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United States Department of the Army

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The Department of the Army (DA) is one of the three military departments within the Department of Defense of the United States of America. The Department of the Army is the Federal Government agency within which the United States Army is organized, and it is led by the Secretary of the Army, who has statutory authority under 10 U.S.C. § 3013 to conduct its affairs and to prescribe regulations for its government, subject to the limits of the law, and the directions of the Secretary of Defense and the President.

Department of the Army
Emblem of the United States Department of the Army.svg
Agency overview
FormedSeptember 18, 1947; 71 years ago (1947-09-18)
Preceding agency
Jurisdiction United States Army
HeadquartersThe Pentagon, Arlington County, Virginia, U.S.
Agency executives
Parent agencyU.S. Department of Defense
Websitewww.army.mil Edit this at Wikidata

The Secretary of the Army is a civilian official appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate. The highest-ranking military officer in the department is the Chief of Staff of the Army, who is also a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Other senior officials of the Department are the Under Secretary of the Army (principal deputy to the Secretary) and the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army (principal deputy to the Chief of Staff.)

The Department of War was originally formed in 1789 as an Executive Department of the United States, and was split by the National Security Act of 1947 into the Department of the Army and Department of the Air Force on September 18, 1947. By amendments to the National Security Act of 1947 in 1949, the Department of the Army was transformed to its present-day status.

Contents

Organizational structureEdit

The Department of the Army is a Military Department within the United States Department of Defense. The Department is headed by the Secretary of the Army, who by statute must be a civilian, appointed by the President with the confirmation by the United States Senate. The Secretary of the Army is responsible for, and has the authority to conduct all the affairs of the Department of the Army, subject to the authority, direction and control of the Secretary of Defense. The Department of the Army is divided between its Headquarters at the Seat of Government and the field organizations of the Army.

By direction of the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of the Army assigns Army forces, apart from those units performing duties enumerated in 10 U.S.C. § 3013 (i.e. organize, train & equip) or unless otherwise directed, to the operational command of the Commanders of the Combatant Commands. Only the Secretary of Defense (and the President) has the authority to approve transfer of forces to and from Combatant Commands. 10 U.S.C. § 162.

Headquarters, Department of the ArmyEdit

 
Chart summarizing the organization of the Department of the Army's Headquarters as of 2010.

Headquarters, Department of the Army is the corporate office of the Department which exercises directive and supervisory functions and consists of two separate staffs; the Office of the Secretary of the Army (10 U.S.C. § 3014), the mainly civilian staff; and the Army Staff (10 U.S.C. § 3031 & 10 U.S.C. § 3032), the mainly military staff. The Office of the Secretary and the Army Staff are organized along similar lines, with civilians and military officers both overseeing similar program areas.

Civilian Military
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs Deputy Chief of Staff (G1-Personnel)
Deputy Chief of Staff (G3/5/7-Operations)
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment Assistant Chief of Staff for Installation Management
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Civil Works Chief of Engineers
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology Deputy Chief of Staff (G4-Logistics)
Assistant Secretary of the Army for Financial Management and Controller Deputy Chief of Staff (G8-Financial Management)
General Counsel of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff (G2-Intelligence)

Office of the SecretaryEdit

The Office of the Secretary is led by the Secretary of the Army, assisted by the Under Secretary of the Army and the Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army, who is the senior civilian career official of the Department. The Office of the Secretary of the Army, also known as the Army Secretariat, is divided into multiple branches with functional responsibilities, the six most important of which are headed by one of the five Assistant Secretaries of the Army or the General Counsel of the Army, each of whom are civilians appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

The Army StaffEdit

The Army Staff is led by the Chief of Staff of the Army, a four-star general who is the highest-ranking officer in the Army and the Army member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The Chief of Staff is assisted in managing the Army Staff by the Vice Chief of Staff of the United States Army, a four-star general and second-highest-ranking officer in the Army. The Army Staff is divided into several directorates, each headed by a three-star general.

A key official within the Army Staff is the Director of the Army Staff, who is a three-star general. The Director is responsible for integrating and synchronizing the work of the Office of the Secretary and the Army Staff so that they meet the goals and priorities of the Secretary of the Army. Other key figures within the Army Staff are the Sergeant Major of the Army, the United States Army Judge Advocate General, the Chief of the Army Reserve, the United States Army Provost Marshal General, and the United States Army Surgeon General. The Chief of the National Guard Bureau was previously considered part of the Army Staff, but has been elevated to four-star rank and membership in the Joint Chiefs of Staff; the Director of the Army National Guard and the Director of the Air National Guard (both three-star positions) report to the Chief, National Guard Bureau for strategy and policy, but receive funding and Service-specific guidance from their respective Services.[citation needed]

Army commands and army service component commandsEdit

  Headquarters, United States Department of the Army (HQDA):

