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Francis Emroy Warren (June 20, 1844 – November 24, 1929) was an American politician of the Republican Party best known for his years in the United States Senate representing Wyoming and being the first Governor of Wyoming. A soldier in the Union Army during the American Civil War, he was the last veteran of that conflict to serve in the U.S. Senate.[1]

Francis Emroy Warren
Francis E. Warren.jpg
United States Senator
from Wyoming
In office
November 24, 1890 – March 3, 1893
Preceded by(none)
Succeeded byClarence D. Clark
In office
March 4, 1895 – November 24, 1929
Preceded byJoseph M. Carey
Succeeded byPatrick J. Sullivan
1st Governor of Wyoming
In office
October 11, 1890 - November 24, 1890
Preceded byHimself
as Territorial Governor
Succeeded byAmos W. Barber
Personal details
Born(1844-06-20)June 20, 1844
Hinsdale, Massachusetts, U.S.
DiedNovember 24, 1929(1929-11-24) (aged 85)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Helen M. Smith (1871–1902; her death)
Clara LeNaron Morgan (m. June 28, 1911–?)
ProfessionPolitician, farmer
AwardsMedal of Honor
Military service
AllegianceUnited States United States of America
Union
Branch/serviceSeal of the United States Board of War and Ordnance.svg Union Army
Massachusetts Massachusetts Militia
RankConfederate States of America Corporal-Infantry.svg Corporal (U.S.)
Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg Captain (Massachusetts)
UnitMassachusetts 49th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Early life and military serviceEdit

Warren was born on June 20, 1844 in Hinsdale, Berkshire County, Massachusetts and grew up attending common schools and his local Hinsdale Academy.

During the civil war, Warren served in the 49th Regiment, Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry as a noncommissioned officer. At the age of nineteen at the siege of Port Hudson, Warren received the Medal of Honor for battlefield gallantry. His entire platoon was destroyed by Confederate bombardment and Warren, taking a serious scalp wound, disabled the artillery. Warren later served as a captain in the Massachusetts Militia.

Personal lifeEdit

 
Mrs Francis E. Warren

Francis E. Warren married a woman from Massachusetts, although all of their married life until his first election to the United States Senate, in 1890, was spent in Wyoming. They had two children, a daughter, Helen Frances, and a son, Frederick Emory. Helen Warren was the wife of General John J. Pershing. Mrs. Warren was the president of church, literary and charitable societies of Cheyenne, vice-president of the Foundling Hospital, and Daughter of the American Revolution.[2]

Medal of Honor citationEdit

Rank and Organization: Corporal, Company C, 49th Massachusetts Infantry.

Place and Date: At Port Hudson, La., 27 May 1863.

Entered Service At: Hinsdale, Mass.

Birth: Hinsdale, Mass.

Date Of Issue: 30 September 1893.

Citation:

Volunteered in response to a call, and took part in the movement that was made upon the enemy's works under a heavy fire therefrom in advance of the general assault.[3][4]

Business and politicsEdit

Following the civil war, Warren engaged in farming and stock-raising in Massachusetts before moving to Wyoming (then part of the Territory of Dakota) in 1868. Settling in Cheyenne, Warren engaged in real estate, mercantile business, livestock raising and the establishment of Cheyenne's first lighting system, becoming quite wealthy.

Warren's political work included: member, Wyoming Territorial Senate (1873–1874, 1884–1885), serving as senate president; member, Cheyenne City Council (1873–1874); treasurer of Wyoming (1876, 1879, 1882, 1884); and Mayor of Cheyenne (1885).

In February 1885, Warren was appointed Governor of the Territory of Wyoming by President Chester A. Arthur, although he was removed by Democratic President Grover Cleveland in November 1886. He was reappointed by President Benjamin Harrison in April, 1889, and served until 1890, when he was elected first Governor of Wyoming (October 11, 1890 – November 24, 1890).

Senate years and deathEdit

In November 1890, Warren resigned as governor, having been elected to the United States Senate as a Republican, serving until March 4, 1893. He then resumed his former business pursuits before returning to the senate (March 4, 1895–November 24, 1929). Warren chaired the following Senate Committees:

- Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation of Arid Lands
- Committee on Claims
- Committee on Irrigation
- Committee on Military Affairs
- Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds
- Committee on Agriculture and Forestry
- Committee on Appropriations
- Committee on Engrossed Bills

Warren died on November 24, 1929 in Washington, D.C. His funeral service was held in the United States Senate chamber. At the time of his death, he had served longer than any other US Senator.

LegacyEdit

F. E. Warren Air Force Base in Cheyenne, Wyoming is named after Warren. Additionally, Warren's daughter married then-Captain John J. Pershing in 1905. Several years later, President Theodore Roosevelt promoted Pershing from captain to brigadier general over 900 senior officers. Pershing's wife and three daughters were later killed during a fire at the Presidio in San Francisco. Warren was also the first senator to hire a female staffer and, as appropriations chairman during World War I, he was instrumental in funding the American efforts. Warren and his second wife, Clara LaBarron Morgan, bought the Nagle Warren Mansion in April, 1910, and their dining room hosted people such as Presidents Teddy Roosevelt and William Howard Taft.[5][6] This mansion is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "United States Senate - Last Union Veteran". Retrieved 4 June 2013.
  2. ^ Hinman, Ida (1895). The Washington Sketch Book.
  3. ^ ""Civil War Medal of Honor citations" (S-Z): WARREN, FRANCIS E." AmericanCivilWar.com. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  4. ^ "Medal of Honor website" (M-Z): WARREN, FRANCIS E." United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved November 13, 2013.
  5. ^ "Nagle Warren Mansion Cheyenne, Wyoming". Historic Hotels. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  6. ^ "Nagle Warren Mansion Hotel". Wyoming Tourism. Archived from the original on November 4, 2010. Retrieved January 8, 2012.
  7. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph M. Carey
Mayor of Cheyenne, Wyoming
1885
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Elliot S.N. Morgan
Governor of Wyoming Territory
1885–1886
Succeeded by
George W. Baxter
Preceded by
Thomas Moonlight
Governor of Wyoming Territory
1889–1890
Succeeded by
Himself
as state Governor
Preceded by
Himself
as Territorial Governor
Governor of Wyoming
October 11, 1890 - November 24, 1890
Succeeded by
Amos W. Barber
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
(none)
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Wyoming
November 18, 1890 – March 4, 1893
Succeeded by
Clarence D. Clark
Preceded by
Joseph M. Carey
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Wyoming
March 4, 1895 – November 24, 1929
Succeeded by
Patrick J. Sullivan
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Henry Cabot Lodge
Dean of the United States Senate
November 9, 1924 – November 24, 1929
Succeeded by
Furnifold M. Simmons