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Judge Advocate General of the United States Army

The Judge Advocate General of the United States Army (TJAG) is the commanding officer of the Judge Advocate General's Corps of the United States Army. Under Title 10 of the United States Code, the TJAG is appointed by the President of the United States. Suitable candidates are recommended by the Secretary of the Army. Title 10 requires the TJAG to hold the rank of lieutenant general and sets the term of office to four years per 10 U.S.C. § 3037.

Judge Advocate General of the United States Army
Jagflag.JPG
Lt. Gen. Charles N. Pede.jpg
Incumbent
LTG Charles N. Pede

since July 14, 2017
Formation July 29, 1775
First holder LTC William Tudor
Website Official Website

Contents

CreationEdit

The position of Judge Advocate General was the brainchild and creation of General George Washington. In a letter to the Continental Congress he wrote, "I would humbly propose that some provision should be made for a judge advocate, and provost-marshal. The necessity of the first appointment was so great that I was obliged to nominate a Mr. Tudor, who was well recommended to me, and now executes the office under an expectation of receiving captain's pay--an allowance (in my opinion) scarcely adequate to the service, in new raised troops, where there are court-martials every day."[1] Congress agreed with Washington and Tudor was formally commissioned as a lieutenant colonel.[2]

U.S. Army Judge Advocate GeneralsEdit

Name Photo Term began Term ended
1. LTC William Tudor   July 29, 1775 April 9, 1777
2. COL John Laurance   April 10, 1777 June 3, 1782
3. COL Thomas Edwards   October 2, 1782 November 3, 1783
Position abolished on November 3, 1783
4. CPT Campbell Smith July 16, 1794 June 1, 1802
Position abolished on June 1, 1802
5. Bvt. MAJ John F. Lee   March 2, 1849 September 3, 1862
6. Bvt. BG Joseph Holt   September 3, 1862 December 1, 1875
7. BG William M. Dunn   December 1, 1875 January 22, 1881
8. BG David G. Swaim   February 18, 1881 December 22, 1894
9. BG Guido Norman Lieber   January 3, 1895 May 21, 1901
10. BG Thomas F. Barr   May 21, 1901 May 22, 1901
11. BG John W. Clous   May 22, 1901 May 24, 1901
12. MG George B. Davis   May 24, 1901 February 14, 1911
13. MG Enoch H. Crowder   February 15, 1911 February 14, 1923
14. MG Walter A. Bethel   February 15, 1923 November 15, 1924
15. MG John A. Hull   November 16, 1924 November 15, 1928
16. MG Edward A. Krieger   November 16, 1928 February 28, 1931
17. MG Blanton C. Winship   March 1, 1931 November 30, 1933
18. MG Arthur W. Brown   December 1, 1933 November 30, 1937
19. MG Allen W. Gullion   December 1, 1937 November 30, 1941
20. MG Myron C. Cramer   December 1, 1941 November 30, 1945
21. MG Thomas H. Green   December 1, 1945 November 30, 1949
22. MG Ernest M. Brannon   January 27, 1950 January 27, 1954
23. MG Eugene M. Caffey   February 5, 1954 December 31, 1956
24. MG George W. Hickman, Jr.   January 1, 1957 December 31, 1960
25. MG Charles L. Decker   January 1, 1961 December 31, 1963
26. MG Robert H. McCaw   January 1, 1964 June 30, 1967
27. MG Kenneth J. Hodson   July 1, 1967 June 30, 1971
28. MG George S. Prugh   July 1, 1971 June 30, 1975
29. MG Wilton B. Persons, Jr.   July 1, 1975 June 30, 1979
30. MG Alton H. Harvey   July 1, 1979 July 31, 1981
31. MG Hugh J. Clausen   August 1, 1981 July 31, 1985
32. MG Hugh R. Overholt   August 1, 1985 July 31, 1989
(Acting) MG William K. Suter   August 1, 1989 February 1, 1991
33. MG John L. Fugh   July 26, 1991 September 30, 1993
34. MG Michael J. Nardotti, Jr.   October 1, 1993 August 4, 1997
35. MG Walter B. Huffman   August 5, 1997 September 30, 2001
36. MG Thomas J. Romig   October 1, 2001 September 30, 2005
37. LTG Scott C. Black   October 1, 2005 October 1, 2009
38. LTG Dana K. Chipman   October 1, 2009 September 3, 2013
39. LTG Flora D. Darpino   September 4, 2013 July 14, 2017
40. LTG Charles N. Pede   July 14, 2017

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Washington, George. Official Letters to the Honorable American Congress, Written During the War Between the United Colonies and Great Britain by his Excellency George Washington.. Page 13. Retrieved from Google Books. [1].
  2. ^ Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789. page 645. (pdf page: 237).