Vineland, New Jersey

Vineland is a city in Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city had a total population of 60,724,[10][11][12] reflecting an increase of 4,453 (+7.9%) from the 56,271 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,491 (+2.7%) from the 54,780 counted in the 1990 Census.[21] Vineland, Millville and Bridgeton are the three principal New Jersey cities of the Vineland–Millville–Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses those three cities and all of Cumberland County for statistical purposes and had a population of 156,898 as of the 2010 Census.[22]

Vineland, New Jersey
City of Vineland
Downtown Vineland
Downtown Vineland
Motto(s): 
"A Harvest of Opportunities in the Heart of the Northeast"
Location within Cumberland County
Location within Cumberland County
Vineland is located in Cumberland County, New Jersey
Vineland
Vineland
Location in Cumberland County
Vineland is located in New Jersey
Vineland
Vineland
Location in New Jersey
Vineland is located in the United States
Vineland
Vineland
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°27′54″N 74°59′50″W / 39.465007°N 74.997115°W / 39.465007; -74.997115Coordinates: 39°27′54″N 74°59′50″W / 39.465007°N 74.997115°W / 39.465007; -74.997115[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
CountyCumberland
IncorporatedFebruary 5, 1952[3]
Government
 • TypeFaulkner Act Mayor-Council
 • BodyCity Council
 • MayorAnthony Fanucci (term ends December 31, 2020)[4][5]
 • AdministratorRobert E. Dickenson Jr.[6]
 • Municipal clerkKeith Petrosky[7]
Area
 • Total68.99 sq mi (178.68 km2)
 • Land68.39 sq mi (177.14 km2)
 • Water0.60 sq mi (1.54 km2)  0.86%
Area rank16th of 565 in state
2nd of 14 in county[1]
Elevation98 ft (30 m)
Population
 • Total60,724
 • Estimate 
(2019)[13]
59,439
 • Rank24th of 566 in state
1st of 14 in county[14]
 • Density887.5/sq mi (342.7/km2)
 • Density rank398th of 566 in state
2nd of 14 in county[14]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
08360-08362[15][16]
Area code(s)856[17]
FIPS code3401176070[1][18][19]
GNIS feature ID0885428[1][20]
Websitewww.vinelandcity.org

Vineland was formed on July 1, 1952, through the merger of Landis Township and Vineland Borough, based on the results of a referendum held on February 5, 1952.[3][23][24] Festivities on July 1, 1952, when the merger took effect, included a parade and speeches from such notables as Senator Estes Kefauver.[25] The name is derived from the plans of its founder to use the land to grow grapes.[26][27]

HistoryEdit

Charles K. Landis purchased 30,000 acres (121 km2) of land in 1861 and another 23,000 acres (93 km2) in 1874, near Millville, New Jersey, and along the West Jersey railroad line with service between Camden and Cape May, to create his own alcohol-free utopian society based on agriculture and progressive thinking. The first houses were built in 1862, and train service was established to Philadelphia and New York City, with the population reaching 5,500 by 1865 and 11,000 by 1875.[28][29]

Established as a temperance town, where the sale of alcohol was prohibited, Landis required that purchasers of land in Vineland build a house on the purchased property within a year of purchase, that 2 12 acres (10,000 m2) of the often heavily wooded land be cleared and farmed each year, and that adequate space be placed between houses and roads to allow for planting of flowers and shade trees along the routes through town. Landis Avenue was constructed as a 100-foot (30 m) wide and about 1-mile (2 km) long road running east–west through the center of the community, with other, narrower roads connecting at right angles to each other.[30]

After determining that the Vineland soil was well-suited for growing grapes (hence the name), Landis started advertising to attract Italian grape growers to Vineland, offering 20 acres (81,000 m2) of land that had to be cleared and used to grow grapes. Thomas Bramwell Welch founded Welch's Grape Juice, and purchased the locally grown grapes to make "unfermented wine" (or grape juice).[30] The fertile ground also attracted the glass-making industry and was home to the Progresso soup company. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, most of the city was involved in the poultry industry, which led to the city being dubbed "The Egg Basket of America."[31]

Vineland Poultry Laboratories (operations were closed by Lohmann Animal Health in 2007) was started by Arthur Goldhaft. Dr. Goldhaft is credited with putting "a chicken in every pot" after developing the fowl pox chicken vaccine that saved millions of chickens from death. Dr. Goldhaft's work at Vineland Poultry Laboratories in Vineland helped protect the world's chicken supply from the fowl pox disease.[32]

 
Bird's-eye view in 1885

Vineland had New Jersey's first school for the intellectually disabled, the Vineland Developmental Center, which now has an east and west campus. These institutions housed mentally handicapped women in fully staffed cottages. Henry H. Goddard, an American psychologist, coined the term "Moron" while directing the Research Laboratory at the Training School for Backward and Feeble-minded Children in Vineland. This facility was so sufficiently well known that one American Prison Association pamphlet in 1955 heralded Vineland as "famous for its contributions to our knowledge of the feebleminded".[33]

