Joni Kay Ernst (née Culver, July 1, 1970) is an American politician and former military officer serving as the junior United States Senator for Iowa since 2015. A Republican, she served in the Iowa Senate from 2011 to 2014. She served in the Iowa Army National Guard from 1993 to 2015, retiring as a lieutenant colonel. Ernst is the first woman to represent Iowa in Congress and the first female combat veteran elected to the United States Senate from any state.
|Vice Chair of the Senate Republican Conference|
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2019
|Preceded by||Roy Blunt|
|United States Senator|
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2015
Serving with Chuck Grassley
|Preceded by||Tom Harkin|
|Member of the Iowa Senate|
from the 12th district
January 5, 2011 – November 28, 2014
|Preceded by||Kim Reynolds|
|Succeeded by||Mark Costello|
|Auditor of Montgomery County|
|Preceded by||Connie Magneson|
|Succeeded by||Ted Schoonover|
Joni Kay Culver
July 1, 1970
Red Oak, Iowa, U.S.
(m. 1992; div. 2019)
|Education||Iowa State University (BA)|
Columbus State University (MPA)
|Branch/service|| United States Army|
Iowa Army National Guard
|Years of service||1993–2015|
|Unit||185th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion|
Early life and careerEdit
Ernst was born Joni Kay Culver in Montgomery County, Iowa, the daughter of Marilyn and Richard Culver. She was valedictorian of her class at Stanton High School. She earned a bachelor's degree in psychology from Iowa State University, and a Master of Public Administration degree from Columbus State University. While in college, she took part in an agricultural exchange to the Soviet Union.
Ernst served as a logistics officer and attained the rank of lieutenant colonel in the Iowa National Guard. Near the end of her career, she served as the commanding officer of the 185th Combat Sustainment Support Battalion at Camp Dodge, the largest battalion in the Iowa Army National Guard. Upon her retirement from the military in 2015, Ernst had served 23 years between the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard. She spent 12 months in Kuwait in 2003–04 as the company commander of the 1168th Transportation Company during the Iraq War.
Iowa State SenateEdit
Ernst was elected to the Iowa State Senate in a special election in 2011 and re-elected in 2012. She represented District 12, which serves the southwest part of the state. Ernst was a member of the Education, Appropriations, Veterans Affairs, Rules and Administration and Health and Human Services committees of the Iowa State Senate.
Following her election to the U.S. Senate, she resigned from the Iowa State Senate effective November 28, 2014.
U.S. Senate electionEdit
In July 2013, Ernst announced that she would seek the Senate seat held by retiring Democratic Senator Tom Harkin. Ernst received the endorsement of Iowa Lieutenant Governor Kim Reynolds in October 2013. She was also endorsed by 23 current and former state legislators. In March the Ernst campaign was endorsed by former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney and former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin. In May 2014, she was endorsed by the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
Ernst received widespread attention for a campaign advertisement she released in March 2014 where she employed a tongue-in-cheek comparison between her experience castrating pigs and her ability to cut "pork" in Congress. Many found the ad to be humorous and it was spoofed by late-night comedians including Jimmy Fallon and Stephen Colbert, Before the ad aired, Ernst had struggled in fundraising, and two polls of the Republican primary taken in February 2014 had shown her in second place, several points behind opponent Mark Jacobs. After it aired, a Suffolk University poll in early April showed her with a narrow lead and a Loras College poll showed her essentially tied with Jacobs. By May, she was being described by the media as the "strong front-runner".
In an interview with the Des Moines Register on May 9, 2014, Ernst said she was "extremely offended" by comments made by Republican opponent Mark Jacobs in which she was characterized as AWOL due to missing over 100 votes in the legislative session ending April 7, 2014. Ernst stated: "If [Mark Jacobs] had any sort of service like I have, he would've understood what AWOL means. I have not been AWOL, I will never be AWOL." Previously, in an article in The Gazette, Ernst cited her National Guard duty to rebuff criticism about her missing votes, but The Gazette found that only 12 of the 117 missed votes came on days when she was on duty. The other 105 missed votes represented 57 percent of the Iowa Senate votes that session. Ernst's spokesman said that she had a better than 90 percent voting record during her career in the Senate and that she never claimed guard service was the only reason she's missed votes this session.
In endorsing her for the Republican Primary nomination, the Des Moines Register stated: "Ernst is a smart, well-prepared candidate who can wrestle with the details of public policy from a conservative perspective without seeming inflexible." On October 23, Ernst cancelled a scheduled meeting with the Des Moines Register's editorial board, citing as a reason the newspaper's negative editorials about her. The newspaper's editorial board endorsed Ernst's opponent, Democratic Congressman Bruce Braley.
In July 2014, Ernst's campaigning was temporarily paused while she participated in two weeks of National Guard duty. In that same month, Ernst delivered the Republican Party's weekly address, where she criticized the health care scandal at the Department of Veterans Affairs and pushed for a balanced federal budget and entitlement reform.
On August 29, Ernst and Braley announced their agreement to hold three televised debates in Davenport, Des Moines, and Sioux City. They were held on September 28, October 11 and 16, respectively.
Ernst won the 2014 Senate race 52.2% to 43.7%. She is the first woman elected to represent Iowa in either House of Congress.
- Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry
- Committee on Armed Services
- Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
114th Congress (2015–2017)Edit
In May 2016, Ernst was placed on Chris Cilizza's short list as a possible vice presidential running mate for Donald Trump's 2016 campaign to become the 45th President of the United States. Other media outlets included her as a possible benefit to Trump's campaign as well. On June 16, Ernst said no one had "reached out" to her and that she was content with this. On July 4, she and Trump met privately. Governor Mike Pence of Indiana was chosen for the job on July 15, 2016.
In 2016, along with U.S. Senators Deb Fischer, Charles Grassley, and Ben Sasse, Ernst introduced "Sarah's Law" in honor of Sarah Root, a 21-year-old female student in Omaha who was killed in a street racing crash in January 2016.
