Harry Mason Reid (//; born December 2, 1939) is a retired American attorney and politician who served as a United States Senator from Nevada from 1987 to 2017. He led the Senate Democratic Caucus from 2005 to 2017 and was the Senate Majority Leader from 2007 to 2015.
|Senate Majority Leader|
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2015
|Preceded by||Bill Frist|
|Succeeded by||Mitch McConnell|
|Senate Minority Leader|
January 3, 2015 – January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Mitch McConnell|
|Succeeded by||Chuck Schumer|
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Tom Daschle|
|Succeeded by||Mitch McConnell|
|Chairman of the Senate Democratic Caucus|
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2017
|Deputy||Chuck Schumer (Vice Chair)|
|Preceded by||Tom Daschle|
|Succeeded by||Chuck Schumer|
|Senate Minority Whip|
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2005
|Preceded by||Don Nickles|
|Succeeded by||Dick Durbin|
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
|Preceded by||Don Nickles|
|Succeeded by||Don Nickles|
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2001
|Preceded by||Wendell H. Ford|
|Succeeded by||Don Nickles|
|Senate Majority Whip|
June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003
|Preceded by||Don Nickles|
|Succeeded by||Mitch McConnell|
January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001
|Preceded by||Don Nickles|
|Succeeded by||Don Nickles|
|United States Senator|
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 2017
|Preceded by||Paul Laxalt|
|Succeeded by||Catherine Cortez Masto|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Nevada's 1st district
January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1987
|Preceded by||James Santini (At-large)|
|Succeeded by||James Bilbray|
|Chair of the Nevada Gaming Commission|
March 27, 1977 – January 5, 1981
|Appointed by||Mike O'Callaghan|
|Preceded by||Peter Echeverria|
|Succeeded by||Carl Dodge|
|25th Lieutenant Governor of Nevada|
January 4, 1971 – January 5, 1975
|Preceded by||Edward Fike|
|Succeeded by||Robert Rose|
|Member of the Nevada Assembly|
from the 4th district
January 1969 – January 1971
|Preceded by||multi-member district|
|Succeeded by||multi-member district|
|City Attorney of Henderson|
Harry Mason Reid
December 2, 1939
Searchlight, Nevada, U.S.
|Children||5, including Rory|
|Education||Southern Utah University|
Utah State University (BA)
George Washington University (JD)
|Website||Senate website (Archived)|
Reid began his public career as the city attorney for Henderson, Nevada before being elected to the Nevada Assembly in 1968. Reid's former boxing coach, Mike O'Callaghan, chose Reid as his running mate in the 1970 Nevada gubernatorial election, and Reid served as Lieutenant Governor of Nevada from 1971 to 1975. After being defeated in races for the United States Senate and mayor of Las Vegas, Reid served as chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission from 1977 to 1981. From 1983 to 1987, Reid represented Nevada's 1st district in the United States House of Representatives.
Reid was elected to the United States Senate in 1986 and served in the Senate from 1987 to 2017. He served as the Senate Democratic Whip from 1999 to 2005 before succeeding Tom Daschle as Senate Minority Leader. The Democrats won control of the Senate after the 2006 United States Senate elections, and Reid became the Senate Majority Leader in 2007. He held that position for the final two years of George W. Bush's presidency and for the first six years of Barack Obama's presidency. As Majority Leader, Reid helped pass major legislation, such as the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, the Dodd–Frank Act, and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Republicans took control of the Senate following the 2014 United States Senate elections, and Reid served as Senate Minority Leader from 2015 until his retirement in 2017.
Reid was succeeded as the Senate Democratic leader by Chuck Schumer, whose leadership bid had been endorsed by Reid. Along with Alben W. Barkley and Mike Mansfield, Reid is one of only three senators to have served at least eight years as majority leader.
Early life and early careerEdit
Reid was born in Searchlight, Nevada, the third of four sons of Harry Vincent Reid, a rock miner, and Inez Orena (Jaynes) Reid, a laundress. At that time, Searchlight was a small, impoverished town. His father committed suicide in 1972, at the age of 58, when Harry was 32 years old. His paternal grandmother was an English immigrant from Darlaston, Staffordshire. Reid's boyhood home was a shack with no indoor toilet, hot water, or telephone.
Since Searchlight had no high school, Reid boarded with relatives 40 miles (64 km) away, in Henderson, so that he could attend Basic High School, where he played football and was an amateur boxer. While at Basic High, he met future Nevada governor Mike O'Callaghan, who was a teacher there and served as Reid's boxing coach. Reid attended Southern Utah University and graduated from Utah State University, where he double-majored in political science and history. He also minored in economics at Utah State's School of Commerce and Business Administration. He then attended George Washington University Law School, earning a J.D. degree while working as a police officer for the United States Capitol Police.
Early political careerEdit
Reid returned to Nevada after law school and served as Henderson city attorney before being elected to the Nevada Assembly for the multi-member fourth district of Clark County in 1968. In 1970, at age 30, Reid was chosen by O'Callaghan as his running mate for Lieutenant Governor of Nevada. Reid and O'Callaghan won their respective races, and Reid served as lieutenant governor from 1971 until 1974, when he ran for the U.S. Senate seat that was being vacated by Alan Bible. He lost by fewer than 700 votes to former governor Paul Laxalt. In 1975, Reid ran for mayor of Las Vegas and lost to Bill Briare.
Reid served as chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission from 1977 to 1981. When Jack Gordon, La Toya Jackson's future agent and husband, offered Reid a $12,000 bribe to get approval of new games for casinos, Reid brought in the FBI to tape Gordon's bribery attempt and arrest him. After FBI agents interrupted the transaction, as prearranged, Reid lost his temper and attempted to choke Gordon, saying "You son of a bitch, you tried to bribe me!" before agents stopped him. Gordon was convicted in 1979 and sentenced to six months in prison. In 1981, Reid's wife found a bomb attached to the family station wagon; Reid suspected it was placed by Gordon, although this has never been proven in court.
Before the 1980 Census, Nevada had only a single at-large member of the United States House of Representatives, but population growth in the 1970s resulted in the state picking up a second district. Reid won the Democratic nomination for the 1st district, based in Las Vegas, in 1982, and easily won the general election. He was reelected in 1984.
In 1986, Reid won the Democratic nomination for the seat of retiring two-term incumbent Republican Senator Paul Laxalt. Reid defeated former at-large U.S. Representative Jim Santini, a Democrat who had turned Republican, in the November election. Reid ran for reelection in 1992 which he won by a double-digit margin. In 1998 he narrowly defeated 1st congressional district U.S. Representative John Ensign in the midst of a statewide Republican sweep. In 2004, Reid won reelection with 61 percent of the vote, defeating Richard Ziser.
Ensign was elected to Nevada's other Senate seat in 2000. Ensign and Reid had a very good relationship despite their bitter contest in 1998. The two frequently worked together on Nevada issues until Ensign was forced to resign from his Senate seat in 2011 due to an ethics scandal.
Reid won the Democratic nomination with 75% of the vote in the June 8 primary. He faced a very competitive general election for the U.S. Senate in Nevada in 2010. Reid engaged in a $1 million media campaign to "reintroduce himself" to the state's voters. He defeated Republican challenger Sharron Angle in the November election, 50.3% to 44.6%, despite losing 14 of Nevada's 17 counties.
In January 2015, Reid suffered severe injuries in an exercise accident. On March 27, 2015, Reid uploaded a video to his YouTube account announcing that he would not seek reelection in November 2016. Reid endorsed Senator Chuck Schumer from New York to succeed him as Minority Leader. He was succeeded by former Nevada Attorney General and fellow Democrat Catherine Cortez Masto.
From 1999 to 2005, Reid served as Senate Democratic Whip, as minority whip from 1999 to 2001, and again from 2003 to 2005. Reid was majority whip from 2001 to 2003, except for a brief period from January to May 2001. From 2001 to 2003, he served as chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee. Reid succeeded Tom Daschle as Minority Leader in 2005; he became Majority Leader after the 2006 election until 2015. And was again Minority Leader until his retirement in 2017.
In 2007, while he was the Senate Majority Leader, he initiated the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program to study unidentified flying objects at the urging of Reid's friend, Nevada billionaire and governmental contractor Robert Bigelow, and with support from the late senators Ted Stevens (R-Alaska) and Daniel Inouye (D-Hawaii), the program began in the DIA in 2007 and was budgeted $22 million over its five years of operation.
The United States Air Force facility known as “Area 51” is located in Reid's home state of Nevada. After the revived interest in the 1970s surrounding the balloon crash that is often referred to as the "1947 Roswell UFO incident", “Area 51” was rumored by ufologists and conspiracy theorists to be the US government's storage location for the crashed alien craft for study.
When interviewed in the aftermath of publicity surrounding the AATIP, Reid expressed pride in his accomplishment, and was quoted as saying "I think it's one of the good things I did in my congressional service. I've done something that no one has done before." Reid explained the reasoning behind his sponsorship of the program by saying "I’m interested in science, and in helping the American public understand what the hell is going on" and stated that "hundreds and hundreds of papers" have been available since the program was completed and that "Most all of it, 80 percent at least, is public" adding "I wanted it public, it was made public, and you guys have not even looked at it."