The city of Vineland celebrated its 150th birthday in 2011. Mayor Robert Romano initially ordered a custom cake from Buddy Valastro of Carlo's Bake Shop in Hoboken; the business is featured in the TLC reality television series Cake Boss. After outcry from local business owners, the order was canceled and five Vineland bakeries were commissioned to create elaborate cakes for the event.[34]

Since the 1970s, the city has had an annual dandelion festival. Brought to the area by early Italian immigrants, the plant is grown as a crop by farms in Vineland.[35]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 68.99 square miles (178.68 km2), including 68.39 square miles (177.14 km2) of land and 0.60 square miles (1.54 km2) of water (0.86%).[1][2] Of all the municipalities in New Jersey to hold the type of City, Vineland is the largest in total area. (Hamilton Township in Atlantic County is the largest municipality in New Jersey in terms of land area. Galloway Township, also in Atlantic County, is the largest municipality in total area, including open water within its borders.)[36]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include Clayville, Hances Bridge, Leamings Mill, Menantico, North Vineland, Parvins Branch, South Vineland, Willow Grove and Pleasantville.[37] That last community (adjacent to Newfield Boro) is not to be confused with the City of Pleasantville in Atlantic County.

Vineland borders the municipalities of Deerfield Township, Millville, and Maurice River Township in Cumberland County; Buena and Buena Vista Township in Atlantic County; Franklin Township and Newfield Boro in Gloucester County; and Pittsgrove Township in Salem County.[38][39][40] The city is approximately 38 miles (61 km) from the Atlantic Ocean.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18707,077
18806,005−15.1%
18907,67727.8%
19009,09118.4%
191011,71728.9%
192016,83443.7%
193021,60328.3%
194024,43913.1%
195029,57321.0%
196037,68527.4%
197047,39925.8%
198053,75313.4%
199054,7801.9%
200056,2712.7%
201060,7247.9%
Est. 201959,439[13][41][42]−2.1%
Population sources: 1870-2010[43][44]
1870-1920[45] 1870[46][47] 1880-1890[48]
1890-1910[49] 1910-1930[50]
1930-1990[51] 2000[52][53] 2010[10][11][12]

Vineland has a Ukrainian community[54] and is home to the Ukrainian Evangelical Baptist Church[55] among several other Ukrainian churches.

2010 CensusEdit

The 2010 United States Census counted 60,724 people, 21,450 households, and 15,229.500 families in the city. The population density was 887.5 per square mile (342.7/km2). There were 22,661 housing units at an average density of 331.2 per square mile (127.9/km2). The racial makeup was 67.03% (40,703) White, 14.16% (8,600) Black or African American, 0.67% (406) Native American, 1.71% (1,036) Asian, 0.04% (24) Pacific Islander, 12.91% (7,841) from other races, and 3.48% (2,114) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 38.03% (23,093) of the population.[10]

Of the 21,450 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18; 46.2% were married couples living together; 18.2% had a female householder with no husband present and 29.0% were non-families. Of all households, 23.3% were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.23.[10]

24.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.7 years. For every 100 females, the population had 92.4 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 88.1 males.[10]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $54,024 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,798) and the median family income was $64,185 (+/- $2,216). Males had a median income of $48,974 (+/- $1,402) versus $35,513 (+/- $2,565) for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,512 (+/- $895). About 11.0% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.0% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.[56]

2000 CensusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census[18] there were 56,271 people, 19,930 households, and 14,210 families residing in the city. The population density was 819.2 people per square mile (316.3/km2). There were 20,958 housing units at an average density of 305.1 per square mile (117.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.47% White, 13.62% African American, 0.54% Native American, 1.16% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 14.01% from other races, and 3.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 30.00% of the population.[52][53]

There were 19,939 households, out of which 80.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.7% were non-families. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.17.[52][53]

In the city the population was spread out, with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.[52][53]

The median income for a household in the city was $40,076, and the median income for a family was $47,909. Males had a median income of $35,195 versus $25,518 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,797. About 9.8% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.3% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.[52][53]

EconomyEdit

 
The marquee of the Landis Theater

Portions of the city are part of a joint Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ) with Millville, one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. Millville was selected in 1983 as one of the initial group of 10 zones chosen to participate in the program.[57] In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the ​6 58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[58] Established in October 1988, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in December 2023.[59]

