Terry Edward Branstad (born November 17, 1946) is an American politician, university administrator, and diplomat from the Republican Party. He served as the governor of Iowa from 1983 to 1999 and from 2011 to 2017. Branstad served as United States Ambassador to China from 2017 to 2020, during the presidency of Donald Trump. He also served three terms in the Iowa House of Representatives from 1973 to 1979.
|12th United States Ambassador to China|
July 12, 2017 – October 4, 2020
|Preceded by||Max Baucus|
|Succeeded by||Robert W. Forden (Chargé d'Affaires, a.i.) |
Nick Burns (nominee)
|39th and 42nd Governor of Iowa|
January 14, 2011 – May 24, 2017
|Preceded by||Chet Culver|
|Succeeded by||Kim Reynolds|
January 14, 1983 – January 15, 1999
Jo Ann Zimmerman
|Preceded by||Robert Ray|
|Succeeded by||Tom Vilsack|
|President of Des Moines University|
August 9, 2003 – October 16, 2009
|Preceded by||Richard M. Ryan Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Steve Dengle|
|Chair of the National Governors Association|
August 1, 1989 – July 31, 1990
|Preceded by||Gerald Baliles|
|Succeeded by||Booth Gardner|
|40th Lieutenant Governor of Iowa|
January 12, 1979 – January 14, 1983
|Governor||Robert D. Ray|
|Preceded by||Arthur A. Neu|
|Succeeded by||Robert Anderson|
|Member of the Iowa House of Representatives|
from the 8th district
January 8, 1973 – January 7, 1979
|Preceded by||Del Stromer|
|Succeeded by||Clifford Branstad|
Terry Edward Branstad
November 17, 1946
Leland, Iowa, U.S.
|Education||University of Iowa (BA)|
Drake University (JD)
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1969–1971|
|Unit||503rd Military Police Battalion|
|Awards||Army Commendation Medal|
Branstad served as the 39th governor of Iowa from 1983 to 1999. After a first retirement from politics and successfully avoiding murder charges for his son, Eric, he served from 2003 to 2009 as President of Des Moines University, a private medical osteopathic school. In 2010 he ran for governor again and defeated Democratic incumbent Chet Culver to become the state's 42nd governor. He was reelected to a sixth term in 2014. His tenure of 22 years, 4 months, and 13 days makes him the longest-serving governor of any state in American history, having surpassed George Clinton's 8,169 days in office in December 2015.
In December 2016, Branstad accepted President Donald Trump's nomination as United States Ambassador to China. He was confirmed and sworn in in May 2017. In 2020, Branstad resigned as Ambassador to China to work on Trump's reelection campaign.
Branstad was born in Leland, Iowa. His father was Edward Arnold Branstad, a farmer; his mother was Rita (née Garland). Branstad's mother was Jewish, and his father a Norwegian American Lutheran. Branstad was raised Lutheran and later converted to Catholicism. He is a second cousin of US Attorney-General Merrick Garland.[a]
Branstad received a Bachelor of Arts in political science from the University of Iowa in 1969 and a Juris Doctor from Drake University Law School in 1974. He was drafted after college and served in the United States Army from 1969 to 1971 as a military policeman in the 503rd Military Police Battalion at Fort Bragg. He was awarded the Army Commendation Medal for meritorious service; he once recalled that he arrested actress Jane Fonda for coming onto post at Arlington National Cemetery, where she was planning to attend an antiwar protest.
Early political careerEdit
Governor of IowaEdit
First tenure (1983–1999)Edit
When elected governor at age 36, Branstad became the youngest chief executive in Iowa's history. Reelected in 1986, 1990, and 1994, he left office as Iowa's longest-serving governor. He served as Chairman of the National Governors Association in 1989–90, and also was Chair of the Midwestern Governors Association. In 1997 he chaired the Education Commission of the States, the Republican Governors Association, and the Governors' Ethanol Coalition.
In 1983 Branstad vetoed a bill to establish a state lottery.
Iowa's unemployment rate went from 8.5% when Branstad took office to a record low 2.5% by the time he left office in 1999. In his first year as governor, the state budget had a $90 million deficit. It took several years until the budget was balanced. Branstad said he did not have enough support in the legislature to approve budget reforms until 1992. By 1999 Iowa had an unprecedented $900 million budget surplus.