A 2009 letter by Reid was published by KLAS-TV investigative journalists George Knapp and Matt Adams, where the Senator states that AATIP has made "much progress" with the "identification of several highly sensitive, unconventional aerospace-related findings" that will "likely lead to technology advancements" and recommends the creation of a special access program for specific parts of AATIP.
Reid scored a lifetime conservative rating of 19% from the American Conservative Union (ACU), and a 2008 liberal rating of 70% from the Americans for Democratic Action (ADA). Other independent ratings include a 29% rating in 2003 from NARAL, the abortion rights lobbyists, an 85% rating from Planned Parenthood in 2013, and a B rating from the National Rifle Association.
Reid spearheaded several initiatives while in Congress. In 2006, Reid co-sponsored the Prevention First Amendment with Hillary Clinton, which would fund abortion prevention efforts such as giving women broader access to contraception. The bill faced Republican opposition and failed. In January 2007, Reid brought a Senate ethics reform bill to a vote to bar congressional members from accepting gifts, meals, and trips from lobbyists and organizations employing lobbyists, to bar Senators from borrowing corporate jets for travel, and to compel Senators to disclose names of sponsors, or authors, of bills and projects. The bill passed 96–2. In the 111th Congress, Reid shepherded the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) through the Senate.
Reid believed that Roe vs. Wade should be overturned, and in 1999, voted against an amendment that supported Roe. He stated that he believed in a restricted right to abortion, stating that "abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered." He voted several times to ban the intact dilation and evacuation, or "partial-birth abortion" procedure. Reid supported embryonic stem cell research.
Regarding same-sex marriage, Reid initially believed that "marriage should be between a man and a woman", but abandoned that position in favor of same-sex marriage in 2012.
In regard to local issues, Reid firmly opposed construction of the proposed Yucca Mountain federal nuclear waste repository in Nevada. Reid initially opposed the legalization of online poker, but in 2010 it was reported his position had evolved – a move some argued was influenced by "the hundreds of thousands of dollars Las Vegas casinos contributed to his re-election campaign".
Reid called immigration reform one of his priorities at the 110th Congress. He supports the DREAM Act (Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act), which would give certain high school graduates who had arrived in the U.S. illegally, conditional legal status so they could attend college or enlist in the military. They could then obtain permanent legal residency after completing two years of military service or two years of college. In June 2009, Reid announced his intention to enact a new guest worker program as part of a comprehensive immigration reform bill.
Reid supported use of force in the Middle East, but in September 2007, called for a drastic change in strategy. In January 1991, Reid voted to authorize the first Gulf War, quoting John F. Kennedy's 1963 State of the Union speech on the Senate floor, saying "the mere absence of war is not peace." He also voted in support of the 2003 invasion of Iraq. In March 2007, he voted in favor of "redeploying U.S. troops out of Iraq by March 2008", and later that year, said, "As long as we follow [President Bush's] path in Iraq, the war is lost."
Over the course of a career spanning nearly 35 years, Reid has been a major advocate of land conservation in Nevada. He successfully secured the designation of about 5.1 million acres of federal land in Nevada as protected land, shielding them from development. Among these were the Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument, the Basin and Range National Monument, and the Gold Butte National Monument.
In 2015, Reid received a lifetime achievement award from the League of Conservation Voters, and the following year he was honored by the Conservation Lands Foundation for "historic contributions to conservation."
This article's Criticism or Controversy section may compromise the article's neutral point of view of the subject. (May 2019)
In the late 2000s, liberal critics argued that Reid did not do enough to end the American military presence in Iraq, and that he allowed Senate Republicans to create a 60-vote bar for passage of bills without a Democratic filibuster. Conservatives criticized Reid for his extensive use of the procedural tactic known as "Filling the tree" to prevent amendments on important bills.
Reid was also criticized for several potentially self-enriching tactics. In 2005, Reid earmarked a spending bill to provide for building a bridge between Nevada and Arizona that would make land he owned more valuable. Reid called funding for the construction of a bridge over the Colorado River, among other projects, "incredibly good news for Nevada" in a news release after the passage of the 2006 transportation bill. He owned 160 acres (65 ha) of land several miles from the proposed bridge site in Arizona. The bridge could add value to his real estate investment. A year later it was reported that Reid had used campaign donations to pay for $3,300 in Christmas gifts to the staff at the condominium where he resides; federal election law prohibits candidates from using political donations for personal use. Reid's staff stated that his campaign attorneys had approved this use of the funds, but that Reid would personally reimburse his campaign for the expenses. Citizens United filed a complaint with the Federal Election Commission to investigate the matter.