The main street in Vineland is Landis Avenue. The traditional downtown area is located several blocks east and west of the intersection of Landis Avenue and the Boulevard. The Boulevard is a pair of roads that flank the main north–south railroad, which connected Vineland with Cape May to the south and Camden/Philadelphia to the north. After many years of decline there has been much recent activity to restore the vitality of "The Avenue" and the center city area. New construction includes a new transportation center, courthouse, post office, elementary school / community center and sidewalk upgrades. In 2005, Vineland was designated a Main Street Community and, through the work of this group, money has been earmarked to continue this improvement through property and facade improvements, business retention and marketing.[60]

GovernmentEdit

Local governmentEdit

The City of Vineland is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council (Plan A), implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of July 1, 1952, months after the city's formation.[61] The city is one of 71 municipalities (of the 565) statewide that use this form of government.[62] The governing body is comprised of the Mayr and the five-member City Council. The mayor serves as the city's chief executive, while the City Council is its legislative branch. The mayor and council are elected concurrently to serve four-year terms of office in non-partisan elections held in leap years as part of the November general election.[8][4] An ordinance passed by the council in 2011 shifted elections from May to November, effectively extending the term of those members serving at the time by six months.[63]

As of 2020, the Mayor of Vineland is Anthony Fanucci whose term of office ends on December 31, 2020, along with those of all members of the City Council.[64] Members of the Vineland City Council are Council President Paul F. Spinelli, Council Vice President David Acosta, Elizabeth Arthur (elected to serve an unexpired term), Ronald John Franceschini Jr. and Albert Vargas.[4][65][66][67]

In November 2019, the City Council appointed Elizabeth Arthur to fill the seat vacated by Angela Calakos following her resignation after announcing that she was moving out of the city. Arthur served on an interim basis until the November 2019 general election, when she was elected to serve the balance of the term office.[68]

In January 2013, Ruben Bermudez took office as the city's first Hispanic mayor.[69]

Federal, state and county representationEdit

Vineland is located in the 2nd Congressional District[70] and is part of New Jersey's 1st state legislative district.[11][71][72]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Jeff Van Drew (R, Dennis Township).[73] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[74] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[75][76]

For the 2020–2021 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 1st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Mike Testa (R, Vineland) and in the General Assembly by Antwan McClellan (R, Ocean City) and Erik K. Simonsen (R, Lower Township).[77][78]

Cumberland County is governed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large in partisan elections to serve staggered three-year terms in office, with either two or three seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as Freeholder Director and another as Deputy Director.[79] As of 2018, Cumberland County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Joseph Derella Jr. (D, Millville, term as freeholder and as freeholder director ends December 31, 2018),[80] Deputy Freeholder Director Darlene R. Barber (D, Upper Deerfield Township, term as freeholder ends 2019, term as deputy freeholder director ends 2018),[81] George Castellini (D, Vineland, 2020),[82] Carol Musso (D, Deerfield Township, 2020),[83] James F. Quinn (D, Millville, 2018),[84] Joseph V. Sparacio (R, Deerfield Township, 2019)[85] and Jack Surrency (D, Bridgeton 2020).[86][87][88][89] The county's constitutional officers are Clerk Celeste Riley (D, Bridgeton, 2019),[90][91] Sheriff Robert A. Austino (D, Vineland, 2020)[92][93] and Surrogate Douglas M. Rainear (D, Upper Deerfield Township, 2018).[94][95][88]

PoliticsEdit

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 37,583 registered voters in Vineland, of which 10,388 (27.6%) were registered as Democrats, 6,109 (16.3%) were registered as Republicans and 21,059 (56.0%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 27 voters registered to other parties.[96]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 64.9% of the vote (15,299 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 34.2% (8,074 votes), and other candidates with 0.9% (218 votes), among the 23,880 ballots cast by the city's 39,605 registered voters (289 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 60.3%.[97][98] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 62.6% of the vote (15,743 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain, who received 35.2% (8,862 votes), with 25,144 ballots cast among the city's 39,098 registered voters, for a turnout of 64.3%.[99] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 53.8% of the vote (12,506 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush, who received around 43.6% (10,131 votes), with 23,253 ballots cast among the city's 35,943 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 64.7.[100]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 55.5% of the vote (7,171 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 42.8% (5,527 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (221 votes), among the 13,243 ballots cast by the city's 37,789 registered voters (324 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 35.0%.[101][102] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 52.2% of the vote (7,457 ballots cast), ahead of both Republican Chris Christie with 40.1% (5,725 votes) and Independent Chris Daggett with 4.8% (681 votes), with 14,289 ballots cast among the city's 37,092 registered voters, yielding a 38.5% turnout.[103]

