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The United States Commissioner of Food and Drugs is the head of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services. The commissioner is appointed by the president of the United States with the advice and consent of the Senate. The commissioner reports to the Secretary of Health and Human Services.

United States Commissioner of Food and Drugs
Incumbent
Norman Sharpless

since April 5, 2019
Department of Health and Human Services
Food and Drug Administration
Reports toSecretary of Health and Human Services
Term lengthNo fixed term

Due to frequent controversies involving the FDA, appointments are not always prompt and the agency is often headed by an acting commissioner. For example, Andrew von Eschenbach's appointment was held up by senators who objected to the FDA's refusal to allow emergency contraception to be sold over the counter.

The commissioner has frequently been a physician, but this is not a requirement for the post.

The current Commissioner is Norman Sharpless, who took the position after Scott Gottlieb left the role.

List of CommissionersEdit

No. Name Portrait Took Office Left Office President served under Notable for
1 Harvey Washington Wiley, M.D.   January 1, 1907 March 15, 1912 Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft Chemist; advocacy of the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act in 1906; subsequent work at Good Housekeeping Institute laboratories
2 Carl L. Alsberg M.D.   December 16, 1912 July 15, 1921 William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding
3 Walter G. Campbell   July 16, 1921 June 30, 1924 Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
4 Charles Albert Browne Jr. Ph.D.   July 1, 1924 June 30, 1927 Calvin Coolidge
3[1] Walter G. Campbell   July 1, 1927 April 30, 1944 Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt
5 Paul B. Dunbar, Ph.D.   May 6, 1944 May 31, 1951 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
6 Charles W. Crawford   June 1, 1951 July 31, 1954 Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower
7 George P. Larrick   August 12, 1954 December 27, 1965 Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
8 James L. Goddard, M.D.   January 17, 1966 July 1, 1968 Lyndon B. Johnson
9 Herbert L. Ley Jr., M.D.   July 1, 1968 December 12, 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon
10 Charles C. Edwards, M.D.   December 13, 1969 March 15, 1973 Richard Nixon
11 Alexander M. Schmidt, M.D.   July 20, 1973 November 30, 1976 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
12 Donald Kennedy, Ph.D.   April 4, 1977 June 30, 1979 Jimmy Carter
13 Jere E. Goyan, Ph.D.   October 21, 1979 January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
14 Arthur H. Hayes Jr., M.D.   April 13, 1981 September 11, 1983 Ronald Reagan
15 Frank E. Young, M.D., Ph.D.   July 15, 1984 December 17, 1989 Ronald Reagan
16 David A. Kessler, M.D.   November 8, 1990 February 28, 1997 George H. W. Bush

Bill Clinton

17 Jane E. Henney, M.D. January 17, 1999 January 19, 2001 Bill Clinton
18 Mark McClellan, M.D., Ph.D   November 14, 2002 March 26, 2004 George W. Bush
19 Lester Crawford, D.V.M., Ph.D.   July 18, 2005 September 23, 2005 George W. Bush Charged with conflict of interest and lying about stock he and his wife owned in companies regulated by FDA.[2]
20 Andrew von Eschenbach, M.D.   December 13, 2006 January 20, 2009 George W. Bush Member of the board of directors of BioTime, a biotechnology and regenerative medicine company.
21 Margaret Hamburg, M.D.   May 22, 2009 April 1, 2015 Barack Obama
22 Robert Califf, M.D.   February 22, 2016 January 20, 2017 Barack Obama
23 Scott Gottlieb, M.D.   May 11, 2017 April 5, 2019 Donald Trump
24 Norman Sharpless, M.D. April 5, 2019 Donald Trump

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Campbell had previously served as Commissioner
  2. ^ "Former F.D.A. Chief Is Charged With Conflict". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 Mar 2014.