115th Congress (2017–2019)Edit
On January 12, 2017, Ernst questioned Secretary of Defense nominee James Mattis on whether he would pledge to prioritizing cutting wasteful spending, stopping sexual assault and retaliation in the military, and enhance national security missions by leveraging the different abilities of "our guard and reserve forces"; Mattis committed to each. Later that month, Ernst announced her intent to introduce legislation that would redirect funding for Planned Parenthood to other women's health care providers and that she already had a bill meant to overturn a policy of the Obama administration securing grants from Planned Parenthood to Title X family planning, furthering this would be accomplishable with a "pro-life president in the White House and pro-life majorities in the House and Senate". President Trump signed the latter bill into law on April 13, 2017.
In early February, Ernst predicted that Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos would be confirmed and charged the Democrats in the Senate with trying to obstruct her confirmation due to bitterness over the election results two months prior. After DeVos was confirmed, Ernst stated she had vetted DeVos, who she found to believe those physically closest to students knew what was best for them, and would hold her accountable during her tenure.
On March 14, after the release of photographs of nude female soldiers on a Facebook page, Ernst stressed this "type of activity creates a culture that leads to sexual assault." During a press conference on March 28, Ernst made the request of Congress for the passage to require individuals to immediately report suspected sexual assault at government facilities.
After President Trump's selection of Christopher A. Wray for Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation on June 7, a spokeswoman for Ernst's intention to vet and ensure Wray as "a good choice for the position of FBI Director." On June 15, during a conference call after the Senate voted 98-2 for a bill imposing financial sanctions on Russia, Ernst said the choice came as a result of the U.S. being disenchanted with Russia for having attempted to interfere with the last presidential election, the country's support for the Syrian regime, Ukraine military intrusion, and their cyber-hacking activity and that the US was "trying to show some strength and send a clear message to Iran and Russia that they cannot do these types of actions."
116th Congress (2019–present)Edit
On January 3, 2019, the first day of the 116th United States Congress, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell released a roster of the Senate Judiciary Committee confirming Ernst and Marsha Blackburn's membership, the first female Republicans on the committee.
In March 2019, after the Special Counsel Investigation concluded and Attorney General William Barr released a summary of the report by Special Counsel Robert Mueller, Ernst called for a release of the report's full findings: "I strongly believe that as much of the report that can be made public should be — barring any national security threat. Taxpayers have paid millions for this investigation; it’s only right that they see its findings."
In March 2019, Ernst was one of thirty-eight senators to sign a letter to United States Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue warning that dairy farmers "have continued to face market instability and are struggling to survive the fourth year of sustained low prices" and urging his department to "strongly encourage these farmers to consider the Dairy Margin Coverage program."
In April 2019, Ernst and Debbie Stabenow led five other senators in a letter to Agriculture Secretary Perdue urging the Agriculture Department to implement conservation measures in the 2018 Farm Bill "through a department-wide National Water Quality Initiative, which would build off the existing initiative housed at the Natural Resource Conservation Service."
In May 2019, Ernst was a cosponsor of the Transporting Livestock Across America Safely Act, a bipartisan bill introduced by Ben Sasse and Jon Tester intended to reform hours of service for livestock haulers through authorizing drivers to have the flexibility to rest at any point during their trip without it being counted against their hours of service and exempting loading and unloading times from the hours of service calculation of driving time.
In 2014, when asked about President Barack Obama’s recess appointments, which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously were unconstitutional, Ernst referred to Obama as a dictator who should be "removed from office" or face "impeachment." She said, "He is running amok. He is not following our Constitution."
Ernst opposes the federal minimum wage and has said that states should have sole authority to set their own minimum wages. She has pointed to differences in the cost of living in various states, "I think $7.25 is appropriate for Iowa, but that's up for our state legislators to decide, and I'm willing to have those discussions at the state level." In response to a Congressional Budget Office report which projected that increasing the minimum wage to $10.10 per hour would lift 900,000 out of poverty, but would cost 500,000 people their jobs, Ernst stated that "government and government-mandated wage increases are not the solution—especially when doing so comes at the expense of the jobs of hard working Americans."
Ernst has proposed eliminating the Internal Revenue Service. During the 2013 legislative session, Ernst worked on legislation which reduced property taxes in Iowa. She says she supports a "fairer, flatter, and simpler" federal tax code. In 2017, she voted for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act.
In 2014, Ernst expressed support for a constitutional amendment requiring a balanced federal budget, as well as a reduction in spending on entitlement programs and discretionary spending. She has expressed support for a partial privatization of Social Security accounts for young workers while protecting Social Security for seniors and those nearing retirement.
In May 2018, Ernst was one of nine Republican senators to introduce a rescission package meant to fulfill President Trump's wish to curb spending by $15.4 billion as part of an attempt to roll out the legislation to ensure it reached the Senate floor within a 45-day window while avoiding a filibuster from Democrats.
In December 2018, Ernst voted to confirm Kathy Kraninger as the next Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau in a decisive vote. The measure ultimately cleared the United States Senate chamber with all 50 present Republicans voting in favor of the confirmation and all 49 Democrats voting in opposition.
She has advocated eliminating the Department of Education "not just because it would save taxpayer dollars, but because I do believe our children are better educated when it's coming from the state."
On the subject of global warming, Ernst has stated: "I don't know the science behind climate change, I can't say one way or another what is the direct impact from whether it's manmade or not", and believes that any regulatory role by the government to address it needs to be "very small." Ernst has proposed eliminating the Environmental Protection Agency and criticized its interpretation of the Clean Water Act as applied to farms. In a Republican primary debate in May 2014, Ernst said she would have voted against the 2014 U.S. Farm Bill and stated her view that the Clean Water Act is damaging for business. Ernst has expressed her opposition to cap-and-trade. She supported President Trump's decision to withdraw from the Paris climate accords in 2017.