EducationEdit

The Vineland Public Schools serves students in public school for pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade.[104] The district is one of 31 former Abbott districts statewide,[105] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[106][107] As of the 2017–18 school year, the district, comprised of 14 schools, had an enrollment of 10,720 students and 772.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.9:1.[108] Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[109]) are Casimer M. Dallago Jr. Preschool Center / IMPACT[110] (300 students; in PreK), Dane Barse Elementary School[111] (340; K-5), Solve D'Ippolito Elementary School[112] (634; K-5), Marie Durand School[113] (506; K-5), Edward Johnstone School[114] (443; K-5), Dr. William Mennies Elementary School[115] (607; K-5), Pauline J. Petway Elementary School[116] (550; K-5), Anthony Rossi Elementary School[117] (603; K-5), Gloria M. Sabater Elementary School[118] (757; K-5), Dr. John H. Winslow Elementary School[119] (476; K-5), Sgt. Dominick Pilla Middle School[120] (NA; 6-8), Veterans Memorial Middle School[121] (812; 6-8) Thomas W. Wallace Jr. Middle School[122] (808; 6-8), Vineland High School[123] (2,554; 9-12) and Cunningham Academy for students with "personal or academic challenges that prevent them from reaching their full potential"[124] (NA; 7-12).[125]

Students are also eligible to attend Cumberland County Technology Education Center in Vineland, serving students from the entire county in its full-time technical training programs, which are offered without charge to students who are county residents.[126] The school relocated starting in the 2016–17 school year to a 200,000 square feet (19,000 m2) campus in Vineland constructed at a cost of $70 million and located next to Cumberland County College. The school initiated a new full-time high school program that included 240 students who will be part of the initial graduating class of 2020.[127]

Cumberland Christian School is a private coeducational day school located in Vineland, serving students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. The school, founded in 1946, has a total enrollment of over 1,000 students.[128]

The city is home to two Catholic elementary schools, Bishop Schad Regional School (combining St. Francis and Sacred Heart Schools)[129] and St. Mary Regional School[130] Both schools operate under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden.[131] Sacred Heart High School served grades 9-12 from 1927 until its closure by the Camden Diocese in June 2013 due to declining enrollment.[132]

The Ellison School is a private, nonsectarian coeducational day school located on South Spring Road in Vineland. The school, with an enrollment of about 120 students in pre-K through 8th grade, is known for rigorous academics and a small (6:1) student/teacher ratio. The school was founded in 1959 and moved to its current site in 1968.[133]

Points of interestEdit

  • The Delsea Drive-In, located on Route 47 (Delsea Drive) north of County Route 552, is the only remaining drive-in theater in the state of New Jersey, the state in which they were first created in 1932.[134][135][136]
  • The Palace of Depression was built by the mustachioed eccentric George Daynor, a former Alaska gold miner who lost his fortune in the Wall Street Crash of 1929; the house was known as "The Strangest House in the World" or the "Home of Junk", and was built as a testament of willpower against the effects of the Great Depression.[137] As of March 2018, a full restoration, undertaken by The Palace of Depression Restoration Association, is ongoing.[138]
  • The Landis MarketPlace opened in 2011 as a two-level indoor public market[139] and would go on to include several vendors on the upper level. In July 2015, the Amish vendors on the lower level departed and the market was purchased by the city the following month.[140] As of 2016, Spataro's Pizza was the sole remaining tenant.[141]
  • The Vineland Historical and Antiquarian Society, a museum and research library that has been in operation since 1910 and holds a large collection exhibiting the city's history.[142]
  • In 2009, as much as $25 million in grants from the Economic Stimulus Act of 2008 were allocated to help with the cleanup of the Vineland Chemical Company site. The company's owners had paid $3 million towards the cleanup of soil and water at the site polluted with arsenic and other toxic materials, though the United States Environmental Protection Agency has spent more than $120 million to remediate the Superfund site.[143]

MediaEdit

Clear Communications owns two locally licensed radio stations; WVLT (92.1) and WMIZ (1270), with WPOV-LP (107.7) owned by the local branch of Calvary Chapel. Vineland is also the city of license for WUVP-DT (channel 65), Philadelphia's Univision station, which has studios in Franklin Township and their news operation and transmitter based in Philadelphia proper.

TransportationEdit

Roads and highwaysEdit

 
Route 55 southbound in Vineland

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 335.15 miles (539.37 km) of roadways, of which 234.73 miles (377.76 km) were maintained by the municipality, 80.54 miles (129.62 km) by Cumberland County and 19.88 miles (31.99 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 2.79 miles (4.49 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[144]

Route 47 (Delsea Drive) runs almost 9.5 miles (15.3 km) north-south in the western quarter of the city, connecting Millville in the south to Franklin Township in Gloucester County at the city's northern tip.[145] Route 55 enters the city from Millville for 1.4 miles (2.3 km), heads back into Millville and re-enters Vineland, running along the western border for 8.8 miles (14.2 km) and heads north into Pittsgrove Township in Salem County.[146] Route 56 (Landis Avenue) heads across the city from Pittsgrove Township to its eastern terminus at Route 47.[147]

