Democrat Jacky Rosen launches bid for Rep. Heck's House seat". Reno Gazette-Journal. January 26, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  10. ^ Botkin, Ben (June 14, 2016). "GOP taps Tarkanian over Roberson in 3rd Congressional District primary". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  11. ^ "Democrat Jacky Rosen Wins in Nevada's 3rd District". Roll Call. November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  12. ^ "Committees and Caucuses". Congresswoman Jacky Rosen. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  13. ^ "Members". Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  14. ^ "115th Congress". Women's Congressional Policy Institute. Retrieved August 13, 2018.
  15. ^ "Barack and Michelle Obama just endorsed nearly 100 midterm candidates". NBC News. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  16. ^ Hagen, Lisa (July 13, 2018). "Jacky Rosen hits Dean Heller over health care in first negative ad". TheHill. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  17. ^ a b Schoen, Jacob Pramuk, John W. (September 20, 2018). "Trump jumps into the Nevada Senate race — ground zero in the midterm debate over Obamacare". CNBC. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  18. ^ "Nevada - Full Senate results". cnn.com.
  19. ^ "Jacky Rosen's Historic 2018 US Senate Bid". Smart Politics. July 27, 2017. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  20. ^ "Nevada Democratic Senate candidate Jacky Rosen is making a bet that she can run on immigration — and win". Vox. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  21. ^ a b c d DeHaven, James. "Meet Jacky Rosen, the congressional newcomer hoping to help Democrats retake U.S. Senate". Reno Gazette Journal. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  22. ^ "The ex-synagogue president who could decide Senate control". POLITICO. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  23. ^ Bycoffe, Aaron (January 30, 2017). "Tracking Congress In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  24. ^ "Rosen Helps Introduce Bipartisan Legislation to Require President to Create Special Envoy Position to Combat Anti-Semitism". Retrieved January 29, 2019.
  25. ^ "Rosen Helps Introduce the Keep Families Together Act in the Senate". Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  26. ^ "Rosen Helps Introduce Equality Act in the Senate". Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  27. ^ "Following a Call to Pass the Equality Act, Rosen Co-Sponsors Fair Housing and Equity Act". Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  28. ^ "Rosen Co-sponsors No Budget, No Pay Act of 2019, Calls on Republicans to Allow a Vote to Reopen the Government". Retrieved January 18, 2019.
  29. ^ "Rosen Votes to Fund the Government, Calls President's Decision to Declare a National Emergency Reckless". Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  30. ^ "Rosen Announces Co-sponsorship of Bipartisan Tricare Reserve Improvement Act". Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  31. ^ "Rosen Helps Introduce Rebuild America's Schools Act of 2019". Retrieved February 4, 2019.
  32. ^ "Rosen, Colleagues Introduce Bipartisan, Bicameral Building Blocks of STEM Act". Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  33. ^ "Rosen Applauds Final Passage of the Natural Resources Management Act". Retrieved February 12, 2019.
  34. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Carper Resolution, Calls Climate Change One of the Most Pressing Issues of Our Time". Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  35. ^ "Rosen, Lee, Cortez Masto, Horsford, Amodei Introduce Bipartisan Legislation to Repurpose Yucca Mountain for Alternative, Job-Creating Projects". Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  36. ^ Frazin, Rachel (April 4, 2019). "More than 30 Senate Dems ask Trump to reconsider Central American aid cuts". The Hill.
  37. ^ "Rosen Calls for Gender Pay Parity, Co-Sponsors Paycheck Fairness Act". Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  38. ^ "Health care a key element of Jacky Rosen's run for Senate". Las Vegas Review-Journal. August 25, 2018. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
  39. ^ "Nevada's Jacky Rosen's new ad shows latest Democratic push for health care in 2018". Retrieved October 26, 2018.
  40. ^ "Democratic Senators "Alarmed" by Shutdown's Potential Impact on Food Safety". foodsafetymagazine.com. January 15, 2019.
  41. ^ "Rosen Helps Introduce Senate Resolution to Defend The Constitutionality Of The ACA". Retrieved January 15, 2019.
  42. ^ "Sen. Kaine calls on pharmaceutical companies to explain skyrocketing insulin prices". 13newsnow.com. February 5, 2019.
  43. ^ "Rosen Helps Introduce Resolution Urging Newly-Confirmed Attorney General Barr to Defend Health Care Law and Uphold the Constitutionality of the ACA". Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  44. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Healthy MOM Act, Calls for Special Health Care Enrollment Period for Pregnant Women". Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  45. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Legislation to Block Junk Health Care Plans". Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  46. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Improving HOPE for Alzheimer's Act". Retrieved May 23, 2019.
