Brian Emanuel Schatz (//; born October 20, 1972) is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Hawaii, a seat he has held since 2012. Governor Neil Abercrombie appointed Schatz to replace Senator Daniel Inouye after Inouye's death.
|United States Senator|
|Assumed office |
December 26, 2012
Serving with Mazie Hirono
|Preceded by||Daniel Inouye|
|11th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii|
December 6, 2010 – December 26, 2012
|Preceded by||Duke Aiona|
|Succeeded by||Shan Tsutsui|
|Chair of the Hawaii Democratic Party|
May 2008 – January 2010
|Preceded by||Jeani Withington|
|Succeeded by||Dante Carpenter|
|Member of the Hawaii House of Representatives|
November 3, 1998 – November 7, 2006
|Preceded by||Sam Aiona|
|Succeeded by||Della Au Belatti|
|Constituency||24th district (1998–2002)|
25th district (2002–2006)
Brian Emanuel Schatz
October 20, 1972
Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Linda Kwok Kai Yun|
|Education||Pomona College (BA)|
Schatz served in the Hawaii House of Representatives from 1998 to 2006, representing the 25th Legislative District, and was chairman of the Democratic Party of Hawaii from 2008 to 2010. He also worked as chief executive officer of Helping Hands Hawaii, an Oahu nonprofit social service agency, until he resigned to run for lieutenant governor of Hawaii in the 2010 gubernatorial election as Abercrombie's running mate. He served as lieutenant governor until December 26, 2012, when Abercrombie appointed him to serve the rest of Daniel Inouye's U.S. Senate term after Inouye's death. Schatz was the youngest U.S. Senator in the 112th Congress. He won the 2014 special election to complete the remainder of Inouye's Senate term, and was reelected in 2016 to a full six-year term, defeating Republican John Carroll.
Brian Schatz was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, along with an identical twin brother, Steve. He is the son of Barbara Jane (née Binder) and Irwin Jacob Schatz, a cardiologist and native of Saint Boniface, Manitoba.
Schatz's father was the first to complain about the ethics of the Tuskegee syphilis experiment, in a 1965 letter. The letter was ignored until the problem finally came to public attention in 1972. Irwin Schatz wrote that he was "astounded" that "physicians allow patients with potentially fatal disease to remain untreated when effective therapy is available." Brian Schatz said that his father didn't talk about the letter, but that it influenced him to pursue the public good.
When Schatz and his brother were two years old the family moved to Hawaii, where Schatz graduated from Punahou School. Schatz enrolled at Pomona College in Claremont, California; he spent a term studying in Kenya as part of the International Training Program. As a U.S. senator, Schatz is one of Pomona’s highest-profile alumni; Pomona invited him to be the commencement speaker for its Class of 2017. After graduating in 1994 with a B.A. in philosophy, he returned to Hawaii, where he taught at Punahou before taking other jobs in the nonprofit sector. For a short while he was a member of the Green Party.
He became active in the community through his involvement in Youth for Environmental Services in the 1980s. He served as CEO of Helping Hands Hawaii and director of the Makiki Community Library and of the Center for a Sustainable Future. In March 2010, Schatz stepped down from Helping Hands to run for lieutenant governor.
Hawaii House of Representatives (1998–2006)Edit
In 1998, Schatz challenged the incumbent State Representative of the 24th District of the Hawaii House of Representatives, Republican Sam Aiona, and won, 53%–47%. In the 2000 rematch he was reelected, 57%–43%.
In 2002 he ran in the newly redrawn 25th House district, and defeated Republican Bill Hols, 69%–31%. In 2004 he defeated Republican Tracy Okubo, 64%–36%. The 25th district includes Makiki and Tantalus on Oahu.
Subsequent political career (2006–10)Edit
2006 congressional electionEdit
Schatz ran for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district, vacated by Ed Case, who had decided to run for the U.S. Senate against incumbent Daniel Akaka. The Democratic primary featured 10 candidates, seven of whom served in the Hawaii Legislature. Mazie Hirono, the Lieutenant Governor, was the only one who had held statewide office and thus enjoyed the most name recognition. She also raised the most money, mostly because of the endorsement of EMILY's List, and lent her own campaign $100,000. She won the primary with 22% of the vote, just 845 votes ahead of State Senator Colleen Hanabusa. Schatz finished sixth with 7% of the vote, behind Hirono and four state senators.
Support for ObamaEdit
One of the earliest supporters of Barack Obama for president, Schatz founded a group with other Hawaii Democrats in December 2006 to urge Obama to run, saying, "For the last six years we've been governed by fear, fear of terrorists, fear of other countries, even fear of the other party...everyone is governing by fear and Barack Obama changes all of that. He wants to govern the United States by hope." In 2008 Schatz worked as spokesman for Obama's campaign in Hawaii.