County Route 540 (Almond Road / Park Avenue / Landis Avenue) enters from the west in Pittsgrove Township and continues for 8 miles (13 km) to Buena Vista Township in Atlantic County, on the city's eastern border.[148] County Route 552 (Sherman Avenue / Mays Landing Road) enters from Deerfield Township in the city's southwest corner and continues for 10.8 miles (17.4 km) into Maurice River Township.[149] County Route 555 (South Main Road / North Main Road) enters from Millville extending for 8 miles (13 km) into Franklin Township.[150]

Public transportationEdit

NJ Transit provides bus transportation on the 313 route between Cape May and Philadelphia, on the 408 route between Millville and Philadelphia and on the 553 route between Upper Deerfield Township and Atlantic City.[151][152]

Two general aviation airports are located nearby. Vineland-Downstown Airport is located 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of the central business district[153] and Kroelinger Airport, 3 miles (4.8 km) north.[154]

Notable peopleEdit

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Vineland include:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 120. Accessed February 7, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c City Council Members, City of Vineland. Accessed November 2, 2019.
  5. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  6. ^ [1], City of Vineland. Accessed November 2, 2019.
  7. ^ Municipal Clerk, City of Vineland. Accessed November 2, 2019.
  8. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 8.
  9. ^ "City of Vineland". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Vineland city, Cumberland County, New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed February 8, 2012.
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  12. ^ a b c Table DP-1. Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Vineland city Archived August 1, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed February 8, 2012.
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  14. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey Archived February 12, 2020, at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 24, 2012.
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  16. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  17. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Vineland, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  18. ^ a b U.S. Census website , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Geographic codes for New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 1, 2019.
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  21. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012.
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  23. ^ "Merger Campaign Arouses Vineland; 'Hole' in Jersey 'Doughnut' Fights for Civic Status in February 5 Referendum Merger Defeated in 1929 Wide Interest Noted", The New York Times, November 25, 1951. p. 58
  24. ^ Staff. "New City Set in Jersey; 2 Communities Vote to Merge as Vineland on July 1", The New York Times, February 6, 1952. Accessed February 8, 2012. "Citizens of Landis Township and Vineland Borough voted by a large majority in a special election today to join forces and become one city -- Vineland -- on July 1."
  25. ^ Staff. "Big City Born in Jersey; Vineland Borough and Landis Township Plan Fete Tonight", The New York Times, July 1, 1952. Accessed February 8, 2012.
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  30. ^ a b The Founding of Vineland and Its Growth as an Agricultural Center, West Jersey and South Jersey Heritage. Accessed August 28, 2007.
  31. ^ Spahr, Rob. "Vineland celebrates its 150th anniversary with parade, fireworks and cake", The Press of Atlantic City, August 8, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012. "On Sunday, the city wrapped up a weekend-long celebration of the 150th anniversary of Landis' land acquisition, with carnival rides, a parade, fireworks, commemorative shot glasses, and, of course, birthday cake."
  32. ^ Our People of the Century - Arthur Goldhaft: Pioneering Vet Put "a chicken in every pot", Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed November 2, 2019.
  33. ^ Jacobs, Frank. "293 - Come Visit New Jersey... You'll Never Leave", Bigthink.com. Accessed June 26, 2017. "Here Vineland – famous for its contributions to our knowledge of the feebleminded. Another arrow elucidates: Here the Vineland Training School and Vineland State School."
  34. ^ Dineen, Caitlin. "Vineland's bakeries enjoyed participating in 150th birthday celebration following "Cake Boss" controversy", The Press of Atlantic City, August 9, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012. "Vineland Mayor Robert Romano said when he first called "The Cake Boss" — Buddy Valastro of TLC network fame — to make a cake for Vineland's 150th birthday celebration it was nothing personal against local bakers, it was simply a chance for free publicity."
  35. ^ Roncace, Kelly. "Dandelions for dinner? Vineland to host 40th annual event", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, April 3, 2013, updated March 30, 2019. Accessed February 5, 2020. "For the past 40 years, Vineland has celebrated the dandelion — yes, that little yellow flower most people yank out of the flower bed and toss aside — with a festive dinner party.... 'Vineland is famous for dandelions because it was a huge crop here, planted by Italian immigrants who established homes here,' Hunter said. 'We still have several local farms here who grow dandelions.'"
