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New Jersey's 2nd congressional district

New Jersey's second congressional district, based in Southern New Jersey, is represented by Democrat Jeff Van Drew.

New Jersey's 2nd congressional district
New Jersey's 2nd congressional district (2013).svg
District map as of 2013
Representative
  Jeff Van Drew
DDennis Township
Distribution
  • 80.55% urban
  • 19.45% rural
Population (2017)713,380
Median income$65,467[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+1[2]
The district from 2003 to 2013

Contents

Counties and municipalities in the districtEdit

Recent results from statewide electionsEdit

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 41 - 39%
1996 President Clinton 50 - 36%
2000 President Gore 54 - 43%
2004 President Bush 50 - 49%
2008 President Obama 53 - 45%
2012 President Obama 53.5 - 45.4%[4]
2016 President Trump 50.6 - 46.0%[4]

List of members representing the districtEdit

District organized from the at-large district in 1799.

1799–1801: One seatEdit

Member District home Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history Counties in the District
Aaron Kitchell Hanover Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
6th [Data unknown/missing.] Morris and Sussex

District organized to the at-large district in 1801

1813–1815: Two seatsEdit

For the 13th Congress, elected in 1813, two seats were apportioned, elected at-large on a general ticket. This district was organized from the at-large district.

Years Cong
ress
Seat A Seat B Counties in the District
Member District home Party Electoral history Member District home Party Electoral history
March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
13th  
James Schureman
New Brunswick Federalist [Data unknown/missing.]  
Richard Stockton
Princeton Federalist [Data unknown/missing.] Hunterdon, Middlesex, Monmouth, and Somerset Counties

The District was merged into the at-large district in 1815

1843–present: One seatEdit

District organized from the at-large district.

Member District home Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history Counties/Towns in the District
George Sykes Mount Holly Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th [Data unknown/missing.] Burlington, Mercer, and Monmouth
Samuel G. Wright Imlaystown Whig March 4, 1845 –
July 30, 1845
29th [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Burlington and Monmouth
Vacant July 30, 1845 –
November 4, 1845
George Sykes Mount Holly Democratic November 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
William A. Newell
Allentown Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
30th
31st
[Data unknown/missing.] Burlington, Mercer, and Monmouth
Charles Skelton Trenton Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1855
32nd
33rd
[Data unknown/missing.] Burlington, Mercer, Monmouth, and Ocean
 
George R. Robbins
Hamilton Square Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th
35th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
 
John L.N. Stratton
Mount Holly Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1863
36th
37th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
George Middleton
Allentown Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
William A. Newell
Allentown Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
39th [Data unknown/missing.]
Charles Haight [Data unknown/missing.] Democratic March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Samuel C. Forker
[Data unknown/missing.] Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Samuel A. Dobbins
Mount Holly Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1877
43rd
44th
[Data unknown/missing.] Atlantic, Burlington, Mercer, and Ocean
John H. Pugh [Data unknown/missing.] Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Hezekiah B. Smith
[Data unknown/missing.] Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
J. Hart Brewer
[Data unknown/missing.] Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
47th
48th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
James Buchanan
[Data unknown/missing.] Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1893
49th
50th
51st
52nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
John J. Gardner
[Data unknown/missing.] Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1913
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
1903–1913
Atlantic, Burlington, Cape May, and Cumberland
J. Thompson Baker [Data unknown/missing.] Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Isaac Bacharach [Data unknown/missing.] Republican March 4, 1915 –
January 3, 1937
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Atlantic, Cape May, and Cumberland
 
Elmer H. Wene
[Data unknown/missing.] Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th [Data unknown/missing.]
Walter S. Jeffries [Data unknown/missing.] Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
76th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Elmer H. Wene
[Data unknown/missing.] Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1945
77th
78th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
T. Millet Hand
[Data unknown/missing.] Republican January 3, 1945 –
December 26, 1956
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant December 26, 1956 –
November 5, 1957
 
Milton W. Glenn
[Data unknown/missing.] Republican November 5, 1957 –
January 3, 1965
85th
86th
87th
88th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Thomas C. McGrath Jr.
[Data unknown/missing.] Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
89th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Charles W. Sandman Jr.
[Data unknown/missing.] Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1975
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
[Data unknown/missing.] Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland, and Salem
[Data unknown/missing.]
Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland, Salem, and parts of Burlington and Ocean
 
William J. Hughes
Ocean City Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1995
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
1983–1985
Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland, Salem, and parts of Burlington and Ocean
1985–1993
Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland, Salem, and parts of Gloucester
1993–2003
Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland, Salem, and parts of Burlington and Gloucester
 
Frank LoBiondo
Ventnor Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2019
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
[Data unknown/missing.]
2003–2013
 
Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland, Salem, and parts of Burlington, Camden, and Gloucester
2013–present
Atlantic, Cape May, Cumberland, Salem, and parts of Burlington, Camden, Gloucester, and Ocean
 
Jeff Van Drew
Dennis Township Democratic January 3, 2019 –
present
116th [Data unknown/missing.]

Electoral historyEdit

New Jersey's 2nd congressional district: Results 1890–2018 [5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]
Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1844 George Sykes 7,573 51.9% William Irick 6,995 48.0%
1844 George Sykes 6,503 48.5% Samuel G. Wright 6,919 51.5%
1846 Thomas E. Combes 5,959 43.3% William A. Newell 7,531 54.7% (FNU) Ridson Native American Party 280 2.0%
1848 Stacy G. Potts 8,382 45.9% William A. Newell 9,877 54.1%
1852 Charles Skelton 10,229 52.2% William Brown 9,238 47.1% Daniel Busby Native American Party 134 0.7%
1854 Nathaniel S. Rue 7,769 42.4% George R. Robbins 10,539 57.6%
1856 James W. Wall 10,692 47.7% George R. Robbins 11,723 52.3%
1858 James W. Wall 8,767 43.3% John L. N. Stratton 11,471 56.7%
1860 Augustus Green 12,154 47.2% John L. N. Stratton 13,582 52.8%
1862 George Middleton 12,182 52.9% William Brown 10,864 47.1%
1864 George Middleton 13,091 48.4% William A. Newell 13,953 51.6%
1866 Charles Haight 13,825 50.6% William A. Newell 13,476 49.4%
1868 Charles Haight 16,309 51.3% James F. Rusling 15,494 48.7%
1870 Samuel C. Forker 15,899 50.7% William A. Newell 15,452 49.3%
1872 Samuel C. Forker 11,787 45.4% Samuel A. Dobbins 14,192 54.6%
1874 Andrew J. Smith 13,011 48.2% Samuel A. Dobbins 13,977 51.8%
1876 Hezekiah B. Smith 15,485 49.2% John Howard Pugh 16,015 50.8%
1878 Hezekiah B. Smith 14,610 50.6% John Howard Pugh 18,580 47.4% Charles E. Baker National Prohibition 568 2.0%
1880 Hezekiah B. Smith 16,536 46.6% J. Hart Brewer 18,580 52.4% Samuel A. Dobbins Greenback Party 342 1.0%
1882 Lewis Parker 14,535 47.8% J. Hart Brewer 15,604 51.3% Edward T. Howland Greenback Party 270 0.9%
1884 Franklin Gauntt 16,853 45.4% James Buchanan 19,144 51.5% Henry B. Howell National Prohibition 898 2.4% Samuel A. Dobbins Greenback Party 271 0.7%
1886 Elias S. Reed 15,065 42.6% James Buchanan 17,767 50.2% Leonard Brown National Prohibition 2,547 7.2%
1888 Chauncey H. Beasley 19,104 44.6% James Buchanan 22,407 52.4% Minot C. Morgan National Prohibition 1,292 3.0%
1890 Wilson D. Haven 16,352 46.6% James Buchanan 17,515 50.0% Leonard Brown National Prohibition 1,200 3.4%
1892 George D. Wetherill 20,592 45.9% John J. Gardner 22,716 50.6% F. French National Prohibition 1,348 3.0% D. Duroe People's Party 169 0.4
1894 Martin L. Haines 12,900 34.45% John J. Gardner 22,641 60.5% Jacob D. Joslin National Prohibition 1,278 3.4% William B. Ellis People's Party 630 1.7
1896 Abraham E. Conrow 13,969 29.3% John J. Gardner 31,418 66.0% R. Lowber Temple National Democratic 1,076 2.3% J. Bailie Adams National Prohibition 1,036 2.2% George Yardley Socialist Labor 115 0.2
1898 John F. Hall 17,367 40.5% John J. Gardner 24,035 56.1% Joseph J. Currie National Prohibition 1,294 3.0% John P. Weigel Socialist Labor 153 0.4
1900 Thomas J. Prickett 17,351 34.3% John J. Gardner 31,359 61.9% Harry S. Powell National Prohibition 1,419 2.8% J. Louis Pancoast Social Democratic 418 0.8% Emil F. Wegener Socialist Labor 75 0.1%
1902 Thomas A. Gash 9,465 29.6% John J. Gardner 19,966 62.5% Marion R. Owen National Prohibition 2,323 7.3% Daniel W. Davis Socialist Labor 199 0.6%
