Missouri's 1st congressional district

Missouri's first congressional district is in the eastern portion of the state. It includes all of St. Louis City and much of northern St. Louis County, including the cities of Maryland Heights, University City, Ferguson and Florissant. The district is easily the most Democratic in Missouri, with a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+29; the next most Democratic district in the state, the Kansas City-based 5th, has a PVI of D+7.[2] It is roughly half African-American.

Missouri's 1st congressional district
Missouri US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Missouri's 1st congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Cori Bush
DSt. Louis
Distribution
  • 99.21% urban
  • 0.79% rural
Population (2019)727,772
Median household
income
$50,163[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+29[2]

Its current representative is Democrat Cori Bush, who was elected in 2020. William Lacy Clay Jr., had previously represented the district since 2001, succeeding his father, William Lacy Clay Sr. Bush, a progressive Democrat and leader in the Ferguson protests, beat Clay in the August 4, 2020 primary. Bush lost the same primary in 2018 by 20 points to Clay.[3]

Statewide election resultsEdit

PresidentialEdit

Year Office Results
2000 President Al Gore 78% – George W. Bush 20%
2004 President John Kerry 75% – George W. Bush 25%
2008 President Barack Obama 79.7% – John McCain 19.4%
2012 President Barack Obama 80% – John McCain 19%
2016 President Hillary Clinton 77% – Donald Trump 19%
2020 President Joe Biden 80.3% – Donald Trump 18.1%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1847.
 
James B. Bowlin
Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
30th
31st
Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1846.
Re-elected in 1848.
Lost re-election.
 
John F. Darby
Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1850.
Retired.
 
Thomas Hart Benton
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected in 1852.
Lost re-election.
 
Luther M. Kennett
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1854.
Lost re-election.
 
Francis P. Blair Jr.
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th Elected in 1856.
Lost re-election.
 
John R. Barret
Democratic March 4, 1859 –
June 8, 1860
36th Elected in 1858.
Lost contested election.
 
Francis P. Blair Jr.
Republican June 8, 1860 –
June 25, 1860
Won contested election.
Resigned.
Vacant June 25, 1860 –
October 3, 1860
 
John R. Barret
Democratic October 3, 1860 –
March 3, 1861
Elected to finish Blair's term.
Lost re-election.
 
Francis P. Blair Jr.
Republican March 4, 1861 –
June 10, 1864
37th
38th
Elected in 1860.
Re-elected in 1862.
Lost contested election.
 
Samuel Knox
Unconditional
Unionist
June 10, 1864 –
March 3, 1865
38th Won contested election.
Lost re-election.
 
John Hogan
Democratic March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
39th Elected in 1864.
Lost re-election.
 
William A. Pile
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
40th Elected in 1866.
Lost re-election.
 
Erastus Wells
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
41st
42nd
Elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
 
Edwin O. Stanard
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
Lost re-election.
 
Edward C. Kehr
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Elected in 1874.
Lost re-election.
 
Anthony F. Ittner
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th Elected in 1876.
Retired.
 
Martin L. Clardy
Democratic March 3, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
46th
47th
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
 
William H. Hatch
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1895
48th
49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
Redistricted from the 12th district and re-elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
Lost re-election.
 
Charles N. Clark
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th Elected in 1894.
Retired.
Vacant March 4, 1897 –
June 1, 1897
55th
 
James T. Lloyd
Democratic June 1, 1897 –
March 3, 1917
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
Elected after the death of member-elect Richard P. Giles.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Retired.
 
Milton A. Romjue
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1921
65th
66th
Elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Lost re-election.
 
Frank C. Millspaugh
Republican March 4, 1921 –
December 5, 1922
67th Elected in 1920.
Lost re-election and resigned.
Vacant December 5, 1922 –
March 3, 1923
 
Milton A. Romjue
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1933
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Redistricted to the at-large district.
District inactive March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73rd All representatives elected at-large on a general ticket
 
Milton A. Romjue
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1943
74th
75th
76th
77th
Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Lost re-election.
 
Samuel W. Arnold
Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
78th
79th
80th
Elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Lost re-election.
 
Clare Magee
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1953
81st
82nd
Elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Retired.
 
Frank M. Karsten
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1969
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
Redistricted from the 13th district and re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Retired.
 
Bill Clay
Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 2001
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
Elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Retired.
 
Lacy Clay
Democratic January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2021
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Lost renomination.
 
Cori Bush
Democratic January 3, 2021 –
Present
117th Elected in 2020.

Recent election resultsEdit

2012Edit

Missouri's 1st congressional district, 2012 [4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lacy Clay (incumbent) 267,927 78.7
Republican Robyn Hamlyn 60,832 17.9
Libertarian Robb Cunningham 11,824 3.5
Total votes 340,583 100.0
Democratic hold

2014Edit

Missouri's 1st congressional district, 2014[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lacy Clay (incumbent) 119,315 73.0
Republican Daniel J. Elder 35,273 21.6
Libertarian Robb E. Cunningham 8,906 5.4
Total votes 163,494 100.0
Democratic hold

2016Edit

Missouri’s 1st congressional district, 2016[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lacy Clay (incumbent) 236,993 75.5
Republican Steven Bailey 62,714 20.0
Libertarian Robb Cunningham 14,317 4.5
Total votes 314,024 100.0
Democratic hold

2018Edit

Missouri's 1st congressional district, 2018[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lacy Clay (incumbent) 219,781 80.1
Republican Robert Vroman 45,867 16.7
Libertarian Robb Cunningham 8,727 3.2
Total votes 274,375 100.0
Democratic hold

2020Edit

Missouri's 1st congressional district, 2020[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cori Bush 249,087 78.8
Republican Anthony Rogers 59,940 19.0
Libertarian Alex Furman 6,766 2.1
Independent Martin Baker (write-in) 378 0.1
Total votes 316,171 100.0
Democratic hold

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ a b "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Summer Ballentine (August 5, 2020). "Protest leader Bush ousts 20-year US Rep. Clay in Missouri". Associated Press.
  4. ^ https://enrarchives.sos.mo.gov/enrnet/default.aspx?eid=750002497
  5. ^ https://enrarchives.sos.mo.gov/enrnet/Default.aspx
  6. ^ "2016 General Election Official Results". Missouri Secretary of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
  7. ^ Johnson, Cheryl L. (February 28, 2019). "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 2018". Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  8. ^ "All Results State of Missouri - State of Missouri - General Election, November 03, 2020". Missouri Secretary of State. Retrieved December 9, 2020.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 38°43′42″N 90°17′46″W / 38.72833°N 90.29611°W / 38.72833; -90.29611