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  104. ^ Vineland Board of Education Bylaws: 0110 - Identification, Vineland Public Schools. Accessed February 3, 2020. Purpose: The Board of Education exists for the purpose of providing a thorough and efficient system of free public education in grades Pre-Kindergarten through twelve in the Vineland School District. Composition: The Vineland School District is comprised of all the area within the municipal boundaries of Vineland."
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  125. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Vineland Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  126. ^ Admissions, Cumberland County Technology Education Center. Accessed October 30, 2019. "We specialize in technical education to offer students a chance to explore various careers and assist them in developing the skills they need to be successful. We are a full-time high school in a state of the art facility designed to maximize learning and hands on skills."
  127. ^ Woods, Don E. "Tour Cumberland County tech school's new $70M campus", NJ.com, August 16, 2016. Accessed October 15, 2017. "Vineland -- Seventeen months and approximately $70 million went into the construction of Cumberland County Technical Education Center's new, state-of-the-art campus in time for the incoming class of 2020. Starting this year, CCTEC will be a four-year, full-time high school and its inaugural class -- 241 students -- will be entering the hallways on Sept. 12. The Cumberland County Improvement Authority handled the construction of the 200,000-square-foot school."
  128. ^ History, Cumberland Christian School. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  129. ^ Home Page, Bishop Schad Regional School. Accessed October 20, 2016.
  130. ^ Home Page, Saint Mary School. Accessed October 20, 2016.
  131. ^ Catholic Schools Directory, Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden. Accessed October 20, 2016.
  132. ^ Woods, Don E. "Sacred Heart students in Vineland mourn the closing of their Catholic high school", NJ.com, April 12, 2013. Accessed October 20, 2016. "The Board of Limited Jurisdiction, the governing body of the school, which opened in 1927, broke the word to students and staff on Thursday night that the Diocese of Camden had decided to close Sacred Heart citing declining enrollment."
  133. ^ School History Archived August 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Ellison School, Accessed August 27, 2011.
  134. ^ About Us, Delsea Drive-In. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  135. ^ Genovese, Peter. "Vineland drive-in movie theater a ticket to the past", The Star-Ledger, August 31, 2011. Accessed July 26, 2012. "When the Route 35 Drive-In in Hazlet closed in 1991, New Jersey, the birthplace of the drive-in, was left without a drive-in theater. It stayed that way until 2004, when DeLeonardis purchased and re-opened the Delsea Drive-in, which had closed in 1987."
  136. ^ Howard, Jen. "The Delsea Drive-in keeps a vintage summer tradition alive", WHYY newsworks, July 15, 2011. Accessed August 27, 2011. "Delonardis feels his drive-in must be the best, partly because it's the only one in New Jersey--the birthplace of the drive-in. In 1933, the first one opened on Admiral Wilson Boulevard in Pennsauken."
  137. ^ "Palace of Depression, Vineland, New Jersey". RoadsideAmerica.com. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  138. ^ Metz, Holly; Kirchner, Kristian (March 1, 2018). "George Daynor, Palace [of] Depression". SPACES. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  139. ^ Barlas, Thomas. "Landis MarketPlace in Vineland welcomes first customers", The Press of Atlantic City, May 5, 2011. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  140. ^ Woods, Don E. (August 14, 2015). "Landis MarketPlace now under Vineland ownership after Amish departure". NJ.com. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  141. ^ DeRosier, John (February 29, 2016). "Pizzeria owner the last man standing at Landis MarketPlace". Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved September 15, 2018.
  142. ^ Vineland Historical & Antiquarian Society, VisitNJ.com. Accessed June 26, 2017.
  143. ^ Broder, John M. "Without Superfund Tax, Stimulus Aids Cleanups", The New York Times, April 25, 2009. Accessed August 27, 2011. "Vineland's former owners, now deceased, paid $3 million toward a cleanup that began a decade ago and has already cost more than $120 million. The site will get $10 million to $25 million in stimulus money to speed a continuing project to purge arsenic and other chemicals from soil and water on the site's 54 acres."
  144. ^ Cumberland County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  145. ^ Route 47 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, March 2008. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  146. ^ Route 55 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 2009. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  147. ^ Route 56 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, February 2009. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  148. ^ County Route 540 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, October 2006. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  149. ^ County Route 552 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, October 2006. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  150. ^ County Route 555 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, October 2006. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  151. ^ Buses Archived June 25, 2018, at the Wayback Machine, Cross County Connection. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  152. ^ Transportation Plan Cumberland County, NJ, Cumberland County Planning Board, March 2013. Accessed October 31, 2019.