1904 Samuel E. Perry 13,035 34.2% John J. Gardner 26,296 59.7% Thomas H. Landon National Prohibition 1,406 4.0% Robert W. Buckley Socialist 254 2.1% Marion R. Owen People's Dem. 209 2.1%|
1906 Samuel E. Perry 8,921 28.6% John J. Gardner 19,637 63.0% William Riddle Labor & Lincoln 1,249 4.0% W. F. Tower National Prohibition 900 2.9% Morris Korshet Socialist 380 1.2% Marion R. Owen Home Rule 105 0.3%
1908 Edward Burd Grubb 20,506 44.8% John J. Gardner 23,906 52.2% James E. Steelman National Prohibition 1,012 2.2% John B. Leeds Socialist 347 0.8%
1910 George Hampton 16,915 38.2% John J. Gardner 22,861 51.6% William Riddle Independent Labor 3,508 7.9% John W. Hughes National Prohibition 738 1.7% George S. Rawcliffe Socialist 295 0.7%
1912 J. Thompson Baker 16,130 45.0% John J. Gardner 12,330 34.4% Francis D. Potter Progressive 7,384 20.6%
1914 J. Thompson Baker 14,352 35.2% Isaac Bacharach 21,448 52.6% William H. Bright Progressive Roosevelt 3,508 8.6% James Chapman National Prohibition 775 1.9% G. A. McKeon Socialist 673 1.7%
1916 William Myers 14,220 34.2% Isaac Bacharach 24,865 59.7% J. Ward Gamble National Prohibition 1,654 4.0% Abraham Warren Socialist 880 2.1%
1918 John T. French 8,610 28.2% Isaac Bacharach 20,744 67.9% Levi B. Sharp National Prohibition 1,206 3.9%
1920 William E. Jonah 21,511 29.5% Isaac Bacharach 51,006 70.0% George E. Strother Socialist 331 0.5%
1922 Charles S. Stevens 22,001 30.2% Isaac Bacharach 50,925 69.8%
1924 Charles S. Stevens 21,185 23.8% Isaac Bacharach 67,668 76.2%
1926 Frank Melville 12,775 19.4% Isaac Bacharach 53,174 80.6%
1928 George R. Greis 30,856 23.7% Isaac Bacharach 99,109 76.3%
1930 Hans Froelicher, Jr. 17,125 20.1% Isaac Bacharach 67,729 79.7% Florian Ambroseh Communist 155 0.2%
1932 Harry R. Coulomb 35,257 36.4% Isaac Bacharach 60,963 62.9% Albert H. Schreiber Socialist-Labor 413 0.4% Walter L. Yerkes Prohibition 292 0.3%
1934 Charles W. Ackley 48,743 49.3% Isaac Bacharach 49,824 50.4% Franklin L. Watkins Socialist-Labor 226 0.2%
1936 Elmer H. Wene 55,580 50.0% Isaac Bacharach 50,958 45.8% Ted Lenore Townsend Nonpartisan 3,241 2.9% U. G. Robinson Prop. Home Protection 1,206 1.1% Franklin L. Watkins Socialist 97 0.1% Frank A. Yacovelli Townsend Social Justice 86 0.1% Thomas F. Ogilvie End Poverty Const 18 <0.1%
1938 Elmer H. Wene 55,344 49.1% Walter S. Jeffries 57,090 50.1% Isaac Stalberg Roosevelt Liberal Independent 222 0.2% Margaret V. Moody National Prohibition 91 0.1% Anthon B. Ferretti Independent Peoples 47 <0.1% Frank B. Hubin Roosevelt Independent 23 <0.1%
1940 Elmer H. Wene 60,392 52.4% Walter S. Jeffries 54,897 47.6% Joseph B. Sharp Prohibition 35 <0.1%
1942 Elmer H. Wene 40,478 53.0% Benjamin D. Foulois 35,930 47.0%
1944 Edison Hedges 42,862 45.6% T. Millet Hand 51,194 54.4%
1946 Edward T. Keeley 26,740 32.9% T. Millet Hand 54,511 67.1%
1948 William E. Stringer 38,194 37.5% T. Millet Hand 62,804 61.7% Thomas F. Ogilvie Progressive 764 0.8%
1952 Charles Edward Rupp 46,174 36.6% T. Millet Hand 79,955 63.4%
1954 Clayton E. Burdick 37,541 36.4% T. Millet Hand 65,551 63.6% Morris Karp Socialist-Labor 56 0.1%
1956 Thomas C. Stewart 39,383 32.0% T. Millet Hand 83,433 67.8% Morris Karp Socialist-Labor 151 0.1%
1958 Joseph G. Hancock 50,558 46.1% Milton W. Glenn 58,621 53.4% Morris Karp Socialist-Labor 547 0.5%
