Florida's 22nd congressional district
Florida's 22nd congressional district is an electoral district for the U.S. Congress, located in southeast Florida. Based in South Florida, the district encompasses the coastline of Broward County to southern Palm Beach County. In the former, the district includes all of Lauderdale-by-the-Sea, Lazy Lake, Lighthouse Point, Sea Ranch Lakes, and Wilton Manors, as well as portions of Coconut Creek, Deerfield Beach, Fort Lauderdale, Oakland Park, Parkland, Plantation, Pompano Beach, Sunrise. In Palm Beach County, this congressional district envelops Boca Raton.
|Florida's 22nd congressional district|
Florida's 22nd congressional district - since January 3, 2017
|Area||262 sq mi (680 km2)|
Democrat Ted Deutch has represented Florida's 22nd congressional district since January 2017 after he was redistricted from Florida's 21st congressional district, which is now held by Democrat Lois Frankel.
The district was created in 1993 in response to the 1990 United States Census, mostly out of the former 15th District. E. Clay Shaw, Jr., who had represented the 15th and its predecessors since 1981, represented this district until 2007, when he lost re-election to Democrat Ron Klein. However, Klein himself was ousted by Republican Allen West during the 2010 midterms. After redistricting made the 22nd friendlier to Democrats, West left the district for an unsuccessful bid for reelection in the 18th district.
|Election results from presidential races|
|2016||President||Hillary Clinton 56 - Donald Trump 41%|
|2012||President||Barack Obama 54 - Mitt Romney 43%|
|2008||President||Barack Obama 52 - John McCain 48%|
|2004||President||John Kerry 52 - George W. Bush 48%|
|2000||President||Al Gore 52 - George W. Bush 48%|
List of members representing the districtEdit
|District created||January 3, 1993|
|Republican||January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2007
|Redistricted from the 15th district.|
|Democratic||January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2011
|Republican||January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
|112th||Lost re-election after being redistricted to the 18th district.|
|Democratic||January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2017
|Redistricted to the 21st district.|
|Democratic||January 3, 2017 –
|Redistricted from the 21st district.|
|Republican||E. Clay Shaw, Jr.||128,400||51.97|
|Independent||Richard "Even" Stephens||15,469||6.30|
|Independent||Michael F. Petrie||6,312||2.60|
Incumbent E. Clay Shaw, Jr. received a primary challenger – Pompano Beach business execute John Stahl. During the primary, Stahl described himself as a "productive-class taxpayer" and labeled Shaw a "career politician". Shaw responded by saying, "I understand business, running a business and my voting record is proof of that." Stahl also accused Shaw of abusing his congressional franking privilege; a report from the National Taxpayers Union indicated that Shaw spent $240,000 for mailings in 1993. Additionally, Stahl vowed to cut his salary to $100,000 if elected. By July 15, 1994, Shaw's campaign contributions totaled $283,390, while Stahl raised only $900. Nevertheless, Shaw defeated Stahl in the primary elected by a vote of 24,252 to 6,925 (77.8%-22.2%).
In the general election, Shaw faced-off against Palm Beach Town Council President Hermine Wiener, a Democrat who left the Republican Party about a year earlier. Wiener did not receive a challenger for the Democratic nomination. Throughout the year, she raised $216,596 and vowed to spend as much as $1 million, if necessary. Shaw signed the Contract with America and specifically promised to reform welfare during the next congress. On October 25, the League of Women Voters hosted a debate between the two candidates at the Broward County Main Library in Fort Lauderdale. Shaw was endorsed by The News, a Boca Raton-based newspaper, and the Sun-Sentinel. The former cited Wiener's lack of specifics on key issues such as health care and immigration as their rationale for favoring Shaw. However, The News also stated that Shaw "hasn't paid enough attention to his new constituents." The Sun-Sentinel praised Shaw for his positions on various issues, and remarked that "[he is an] intelligent, hard-working congressman who has shown effectiveness and leadership ability while maintaining a high level of integrity during his entire political career."
Overall, Wiener received little support from prominent local elected officials, as Shaw was favored to win re-election. Shaw did, in fact, handily defeat Wiener in the general election by a margin of 63.36%-36.64%.
|Republican||E. Clay Shaw, Jr.*||119,696||63.36|
|Democratic||Hermine L. Wiener||69,221||36.64|
|Republican||E. Clay Shaw, Jr.*||137,098||61.86|
|Democratic||Kenneth D. Cooper||84,517||38.14|
On January 19, 1998, incumbent E. Clay Shaw, Jr. announced that he would seek re-election for a ninth term. Shaw faced no opposition in either the primary on September 1 or the general election on November 3.
|Republican||E. Clay Shaw, Jr.*||100.00|
|Republican||E. Clay Shaw, Jr.*||105,855||50.14|
|Republican||E. Clay Shaw, Jr.*||131,930||60.77|
|Republican||E. Clay Shaw, Jr.*||192,581||62.79|
|Republican||E. Clay Shaw, Jr.||100,663||47.13|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
|Republican||Allen B. West||140,104||45.32|
|Republican||Allen B. West||118,890||54.36|
|Republican gain from Democratic|
|Democratic gain from Republican|
Living former representativesEdit
As of January 2017[update], there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 22nd congressional district who are currently living at this time. The most recent representative to die was E. Clay Shaw Jr. (served 1993-2007) on September 10, 2013.
|Representative||Term of office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Ron Klein||2007–2011||July 10, 1957|
|Allen West||2011–2013||February 7, 1961|
|Lois Frankel||2013–2017||May 16, 1948|
Historical district boundariesEdit
- "Congressional Plan--SC14-1905 (Ordered by The Florida Supreme Court, 2-December-2015)" (PDF). Florida Senate Committee on Reapportionment. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- See whole Florida state map for 2013, with the 22nd district: h9047_35x42L.pdf Congressional Plan: H000C9047. Chapter No. 2012-2, Laws of Florida. www.flsenate.gov. February 16, 2012.
- See the 2013 boundaries of the 22nd district covering southeast Florida in the 2013 districts map: H000C9047_map_se.pdf, for the southeast region of Florida, along the Gulf of Mexico, from Pasco County to Collier County, Florida. Congressional Plan: H000C9047. Chapter No. 2012-2, Laws of Florida. www.flsenate.gov. February 2012.
- Dana Banker (August 27, 1994). "Shaw Gets First Gop Challenge In 14-year Congress Career". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "September 8, 1994 Primary Election Republican Primary". Division of Elections. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Department of State. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- Jill Young Miller (December 16, 1994). "Clay Shaw A New Man After Election". Sun-Sentinel. Washington, D.C. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Ask The Candidates". Sun-Sentinel. October 20, 1994. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Shaw merits new term but must do better". The News. October 25, 1994. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "District 22: Keep Shaw In House". Sun-Sentinel. October 21, 1994. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
- Buddy Nevins (August 28, 1994). "Many Undecided About Candidates In Upcoming Primary". Sun-Sentinel. p. 2. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
- "November 8, 1994 General Election". Division of Elections. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Department of State. Retrieved November 21, 2014.
- "Shaw To Seek 9th Term". Sun-Sentinel. January 21, 1998. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "September 1, 1998 Primary Election Republican Primary". Division of Elections. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Department of State. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "November 3, 1998 General Election". Division of Elections. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Department of State. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- "Florida Department of State - Election Results". Florida Department of State Department of Elections. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
- "Florida Department of State - Election Results". Florida Department of State Department of Elections. Retrieved April 5, 2015.