  153. ^ Vineland-Downstown Airport (28N), New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  154. ^ Kroelinger Airport (29N), New Jersey Department of Transportation. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  155. ^ Schurman, Mike; and Gonzales, Patrisia. "The Downfall Of A Drug Kingdom In A.C.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 11, 1989. Accessed October 18, 2015. "Like an imperial highness, Hakeem Abdul Shaheed was prone to wearing a St. Edward's crown, a bejeweled, gold crown around a red cushion that is a symbol of the British monarchy. And from his ranch home in Vineland, Shaheed, a.k.a. Robert 'Midget' Molley, ruled quite a kingdom - a drug kingdom that law enforcement authorities say spanned the clapboard housing neighborhoods of Mays Landing to the crumbling Atlantic City housing projects."
  156. ^ Assembly Member Nelson Albano profile, Project Vote Smart. Accessed August 8, 2007.
  157. ^ Senator Nicholas Asselta, New Jersey Legislature, backed up by the Internet Archive as of December 18, 2007. Accessed February 8, 2012.
  158. ^ Garraty, John Arthur; and Carnes, Mark Christopher. "Austin, Johnny", p. 762, American National Biography. Oxford University Press, 1999. ISBN 9780195127805. Accessed November 10, 2013. "Austin, Johnny (23 Dec. 1910-14 Feb. 1983), musician, was born John A. Augustine in Vineland, New Jersey, the son of Samuel Augustine and Henrietta Labriola, occupations unknown."
  159. ^ Nelson, Valerie J. "Herman Bank dies at 96; engineer designed collapsible surfboard; While working as a JPL 'rocket boy,' Herman Bank invented 'the suitcase surfboard' for easier transport. He also helped develop medical technology.", Los Angeles Times, November 12, 2012. Accessed November 10, 2013. "He was born Oct. 26, 1916, in Vineland, N.J., to Max and Sophie Bank, Russian Jewish immigrants who later moved to Los Angeles and ran a small market in Hollywood."
  160. ^ Adm. Beakley Dies; Led Pacific Fleet", The New York Times, January 18, 1975. Accessed April 26, 2020. "He was born in Vineland N. J. At the United States Naval Academy, from which he graduated in 1924, he starred on the lacrosse and soccer teams."
  161. ^ Jackson, Vincent. "Vineland's Obie Bermudez A Winner At Latin Grammys", The Press of Atlantic City, November 5, 2005. Accessed October 18, 2015. "Latin pop singer Obie Bermudez, a 1995 Vineland High School graduate, won his first Latin Grammy Award Thursday in the category of Best Male Pop Album, beating out Marc Anthony and three other vocalists."
  162. ^ Staff. "Tribute to Judge Stanley S. Brotman", Seton Hall Law Review, 1990-1991. Accessed October 18, 2015. "Born in Vineland, New Jersey on July 27, 1974, Judge Brotman first answered his country's call to service during the Second World War."
  163. ^ Martin, Douglas. "Robert Butler, Aging Expert, Is Dead at 83", The New York Times, July 7, 2010. Accessed October 18, 2015. "Dr. Butler's mission emerged from his childhood, he wrote in his book. His parents had scarcely named him Robert Neil Butler before splitting up 11 months after his birth on Jan. 21, 1927, in Manhattan. He went to live with his maternal grandparents on a chicken farm in Vineland, N.J."
  164. ^ Weinberg, David. "Carbonara Making Waves On Defense", The Press of Atlantic City, May 11, 2001. Accessed February 8, 2012. "Vineland native Glenn Carbonara is one victory away from adding another championship to his professional soccer resume."
  165. ^ Staff. "Rev. Thomas Chisholm, 93, Dies; Wrote 1,200 Protestant Hymns", The New York Times, March 2, 1960. Accessed August 8, 2012. "Ocean Grove, N.J., March 1-The Rev. Thomas O. Chisholm, author of 1,200 Protestant hymns and devotional verse, died tonight at the Methodist Home here.... In 1916, Mr. Chisholm moved to Vineland, where he went into the insurance business."
  166. ^ McGurk, Tom."Jamil Demby works out for two NFL teams in Vineland", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), April 4, 2018. Accessed May 27, 2018. "The National Football League came to Vineland on Wednesday. Later this month, a city native son hopes to go to the NFL. Jamil Demby, a star offensive lineman at Vineland High School and the University of Maine, worked out for coaches and scouts from the Atlanta Falcons and San Francisco 49ers at the Joseph E. Romano Sports Complex."
  167. ^ Dick Errickson, Society for American Baseball Research. Accessed October 25, 2018. "Born: 3 / 5 / 1912 at Vineland, NJ (USA) Died: 11 / 28 / 1999 at Vineland, NJ (USA)"
  168. ^ Assemblyman Samuel L. Fiocchi, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed October 18, 2015.
  169. ^ Coppola, Anthony. "Vineland's Darren Ford joins MLB's San Francisco Giants" Archived February 4, 2013, at Archive.today, The Daily Journal (New Jersey), September 2, 2010. Accessed August 15, 2011. "Darren Ford received some Giant news late Tuesday evening. The 2004 Vineland High School graduate was promoted to the Major League Baseball club in San Francisco, ending his current stint with the Double-A Richmond Flying Squirrels."