1960 John A. Miller 59,520 43.2% Milton W. Glenn 77,894 56.5% Morris Karp Socialist-Labor 338 0.2%
1962 Paul R. Porreca 54,317 46.7% Milton W. Glenn 61,285 52.7% Elwin Baker Socialist Labor 625 0.5%
1964 Thomas C. McGrath, Jr. 73,264 50.8% Milton W. Glenn 70,997 49.2%
1966 Thomas C. McGrath, Jr. 65,494 46.9% Charles W. Sandman, Jr. 72,014 51.5% Albert Ronis Socialist Labor 1,259 0.9% Lindwood W. Erickson, Jr. Conservative 991 0.7%
1968 David Dichter 73,361 44.4% Charles W. Sandman, Jr. 91,218 55.3% Albert Ronis Socialist Labor 505 0.3%
1970 William J. Hughes 64,882 48.3% Charles W. Sandman, Jr. 69,392 51.7%
1972 John D. Rose 69,374 34.3% Charles W. Sandman, Jr. 133,096 65.7%
1974 William J. Hughes 109,763 57.3% Charles W. Sandman, Jr. 79,064 41.3% Andrew Wenger Independent 2,693 1.4%
1976 William J. Hughes 141,753 61.7% James R. Hurley 87,915 38.3%
1978 William J. Hughes 112,768 66.4% James H. Biggs 56,997 33.6%
1980 William J. Hughes 135,437 57.5% Beech N. Fox 97,072 41.2% Robert C. Rothhouse Libertarian 2,262 1.0% Adele Frisch Socialist Labor 939 0.4%
1982 William J. Hughes 102,826 68.0% John J. Mahoney 47,069 31.1% Bruce Powers Libertarian 1,233 0.8%
1984 William J. Hughes 132,841 63.2% Raymond G. Massie 77,231 36.8%
1986 William J. Hughes 83,821 68.3% Alfred J. Bennington, Jr. 35,167 28.6% Len Smith Pro Life, Anti-Abortion 3,812 3.1%
1988 William J. Hughes 134,505 65.7% Kirk W. Conover 67,759 33.1% Richard A. Schindewolf, Jr. Pro-Life Conservative 2,372 1.2%
1990 William J. Hughes 97,698 88.2% (no candidate) William A. Kanengiser Populist 13,120 11.8%
1992 William J. Hughes 132,465 55.9% Frank A. LoBiondo 98,315 41.5% Roger W. Bacon Libertarian 2,575 1.1% Joseph Ponczek Anti-Tax 2,067 0.9% Andrea Lippi Freedom, Equality, Prosperity 1,605 0.7%
1994 Louis N. Magazzu 56,151 35.4% Frank A. LoBiondo 102,566 64.6%
1996 Ruth Katz 83,890 38.0% Frank A. LoBiondo 133,131 60.3% David Rodger Headrick Independent 1,439 0.7% Judith Lee Azaren Independent 1,174 0.5% Andrea Lippi Independent 1,084 0.5%
1998 Derek Hunsberger 43,563 30.8% Frank A. LoBiondo 93,248 65.9% Glenn Campbell Independent 2,955 2.1% Mary A. Whittam Independent 1,748 1.2%
2000 Edward G. Janosik 74,632 31.9% Frank A. LoBiondo 155,187 66.4% Robert Gabrielsky Independent 3,252 1.4% Constantino Rozzo Independent 788 0.3%
2002 Steven A. Farkas 47,735 28.3% Frank A. LoBiondo 116,834 69.2% Roger Merle Green 1,739 1.0% Michael J. Matthews, Jr. Libertarian 1,720 1.0% Costantino Rozzo Socialist Party USA 771 0.5%
2004 Timothy J. Robb 86,792 32.7% Frank A. LoBiondo 172,779 65.1% Willie Norwood Jobs Equality Business 1,993 0.8% Michael J. Matthews, Jr. Libertarian 1,767 0.7% Jose David Alcantara Green 1,516 0.6% Costantino Rozzo Socialist Party USA 595 0.2%
2006 Viola Thomas-Hughes 64,277 35.6% Frank A. LoBiondo 111,245 61.6% Robert E. Mullock Preserve Green Space 3,071 1.7% Lynn Merle A New Direction 992 0.5% Thomas Fanslau We The People 603 0.3% Willie Norwood Socialist 385 0.2%
2008 David C. Kurkowski 110,990 39.1% Frank A. LoBiondo 167,701 59.1% Jason M. Grover Green 1,763 0.6% Peter Frank Boyce Constitution 1,551 0.5% Gary Stein Rock the Boat 1,312 0.5% Costantino Rozzo Socialist Party USA 648 0.2%