In January 2014, Ernst warned that Agenda 21, a 1992 United Nations voluntary action plan for sustainable development, could force Iowa farmers off their land, dictate what cities Iowans must live in, and control how Iowa citizens travel from place to place. During the general-election campaign, Ernst moderated her tone, saying: "I don't think that the U.N. Agenda 21 is a threat to Iowa farmers ... I think there are a lot of people that follow that issue in Iowa. It may be something that is very important to them, but I think Iowans are very smart and that we have a great legislature here, we have a very intelligent governor, and I think that we will protect Iowans."
In June 2018, Ernst said of Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency Scott Pruitt, "He is about as swampy as you get here in Washington, D.C., and if the president wants to drain the swamp, he needs to take a look at his own Cabinet."
In June 2019, Ernst confirmed she had spoken with President Trump and EPA Administrator Andrew R. Wheeler when they were in Council Bluffs on limiting the EPA's issuing of small refinery waivers, saying that President Trump had kept his promise but that the "EPA has a harmful habit of handing out small refinery waivers like candy — doing so behind closed doors, with no congressional oversight."
Politico described Ernst as a "a strong supporter of the ethanol industry."
In 2013, Ernst said Congress shouldn't bother to pass laws "that the states would consider nullifying", referring to what she describes as "200-plus years of federal legislators going against the Tenth Amendment's states' rights." Courts have consistently ruled that nullification is unconstitutional. During the 2014 Senatorial general election, the Ernst campaign argued that she did not support nullification, and that "her comments on it were about encouraging Iowans to send her to Washington to pass good laws."
Regarding the Iraq War and weapons of mass destruction, Ernst stated: "We don't know that there were weapons on the ground when we went in, however, I do have reason to believe there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq. That was the intelligence that was operated on. I have reason to believe there was weapons of mass destruction. My husband served in Saudi Arabia as an Army Central Command sergeant major for a year and that's a hot-button topic in that area." After criticism from Iowa Democrats and some commentators, Ernst then issued a clarifying statement in which she stated that she did not mean to suggest that Iraq had WMD at the time of invasion, but rather that Iraq had had WMDs in their past which they used, and that her point was that "we don't know exactly what happened to those weapons."
When asked whether she supports the limited airstrikes conducted in Iraq in August 2014, Ernst said: "What I can say is what I would have supported is leaving additional troops in Iraq longer and perhaps we wouldn't have this situation today."
In February 2016, Ernst criticized the Obama administration's ISIS strategy as ineffective.
In an interview with Time Magazine, Ernst said that she was sexually harassed in the military, stating that "I had comments, passes, things like that" which she was able to stop, and said she will support removing sexual assault cases from the chain of command.
On February 16, 2017, Ernst condemned the behavior of Russia as "totally unacceptable" and said President Trump would be needed in leading the US to "show strength against Vladimir Putin" during a call with reporters. In July 2018, Ernst stated that she would proceed with caution if the US collaborated with Russia to form "a way we can partner and put a lid on Iran" and that she did not believe " Russia would ever be a true friend or ally to the United States of America." She cited North Korea as an example of a country where the US should cautiously work with leadership to develop "a resolution where the world becomes a safer place" if possible. Following the 2018 Russia-United States summit later that month, Ernst stated her hope that President Trump "delivered a strong message behind closed doors that Russia will continue to be punished for their illegal annexation of Ukraine in 2014, their abhorrent support for the murderous Bashar al-Assad regime in Syria and their aggressive actions in U.S. domestic policy" and added that she was hopeful Trump had talked with Putin about the role of Russia in the Balkins amid Kosovo's continued threats by the hybrid warfare tactics of Russia in Serbia.
In April 2018, following the missile strikes against Syria carried out by the United States, France, and the United Kingdom, Ernst stated that she was "uncomfortable going forward" in the event that President Trump wanted to commit more American troops there, citing the US presently having "an effort to fight against ISIS in the region" as the main focus. In December, after President Trump announced the withdrawal of American troops in Syria, Ernst was one of six senators to sign a letter expressing concern for the move and their belief "that such action at this time is a premature and costly mistake that not only threatens the safety and security of the United States, but also emboldens ISIS, Bashar al Assad, Iran, and Russia."
In June 2018, Ernst stated her disagreement with President Trump's decision to suspend joint military exercises with South Korea and questioned why they would be suspended given their legality. In July, Ernst advocated for the United States continuing military exercises in South Korea in the event that talks between the US and North Korea did not continue.
In March 2018, Ernst voted to table a resolution spearheaded by Bernie Sanders, Chris Murphy, and Mike Lee that would have required President Trump to withdraw American troops either in or influencing Yemen within the next 30 days unless they were combating Al-Qaeda. In November 2018, following the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, Ernst stated that Saudi Arabia was "great strategic partner" but that Congress should consider a legislative response due to the commitment of the United States to human rights and the rule of law. Ernst furthered that President Trump should become involved "if there are indicators coming from those intelligence agencies". In December, Ernst warned against a resolution withdrawing American support for the Saudi Arabia-led intervention in Yemen possibly complicating peace talks in Yemen and that Saudi Arabia should be punished for Khashoggi's death but that "those consequences are I see as right now are separate from the discussion of the Saudis and their actions in Yemen engaging the Houthis."
In July 2019, Ernst was one of sixteen Republican senators to send a letter to Acting Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Director Russell Vought, Acting White House Chief of Staff Mick Mulvaney, and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin encouraging them to work with them to prevent a continuing resolution "for FY 2020 that would delay the implementation of the President’s National Defense Strategy (NDS) and increase costs" and that the year long continuing resolution suggested by administration officials would render the Defense Department "incapable of increasing readiness, recapitalizing our force, or rationalizing funding to align with the National Defense Strategy (NDS)."
Ernst is a gun owner. She has an "A" rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA). The NRA endorsed her during the 2014 election stating "In contrast to anti-gun Bruce Braley, Joni Ernst is committed to protecting the Second Amendment and will continue to oppose all attempts to ban lawfully-owned firearms and magazines. She will stand strong against President Obama and former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg's gun control agenda." Since 2014, Ernst has received $3,124,273 in financial support from the NRA.