A series of investigative reports in the Los Angeles Times suggested that Reid had introduced legislation and imposed pressure on regulatory agencies to advance the business interests of his close friend Harvey Whittemore, a Nevada attorney-lobbyist who contributed heavily to Reid's campaigns and leadership fund and who employed Reid's son Leif as his personal attorney. With Reid's help, Whittemore was able to proceed with construction of a $30 billion planned golf course development, Coyote Springs, a project heavily criticized by environmental groups for reasons including its projected effects on several endangered species. Whittemore served a two-year prison sentence after being found guilty in 2013 of funneling $133,400 in illegal contributions to Reid's reelection campaign.
In 2006, the National Republican Senatorial Committee attempted to associate Reid with the Jack Abramoff Indian lobbying scandal by pointing out he had "received more than $50,000 from four tribes with gaming interests between 2001 and 2004 after they hired Abramoff". Reid denied any wrongdoing, and media reported that the Center for Responsive Politics, a non-partisan research group, had produced an analysis showing a general increase in the amount and number of contributions by Indian tribes since the late 1990s.
Reid apologized on January 9, 2010, for racially tinged comments he had made when Obama was campaigning for president. In private conversations, Reid had remarked that Obama could win the presidency because the country was ready to embrace a black presidential candidate, especially one such as Obama — to whom he referred as being "light-skinned" and "with no Negro dialect, unless he wanted to have one". These comments had been recently revealed by journalists Mark Halperin and John Heilemann in Game Change, their book about the 2008 United States presidential election. In addition to his public apology, Reid called Obama to apologize; Obama accepted his apology, stating that as far as he was concerned, the book was closed on the incident. RNC Chairman Michael Steele and Senators John Cornyn and Jon Kyl called on Reid to resign his leadership position in the Senate, citing Majority Leader Trent Lott resigning because of a statement relating to race. However, multiple experts said there was virtually no chance of that. DNC Chairman Tim Kaine and Senators Dianne Feinstein and Jack Reed expressed support for Reid and confidence he would retain his leadership position, and another senior Democrat indicated Reid has "produced supportive statements from key African American leaders in the Congress and civil rights community".
In August 2010, Reid spoke in front of National Council of La Raza: "I don't know how anyone of Hispanic heritage could be a Republican, OK. Do I need to say more?" The following day, Dr. Manny Alvarez and Republican Senate-candidate Marco Rubio, both of Hispanic descent, spoke out against Reid's remarks.
During the summer of 2012, Reid said during an interview with The Huffington Post that he had received information from an unidentified investor in Bain Capital that presumptive Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney did not pay any taxes for 10 years. The accusation was repeated on the Senate floor by Reid on August 2, 2012. According to CBS News, Romney stated, "Let me also say, categorically, I have paid taxes every year – and a lot of taxes. So Harry is simply wrong." PolitiFact.com's Truth-O-Meter rated the accusation as "Pants on Fire!" The Washington Post's Fact Checker gave it "Four Pinnocchios". CBS reported that Romney had submitted 23 years of tax returns to the John McCain campaign in 2008, when he was being vetted for the vice presidential nomination. McCain said, "[n]othing in these tax returns showed that he did not pay taxes." After the election, Reid called the attack "one of the best things I've ever done". He also said, "Romney didn't win, did he?" In 2021, Reid stated in an interview that after the 2012 election he and Mitt Romney and their wives met privately and reconciled, with Reid concluding that "I admire Mitt Romney. I think he's a very very fine human being."
Reid has excoriated the Koch brothers, who contribute to Republican, conservative and/or libertarian political causes and candidates. In the first seven months of 2014, Reid mentioned the Kochs in 22 separate floor speeches, calling them out about 250 times. Reid used the term "un-American" to describe the brothers.
It's too bad that they are trying to buy America. And it's time that the American people spoke out against this terrible dishonesty of these two brothers, who are about as un-American as anyone that I can imagine.
In 2012, Reid cited fellow U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders, who claimed the Koch brothers were "funding think tanks spreading an enormous amount of disinformation about Social Security". Two years later, in 2014, Reid accused the brothers of having Republicans stall aid to Ukraine by pushing for amendments like a delay of regulation by the IRS of non-profit political advocacy groups to be included in the aid package. Reid "credited his wife, Landra, for likening the Republicans' Ukrainian stance to a 'Koch addiction'".