Branstad focused most of his efforts outside of politics after leaving office in early 1999. He founded Branstad and Associates, LLC and was also a partner in the firm of Kaufman, Pattee, Branstad & Miller and a financial advisor for Robert W. Baird and Co.
In August 2003 Branstad accepted an offer from Des Moines University to become its president. On October 16, 2009, he announced his retirement from Des Moines University to run again for governor.
President George W. Bush appointed Branstad to chair the President's Commission on Excellence in Special Education. The commission was charged with developing a plan to improve the educational performance of students with disabilities. After completing his work with the commission in 2003, Branstad was asked to serve as a member of the National Advisory Council for Positive Action for Teen Health, or PATH. The advisory council encourages action to detect adolescent mental illness. In April 2003 Branstad was named a public member of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, which comprises both professional and public members who address a variety of issues related to accounting.
Branstad serves on the boards of Conmed Health Management Inc, American Future Fund, the Iowa Health System, Liberty Bank, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, and Living History Farms.
Second tenure (2011–2017)Edit
2010 gubernatorial electionEdit
On August 2, 2009, The Des Moines Register reported that Branstad was actively considering seeking the Republican nomination for governor. On October 7, Branstad filed papers to run for governor in the 2010 election. According to a September Des Moines Register poll, he maintained a 70% favorability rating from Iowans as compared to Governor Chet Culver's rating of 50%.
The Des Moines Tea Party gave Branstad a "no" on their report card regarding "criteria for acceptance" and said Branstad had "a history of raising taxes, [was] not a true conservative, increased the size of government every year he held office, [and] built a state-owned phone company." Former Iowa State Auditor Richard Johnson accused Branstad of keeping "two sets of books" on the state budget while governor. Johnson said Branstad needed to be "transparent" to Iowa voters about the reporting of Iowa's finances during his tenure as governor.
2014 gubernatorial electionEdit
Branstad ran for reelection in 2014. He was opposed in the Republican primary by Tom Hoefling, a political activist and nominee for president in 2012 for both America's Party and American Independent Party. Branstad won the primary with 83% of the vote.
In the general election, Branstad faced Democratic nominee State Senator Jack Hatch and won with 59% of the vote.
Branstad rescinded an executive order by his predecessor Tom Vilsack that restored voting rights to approximately 115,000 felons who had completed their sentences. Iowa was the last remaining state to have felons permanently disenfranchised until 2020, when Branstad's successor, Kim Reynolds, restored voting rights for some felons who had completed their sentences.
In June 2013, Branstad signed into law a sweeping tax reform bill that had widespread bipartisan support, passing the Iowa Senate by 44 votes to 6 and the Iowa House by 84 votes to 13. The bill, Senate File 295, provided for the state's largest tax cut in history, including an estimated $4.4 billion in property tax reform and an estimated $90 million of annual income tax relief, in part in the form of an increase in the earned income tax credit. The bill also included significant reforms to education and health care.
Job creation rankingEdit
A June 2013 Business Journals analysis of 45 of the country's 50 governors ranked Branstad 28th in job creation. The ranking was based on a comparison of the annual private sector growth rate in all 50 states using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
On April 13, 2017, with large Republican majorities in the Iowa legislature, Branstad signed a bill into law expanding gun rights, enacting a stand-your-ground law, expanding the right of citizens to sue if they believe their Second Amendment rights are being infringed, and expanding the gun rights of minors, among several other provisions.
U.S. Ambassador to ChinaEdit
In December 2016 President-elect Donald Trump chose Branstad to serve as US Ambassador to China, succeeding Max Baucus. Branstad accepted the offer within one day after meeting with Trump in New York. Trump cited Branstad's decades of experience with China while governor of Iowa. Xi Jinping, China's paramount leader, considers Branstad an "old friend". Branstad's relationship with Xi dates to 1985, when Xi, then a young official from Hebei Province, headed a five-man agricultural delegation to Iowa. Branstad's hearing before the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee was held on May 2, 2017.
Branstad was confirmed by the Senate on May 22, 2017, in an 82 to 13 vote. He resigned as governor on May 24, 2017, in a ceremony at the Iowa State House, and was immediately sworn in as U.S. Ambassador to China. His appointment marked the third time in a decade that a politician resigned a statewide office to become the Ambassador to China; Jon Huntsman Jr. resigned as governor of Utah in 2009, and Max Baucus resigned as U.S. Senator from Montana in 2014.