Ernst has expressed her support for allowing law-abiding citizens to "freely carry" weapons but abide by rules against carrying in public buildings like schools. In February 2013, Ernst co-sponsored a resolution addressing "the Iowa General Assembly's refusal to recognize or support any statutes, presidential directives, or other regulations and proclamations which conflict with the Second Amendment of the Constitution of the United States and which are expressly preempted by the rulings of the United States Supreme Court". She has also received an "A" rating from the National Rifle Association for her support of gun-rights issues.
In October 2017, Ernst was one of ten Republican senators to sign a letter to acting director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosive (ATF) Thomas Brandon requesting that the bureau review an Obama administration decision on bump stocks with the belief "that this renewed review and determination will keep our citizens safe and ensure that federal law is enforced."
Following the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting, Ernst stated that mental illness was the "root cause" for many mass shootings. Ernst also was a cosponsor of the NICS Denial Notification Act, legislation developed in the aftermath of the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting that would require federal authorities to inform states within a day of a prohibited person attempting to buy a firearm failing the National Instant Criminal Background Check System.
In January 2019, Ernst was one of thirty-one Republican senators to cosponsor the Constitutional Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act, a bill introduced by John Cornyn and Ted Cruz that would grant individuals with concealed carry privileges in their home state the right to exercise this right in any other state with concealed carry laws while concurrently abiding by that state’s laws.
Ernst indirectly endorsed Paul Ryan's partially privatized Medicare model in a 2011 Iowa Senate vote. According to an August 2014 article in The Gazette, she has not laid out a detailed plan for Medicare reform.
Ernst supports repealing and replacing the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) saying that it is "an additional tax of $1.2 trillion on the American people over the next decade and I believe we need to eliminate Obamacare but replace it with free market alternatives." She voted for all three versions of the American Health Care Act (AHCA) of 2017 that came up for the Senate during the Republican effort to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act.
In 2012, Ernst answered "Yes" when asked if she would support legislation that would "nullify ObamaCare and authorize state and local law enforcement to arrest federal officials attempting to implement [it]."
In August 2018, Ernst was one of ten Republican senators to cosponsor a bill amending federal law to add a guarantee on the availability of health insurance to Americans including those with pre-existing conditions regardless of the outcome of a lawsuit against the Affordable Care Act filed by Republican-controlled states.
In November 2015, Ernst said the US should halt the immigration of Syrian refugees, calling for a "thorough vetting process", and commenting that President Obama did not have "a clearly communicated and comprehensive strategy".
In June 2018, Ernst, Kirsten Gillibrand, and Patrick Leahy wrote a letter to United States Defense Secretary James Mattis of their being "deeply troubled by the department's decision to send twenty-one active and reserve JAGs to the border on temporary orders to prosecute immigration cases" and expressing the view that dispatching "twenty-one trial counsel from military courtrooms to prosecute immigration cases is an inappropriate misapplication of military personnel" before urging Mattis to maintain the military lawyers within the military justice system.
In July 2018, Ernst was one of thirty-one Republican senators to submit a resolution endorsing Immigration and Customs Enforcement and opining that its abolition "would allow dangerous criminal aliens, including violent and ruthless members of the MS-13 gang, to remain in communities in the United States."
In January 2019, during the 2018–19 United States federal government shutdown that resulted after President Trump demanded 5.7 billion toward a border wall, Ernst told reporters that she would "tend to agree that not all areas of our border need a physical barrier" and that the US would not need a barrier in areas "adequately patrolled by Border Patrol agents", with "technology to monitor those areas without having a physical barrier", and if agents could "adequately respond in a timely manner to illegal border crossing".
Relationship with Steve KingEdit
Ernst's relationship with Steve King, a House Representative known for his racist rhetoric and support for far-right politicians, has stirred controversy. In 2016 when King faced a primary challenge for his House seat, Ernst endorsed him, saying he "stands strong for life and liberty." When King stirred controversy in 2017 by saying "we can’t restore our civilization with somebody else’s babies" and by supporting European far-right politicians, Ernst said she did not condone King's behavior but she would not ask for his resignation. In 2017, the Des Moines Register wrote a scathing editorial against King, which criticized Ernst for endorsing him in the past and not condemning him. In 2018, she appeared with King at a rally in his district after King had endorsed a Canadian politician with neo-Nazi ties. In 2019, amid extensive criticism of King by Republican politicians after King made controversial remarks about white supremacy, Ernst rebuked him. The New York Times wrote that Ernst's belated distancing to King might harm her 2020 re-election efforts, as she previously "had spent years embracing Mr. King." Art Cullen, editor of The Storm Lake Times, condemned the belated response by Ernst, describing it as "hypocrisy" for her to condemn him only weeks after campaigning with him and when his views had been well-known for a long time. The editorial board of the Des Moines Register questioned why it took national condemnation for Ernst to rebuke King.
Ernst has said she believes marriage is a "state issue." She co-sponsored a failed bill to amend the Iowa constitution to have marriage legally defined as between one man and one woman. She opposes same-sex marriage.
Ernst is pro-life, believing that life begins at conception. She voted for a fetal personhood amendment in the Iowa Senate in 2013 and has said that she would support a federal personhood bill.
In 2013, Ernst voted against bringing Senate File 79 up for a vote in the Iowa Senate, a bill that would legalize medical marijuana. Ernst expressed concerns that the drug "would ultimately end up in the hands of minors."
In 2018, as Trump imposed tariffs as part of his trade policy and other countries responded in kind, Ernst said she was willing to give the president some leeway but worried about the impact on farmers. In May 2019, amid a trade war between the United States and China, Ernst said she did not like tariffs but that the "president’s way of negotiating... brings people to the table." She said that Iowa farmers are "disappointed" but that they recognize "that China is the one that is forcing this."
