Seniority in the United States House of Representatives
This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]
Standards for seniorityEdit
Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), he or she is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.
Benefits of seniorityEdit
Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership. Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.
Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.
- January 3, 2019 – North Carolina 9: No winner was certified in this race due to election fraud. The seat is currently vacant pending a special election on September 10, 2019. The primary was on May 14, 2019.
- February 10, 2019 – North Carolina 3: Representative Walter B. Jones Jr. died on February 10, 2019. The seat will be filled by a special election on September 10, 2019. The primary was held on April 30, 2019.
Current seniority listEdit
|1||Eleanor Holmes Norton||D||District of Columbia at-large||January 3, 1991|
|2||Gregorio Sablan||I[d]||Northern Mariana Islands at-large||January 3, 2009|
|3||Stacey Plaskett||D||United States Virgin Islands at-large||January 3, 2015|
|4||Amata Coleman Radewagen||R||American Samoa at-large|
|5||Jenniffer González||NPP/R||Puerto Rico at-large||January 3, 2017|
|6||Michael San Nicolas||D||Guam at-large||January 3, 2019|
- Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.
- Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
- Amash was elected as a Republican, but switched to independent in 2019. A party change does not affect seniority.
- Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.
- "House Seniority and Committee Leadership".
- National Public Radio, "New Election Date Set in North Carolina's 9th District Following Fraud Investigation"
- "Walter Jones, congressman who worked to atone for his Iraq war vote, is dead at 76". The News & Observer. February 10, 2019.
- Conradis, Brandon (July 4, 2019). "Rep. Amash, lone GOP critic of Trump, leaves Republican Party". The Hill. Retrieved July 4, 2019.
- "Terms of Service for Members of the House of Representatives in the 115th Congress" (PDF). December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 18, 2018 – via Clerk of the House of Representatives.