In April 2008 Schatz began running for the position of chairman of the Democratic Party of Hawaii, and won the job at the state convention the following month. During his tenure, the Democrats increased the number of active party members and delivered Obama's best performance of any state in the country. Hawaii native Obama won the state with 73% of the vote; just 55% of the state voted for Democratic nominee John Kerry in 2004. Schatz stepped down as party chairman on January 9, 2010.
Lieutenant Governor (2010–12)Edit
On January 10, 2010, Schatz announced his candidacy for lieutenant governor of Hawaii. His campaign priorities included the creation of clean-energy jobs, public education, and technological improvements in the public sector. He also declared his support for Hawaii House Bill 444, which would have allowed same-sex civil unions in Hawaii but was vetoed by Republican Governor Linda Lingle. A number of Hawaii labor unions endorsed Schatz for lieutenant governor in the Democratic primary, held on September 18, 2010. Schatz won the nomination with 34.8% of the vote, and thus became Abercrombie's running mate in the November general election.
On December 6, 2010, Schatz was inaugurated as Hawaii's 11th lieutenant governor alongside Abercrombie, who had defeated Republican incumbent Lieutenant Governor Duke Aiona in the gubernatorial election. Hawaii State Supreme Court Associate Justice James E. Duffy, Jr. administered the oath of office at the Coronation Pavilion on the grounds of ʻIolani Palace.
U.S. Senate (2012–present)Edit
Shortly before Senator Daniel Inouye died on December 17, 2012, he dictated a letter to Governor Neil Abercrombie asking that U.S. Representative Colleen Hanabusa be appointed to finish his term.
Hawaii law on interim appointments to the U.S. Senate requires the governor to choose from three candidates selected by the party of the previous officeholder. On December 26, 2012, the Hawaii Democratic Party nominated Schatz, Hanabusa, and deputy director of the Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources Esther Kia'aina. The same day, Abercrombie appointed Schatz, despite Inouye's request. Later that night, Schatz accompanied President Barack Obama back to Washington, D.C. on Air Force One. On December 27 Schatz was sworn in as a senator by Vice President Joe Biden.
Schatz's appointment to Inouye's seat on December 27, 2012, made him the senior senator from Hawaii (Mazie Hirono, who had been elected that November to replace retiring Senator Daniel Akaka, took office one week later on January 3, 2013). He is only the sixth person to represent Hawaii in the U.S. Senate, and the first non-Asian American to serve since Oren E. Long.
Schatz announced his intention to run for election in the special election to be held in 2014 for a two years term. In April 2013 Hanabusa announced she would challenge Schatz in the primary. The core of the Schatz campaign was climate change and renewable energy. Schatz defeated Hanabusa by 1,782 votes (0.75%) in a primary delayed in two precincts by Hurricane Iselle.
According to New York magazine, Schatz had a low-profile but highly influential effect on the Democratic primary for the 2020 presidential election by pushing fellow Democrats to commit to progressive positions on issues such as healthcare, climate, college affordability and Social Security.
Committee assignments (116th Congress)Edit
- Committee on Appropriations
- Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Defense
- Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies (Ranking Member)
- Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
- Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation
- Committee on Indian Affairs
- Joint Select Committee on Budget and Appropriations Process Reform
- Select Committee on Ethics
- Chief Deputy Whip
- Co-chair, Senate Climate Change Task Force
- Chair, Senate Democratic Special Committee on the Climate Crisis
- Member, Board of Trustees for the Harry S. Truman Scholarship foundation
According to New York magazine, Schatz is a progressive but not a "Sanders-style bomb-thrower." He was characterized as a low-profile yet highly influential Senator in pushing fellow Democrats to adopt progressive policy positions.
He participated in the Chris Murphy gun control filibuster in 2016. Schatz expressed disappointment, along with fellow Hawaii senator Mazie Hirono, when both the Democrat proposed Feinstein Amendment (making the sale of firearms to individuals on the terrorist watchlist illegal) and the Republican supported background check changes and gun sale alert system did not pass the Senate. He stated:
More than 90% of Americans demand we take action on gun violence, but again Senate Republicans refuse to act. It’s unacceptable. Right now, known terrorists are banned from getting on an airplane, but they are still allowed to buy military-style weapons. It is absolutely insane. After one of the most horrific mass shootings in our history, we saw people across the country courageously stand up against gun violence and hatred. When will Republicans in Congress finally do the same?
In one of his first votes in the U.S. Senate, he voted against renewing the FISA Amendments Act Reauthorization Act of 2012. On April 17, 2013, he voted to expand background checks for gun purchases.
In March 2014, Schatz was a lead organizer of an overnight talkathon devoted to discussing climate change. The gathering of over two dozen Senate Democrats took place on the Senate floor. The League of Conservation Voters supported the talkathon and ran campaign ads on Schatz's behalf. He has received a perfect score from the League of Conservation Voters.