In January 2018, Ernst was one of thirty-six Republican senators to sign a letter to President Trump requesting he preserve the North American Free Trade Agreement by modernizing it for the economy of the 21st Century. In August 2018, Ernst warned that failure to finish trade deals would "reflect negatively upon our Republican candidates" and advocated for completing NAFTA and continuing to work with the European Union.
In July 2019, Ernst accused Speaker of the United States House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi of "slow-walking" the passage of a North American trade agreement and stated that she believed there was enough support in the Democratic-controlled House and Republican-controlled Senate to ratify the agreement: "By and large, Americans think it’s a good way to go."
In 1992, Ernst (then named Joni Culver) married Gail Ernst. The Ernsts have one daughter, Libby. Gail Ernst has two daughters from his previous marriage to Ingrid Nesbit, which ended in divorce. On August 27, 2018, Ernst announced that she and her husband were in the process of obtaining a divorce. In a sworn affidavit, Ernst stated that she declined then-candidate Donald Trump's offer of becoming his vice presidential candidate, because Gail "hated any successes [she] had and would belittle [her] and get angry any time [she] would achieve a goal", and that she made "sacrifices...out of concern for Gail and [their] family." Gail stated that he "gave up his aspirations" to support Ernst's pursuit of her political ambitions. The divorce was finalized in January 2019, with Joni Ernst alleging that Gail had verbally and mentally abused her and on one occasion physically assaulted her. The Ernsts accused each other of infidelity; both denied the respective accusations.
In her first interview following her divorce, Ernst revealed that she had been raped in college.
Ernst is a lifetime member of the Montgomery County Republican Women, Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 2265, Montgomery County Court of Honor, Altrusa, PEO Chapter HB, a lifetime member of the National Rifle Association, and member of the Montgomery County Farm Bureau. She is a member of the Mamrelund Lutheran Church (ELCA) of Stanton, Iowa.
|Iowa State Senate 12th district election, 2012|
|U.S. Senate Republican primary election in Iowa, 2014|
|U.S. Senate election in Iowa, 2014|
|Term Limits||Bob Quast||5,873||0.52%|
- Jacobs, Jennifer (December 1, 2015). "Joni Ernst retires from the military". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved December 3, 2015.
- Ernst, Gail. "Joni Kay Ernst – Plaza of Heroines at Iowa State University". Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (June 3, 2014). "Joni Ernst wins Iowa GOP U.S. Senate race". The Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on June 4, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2014.
- "Joni Ernst wins Iowa U.S. Senate seat". Des Moines Register. November 4, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- "Joni Ernst's Senate victory makes her first woman to represent Iowa in Congress". Omaha.com. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- Bolton, Alexander. "McConnell reelected as leader, Thune promoted to whip". The Hill. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
- pseudonymous (June 16, 2014). "Does Joni Ernst Support Traditional Divorce?". Daily Kos. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- Ernst, Gail (May 16, 1994). "Joni Kay Ernst". Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- "Meet the Candidate: Iowa's U.S. Senate seat: Joni Ernst, Republican". DesMoines Register. Retrieved November 25, 2014.
- "Joni Ernst Announces bid for Kim Reynolds Iowa Senate Seat". The Iowa Republican. November 18, 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- Miller, Jake (July 12, 2014). "GOP Senate candidate: Reform the VA, balance the budget". CBS News. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (July 10, 2013). "Republican Joni Ernst joins U.S. Senate race". Des Moines Register. Archived from the original on July 11, 2013. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (May 29, 2014). "Ernst mobilizes to crash Washington's 'boys club'". Des Moines Register. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "The Iowa Legislature: Senator Joni Ernst". Archived from the original on September 18, 2013. Retrieved May 6, 2013.
- "Joni Ernst: Iowa Senate". Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- "Iowa GOP lawmaker Joni Ernst enters 2014 Senate race". omaha.com. July 10, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
- "Senator Joni Ernst (IA)". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- ABOUT JONI, Joni Ernst for Iowa
- "Senator Joni K. Ernst". Iowa Legislature. Retrieved July 24, 2014.
- "Ernst Resigns From Iowa Senate, Special Election Announced". WHO-TV. December 1, 2014. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
- Henderson, O. Kay (October 7, 2013). "Lieutenant Governor Reynolds endorses Ernst in U.S. Senate race". Radio Iowa. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- Endorsement, Joni Ernst for Iowa
- Joseph, Cameron. Palin endorses Joni Ernst in Iowa Senate race, Politico, March 26, 2014.
- Sullivan, Sean (March 26, 2014). "Sarah Palin endorses Joni Ernst in Iowa Senate race". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- James Hohmann (May 29, 2014). "Joni Ernst focused on primary in final Iowa debate". Politico. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- "National business group picks Joni Ernst over GOP rivals in Iowa U.S. Senate race". Des Moines Register. May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
- "The magic number for the Republican Party on Tuesday is 35 percent. And Joni Ernst is right there". The Washington Post. June 2, 2014. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
- "Iowa Senate Candidate Says Castration Gives Her Conservative Cred". Time. March 25, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- "In Politics, Hog Castration Cuts Through The Ad Clutter". NPR. March 28, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- "Iowa Senate Candidate Says Castration Gives Her Conservative Cred". Time. March 25, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- "How did John Boehner's opponent get his campaign ad to go viral? Humor. (+video)". The Christian Science Monitor. April 15, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "Jimmy Fallon cringes at Joni Ernst's hog-castration ad". Des Moines Register. March 25, 2014. Retrieved April 19, 2014.
- "Colbert: I'm pulling for Joni Ernst 'whole hog, or whatever's left'". Des Moines Register. March 27, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- "How Joni Ernst's ad about 'castrating hogs' transformed Iowa's U.S. Senate race". The Washington Post. May 12, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
- "Joni Ernst 'Castrating Hogs' Ad: Republican Iowa Senate Candidate Stirs Controversy With Offbeat Campaign Spot [VIDEO]". International Business Times. March 25, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- "Sarah Palin endorses 'hog castrator' Jodi Ernst in Iowa Senate race". CBS News. March 26, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "The Fix's fourth-quarter fundraising winners and losers". CBS News. February 3, 2014. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
- "Sarah Palin endorses 'pork-cutting' Joni Ernst in Iowa". Politico. March 26, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- "Ernst Aims to Be Iowa's First Female Senator". RealClearPolitics. March 9, 2014. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- "Ernst Narrowly Leads GOP Field in Iowa Senate Race". RealClearPolitics. April 9, 2014. Retrieved April 9, 2014.
- "Poll: Joni Ernst Takes Lead in Iowa GOP Senate Primary". Weekly Standard. April 9, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- "Jacobs, Ernst tied in inaugural Loras Poll". TH Online. April 14, 2014. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- "Joni Ernst: I was 'extremely offended' by AWOL attack". Des Moines Register. May 9, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "Few of Ernst's missed Iowa Senate votes due to National Guard Duty". The Gazette. April 14, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- "Iowa Sen. Ernst juggles busy schedule with Senate work". The Gazette. April 1, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
- The Register's Editorial: Joni Ernst offers Iowans strong credentials "In the federal budget deficit, for example, she readily concedes that cutting federal discretionary spending won't be nearly enough and that the biggest savings must come from Medicare and Medicaid." Des Moines Register, May 17, 2014
- "Ernst cancels meeting with Register's editorial board". Des Moines Register. Retrieved October 24, 2014.
- "The Register's Editorial announces candidate endorsements". KCCI News. October 25, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- "Endorsement: Bruce Braley is better choice". Des Moines Register. Editorial Board. October 26, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (July 28, 2014). "Joni Ernst resumes campaign after 2 weeks of guard duty". Des Moines Register. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- "U.S. Senate candidates Braley and Ernst agree to 3 debates". Quad City Times.
- "Iowa Senate Election Results: Joni Ernst Wins Race Against Bruce Braley". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- Noble, Jason (January 15, 2015). "Ernst to deliver GOP State of the Union rebuttal". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Kim, Seung Min (January 20, 2015) – "Joni Ernst’s Response: Congress Is ‘Back to Work’". POLITICO. Retrieved January 21, 2015.
- Transcript of Republican Response to 2015 State of the Union Address The New York Times January 20, 2015 "Senator Joni Ernst, the newly elected Republican from Iowa, gave the official G.O.P. response to President Obama's State of the Union address on Tuesday.
- Corey, Dan (May 5, 2016). "Sen. Ernst talks possible Vice President Run: Potential Donald Trump running mate". Des Moines: WOI TV. Retrieved May 5, 2016.
- Cillizza, Chris (May 3, 2016). "Donald Trump is the presumptive GOP nominee. Here are 5 people who could be his VP". Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved May 5, 2016.
- Van Buren, Peter (May 2, 2016). "Could This Be Donald Trump's Vice Presidential Pick?". Huffington Post. New York. Retrieved May 2, 2016.
- Scott, Lauren (May 4, 2016). "Sen. Joni Ernst responds to rumors of vice president nod". Omaha: KETV. Retrieved May 5, 2016.
- Bacon, Jr., Perry (May 4, 2016). "Vice Presidential Picks Could Hold Clues to Strategies for Trump and Clinton". NBC news. Retrieved May 5, 2016.
- Noble, Jason (June 16, 2016). "Ernst: Trump 'must have his eyes set on somebody else' for VP". Des Moines Register.
- "Donald Trump Meets With Senator Joni Ernst, a Possible Running Mate". New York Times. July 4, 2016.
- "Donald Trump chooses Mike Pence for VP, undermining everything unique about his campaign". Vox.com. July 15, 2016. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
- Barbash, Fred. "The story of Sarah Root, who Trump said was sacrificed 'on the altar of open borders'". Washington Post. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- "Sarah's Law – Named for Iowan Sarah Root – Passes U.S. House as Part of Immigration Enforcement Measure". grassley.senate.gov. June 29, 2017. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- Danielson, Dar (January 12, 2017). "Senator Ernst questions nominee for Secretary of Defense". Radioiowa.com.
- "Sen. Joni Ernst promises legislation to strip Planned Parenthood funding". The Washington Post. January 27, 2017.
- Dinan, Stephen (April 13, 2017). "Trump Gives States Power to Cut off Planned Parenthood Money". www.washingtontimes.com. The Washington Times. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
- Danielson, Dar (February 2, 2017). "Senator Ernst talks about education nominee, Democrat 'obstruction'". Radio Iowa.
- Koss, Emily (February 7, 2017). "Senator Joni Ernst Explains Support of Betsy DeVos". whotv.com.
- Henderson, O. Kay. "Ernst: 'absolutely no excuse' for posting naked photos of female Marines". Radio Iowa.
- "Sen. Ernst calls for bill to protect athletes from sexual abuse". kwwl.com. March 28, 2017.
- Morton, Joseph (June 9, 2017). "Iowa lawmakers like Trump's pick for new FBI director". Daily Nonpareil.
- Lynch, James Q. (June 15, 2017). "Ernst hails 'wonderfully bipartisan' vote on Russia, Iran sanctions". Sioux City Journal.
- "Senate GOP names first female members to Judiciary panel". The Hill. January 3, 2019.
- Opsahl, Robin (March 25, 2019). "Sens. Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst call for a full release of the Mueller report findings". Des Moines Register.
- Levine, Marianne. "One of the GOP's brightest female stars is dogged by Trump in 2020". POLITICO. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
- "U.S. Senator Tammy Baldwin Calls on Trump Administration to Implement Farm Bill Dairy Improvements for Wisconsin Dairy Farmers". urbamilwaukee.com. April 1, 2019.
- "Senators Urge Department-Wide USDA Initiative to Prioritize Farm Bill Water Quality Improvements". hoosieragtoday.com. April 17, 2019.