  170. ^ Darren Ford, Major League Baseball. Accessed August 15, 2011.
  171. ^ http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=fordte01 Ted Ford], Baseball Almanac. Accessed October 25, 2018. "Ted Ford was born on Friday, February 7, 1947, in Vineland, New Jersey."
  172. ^ DiStefano, Joseph N. "The Long and Shorti of It" Archived September 19, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, SJU Magazine, Summer 2012. Accessed October 8, 2015. "Wawa President Chris Gheysens '05 (M.B.A.) wakes up and smells the coffee every day, whether he's rallying management and store associates, sifting new-product sales and cost analytics, or pairing breakfast with a fresh-brewed cup.... Gheysens, a native of Vineland, N.J., whose father ran a chain of car washes, was taught compatible ideals in his own Catholic schooling — he graduated from St. Augustine Prep and Villanova University."
  173. ^ Staff. "Veneerable Institutions Help Define Vineland", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), May 23, 2006. Accessed November 10, 2013. ""he building housed the famous Dr. Henry H. Goddard, a highly esteemed psychologist and one of the original directors. He was the first American academic to translate the Binet IQ test from French into English in the early 1900s."
  174. ^ Staff. "The News of New Jersey: The Strange and Weird Funeral of Atheist Jeremiah Hacker", Daily True American, September 2, 1895. Accessed January 20, 2011.
  175. ^ Marquard, Bryan. "Alan Kotok; he tred vanguard of computers with brilliance, wit", Boston Globe, June 6, 2006, accessed April 25, 2007. "Born in Philadelphia, Mr. Kotok was an only child and grew up in Vineland, N.J., where his father owned a hardware store."
  176. ^ Friedman, Josh. "Vineland grad named Indianapolis Colts' receivers coach", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), February 9, 2016. Accessed October 25, 2018. "Toward the end of their conversation, Chudzinski asked Hull, a 1984 Vineland High School graduate, if he’d have any interest in Indy’s vacant wide receivers coaching job."
  177. ^ Staff. "2015 Election: 1st Legislative District Democrats", The Daily Journal (New Jersey), October 28, 2015. Accessed August 18, 2016. "Land, a Vineland resident, is a Millville native who picked up decorations for valor as a sergeant with the 101st Airborne Division in the Vietnam War."
  178. ^ Schierenback, Jack. "Lost and Found; The Incredible Life and Times of (Miss) Layle Lane", American Educator, Vol 24, No 4, Winter 2000-2001. Accessed October 25, 2018. "What we do know is that a few years later Rev. Lane picked up the family and moved to Vineland, N.J. At Vineland High School, 13-year-old Layle had her first taste of integration. A good student, she was the school's first black graduate."
  179. ^ Our People of the Century - Miles Lerman: A Holocaust Survivor Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed August 27, 2011. "Miles Lerman, a Vineland businessman, traveled throughout the U.S. and Europe, collecting artifacts and money to build the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C."
  180. ^ Martin, Douglas. "Matthew Lipman, Philosopher and Educator, Dies at 87", The New York Times, January 14, 2011. Accessed October 25, 2018. "Matthew Lipman was born on Aug. 24, 1923, in Vineland, N.J."
  181. ^ via Associated Press. "Vineland native Jillian Loyden added to U.S. women's soccer training camp roster", The Press of Atlantic City, April 11, 2011. Accessed August 27, 2011.
  182. ^ Jillian Loyden Archived July 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Villanova University. Accessed July 17, 2011.
  183. ^ Fred Lucas, The Baseball Cube. Accessed October 25, 2018. "Born Date: January 19, 1903; Place: Vineland, New Jersey"
  184. ^ Al Lukens, Baseball-Reference.com. Accessed November 10, 2013.
  185. ^ Martinez, Soraida. Soraida's Verdadism: The Intellectual Voice of a Puerto Rican Woman on Canvas : Unique, Controversial Images and Style, p. 100. Soraida, 1999. ISBN 9780967671901. Accessed October 25, 2018. "Soraida's parents separated when she was fourteen and her mother moved the family to Vineland, a small southern New Jersey town where Puerto Ricans were generally not accepted."
  186. ^ Carnes, Mark C., ed. "Mason, John Landis", in American National Biography, Supplement 2, p. 369. Oxford University Press, 2005. ISBN 9780195222029. Accessed November 12, 2013.
  187. ^ Mulvihill, Geoff via Associated Press. "Emotion high over NJ plan to close disability home", The San Diego Union-Tribune, June 19, 2011. Accessed June 26, 2017. "Assemblyman Matthew Milam, a Democrat from Vineland, said closing it would hurt not just the families of those who work at the center, but also vendors and others in an area with a fragile economy."
  188. ^ Geracle, Bud. "Gone but not forgotten", The Milwaukee Sentinel, February 18, 1985. Accessed May 30, 2016. "Don Money... Now tending his farm in Vineland, N.J."
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  190. ^ Pray, Rusty. "Bishop James L. Schad, leader in Camden Diocese", The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 29, 2002. Accessed October 18, 2015. "Bishop Schad, who grew up in Vineland, N.J., and graduated from Sacred Heart High School in the town in 1935, 'wanted to be a priest forever,' said his brother Louis."
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