|Democratic win (new seat)|
|Democratic||Harry Reid (incumbent)||73,242||56.12%|
|None of These Candidates||9,472||3.62%||+2.33%|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
|Democratic||Harry Reid (Incumbent)||253,150||51.05%||+1.05%|
|None of These Candidates||13,154||2.65%||-0.96%|
|Independent American||Joe S. Garcia||11,240||2.27%||N/A|
|Natural Law||Lois Avery||7,279||1.47%||N/A|
|Democratic||Harry Reid (Incumbent)||208,650||47.88%||-3.19%|
|None of These Candidates||8,113||1.86%||-0.79%|
|Natural Law||Michael E. Williams||2,781||0.64%||-0.83%|
|Democratic||Harry Reid (Incumbent)||494,805||61.08%||+13.22%|
|None of These Candidates||12,968||1.60%||-0.26%|
|Libertarian||Thomas L. Hurst||9,559||1.18%||-0.69%|
|Independent American||David K. Schumann||6,001||0.74%||N/A|
|Natural Law||Gary Marinch||2,095||0.26%||-0.38%|
|Democratic||Harry Reid (Incumbent)||87,401||75.3%|
|Democratic||None of these||12,341||10.6%|
|Democratic||Harry Reid (Incumbent)||362,785||50.29%||-10.84%|
|None of These Candidates||16,174||2.25%||+0.65%|
|Tea Party||Scott Ashjian||5,811||0.81%||N/A|
|Independent||Michael L. Haines||4,261||0.59%||N/A|
|Independent American||Timothy Fasano||3,185||0.44%||N/A|
|Independent||Jeffery C. Reeves||2,510||0.35%||N/A|
Cultural and political imageEdit
Part of Reid's confrontation with Frank Rosenthal while chair of the Nevada Gaming Commission is reenacted in the 1995 movie Casino. Reid had a role in the movie Traffic (2000), in which he played himself. He appeared, with Senators Sam Brownback and Barack Obama, in the 2007 documentary film Sand and Sorrow, which details the genocide in Sudan.
Reid was elected to the Gaming Hall of Fame in 2001. In 2013, adviser Jim Margolis said of Reid, "He is unique in this city. And you see it in so many different ways. Is he the best TV talking head? No. He'd be the first to tell you that. Should he smile more? Yes. Should he say goodbye on the phone when he's done talking to you? Probably. But those are things you'd assume are part and parcel of a polished figure in Washington. That is not Harry Reid."
Reid met his future wife, Landra Gould, in high school. Gould was from a Jewish family, and her parents objected to the relationship because Reid did not share their faith. The two eloped in 1959 when they were in college. The Reids have five children: a daughter and four sons. Their eldest son, Rory, was an elected commissioner for Clark County, Nevada, of which he became chairman, and 2010 Democratic nominee in the election for Governor of Nevada. Another son, Josh Reid, unsuccessfully sought municipal office in Cottonwood Heights, Utah. In 2014 financial disclosure reports, Reid reported a net worth of between $2.9 million and $9.3 million. Most of Reid's net worth was in municipal securities and in land and mineral rights in southern Nevada and Arizona; a blind trust managed the liquid assets of Reid and his wife.
Reid and his family reside in the Anthem area of Henderson, Nevada. Reid (who was raised agnostic) and his wife (who was born to Jewish immigrant parents and grew up in Henderson) converted to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints while he was a college student. In a 2001 interview he said, "I think it is much easier to be a good member of the Church and a Democrat than a good member of the Church and a Republican." He went on to say that the Democrats' emphasis on helping others, as opposed to what he considers Republican dogma to the contrary, is the reason he's a Democrat. He delivered a speech at Brigham Young University to about 4,000 students on October 9, 2007, in which he expressed his opinion that Democratic values mirror Mormon values. Several Republican Mormons in Utah have contested his faith because of his politics, such as his statements that the church's backing of California's Proposition 8 wasted resources.
Reid is the co-chairman of the Board of Selectors of Jefferson Awards for Public Service. In April 2015, Reid confirmed former U.S. Senator Larry Pressler as a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
On January 1, 2015, Reid was injured while exercising in his home—he said a piece of equipment he was using broke (later "slipped"), causing him to fall. As a result, Reid suffered broken ribs and broken facial bones, and was at risk of permanent vision loss in his right eye. On January 26, 2015, Reid underwent surgery to remove a blood clot from his right eye and repair facial bones. Reid later sued for damages a company he claimed manufactured the device, alleging the device was defective, but in 2019 a jury rejected his claim for lack of evidence.
On May 14, 2018, Reid had surgery for pancreatic cancer at Johns Hopkins Cancer Center after a tumor was found on his pancreas during a routine screening. In a January 2019 interview with The New York Times, it was revealed that Reid was confined to a desk at his home and was unable to move without the aid of a walker. Upon his diagnosis, Reid said: "As soon as you discover you have something on your pancreas, you're dead". On February 25, 2019, Reid announced that due to early detection and chemotherapy, his cancer is in remission.
- Leibovich, Mark (January 2, 2019). "Harry Reid Has a Few Words for Washington". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 2, 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2019 – via MSN.