- Bechtel, Wyatt (May 1, 2019). "Senators Reintroduce Transporting Livestock Across America Safely Act". dailyherd.com.
- Shiner, Meredith (July 8, 2014). "Joni Ernst seeks to walk back talk of impeaching Obama". Yahoo! News.
- Shinner, Meredith. "Joni Ernst: 'Impeachment' of Obama should be on the table". Yahoo News. Retrieved August 16, 2014.
- Nebbe, Charity; Katherine Perkins (June 1, 2014). "Candidate Profile: Joni Ernst". Iowa Public Radio.
- Skipper, John (August 25, 2014). "Ernst: Let states set minimum wage". Mason City Globe-Gazette. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- O'Connor, Molly (August 1, 2014). "U.S. Senate candidate Joni Ernst does not support a national minimum wage, says her opponent". PolitiFact.
- Tibbetts, Ed (February 18, 2014). "Report: Minimum wage boost would cost jobs, lower poverty". The Quad-City Times.
- "Does Joni Ernst want to abolish the Education Department and the EPA?". PolitiFact.
- "Ernst, Payton speak at local GOP meeting". Newton Daily News. November 27, 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- "How they voted: Iowa's GOP members of Congress vote 'yes' on tax overhaul". Des Moines Register. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
- Levine, Marianne. "One of the GOP's brightest female stars is dogged by Trump in 2020". POLITICO. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
- "Factcheck.org: Democrats misrepresent Joni Ernst's position on Social Security". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
- "GOP senators introduce Trump's plan to claw back $15 billion in spending". The Hill. May 25, 2018.
- "On the Nomination (Confirmation Kathleen Laura Kraninger, of Ohio, to be Director of the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection )". Roll Call Vote 115th Congress - 2nd Session. United States Senate. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
- "Ernst calls for elimination of IRS, Dept. of Education and EPA". Iowa Public Television. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
- Hohmann, James (September 28, 2014). "Bruce Braley, Joni Ernst tear into each other". Politico.
- Masters, Clay (September 29, 2014). "Braley, Ernst Differ in First U.S. Senate Debate". Iowa Public Radio.
- Tibbetts, Ed (August 12, 2014). "Ernst takes on EPA Clean Water Act plan". Sioux City Journal.
- writer, Robynn Tysver / World-Herald staff. "Iowa and Nebraska lawmakers stand by Trump on Paris climate accord". Omaha.com. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
- Shiner, Meredith (August 13, 2014). "Will Joni Ernst's flirtations with the political fringe haunt her in November?". Yahoo News.
- "GOP senator says Pruitt is 'as swampy as you get'". The Hill. June 5, 2018.
- "Sen. Joni Ernst pushing to rein in renewable fuel refinery exemptions". The Gazette. June 20, 2019.
- Wolff, Eric. "Pruitt 'is about as swampy as you get,' Republican senator says". POLITICO. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- Levy, Gabrielle (July 28, 2014). "Iowa GOP nominee says states can nullify federal laws". United Press International. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (July 30, 2014). "Ernst campaign says she doesn't support nullification". Des Moines Register.
- David Weigel (May 12, 2014). "The Iowa Republican Senator-to-Be Who Thinks Iraq Had WMD". Slate. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- Cameron Joseph (May 12, 2014). "Iowa Republican still believes Iraq had WMDs". The Hill. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- Jennifer Jacobs (May 13, 2014). "Ernst seeks to clarify remark on Iraq WMDs". Des Moines Register. Retrieved May 15, 2014.
- Zeleny, Jeff. "Joni Ernst, From Obscure Iowa Legislator to Potential Role Model for Future GOP Candidates". ABC News.
- Harkness, Kelsey (February 3, 2016). "Sen. Joni Ernst Calls for Strategy to Fight ISIS 'No Matter Where They Are'". The Daily Signal.
- Newton-Small, Jay. "Ernst Says She Was Sexually Harassed in the Military". Time. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- Noble, Jason (February 16, 2017). "Sen. Ernst: Trump must 'step up' and lead opposition to Russia". Des Moines Register.
- "Sen. Joni Ernst: Russia will never "be a true friend" to the U.S." CBS News. July 8, 2018.
- "Iowa Sen. Chuck Grassley criticizes Trump, saying 'Putin isn't a friend to the United States'". Des Moines Register.
- "GOP senator uncomfortable with ground troops in Syria". The Hill. April 15, 2018.
- "Senators call on Trump administration to reconsider Syria withdrawal". The Hill. December 19, 2018.
- "GOP senator questions suspension of joint military exercises with South Korea". The Hill. June 12, 2018.
- "GOP senator: US should continue military exercises with South Korea if North Korea talks break down". The Hill. July 8, 2018.
- "Senate sides with Trump on providing Saudi military support". The Hill. March 20, 2018.
- "More Republicans challenge Trump on defense of Saudi crown prince". Washington Post. November 25, 2018.
- Morin, Rebecca. "Ernst warns resolution to punish Saudis could hurt Yemen peace talks". Politico.
- "Marsha Blackburn, David Perdue, Colleagues Encourage Trump Administration to Avoid Another Continuing Resolution". clarksvilleonline.com. July 6, 2019.
- Waldman, Paul. "The real problem with Joni Ernst's quote about guns and the government". Washington Post. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- "Vote Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate in Iowa". NRA-PVF. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Hiltzik, Michael (October 3, 2017). "'Thoughts and prayers' — and fistfuls of NRA money: Why America can't control guns". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
- Leonhardt, David; Philbrick, Ian Prasad; Thompson, Stuart A. (October 4, 2017). "The Congress Members Receiving the Most N.R.A. Funding". The New York Times. Retrieved October 5, 2017.
- Bobic, Igor (July 29, 2014). "Joni Ernst Has A History Of Advocating Nullification Of Federal Laws". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- "Senate Joint Resolution SJR7". The Iowa Legislature. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- "Sirens sound across Iowa as Sarah Palin endorses Joni Ernst". The Des Moines Register. March 26, 2014. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- "GOP senators want review of Obama-era decision on bump stocks". The Hill. October 6, 2017.