In May 2019, Branstad traveled to Tibet Autonomous Region amid heightening trade tensions between the United States and China. This diplomatic journey was designed to give the United States a better perception of Tibet and its people, cultural practices, and life.
Branstad married Christine Johnson on June 17, 1972. They have three children and eight grandchildren. Christine has worked as a medical assistant and as a volunteer at schools and hospitals.
Branstad is a member of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. He received the honor of "Knight Commander of the Court of Honor" in 2015.
In 2015 longtime newspaperman and Iowa historian Mike Chapman published a biography of Branstad, Iowa's Record-Setting Governor: The Terry Branstad Story. The book details Branstad's youth on the family farm, his high school days in Forest City, and his rise in politics.
- 1972 election for Iowa House of Representatives District 8:
- Terry Branstad (R), 59.0%
- Elmer Selbrand (D), 41.0%
- 1974 election for Iowa House of Representatives District 8:
- Terry Branstad (R), 68.7%
- Jean Haugland (D), 31.3%
- 1976 election for Iowa House of Representatives District 8:
- Terry Branstad (R), 70.4%
- Franklin Banwart (D), 29.6%
- 1978 Republican primary election for Lieutenant Governor of Iowa:
- Terry Branstad, 42.1%
- Hansen, 32.7%
- Oakley, 25.2%
- 1978 election for Lieutenant Governor of Iowa:
- Terry Branstad (R), 57.7%
- William Palmer (D), 42.3%
- 1982 election for Governor of Iowa:
- 1982 General Election:
- Terry Branstad (R), 52.8%
- Roxanne Conlin (D), 46.6%
- Marcia Farrington (L), 0.3%
- Jim Bittner (S), 0.3%
- 1986 election for Governor of Iowa:
- 1986 General Election:
- Terry Branstad (R), 51.9%
- Lowell Junkins (D), 48.0%
- 1990 General Election:
- Terry Branstad (R), 60.6%
- Donald Avenson (D), 38.8%
- Bailey/Nelson (SW), 0.4%
- 1994 General Election:
- Terry Branstad (R), 56.8%
- Bonnie Campbell (D), 41.6%
- Hughes/Davis (Petition), 0.6%
- Butler/Stone (NL), 0.4%
- Olsen/Carey (L), 0.3%
- Galati/Pena (SW), 0.1%
- Republican Primary
- 2010 General Election:
- Terry Branstad (R), 52.9%
- Chet Culver (D), 43.1%
- Jonathan Narcisse (I), 1.3%
- Eric Cooper (L), 1.3%
- James Hughes (I), 0.3%
- David Rosenfeld (SW), 0.2%
- Write-Ins, 0.2%
- Branstad's maternal grandfather was Louis Edward Garland, whose brother Max Hyman (later "Harry") Garland is the grandfather of Merrick Garland. Max and Louis were born in Vagova, Lithuania, then part of the Pale of Settlement within the Russian Empire; they immigrated to the United States together, arriving in New York City on December 7, 1907 and listing their race as "Hebrew". The Garland brothers then settled in Council Bluffs, Iowa.
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[...] Served in the United States Army as a military policeman 1969–1971, earning rank as Sergeant E-5. [...]
- "1983–1999, 2011– Terry Branstad". Iowa Heritage Digital Collections. State Library of Iowa. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
[...] Following two years in the U.S. Army, where he was awarded the Army Commendation Medal, Branstad earned his J.D. degree from the Drake University Law School. [...]
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[...] After college, Branstad served in the Army for two years and received the Army Commendation Medal. [...]
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-  About Team.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 25, 2014. Retrieved February 6, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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[...] About Branstad, the group says, among other things, 'History of raising taxes, not a true conservative, increased the size of government each year he held office, built a state-owned phone company.' [...]
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- "Jury decides Terry Branstad discriminated against gay employee as governor, awards employee $1.5 million".
- https://share.america.gov December 8, 2016: : Trump’s choice for top China diplomat has long ties to Xi
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- Christine Branstad (Iowa) Archived from the original on November 9, 2014
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