2010 Gary Stein 51,690 30.9% Frank A. LoBiondo 109,460 65.5% Peter Frank Boyce Constitution 4,120 2.5% Mark Lovett marklovett.us 1,123 0.7% Vitov Valdes-Munoz American Labor 727 0.4%
2012 Cassandra Shober 116,463 40.3% Frank A. LoBiondo 166,679 57.7% John Ordille Libertarian 2,699 0.9% Charles Lukens Constitutional Conservative 1,329 0.5% David W. Bowen, Sr. The People's Agenda 1,010 0.3% Frank Faralli, Jr. Conservative, Compassionate, Creative 892 0.3%
2014 Bill Hughes, Jr. 62,986 37.0% Frank A. LoBiondo 104,958 61.7% Alexander H. Spano Democratic-Republican Party (New) 637 0.4% Gary Stein (Various slogans) 575 0.3% Costantino Rozzo American Labor Party (New) 473 0.3% Bayode Olabisi Making Us Better 447 0.3%
2016 David Cole 110,838 37.2% Frank A. LoBiondo 176,338 59.2% John Ordille Libertarian Party 3,773 1.3% James Keenan Make Government Work 2,653 0.9% Steven Fenichel Representing the 99% 1,574 0.5% Eric Beechwood People's Independent Progressive 1,387 0.5% Gabriel Brian Franco For Political Revolution 1,232 0.4%
2018 Jeff Van Drew 125,755 52.3% Seth Grossman 110,491 45.9 John Ordille Libertarian Party 1,631 0.6% Steven Fenichel Time for Truth 1,046 0.4% Anthony Parisi Sanchez Cannot Be Bought 964 0.4% William R. Benfer Independent 816 0.4%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=34&cd=02
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed November 6, 2016.
  4. ^ a b Nir, David. "Daily Kos Elections' presidential results by congressional district for the 2016 and 2012 elections", Daily Kos, November 19, 2012. Accessed November 12, 2017.
  5. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2013-09-20.
  6. ^ 2012 Official General Election Results, House of Representatives, New Jersey Department of State, for 2012 results
  7. ^ Lundy, F. L.; Fitzgerald, Thomas F.; Gosson, Louis C.; Fitzgerald, Josephine A.; Dullard, John P.; Gribbins, J. Joseph (1907-01-01). Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, State of New Jersey. J.A. Fitzgerald.
  8. ^ Lundy, F. L.; Fitzgerald, Thomas F.; Gosson, Louis C.; Fitzgerald, Josephine A.; Dullard, John P.; Gribbins, J. Joseph (1905-01-01). Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey. J.A. Fitzgerald.
  9. ^ Fitzgerald, Thomas F. (1911-01-01). Fitzgerald's Legislative Manual, State of New Jersey. J.A. Fitzgerald.
  10. ^ Langland, James (1914-01-01). The Troy Record Almanac and Year-book. The Troy record Co.
  11. ^ Lundy, F. L.; Fitzgerald, Thomas F.; Gosson, Louis C.; Fitzgerald, Josephine A.; Dullard, John P.; Gribbins, J. Joseph (1915-01-01). Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey. J.A. Fitzgerald.
  12. ^ Lundy, F. L.; Fitzgerald, Thomas F.; Gosson, Louis C.; Fitzgerald, Josephine A.; Dullard, John P.; Gribbins, J. Joseph (1917-01-01). Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey. J.A. Fitzgerald.
  13. ^ Lundy, F. L.; Fitzgerald, Thomas F.; Gosson, Louis C.; Fitzgerald, Josephine A.; Dullard, John P.; Gribbins, J. Joseph (1919-01-01). Manual of the Legislature of New Jersey. J.A. Fitzgerald.
  14. ^ Greeley, Horace (1910-01-01). The Tribune Almanac and Political Register. The Tribune Association.
  15. ^ The Tribune Almanac and Political Register for ... Greeley & McElrath. 1903-01-01.