- Hickey, Walt (November 21, 2019). "The Fabulous Life Of Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid". Business Insider. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- Walsh, Elsa (August 8, 2005). "Minority Retort: How a pro-gun, anti-abortion Nevadan leads the Senate's Democrats". The New Yorker. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- "Sen. Reid releases statement on his father's suicide 37 years ago". www.digitaljournal.com. September 9, 2009.
- Peters, Jeremy W. (October 2, 2013). "In Showdown With G.O.P., a Scrappy Reid Plays Hardball". The New York Times.
- Smith, Christopher (June 9, 2001). Senate's New Majority Whip: Senator Harry Reid of Nevada. Salt Lake Tribune.
- "Alumni in Politics: From Old Main Hill to Capitol Hill". Utah State University. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
- Bennett, Catherine (April 27, 2012). "Sen. Reid remembers Aggie days: Alumnus makes waves in the political world". The Utah Statesman. Archived from the original on May 12, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2012.
- "Dustbusters, sex appeal and Sen. Frankie Sue". Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- Morrison, Jane Ann (October 30, 2009). "Mystery remains over Reid car bomb". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- Mascaro, Lisa (October 28, 2019). "Reid, Lowden spar over car bomb story, Gibbons joins mix". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved May 30, 2019.
- "Biography". Reid.senate.gov. February 13, 2009. Archived from the original on March 16, 2008. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- The Nevada plan: Reintroduce Reid – Manu Raju. Politico.Com. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
- "Harry Reid's Last Power Play".
- Kane, Paul (March 27, 2015). "Harry Reid endorses Chuck Schumer to succeed him as Senate Democratic leader". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
- "Senators" (PDF).
- Cooper, Helene; Blumenthal, Ralph; Kean, Leslie (December 16, 2017). "Glowing Auras and 'Black Money': The Pentagon's Mysterious U.F.O. Program (Published 2017)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
- Knapp, George (July 25, 2018). "Exclusive: I-Team obtains some key documents related to Pentagon UFO study". LasVegasNow.com. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- Crawford, Jamie (December 17, 2017). "NY Times: Pentagon study of UFOs revealed". CNN.
...Robert Bigelow, the billionaire founder of an aerospace company. Bigelow has spoken about his belief in UFOs visiting the United States as well as the existence of aliens.
- Cooper, Helene; Blumenthal, Ralph; Kean, Leslie (December 16, 2017). "Glowing Auras and 'Black Money': The Pentagon's Mysterious U.F.O. Program". The New York Times. Retrieved December 16, 2017.
- Bender, Bryan (December 16, 2017). "The Pentagon's Secret Search for UFOs". Politico. Retrieved December 17, 2017.
- Benson, Eric (March 21, 2018). "Harry Reid on What the Government Knows About UFOs". New York Magazine. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
- Boyle, Alan (August 16, 2013). "Area 51 declassified: No UFOs, but lots of U-2 spy planes". www.cnbc.com.
- "Exclusive: I-Team obtains some key documents related to Pentagon UFO study". KLAS - 8 News Now. July 26, 2018. Retrieved March 28, 2020.
- "2007 U.S. Senate Votes". American Conservative Union. Archived from the original on July 31, 2008. Retrieved September 20, 2008.
- "ADA's 2008 Congressional Voting Record" (PDF). Americans for Democratic Action. Retrieved February 7, 2009.
- "Harry Reid on Abortion". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- "2013 Congressional Scorecard|Harry Reid (Democrat)" Archived June 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Planned Parenthood Access Fund. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
- "Harry Reid on Gun Control". On The Issues. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
- "Reid, Clinton Detail Prevention First Amendment". Democratic Party. March 17, 2005. Archived from the original on October 20, 2007. Retrieved April 3, 2008.
- Kirkpatrick, David D. (January 19, 2007). "Senate Passes Vast Ethics Overhaul". The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2009.
- "Meet the Press: Transcript for December 5". NBC News. December 5, 2004. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- "Senator Harry M. Reid Issue Positions". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved March 17, 2008.[permanent dead link]
- Curry, Tom (April 19, 2007). "Supreme Court ruling raises '08 stakes". NBC News. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- Reid, Harry M. "George Bush Vetos Stem Cell Research". giveemhellharry.com. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved February 9, 2009.
- "Yucca Mountain". Reid.senate.gov. Archived from the original on August 15, 2010. Retrieved August 29, 2010.
- Beam, Christopher (December 10, 2010) "Don't Hate the Player—or the Game", Slate.com
- "Immigration". Reid Senate site. Archived from the original on February 20, 2009. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
- Jeffrey, Terence P. (June 22, 2009). "Senate Democratic Leader Wants New Guest Worker Program Despite Recession and High Unemployment Rate". Cybercast News Service. Retrieved August 5, 2011.