To encourage tourism in West Hawaii, Schatz proposed that customs begin in Japan so that planes can arrive in West Hawaii as domestic flights.
Schatz spearheaded a nonbinding resolution in July 2018 "warning President Trump not to let the Russian government question diplomats and other officials". The resolution states the United States "should refuse to make available any current or former diplomat, civil servant, political appointee, law enforcement official or member of the Armed Forces of the United States for questioning by the government of Vladimir Putin". It passed 98-0.
In April 2019, Schatz was one of forty-one senators to sign a bipartisan letter to the housing subcommittee praising the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development's Section 4 Capacity Building program as authorizing "HUD to partner with national nonprofit community development organizations to provide education, training, and financial support to local community development corporations (CDCs) across the country" and expressing disappointment that President Trump's budget "has slated this program for elimination after decades of successful economic and community development." The senators wrote of their hope that the subcommittee would support continued funding for Section 4 in Fiscal Year 2020.
Schatz is married to Linda Kwok Kai Yun. They have two children.
Schatz has three brothers, including an identical twin brother, Steve. Steve is executive director of Hawaii P-20 Partnerships for Education, an interagency educational partnership at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. He formerly ran the Hawaii Department of Education's Office of Strategic Reform.
|Democratic||Jon Riki Karamatsu||6,746||2.8|
|Democratic||Neil Abercrombie / Brian Schatz||222,724||57.8%|
|Republican||Duke Aiona / Lynn Finnegan||157,311||40.8%|
|Free Energy Party||Daniel Cunningham / Deborah Spence||1,265||.3%|
|Non-partisan||Tom Pollard / Leonard Kama||1,263||.3%|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
|Democratic||Brian Schatz (incumbent)||115,445||48.5%|
|Democratic||Brian Schatz (incumbent)||246,827||69.78%||-5.03%|
|Democratic||Brian Schatz (Incumbent)||162,891||86.17%|
|Democratic||Brian Schatz (Incumbent)||306,604||70.1%||N/A|
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- Irwin Schatz, M.D. Archived February 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Mayo.edu
- KITV (December 27, 2012). "Schatz sworn in as Hawaii's 6th U.S. senator". kitv.com. Archived from the original on November 5, 2014. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
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- Kery Murakami. "Hawaii Dr. Irwin Schatz' Stand Against Racism Resonates Decades Later - Civil Beat News". Civil Beat News. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
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- "U.S. Senator Brian Schatz '94 to Deliver Keynote Speech at Commencement". Pomona College in Claremont, California - Pomona College. March 6, 2017. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
- Brian Schatz. "I didn't vote in every election when I was young. Also, I was briefly a Green Party member. Since then I've devoted a lot of my professional life to climate action. So let me say this plainly: The most important thing you can do for the climate is vote Tuesday". Twitter.
- Duane Shimogawa. "Schatz lending a hand full-time to politics" Hawaii News Now, May 16, 2010.
- "HI State House 24 Race — November 3, 1998". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
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- "Schatz stepping down as Hawaii Democratic Party chair". Hawaii News Now. December 4, 2009. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
- Brian Schatz Enters Race for Lieutenant Governor Archived June 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, KHON2, January 1, 2010
- LG style Q and A with Brian Schatz by Rangar Carlson, Honolulu Weekly, June 30, 2010
- Lingle vetoes civil unions bill, Honolulu Star-Advertiser, July 6, 2010.
- 2010 Elections website of Hawaii Office of Elections. Retrieved July 20, 2010,
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- "Sen. Inouye's letter to Gov. Abercrombie". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
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- "Primary Election, Statewide, Final Summary" (PDF). hawaii.gov. State of Hawaii. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
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- Prichard, James (November 8, 2016). "Schatz, Hanabusa, Gabbard handily win their congressional races - Pacific Business News". Pacific Business News.
- Debenedetti, Gabriel (July 19, 2018). "The Progressive Hawaii Senator Reshaping the 2020 Race, Without Even Running". Daily Intelligencer. New York Media LLC. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
- "Schatz, Booker Elevated To Leadership Posts". schatz.senate.gov. January 9, 2017. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
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- "Schatz: We Are Not Deterred, Climate Is On The Ballot In 2020". schatz.senate.gov. June 1, 2017. Retrieved September 29, 2018.
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- "Brian Schatz on Environment". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
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- Hussein, Fatima (October 22, 2017). "Sen. Todd Young urges action to end Muslim genocide in Myanmar". IndyStar.
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Brian Schatz.|
- Senator Brian Schatz official U.S. Senate website
- Brian Schatz for Senate
- Brian Schatz at Curlie
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
| Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
| U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Hawaii
Served alongside: Daniel Akaka, Mazie Hirono
| Baby of the Senate
|Party political offices|
| Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii
| Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Hawaii
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Senators by seniority