- Carros, Adam (February 16, 2018). "Grassley, Ernst deflect criticism of gun, mental health bill". KCCI.
- Gaudiano, Nicole (March 5, 2018). "School safety bill introduced by bipartisan senators in response to Florida shooting". wfmynews2.com.
- "Collins-backed push to keep criminals from guns progresses". seacoastonline.com. March 10, 2018.
- "Sens. Cruz, Cornyn file Concealed-Carry Reciprocity Bill". kcbd.com. January 10, 2019.
- "Fact Check: Ernst on Medicare". The Gazette. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
Ernst has presented privatized models for social security reform and indirectly endorsed Paul Ryan's privatized Medicare model with her 2011 vote.
- Parlapiano, Alicia; Andrews, Wilson; Lee, Jasmine C.; Shorey, Rachel (July 25, 2017). "How Each Senator Voted on Obamacare Repeal Proposals". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- "Progressives rally at Iowa Capitol to preserve Obamacare". Des Moines Register. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- "Grassley and Ernst, who voted for ill-fated Obamacare repeal bills, aren't surrendering". Des Moines Register. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- "EXCLUSIVE: GOPer Ernst Backed Arresting Feds Over Obamacare In 2012 Survey". Talking Points Memo. October 3, 2014. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- "Conservative group: Ernst backed arresting feds over Obamacare". MSNBC. October 3, 2014. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- "Iowa State Legislative Candidates survey". Campaign for Liberty. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
- "GOP senators introduce bill to preserve ObamaCare's pre-existing conditions protections". The Hill. August 24, 2018.
- Kirkpatrick, Alex (November 18, 2015). "Sen. Joni Ernst calls for 'pause' on Syrian refugee arrivals". kcci.com.
- Kheel, Rebecca (June 22, 2018). "Senators 'deeply troubled' military lawyers being used for immigration cases". The Hill.
- Carney, Jordain (July 12, 2018). "GOP senators introduce resolution endorsing ICE". The Hill.
- Leys, Tony (January 10, 2019). "Sen. Joni Ernst: A wall is unnecessary along parts of U.S.-Mexico border". Des Moines Register.
- Lynch, James Q. "Joni Ernst endorses Steve King in Iowa 4th District". The Gazette. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- Kilgore, Ed (January 14, 2019). "Republicans Have Tolerated Steve King's Racism for a Long Time". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Everett, Burgess. "Ernst declines to ask for King's resignation over 'babies' tweet". POLITICO. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- Greenwood, Max (March 18, 2017). "Ernst declines to ask for King to resign after 'babies' tweet". TheHill. Retrieved December 22, 2018.
- "The Des Moines Register just went off on Steve King". The Washington Post. 2018.
- "Editorial: GOP needs to oppose King's re-election, not just King's words". Des Moines Register. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Gabriel, Trip (January 11, 2019). "Steve King's White Supremacy Remark Is Rebuked by Iowa's Republican Senators". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Gabriel, Trip; Martin, Jonathan; Fandos, Nicholas (January 14, 2019). "Steve King Removed From Committee Assignments Over White Supremacy Remark". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Gabriel, Trip (January 17, 2019). "Steve King Still Has Backing in Iowa, but Even Supporters Say 'He's Done'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- Cullen, Art (January 15, 2019). "The epic hypocrisy of Republicans' sudden distaste for Steve King | Art Cullen". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- "Why did it take national condemnation for Grassley, Ernst, Reynolds to call out King?". Des Moines Register. Retrieved February 18, 2019.
- "The Iowa Legislature Bill Book". Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Campus Election Engagement Project (October 17, 2014). "Bruce Braley vs. Joni Ernst Nonpartisan Candidate Guide For Iowa Senate Race 2014". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- "Issues". Joni Ernst for Iowa. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Bassett, Laura (October 16, 2014). "Senate Candidate Joni Ernst Endorses Federal Personhood Bill For Fetuses". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
- Template:Cirte news
- Everett, Burgess. "'Like a Soviet-type economy': GOP free traders unload on Trump". POLITICO. Retrieved December 23, 2018.
- "The Finance 202: Farmers are bracing for more tariff pain. But they're sticking with Trump -- for now". The Washington Post. 2019.
- Everett, Burgess; Levine, Marianne. "Republicans surrender to Trump's China tariffs". POLITICO. Retrieved May 18, 2019.
- Needham, Vicki. "Senate Republicans call on Trump to preserve NAFTA". The Hill.
- Ebert, Joel (August 24, 2018). "At Blackburn event, U.S. Sen. Joni Ernst stresses trade deals need to be settled before November". Tennessean.com.
- Lynch, James Q. (July 3, 2019). "Iowa senators optimistic on North American trade deal". The Gazette.
- "Shafter, William Rufus, (16 Oct. 1835–12 Nov. 1906), Major-General United States Volunteers; Brigadier-General, United States Army; retired as Major-General, 30 June 1901, by Act of Congress", Who Was Who, Oxford University Press, December 1, 2007, doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.u190836
- Morin, Rebecca. "Ernst says she turned down Trump VP job". Politico. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
- Nozicka, Luke; Ta, Linh (January 22, 2019). "Divorce filing: U.S. Sen. Joni Ernst says her husband physically attacked her". Des Moines Register. Retrieved January 22, 2019.
- Jacobs, Jennifer (January 23, 2019). "Republican Senator Joni Ernst Says She Was Raped in College". Bloomberg News.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Joni Ernst.|
- Senator Joni Ernst official U.S. Senate website
- Joni Ernst for U.S. Senate campaign website
- Joni Ernst at Curlie
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Appearances on C-SPAN
| Member of the Iowa Senate
from the 12th district
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Iowa
| Vice Chair of the Senate Republican Conference
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Iowa
Served alongside: Chuck Grassley
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Senators by seniority