- "Slim Senate Majority Is Expected But House Backing Appears Solid". The New York Times. January 12, 1991.
- John F. Kennedy (January 14, 1963). "State of the Union Address". Infoplease.
- Dewar, Helen; Kenworthy, Tom (January 12, 1991). "U.N. Chief, Europeans Discuss Peace Plan;Bush Gains Support in Senate". The Washington Post. The quote in question can be seen via a Google News archive search.
- "Bush gains more support for Iraq war resolution". USA Today. October 9, 2002. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
- "Harry Reid On The Issues". OnTheIssues.org. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
- "Government Access Website". Frwebgate.access.gpo.gov. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
- "Reid Statement In Recognition Of The 95th Commemoration Of The Armenian Genocide". Official Website for Senator Harry Reid. April 23, 2010. Archived from the original on December 12, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- Gautreaux, R (2016). "Framing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act:A Content Analysis of Democratic and Republican Twitter Feeds". Archived from the original on November 20, 2020. Retrieved March 26, 2020.
- Ball, Molly (February 23, 2011) Harry Reid's prostitution lecture bombs, Politico
- Weiner, Rachel. "Harry Reid reveals niece is a lesbian". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
- Juliet Eilperin & Brady Dennis, With new monuments in Nevada, Utah, Obama adds to his environmental legacy, Washington Post (December 28, 2016).
- Juliet Eilperin, With Obama's help, Harry Reid leaving an indelible mark in the Nevada desert, Washington Post (July 7, 2015).
- Amber Phillips, A monumental push: Reid plans to designate two more areas for protection, Las Vegas Sun (April 19, 2015),
- CLF Statement on Senator Harry Reid's Historic Contributions to Conservation, Conservation Lands Foundation (December 8, 2016).
- Bombardieri, Marcella (September 4, 2007). "Congress Returns Ready for Confrontation". The Boston Globe. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
- "Democratic retreat on Iraq?". msnbc.com. September 6, 2007. Archived from the original on May 5, 2010. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
- "House approves terror surveillance bill". CNN. August 5, 2007. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
- Greenwald, Glenn (January 23, 2008). "Your Harry Reid-led Senate in action". Salon.com.
- "Tyranny in the United States". heritage.org. June 4, 2012. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- Neubauer, Chuck; Hamburger, Tom (November 13, 2006). "Will the Pork stop here?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
- "Reid Christmas Bonuses". USA Today. October 17, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
- Schor, Elana (October 17, 2006). "Reid faces FEC cmplaint". The HIll. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Neubauer, Chuck (August 29, 2006). "Advocates Sue Over Nevada Land Exchange". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- Neubauer, Chuck; Cooper, Richard T. (August 20, 2006). "Desert Connections". Los Angeles Times.
- Neubauer, Chuck; Cooper, Richard T. (June 23, 2003). "In Nevada, the Name to Know is Reid". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- Neubauer, Chuck (June 25, 2004). "Senator's Bill Would Help Friend's Development Plan". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- "Harry's deal". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. September 25, 2007.
- Waldman, Peter (January 14, 2008). "When Harry Met Vegas". Portfolio. Condé Nast Digital/Bizjournals. Retrieved December 13, 2010.
- German, Jeff (May 2, 2016). "Ex-Nevada power broker Harvey Whittemore completes prison term". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- Batt, Tony (February 3, 2006). "Tribes gave to Reid after hiring Abramoff". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- Grove, Benjamin (December 20, 2005). "Politicians caught in the rush to return donations". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- Cillizza, Chris (January 9, 2010). "Majority Leader Reid apologizes to Obama for 2008 remarks". The Washington Post.
- Jackson, David (January 10, 2010). "Harry Reid taking heat for Obama remarks". USA Today.
- Schwandt, Kimberly (January 9, 2010). "Reid apologizes for "no Negro dialect" comment about Barack Obama from 2008 election" Archived June 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Fox News.
- "Cornyn, Steele Call on Reid to Resign as Senate Leader After Obama 'Negro' Comment". Fox News. January 11, 2010.
- D'Aprile, Shane. "Reid: I don't know how any Hispanic voter could be a Republican". The Hill.
- McCormack, John (August 11, 2010). "Rubio: Reid's Comment on Hispanics "Outrageous", "Ridiculous"". The Weekly Standard.
- Sam Stein; Ryan Grim (July 31, 2012). "Harry Reid: Bain Investor Told Me That Mitt Romney 'Didn't Pay Any Taxes For 10 Years'" (blog). The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- "Harry Reid takes Romney tax-accusation campaign to Senate floor" (blog). Los Angeles Times. August 2, 2012. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- Emmarie Huetteman (August 5, 2012). "Republicans Step Up Attacks Against Reid" (blog). The New York Times. Retrieved August 6, 2012.
- "Harry Reid says anonymous source told him Mitt Romney didn't pay taxes for 10 years". The Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved August 7, 2012 – via Politifact.com.
Reid has made an extreme claim with nothing solid to back it up. Pants on Fire!
- Cilizza, Chris (September 15, 2016). "Harry Reid lied about Mitt Romney's taxes. He's still not sorry". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 31, 2016.
- McCain: Reid is wrong about Romney's tax returns, CBS News, August 14, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
- Kenneth P. Vogel. "Behind Harry Reid's war against the Koch brothers". Politico. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
- "U.S. Senate leader Reid blasts Koch brothers over Obamacare ads". Reuters. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
- "Joe Scarborough: Reid Calling Koch Brothers 'Un-American' Is 'McCarthyism' (VIDEO)". Talking Points Memo. March 6, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "The Un-American Anti-Koch Campaign". March 12, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "Harry Reid's brain on Koch". Las Vegas Review-Journal. March 13, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- "Sen. Bernie Sanders: 'The Koch Brothers are funding think tanks spreading an enormous amount of disinformation about Social Security'" The Nation. April 23, 2012.
- "Reid blames Koch brothers for stalling Ukraine aid". The Washington Times. March 14, 2014.
- Demirjian, Karoun (April 6, 2014). "Reid's contempt for Koch brothers is the real thing". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
- "1982 Election Results" (PDF). Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- "1984 Election Results" (PDF). Retrieved November 7, 2018.
- "1998 Election Statistics – Legislative Activities – Office of the Clerk". clerk.house.gov.
- "2004 ELECTION STATISTICS". clerk.house.gov.
- "Nevada Senate Primary Results". NV Secretary of State. June 8, 2010. Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2010.
- "GENERAL ELECTION RESULTS – News". Lvrj.com. November 4, 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
- "2010 Nevada Senate Race". realclearpolitics.com. Retrieved November 9, 2010.
- Suellentrop, Chris (December 22, 2004). "Harry Reid Is Not Boring". Slate. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- "Traffic". January 5, 2001 – via IMDb.
- Sand and Sorrow (2007); IMDb.com. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- "The Gaming Hall of Fame". University of Nevada Las Vegas. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- Bash, Dana (March 31, 2015). "Harry Reid's Love Story". CNN.com. Retrieved January 15, 2021.
- "About Harry Reid". U.S. Senate. Archived from the original on March 16, 2008. Retrieved March 17, 2008.
- "Now a Lobbyist, an Ex-Senator Uses Campaign Money". New York Times. August 24, 2007.
Josh Reid, the senator's son, who ran unsuccessfully for a City Council seat in Cottonwood Heights, Utah.
- "Dean Heller's net worth may be more than Harry Reid's". Associated Press. May 18, 2014.
- "Harry Reid says he's moving to Anthem". reviewjournal.com. July 8, 2014. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- Snow, Tyson (February 24, 2001). "Sen. Reid explains Mormonism and liberal agenda". BYU Newsnet. Brigham Young University. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- Walch, Tad (October 10, 2007). "Reid gets warm reception at BYU". Deseret News. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- McFarland, Sheena (October 9, 2007). "Reid tells BYU crowd that socially responsible Dems mirror Mormon values". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on October 13, 2007.
- Burr, Thomas (October 26, 2009). "Harry Reid: A Mormon in the middle". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on January 13, 2015. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
- "Jefferson Awards.org – community volunteer – service award". Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
- Aaron Shill (April 20, 2015). "Spiritual journey leads 3-term U.S. senator to LDS Church". DeseretNews.com.
- Walshe, Shushannah. "Sen. Harry Reid Suffers Broken Ribs, Facial Bones". ABC News. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- "Reid Is Home After Surgery for Injuries". The New York Times. January 27, 2015.
- "Las Vegas jury rejects Harry Reid lawsuit against fitness band maker". NBC News. April 6, 2019.
- Calicchio, Dom (April 5, 2019). "Former Sen. Harry Reid loses civil lawsuit over exercise-device injury". Fox News. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- "Former Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid has surgery for pancreatic cancer". CNN. May 14, 2018.
- "Harry Reid Has a Few Words for Washington". The New York Times. January 2, 2019. Retrieved January 4, 2019.
- Bash, Dana (February 25, 2019). "Harry Reid wishes for George W. Bush again 'every day'". CNN. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harry Reid.|
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Harry Reid|
- Harry Reid at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- "Tough Reid", Eve Fairbanks, The New Republic, April 15, 2009