  47. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Resolution in Support of Women's Reproductive Rights". Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  48. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Bipartisan Legislation to Prevent Surprise Medical Billing". Retrieved May 29, 2019.
  49. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Bipartisan CARES Act of 2019, Renews Commitment to Fighting Autism". Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  50. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Bipartisan Breast Cancer Patient Equity Act, Vows to Continue Fighting for Women's Access to Health Care". Retrieved May 30, 2019.
  51. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Bipartisan Legislation to Improve Access to Mental Health and Addiction Treatment". Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  52. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Bipartisan Legislation to Improve Emergency Mental Health Access". Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  53. ^ "Senator Rosen Co-Sponsors Maternal CARE Act to Help Reduce Maternal Mortality Rate". Retrieved June 10, 2019.
  54. ^ "U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin Requests Data from Trump Administration on Consequences of Texas V. United States Prevailing". Urban Milwaukee. August 1, 2019.
  55. ^ "Wyden, Merkley urge more affordable housing funds". ktvz.com. April 16, 2019.
  56. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Legislation to Safeguard Dreamer's Private Information". ktvz.com. January 28, 2019.
  57. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors SECURE Act to Protect TPS Recipients". ktvz.com. March 28, 2019.
  58. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Legislation to Make Dreamers Eligible to Work in Congress". ktvz.com. April 3, 2019.
  59. ^ "House votes to make individual tax cuts permanent". POLITICO. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  60. ^ "Rosen Helps Introduce Bill to Guarantee Paid Family Leave". Retrieved February 13, 2019.
  61. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Child Care for Working Families Act". Retrieved February 28, 2019.
  62. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Resolution to Save Net Neutrality". Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  63. ^ "Rosen Co-Signs Letter in Opposition to Administration's Proposed Changes to Measuring Poverty Level". Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  64. ^ "Rosen Joins Coons, Scott, and Gardner in Introducing Bipartisan, Bicameral Legislation to Support Investment in U.S. Manufacturing". Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  65. ^ "Rosen Votes to Give Troops a Pay Raise and Support Funding for Military Construction Projects at Nellis AFB in NDAA". Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  66. ^ "Rosen Joins Cornyn in Introducing Bipartisan Bill to Protect Federally-Funded Research from Foreign Espionage". Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  67. ^ "To Train Next Generation in Cybersecurity, Rosen Leads Bipartisan Group of Senators in Introducing JROTC Cyber Training Act". Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  68. ^ "Rosen, Rounds Introduce Bipartisan U.S.-Israel Cybersecurity Center of Excellence Act". Retrieved July 30, 2019.
  69. ^ "Rosen Helps Introduce Bipartisan Legislation to Fund Efforts to Combat Elder Abuse". Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  70. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  71. ^ "Rosen Co-Sponsors Legislation to Provide Benefits to Veterans Exposed to Agent Orange". Retrieved May 21, 2019.
  72. ^ "Rosen Helps Introduce Legislation to Reunite Families of Filipino Veterans". Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  73. ^ "Rosen, Moran, Cramer, Jones Introduce Bipartisan Veterans Jobs Opportunity Act to Assist Veterans in Starting Small Businesses in Underserved Communities". Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  74. ^ "Rosen, Cramer Introduce Bipartisan Legislation to Reimburse Veterans For Emergency Services". Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  75. ^ "Jacky Rosen, U.S. Congress". geni_family_tree.
  76. ^ "Jacky Rosen for Senate". Jacky Rosen for Senate. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
  77. ^ "Congressional candidate Jacky Rosen talks issues from health care to national security". Las Vegas Sun. April 20, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
  78. ^ "Jewish congresswoman Jacky Rosen announces run for Nevada Senate seat". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. July 6, 2017. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  79. ^ "Nevada Primary Results 2016". The New York Times. September 29, 2016. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  80. ^ [1], State of Nevada
  81. ^ "Nevada U.S. House 3rd District Results: Jacky Rosen Wins". The New York Times. August 1, 2017. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  82. ^ Almukhtar, Sarah; Bloch, Matthew; Lee, Jasmine C. (June 12, 2018). "Nevada Primary Election Results". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  83. ^ [2], State of Nevada
  84. ^ "Nevada Election Results". The New York Times. November 6, 2018. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 28, 2018.

External linksEdit