Seniority in the United States House of Representatives
This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]
Standards for seniorityEdit
Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), they are ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.
Benefits of seniorityEdit
Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership. Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.
Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.
- January 13, 2020 – California 50: Duncan D. Hunter resigned, shortly after having pleaded guilty to one count of misusing campaign funds. The seat is currently vacant with California governor Gavin Newsom announcing that there won't be a special election.
- March 30, 2020 – North Carolina 11: Mark Meadows resigned to become White House chief of staff. The seat will remain vacant until the November election.
- May 22, 2020 – Texas 4: John Ratcliffe resigned to become Director of National Intelligence. The seat will remain vacant until the November election.
- July 17, 2020 – Georgia 5: John Lewis died due to pancreatic cancer. The seat is currently vacant pending a special election on December 1, 2020.
- October 4, 2020 – Georgia 14: Tom Graves resigned early.
Current seniority listEdit
(Previous service, if any)
|1||Eleanor Holmes Norton||D||District of Columbia at-large||January 3, 1991|
|2||Gregorio Sablan||I[d]||Northern Mariana Islands at-large||January 3, 2009|
|3||Stacey Plaskett||D||United States Virgin Islands at-large||January 3, 2015|
|4||Amata Coleman Radewagen||R||American Samoa at-large|
|5||Jenniffer González||NPP/R||Puerto Rico at-large||January 3, 2017|
|6||Michael San Nicolas||D||Guam at-large||January 3, 2019|
- Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.
- Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
- A party change does not affect seniority.
- Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.
- "House Seniority and Committee Leadership". U.S. News & World Report. December 8, 2006.
- Zanona, Melanie. "Rep. Duncan Hunter resigns from Congress". Politico.
- "Ex-California Rep. Duncan Hunter Gets 11 Months In Prison". KPBS Public Media. Associated Press. 2020-03-17. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
- Rebecca Klar (January 8, 2020). "California governor won't call special election for Duncan Hunter's seat". The Hill.
- Zeke Miller (March 30, 2020). "Meadows resigns House seat, starts at White House on Tuesday". ABC News. Associated Press.
- "Senate confirms U.S. Rep. John Ratcliffe as director of national intelligence". Longview News-Journal. May 22, 2020.
- "Terms of Service for Members of the House of Representatives in the 116th Congress" (PDF). September 24, 2019. Retrieved September 26, 2019 – via Clerk of the House of Representatives.