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Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal

The Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal (GWOT-EM) is a United States Armed Forces award created by George W. Bush on 12 March 2003, through Executive Order 13289.[2] The medal recognizes those military service members who have deployed overseas in direct service to the War on Terror from 11 September 2001 to a date to be determined. Prior to 30 April 2005, the medal was awarded for service within Iraq and Afghanistan, but has been replaced with the Iraq Campaign Medal and Afghanistan Campaign Medal and now serves primarily as recognition for personnel who have deployed in support of the War on Terror to locations beyond Iraq and Afghanistan. In a similar fashion the Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal is now issued instead for service in the fight against ISIS, with eligibility retroactive to 15 June 2014.

Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
GWOTEM.jpg
The Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
Awarded by United States Department of Defense
Type Expeditionary Medal
Eligibility 11 September 2001 – present
Awarded for serving or have served in military expeditions to combat terrorism.
Status Active
Statistics
Established EO 13289, 12 March 2003
First awarded Retroactive to 11 September 2001
Last awarded TBD
Precedence
Next (higher) Iraq Campaign Medal[1]
Next (lower) Global War on Terrorism Service Medal[1]
Related Global War on Terrorism Service Medal
Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal ribbon.svg

Streamer gwotE.PNG
Service ribbon and campaign streamer

The War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal was designed by John Sproston of the Army's Institute of Heraldry.

Contents

OperationsEdit

The following are the established operations for the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal (retroactive until 11 September 2001):[3][4]

Operation[5] From To
ENDURING FREEDOM (OEF) 11 September 2001 TBD
IRAQI FREEDOM (OIF) 19 March 2003 31 August 2010
NOMAD SHADOW (ONS) 5 November 2007 TBD
NEW DAWN (OND) 1 September 2010 31 December 2011
INHERENT RESOLVE (OIR) 15 June 2014 TBD[6]
FREEDOM'S SENTINEL (OFS) 1 January 2015 TBD
ODYSSEY LIGHTNING (OOL) 01 August 2016 19 December 2016

CriteriaEdit

To be awarded the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal a military service member must perform duty in a deployed status and must participate in designated anti-terrorism operation for a period of either 30 consecutive or 60 non-consecutive days of duty. For those who were engaged in combat, killed, or wounded in the line of duty, the time requirement is waived. The term "deployed status" indicates either temporary or permanent orders to a duty station outside the borders of the United States of America with such duty being in direct support of anti-terrorism operations. For a service member to receive the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal, the deployment must also have taken place in a nation which is currently recognized as a base for anti-terrorism operations by the United States Department of Defense.[7][8]

On 30 April 2005, the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal was discontinued for service within Iraq and Afghanistan, such service now being recognized with the Iraq Campaign Medal and Afghanistan Campaign Medal.[9] Personnel who received the GWOT-EM for previous service in these two regions may elect to exchange the GWOT-EM or retain the original award.

The GWOT-EM is a Defense Department expeditionary medal. Award of this medal does not prevent award of other types of recognition (such as decorations) normally associated with deployment. This medal may be awarded posthumously.

The Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal may be awarded for approved operations performed in any of the following geographical areas:[10]

The following bodies of water are also approved qualifying areas:

DevicesEdit

The Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal may be awarded with the devices:[13]

  • Arrowhead device - For qualified Army and Air Force service members.
  • Service stars - effective 9 February 2015, to recognize individual participation in each of the approved operations that a service member participates in, a 316 inch bronze service star is worn on the suspension and service ribbon of the medal, with a 316 inch silver star being worn in lieu of five bronze stars.
  • Fleet Marine Force Combat Operation Insignia - for qualified Navy service members such as hospital corpsmen assigned to Marine Corps units that participate in combat during the assignment.

Expeditionary Medal and Service MedalEdit

A similar medal, the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal (GWOT-SM),[14] was created under the same Presidential Order that authorized the GWOT Expeditionary Medal. The primary difference between the two awards is that the service medal is intended for those who performed support duty within the United States, while the expeditionary medal recognizes those who were deployed to foreign countries. For those participating in multiple operations, both the GWOT Service and GWOT Expeditionary Medal may be authorized, but both medals can no longer be bestowed for the same qualifying period of service. The only exception is for service personnel who served in Iraq or Afghanistan prior to 30 April 2005. These personnel were awarded both the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal and the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Army Regulation 600–8–22 Military Awards" (PDF). Army Publishing Directorate. p. 17. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Establishing the Global War on Terrorism Medals" (PDF). U.S. Government Publishing Office. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "Defense.gov News Release: Department of Defense Authorizes Service Stars on the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "Defense.gov News Article: DoD Authorizes Medals for Operation Freedom’s Sentinel". Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Global War on Terrorism Expedtionary Medal – Approved Operations" (PDF). Department of Defense. Retrieved 7 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Garamone, Jim (29 May 2016). "Carter Announces Operation Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal". U..S. Department of Defense. Archived from the original on 13 April 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  7. ^ 578.31 Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
  8. ^ "Department of Defense 'Manual of Military Decorations and Awards: DoD Service Awards – Campaign, Expeditionary, and Service Medals', December 21, 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  9. ^ http://www.afpc.af.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Display/Article/421911/global-war-on-terrorism-expeditionary-medal
  10. ^ "Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary (GWOT-E) Medal Approved Areas of Eligibility (AOE)" (PDF). Department of Defense. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  11. ^ AOE changes for Operation New Dawn
  12. ^ Tilghman, Andrew (10 February 2015). "DoD has new rules for Iraq, Afghanistan medals". MilitaryTimes. Gannett. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  13. ^ "Department of Defense 'Manual of Military Decorations and Awards: DoD Service Awards – Campaign, Expeditionary, and Service Medals', December 21, 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  14. ^ "Department of Defense 'Manual of Military Decorations and Awards: DoD Service Awards – Campaign, Expeditionary, and Service Medals', December 21, 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 12 September 2017.