Army Commands Current commander Location of headquarters
  United States Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) GEN Michael X. Garrett[1] Fort Bragg, North Carolina
  United States Army Futures Command (AFC) GEN John M. Murray Austin, Texas
  United States Army Materiel Command (AMC) GEN Gustave F. Perna Redstone Arsenal, Alabama
  United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) GEN Paul E. Funk II Fort Eustis, Virginia
Army Service Component Commands Current commander Location of headquarters
  United States Army Africa (USARAF)/Ninth Army/United States Army Southern European Task Force MG Roger L. Cloutier, Jr.[2] Caserma Ederle, Vicenza, Italy
  United States Army Central (ARCENT)/Third Army LTG Terry Ferrell[3] Shaw Air Force Base, South Carolina
  United States Army Europe (USAREUR)/Seventh Army (U.S.) LTG Christopher Cavoli[4] Clay Kaserne, Wiesbaden, Germany
  United States Army North (ARNORTH)/Fifth Army LTG Jeffrey S. Buchanan Joint Base San Antonio, Texas
  United States Army Pacific (USARPAC) GEN Robert B. Brown Fort Shafter, Hawaii
  United States Army South (ARSOUTH)/Sixth Army MG Clarence K.K. Chinn Joint Base San Antonio, Texas
  Surface Deployment and Distribution Command (SDDC) MG Kurt J. Ryan[5] Scott AFB, Illinois
  United States Army Cyber Command (ARCYBER)[6][7][8] LTG Stephen G. Fogarty Fort Belvoir, Virginia[9]
  United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command/United States Army Strategic Command (USASMDC/ARSTRAT) LTG James H. Dickinson Redstone Arsenal, Alabama
  United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC) LTG Francis M. Beaudette Fort Bragg, North Carolina
Operational Force Headquarters Current commander Location of headquarters
  Eighth Army (EUSA)[10] LTG Thomas S. Vandal[11] Camp Humphreys, South Korea
Direct reporting units Current commander Location of headquarters
Arlington National Cemetery and Soldiers' and Airmen's Home National Cemetery[12] Katharine Kelley[13]
(civilian)
Arlington, Virginia
  United States Army Acquisition Support Center (USAASC)[14] Craig A. Spisak[15]
(civilian)
Fort Belvoir, Virginia
  United States Army Civilian Human Resources Agency (CHRA)[16] BG Larry D. Gottardi[17][18] Washington, D.C.
  United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) LTG Todd T. Semonite[19] Washington, D.C.
  United States Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC) MG David P. Glaser Quantico, Virginia
  United States Army Financial Management Command (USAFMC) BG David C. Coburn Indianapolis, Indiana[20]
  United States Army Human Resources Command (HRC)[21] MG Jason T. Evans Alexandria, Virginia
  United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) MG Christopher S. Ballard Fort Belvoir, Virginia
  United States Army Medical Command (MEDCOM) LTG Nadja West Joint Base San Antonio, Texas
  United States Army Military District of Washington (MDW) MG Michael L. Howard Fort Lesley J. McNair, Washington, D.C.
  United States Army Recruiting Command (USAREC)[22] MG Frank M. Muth[23] Fort Knox, Kentucky
  United States Army Test and Evaluation Command (ATEC) MG Joel K. Tyler[24] Alexandria, Virginia
  United States Army War College (AWC)[25] MG John S. Kem Carlisle, Pennsylvania
  United States Military Academy (USMA) LTG Darryl A. Williams West Point, New York

Source: U.S. Army organization[26]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ (7 August 2018) USARAF welcomes new commanding general
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ "Leaders | U.S. Army Europe Leaders". Army.mil. Archived from the original on 18 January 2018. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  5. ^ "Commanding General" (PDF). United States Army, Surface Deployment and Distribution Command. 7 September 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ U.S. Army (1 October 2010). "Army establishes Army Cyber Command". army.mil. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "8th Army chief vows firm readiness". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2 February 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Who is Kate Kelley?". allgov.com. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  14. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 February 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Craig Spisak". asc.army.mil. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  16. ^ DAGO 2017-03, DESIGNATION OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY CIVILIAN HUMAN RESOURCES AGENCY AND ITS SUBORDINATE ELEMENTS AS DIRECT REPORTING UNIT, apd.army.mil, dated 4 January 2017, last accessed 13 January 2017
  17. ^ "About our Leadership Team". cpol.army.mil. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  18. ^ "BG Larry D. Gottardi". catalog.archives.gov. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  19. ^ Lieutenant General Todd T. Semonite, Biography article, undated. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  20. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ DAGO 2017-04, DESIGNATION OF UNITED STATES ARMY HUMAN RESOURCES COMMAND AND ITS SUBORDINATE ELEMENTS AS DIRECT REPORTING UNIT, apd.army.mil, dated 4 January 2017, last accessed 13 January 2017
  22. ^ AR 10-87, ARMY COMMANDS, ARMY SERVICE COMPONENT COMMANDS, AND DIRECT REPORTING UNITS, apd.army.mil, dated 4 September 2007, last accessed 13 January 2017
  23. ^ Tony Dokoupil (March 2019) Army recruits gamers for next gen of soldiers
  24. ^ (7 Jun 2018) ATEC CG
  25. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  26. ^ Organization, United States Army

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit