Seniority in the United States House of Representatives
This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]
Standards for seniorityEdit
Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), he or she is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.
Benefits of seniorityEdit
Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership. Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.
Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.
- January 3, 2019 – North Carolina 9: No winner was certified in this race due to allegations of election fraud. The seat is currently vacant pending appeal and a possible special election. For more information, see 2018 North Carolina's 9th congressional district election.
- January 23, 2019 – Pennsylvania 12: Representative Tom Marino resigned. A special election will be held on May 21, 2019 to fill the seat. 
- February 10, 2019 – North Carolina 3: Representative Walter B. Jones Jr. died on February 10, 2019. No special election has been scheduled yet.
|1||Eleanor Holmes Norton||D||District of Columbia at-large||January 3, 1991|
|2||Gregorio Sablan||I||Northern Mariana Islands at-large||January 3, 2009|
|3||Stacey Plaskett||D||United States Virgin Islands at-large||January 3, 2015|
|4||Amata Coleman Radewagen||R||American Samoa at-large|
|5||Jenniffer González||NPP/R||Puerto Rico at-large||January 3, 2017|
|6||Michael San Nicolas||D||Guam at-large||January 3, 2019|
- Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.
- "House Seniority and Committee Leadership".
- "GOP Rep. Tom Marino resigns from Congress". The Hill. January 17, 2019.
- Tom Wolf [@GovernorTomWolf] (January 24, 2019). "Having heard the concerns of county officials, I am scheduling the special election to fill the remainder of Congressman Marino's term on May 21, 2019 to coincide with the primary election" (Tweet). Retrieved January 24, 2019 – via Twitter.
- Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
- Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.
- "Terms of Service for Members of the House of Representatives in the 115th Congress" (PDF). December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 18, 2018 – via Clerk of the House of Representatives.