Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
The Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal (GWOT-EM) is a United States Armed Forces award created by George W. Bush on 12 March 2003, through Executive Order 13289. The medal recognizes those military service members who have deployed overseas in direct service to the War on Terror from 11 September 2001 to a date to be determined. Prior to 30 April 2005, the medal was awarded for service within Iraq and Afghanistan, but has been replaced with the Iraq Campaign Medal and Afghanistan Campaign Medal and now serves primarily as recognition for personnel who have deployed in support of the War on Terror to locations beyond Iraq and Afghanistan. In a similar fashion the Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal is now issued instead for service in the fight against ISIS, with eligibility retroactive to 15 June 2014.
|Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal|
The Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal
|Awarded by the|
U.S. Department of Defense
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
|Eligibility||U.S. military personnel|
|Awarded for||Serving or have served in military expeditions to combat terrorism.|
|Established||EO 13289, 12 March 2003|
|First awarded||2003 (retroactive to 11 September 2001)|
|Next (higher)||Inherent Resolve Campaign Medal|
|Next (lower)||Global War on Terrorism Service Medal|
|Related||Global War on Terrorism Service Medal, Iraq Campaign Medal, Afghanistan Campaign Medal|
Service ribbon and campaign streamer
The War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal was designed by John Sproston of the Army's Institute of Heraldry.
|Enduring Freedom (OEF)||11 September 2001||28 December 2014|
|Iraqi Freedom (OIF)||19 March 2003||31 August 2010|
|Nomad Shadow (ONS)||5 November 2007||Present|
|New Dawn (OND)||1 September 2010||31 December 2011|
|Inherent Resolve (OIR)||15 June 2014||30 March 2016|
|Freedom's Sentinel (OFS)||1 January 2015||Present|
|Odyssey Lightning (OOL)||1 August 2016||19 December 2016|
To be awarded the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal a military service member must perform duty in a deployed status and must participate in designated anti-terrorism operation for a period of either 30 consecutive or 60 non-consecutive days of duty. For those who were engaged in combat, killed, or wounded in the line of duty, the time requirement is waived. The term "deployed status" indicates either temporary or permanent orders to a duty station outside the borders of the United States of America with such duty being in direct support of anti-terrorism operations. For a service member to receive the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal, the deployment must also have taken place in a nation which is currently recognized as a base for anti-terrorism operations by the United States Department of Defense.
On 30 April 2005, the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal was discontinued for service within Iraq and Afghanistan, such service now being recognized with the Iraq Campaign Medal and Afghanistan Campaign Medal. Personnel who received the GWOT-EM for previous service in these two regions may elect to exchange the GWOT-EM or retain the original award.
On February 9, 2015 the Defense Department authorized service stars to be worn on the GWOT-EM to represent different operations the recipient participated in.
The GWOT-EM is a Defense Department expeditionary medal. Award of this medal does not prevent award of other types of recognition (such as decorations) normally associated with deployment. This medal may be awarded posthumously.
The Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal may be awarded for approved operations performed in any of the following geographical areas:
- Bulgaria (Bourgas)
- Burkina Faso
- Diego Garcia
- Guantanamo Bay, Cuba
- Iraq Discontinued for service in Iraq as of 1 January 2012. Resumed for Operation Inherent Resolve.
- Kosovo (only specified GWOT operations)
- Romania (Constanţa)
- Saudi Arabia
- Sierra Leone
- Turkey (East of 35 degrees E Longitude)
- United Arab Emirates
The following bodies of water are also approved qualifying areas:
- That portion of the Arabian Sea north of 10 degrees north latitude, and west of 68 degrees east longitude
- Gulf of Aden
- Gulf of Aqaba
- Gulf of Oman
- Gulf of Suez
- A portion of the Mediterranean Sea ("boarding and searching" operations") (East of 28 degrees E longitude)
- Persian Gulf
- Red Sea
- Strait of Hormuz
- Suez Canal
The Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal may be awarded with the devices:
- Arrowhead device - For qualified Army and Air Force service members.
- Service stars - effective 9 February 2015, to recognize individual participation in each of the approved operations that a service member participates in, a 3⁄16 inch bronze service star is worn on the suspension and service ribbon of the medal, with a 3⁄16 inch silver star being worn in lieu of five bronze stars.
- Fleet Marine Force Combat Operation Insignia - for qualified Navy service members such as hospital corpsmen assigned to Marine Corps units that participate in combat during the assignment.
Expeditionary Medal and Service MedalEdit
A similar medal, the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal (GWOT-SM), was created under the same Presidential Order that authorized the GWOT Expeditionary Medal. The primary difference between the two awards is that the service medal is intended for those who performed support duty within the United States, while the expeditionary medal recognizes those who were deployed to foreign countries. For those participating in multiple operations, both the GWOT Service and GWOT Expeditionary Medal may be authorized, but both medals can no longer be bestowed for the same qualifying period of service. The only exception is for service personnel who served in Iraq or Afghanistan prior to 30 April 2005. These personnel were awarded both the Global War on Terrorism Service Medal and the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal.
- "Issuances" (PDF). www.esd.whs.mil. 2016.
- "Data" (PDF). media.defense.gov. 2017.
- "Army Regulation 600–8–22 Military Awards" (PDF). Army Publishing Directorate. p. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- "Establishing the Global War on Terrorism Medals" (PDF). U.S. Government Publishing Office. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- "Defense.gov News Release: Department of Defense Authorizes Service Stars on the Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal". Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "Defense.gov News Article: DoD Authorizes Medals for Operation Freedom's Sentinel". Retrieved 29 May 2015.
- "Global War on Terrorism Expedtionary Medal – Approved Operations" (PDF). Department of Defense. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 June 2016. Retrieved 7 June 2016.
- "Operation Enduring Freedom comes to an end". www.army.mil. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
- "Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal". edocket.access.gpo.gov.
- "Department of Defense 'Manual of Military Decorations and Awards: DoD Service Awards – Campaign, Expeditionary, and Service Medals', December 21, 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 12 September 2017.
- https://web.archive.org/web/20171120154105/http://www.afpc.af.mil/About-Us/Fact-Sheets/Display/Article/421911/global-war-on-terrorism-expeditionary-medal/. Archived from the original on 20 November 2017. Retrieved 29 November 2018. Missing or empty
- "Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary (GWOT-E) Medal Approved Areas of Eligibility (AOE)" (PDF). Department of Defense. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
- AOE changes for Operation New Dawn Archived 9 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Tilghman, Andrew (10 February 2015). "DoD has new rules for Iraq, Afghanistan medals". MilitaryTimes. Gannett. Retrieved 28 February 2015.
- "Department of Defense 'Manual of Military Decorations and Awards: DoD Service Awards – Campaign, Expeditionary, and Service Medals', December 21, 2016" (PDF). Retrieved 18 September 2017.