Seniority in the United States House of Representatives

This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]

Standards for seniorityEdit

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), they are ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniorityEdit

Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership.[1] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.

VacanciesEdit

Current seniority listEdit

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service (if any)[b] Committee and leadership positions
1 Don Young R Alaska at-large March 6, 1973   Dean of the House
2 Jim Sensenbrenner R Wisconsin 5 January 3, 1979  
3 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981
4 Chris Smith R New Jersey 4
5 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Majority Leader
6 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
7 Pete Visclosky D Indiana 1 January 3, 1985
8 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
9 Fred Upton R Michigan 6  
10 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Speaker of the House
11 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 November 8, 1988 Chair: Energy and Commerce
12 Eliot Engel D New York 16 January 3, 1989 Chair: Foreign Affairs
13 Nita Lowey D New York 17 Chair: Appropriations
14 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1 Chair: Ways and Means
15 José E. Serrano D New York 15 March 20, 1990  
16 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997 1987–1995
17 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991  
18 Collin Peterson D Minnesota 7 Chair: Agriculture
19 Maxine Waters D California 43 Chair: Financial Services
20 Jerrold Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992 Chair: Judiciary
21 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003 1983–1995  
22 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2 January 3, 1993  
23 Ken Calvert R California 42
24 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Majority Whip
25 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
26 Alcee Hastings D Florida 20
27 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
28 Peter T. King R New York 2  
29 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
30 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40  
31 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1
32 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Chair: Education and Labor
33 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Chair: Small Business
34 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Chair: Homeland Security
35 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
36 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995  
37 Mike Doyle D Pennsylvania 18
38 Sheila Jackson Lee D Texas 18
39 Zoe Lofgren D California 19
40 Mac Thornberry R Texas 13 Ranking Member: Armed Services
41 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
42 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
43 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
44 Danny K. Davis D Illinois 7  
45 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
46 Kay Granger R Texas 12 Ranking Member: Appropriations
47 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3  
48 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2 Chair: Rules
49 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9  
50 Brad Sherman D California 30
51 John Shimkus R Illinois 15
52 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Chair: Armed Services
53 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998  
54 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998
55 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011 1995–2009 Ranking Member: Small Business
56 John B. Larson D Connecticut 1 January 3, 1999    
57 Grace Napolitano D California 32
58 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9
59 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
60 Mike Thompson D California 5
61 Greg Walden R Oregon 2 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
62 Lacy Clay D Missouri 1 January 3, 2001  
63 Susan Davis D California 53
64 Sam Graves R Missouri 6 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
65 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2  
66 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
67 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
68 Adam Schiff D California 28 Chair: Intelligence
69 Stephen F. Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001  
70 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001
71 Rob Bishop R Utah 1 January 3, 2003 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
72 Michael C. Burgess R Texas 26  
73 John Carter R Texas 31
74 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4 Ranking Member: Rules
75 Mario Díaz-Balart R Florida 25  
76 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Chair: Natural Resources
77 Steve King R Iowa 4
78 Devin Nunes R California 22 Ranking Member: Intelligence
79 Mike Rogers R Alabama 3 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
80 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2  
81 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
82 Linda Sánchez D California 38
83 David Scott D Georgia 13
84 Mike Turner R Ohio 10
85 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004
86 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5 January 3, 2005
87 Mike Conaway R Texas 11 Ranking Member: Agriculture
88 Jim Costa D California 16  
89 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
90 Jeff Fortenberry R Nebraska 1
91 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5 Ranking Member: Education and Labor
92 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1  
93 Al Green D Texas 9
94 Brian Higgins D New York 26
95 Dan Lipinski D Illinois 3
96 Kenny Marchant R Texas 24 Ranking Member: Ethics
97 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
98 Patrick McHenry R North Carolina 10 Ranking Member: Financial Services
99 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5  
100 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4
101 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
102 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
103 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
104 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007
105 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
106 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
107 Yvette Clarke D New York 9
108 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
109 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
110 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
111 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4 Ranking Member: Judiciary
112 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
113 Dave Loebsack D Iowa 2
114 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Minority Leader
115 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
116 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
117 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
118 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
119 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
120 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3 Chair: Budget
121 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007  
122 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
123 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
124 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
125 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Minority Whip
126 Marcia Fudge D Ohio 11 November 18, 2008  
127 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11 January 3, 2009
128 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
129 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
130 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3
131 Ben Ray Luján D New Mexico 3 Assistant Speaker
132 Tom McClintock R California 4  
133 Pete Olson R Texas 22
134 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
135 Bill Posey R Florida 8
136 Phil Roe R Tennessee 1 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
137 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5  
138 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 15
139 Paul Tonko D New York 20
140 Mike Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
141 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
142 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
143 Ted Deutch D Florida 22 April 13, 2010 Chair: Ethics
144 Tom Reed R New York 23 November 2, 2010  
145 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011 2007–2009
146 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013 2008–2011
147 Kweisi Mfume D Maryland 7 April 28, 2020 1987–1996
148 Justin Amash L[c] Michigan 3 January 3, 2011  
149 Karen Bass D California 37
150 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
151 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
152 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
153 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
154 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
155 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
156 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
157 Bill Flores R Texas 17
158 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
159 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
160 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
161 Andy Harris R Maryland 1
162 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
163 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
164 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
165 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
166 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
167 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 16
168 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
169 Billy Long R Missouri 7
170 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
171 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
172 Cedric Richmond D Louisiana 2
173 Martha Roby R Alabama 2
174 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
175 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
176 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
177 Steve Stivers R Ohio 15
178 Scott Tipton R Colorado 3
179 Daniel Webster R Florida 11
180 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
181 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3 Ranking Member: Budget
182 Rob Woodall R Georgia 7  
183 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
184 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
185 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
186 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
187 Donald Payne Jr. D New Jersey 10
188 Dina Titus D Nevada 1 January 3, 2013 2009–2011
189 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6  
190 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
191 Ami Bera D California 7
192 Susan Brooks R Indiana 5
193 Julia Brownley D California 26
194 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
195 Tony Cárdenas D California 29
196 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 8
197 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
198 Doug Collins R Georgia 9
199 Paul Cook R California 8
200 Rodney L. Davis R Illinois 13
201 Lois Frankel D Florida 21
202 Tulsi Gabbard D Hawaii 2
203 Denny Heck D Washington 10
204 George Holding R North Carolina 2
205 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
206 Jared Huffman D California 2
207 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8 Democratic Caucus Chair
208 David Joyce R Ohio 14  
209 Joe Kennedy III D Massachusetts 4
210 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
211 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
212 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
213 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
214 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
215 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
216 Grace Meng D New York 6
217 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
218 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 10
219 Scott Peters D California 52
220 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
221 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
222 Raul Ruiz D California 36
223 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
224 Eric Swalwell D California 15
225 Mark Takano D California 41 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
226 Juan Vargas D California 51  
227 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
228 Filemon Vela Jr. D Texas 34
229 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
230 Jackie Walorski R Indiana 2
231 Randy Weber R Texas 14
232 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
233 Roger Williams R Texas 25
234 Ted Yoho R Florida 3
235 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
236 Jason T. Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013
237 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013
238 Bradley Byrne R Alabama 1 December 17, 2013
239 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014
240 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
241 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 2 January 3, 2019 2009–2011; 2013–2017
242 Ed Case D Hawaii 1 2002–2007
243 Ralph Abraham R Louisiana 5 January 3, 2015  
244 Pete Aguilar D California 31
245 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
246 Brian Babin R Texas 36
247 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
248 Mike Bost R Illinois 12
249 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 2
250 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
251 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
252 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
253 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
254 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
255 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
256 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
257 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
258 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
259 French Hill R Arkansas 2
260 Will Hurd R Texas 23
261 John Katko R New York 24
262 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14
263 Ted Lieu D California 33
264 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
265 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
266 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
267 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
268 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
269 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
270 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
271 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
272 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
273 Norma Torres D California 35
274 Mark Walker R North Carolina 6
275 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
276 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4
277 Lee Zeldin R New York 1
278 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
279 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015
280 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016
281 James Comer R Kentucky 1 November 8, 2016 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
282 Dwight Evans D Pennsylvania 3  
283 Brad Schneider D Illinois 10 January 3, 2017 2013–2015
284 Jodey Arrington R Texas 19  
285 Don Bacon R Nebraska 2
286 Jim Banks R Indiana 3
287 Nanette Barragan D California 44
288 Jack Bergman R Michigan 1
289 Andy Biggs R Arizona 5
290 Lisa Blunt Rochester D Delaware at-large
291 Anthony G. Brown D Maryland 4
292 Ted Budd R North Carolina 13
293 Salud Carbajal D California 24
294 Liz Cheney R Wyoming at-large Republican Conference Chairwoman
295 Lou Correa D California 46
296 Charlie Crist D Florida 13
297 Val Demings D Florida 10
298 Neal Dunn R Florida 2
299 Adriano Espaillat D New York 13
300 Drew Ferguson R Georgia 3
301 Brian Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 1
302 Matt Gaetz R Florida 1
303 Mike Gallagher R Wisconsin 8
304 Vicente Gonzalez D Texas 15
305 Josh Gottheimer D New Jersey 5
306 Clay Higgins R Louisiana 3
307 Trey Hollingsworth R Indiana 9
308 Pramila Jayapal D Washington 7
309 Mike Johnson R Louisiana 4
310 Ro Khanna D California 17
311 Raja Krishnamoorthi D Illinois 8
312 David Kustoff R Tennessee 8
313 Al Lawson D Florida 5
314 Roger Marshall R Kansas 1
315 Brian Mast R Florida 18
316 Donald McEachin D Virginia 4
317 Paul Mitchell R Michigan 10
318 Stephanie Murphy D Florida 7
319 Tom O'Halleran D Arizona 1
320 Jimmy Panetta D California 20
321 Jamie Raskin D Maryland 8
322 Francis Rooney R Florida 19
323 John Rutherford R Florida 4
324 Lloyd Smucker R Pennsylvania 11
325 Darren Soto D Florida 9
326 Thomas Suozzi D New York 3
327 Ron Estes R Kansas 4 April 11, 2017
328 Greg Gianforte R Montana at-large May 25, 2017
329 Jimmy Gomez D California 34 June 6, 2017
330 Ralph Norman R South Carolina 5 June 20, 2017
331 John Curtis R Utah 3 November 7, 2017
332 Conor Lamb D Pennsylvania 17 March 13, 2018
333 Debbie Lesko R Arizona 8 April 24, 2018
334 Michael Cloud R Texas 27 June 30, 2018
335 Troy Balderson R Ohio 12 August 7, 2018
336 Kevin Hern R Oklahoma 1 November 6, 2018
337 Joseph Morelle D New York 25
338 Mary Gay Scanlon D Pennsylvania 5
339 Susan Wild D Pennsylvania 7
340 Steven Horsford D Nevada 4 January 3, 2019 2013–2015
341 Colin Allred D Texas 32
342 Kelly Armstrong R North Dakota at-large
343 Cindy Axne D Iowa 3
344 Jim Baird R Indiana 4
345 Anthony Brindisi D New York 22
346 Tim Burchett R Tennessee 2
347 Sean Casten D Illinois 6
348 Gil Cisneros D California 39
349 Ben Cline R Virginia 6
350 T. J. Cox D California 21
351 Angie Craig D Minnesota 2
352 Dan Crenshaw R Texas 2
353 Jason Crow D Colorado 6
354 Joe Cunningham D South Carolina 1
355 Sharice Davids D Kansas 3
356 Madeleine Dean D Pennsylvania 4
357 Antonio Delgado D New York 19
358 Veronica Escobar D Texas 16
359 Abby Finkenauer D Iowa 1
360 Russ Fulcher R Idaho 1
361 Chuy García D Illinois 4
362 Sylvia Garcia D Texas 29
363 Jared Golden D Maine 2
364 Anthony Gonzalez R Ohio 16
365 Lance Gooden R Texas 5
366 Mark Green R Tennessee 7
367 Michael Guest R Mississippi 3
368 Deb Haaland D New Mexico 1
369 Jim Hagedorn R Minnesota 1
370 Josh Harder D California 10
371 Jahana Hayes D Connecticut 5
372 Kendra Horn D Oklahoma 5
373 Chrissy Houlahan D Pennsylvania 6
374 Dusty Johnson R South Dakota at-large
375 John Joyce R Pennsylvania 13
376 Andy Kim D New Jersey 3
377 Susie Lee D Nevada 3
378 Andy Levin D Michigan 9
379 Mike Levin D California 49
380 Elaine Luria D Virginia 2
381 Tom Malinowski D New Jersey 7
382 Ben McAdams D Utah 4
383 Lucy McBath D Georgia 6
384 Dan Meuser R Pennsylvania 9
385 Carol Miller R West Virginia 3
386 Debbie Mucarsel-Powell D Florida 26
387 Joe Neguse D Colorado 2
388 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D New York 14
389 Ilhan Omar D Minnesota 5
390 Lizzie Pannill Fletcher D Texas 7
391 Chris Pappas D New Hampshire 1
392 Greg Pence R Indiana 6
393 Dean Phillips D Minnesota 3
394 Katie Porter D California 45
395 Ayanna Pressley D Massachusetts 7
396 Guy Reschenthaler R Pennsylvania 14
397 Denver Riggleman R Virginia 5
398 John Rose R Tennessee 6
399 Max Rose D New York 11
400 Harley Rouda D California 48
401 Chip Roy R Texas 21
402 Kim Schrier D Washington 8
403 Donna Shalala D Florida 27
404 Mikie Sherrill D New Jersey 11
405 Elissa Slotkin D Michigan 8
406 Abigail Spanberger D Virginia 7
407 Ross Spano R Florida 15
408 Greg Stanton D Arizona 9
409 Pete Stauber R Minnesota 8
410 Bryan Steil R Wisconsin 1
411 Greg Steube R Florida 17
412 Haley Stevens D Michigan 11
413 Van Taylor R Texas 3
414 William Timmons R South Carolina 4
415 Rashida Tlaib D Michigan 13
416 Xochitl Torres Small D New Mexico 2
417 Lori Trahan D Massachusetts 3
418 David Trone D Maryland 6
419 Lauren Underwood D Illinois 14
420 Jeff Van Drew R[c] New Jersey 2
421 Michael Waltz R Florida 6
422 Steve Watkins R Kansas 2
423 Jennifer Wexton D Virginia 10
424 Ron Wright R Texas 6
425 Fred Keller R Pennsylvania 12 May 21, 2019
426 Dan Bishop R North Carolina 9 September 10, 2019
427 Greg Murphy R North Carolina 3
428 Mike Garcia R California 25 May 12, 2020
429 Tom Tiffany R Wisconsin 7
430 Chris Jacobs R New York 27 June 23, 2020
Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service[b] Committee and leadership positions

DelegatesEdit

Rank Delegate Party District Seniority date
(Previous service, if any)
Notes
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D District of Columbia at-large January 3, 1991
2 Gregorio Sablan I[d] Northern Mariana Islands at-large January 3, 2009
3 Stacey Plaskett D United States Virgin Islands at-large January 3, 2015
4 Amata Coleman Radewagen R American Samoa at-large
5 Jenniffer González NPP/R Puerto Rico at-large January 3, 2017
6 Michael San Nicolas D Guam at-large January 3, 2019

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.
  2. ^ a b Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
  3. ^ a b A party change does not affect seniority.
  4. ^ Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "House Seniority and Committee Leadership". U.S. News & World Report. December 8, 2006.
  2. ^ Zanona, Melanie. "Rep. Duncan Hunter resigns from Congress". Politico.
  3. ^ "Ex-California Rep. Duncan Hunter Gets 11 Months In Prison". KPBS Public Media. Associated Press. 2020-03-17. Retrieved 2020-03-17.
  4. ^ Rebecca Klar (January 8, 2020). "California governor won't call special election for Duncan Hunter's seat". The Hill.
  5. ^ Zeke Miller (March 30, 2020). "Meadows resigns House seat, starts at White House on Tuesday". ABC News. Associated Press.
  6. ^ "Senate confirms U.S. Rep. John Ratcliffe as director of national intelligence". Longview News-Journal. May 22, 2020.

External linkEdit