Salem County, New Jersey

Salem County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of New Jersey. Its western boundary is formed by the Delaware River and it has the eastern terminus of the Delaware Memorial Bridge, connecting to New Castle, Delaware. Its county seat is Salem.[3] The county is part of the Delaware Valley area. As of the 2020 United States Census, the county's population was enumerated to be 64,837, retaining its position as the state's least populous county,[4] representing a 1.9% decrease from the 66,083 counted at the 2010 U.S. Census, in turn increasing by 1,798 (+2.8%) from the 64,285 counted in the 2000 Census. The most populous place in Salem County is Pennsville Township, with 13,409 residents at the time of the 2010 Census. Lower Alloways Creek Township covers 72.46 square miles (187.7 km2), the largest total area of any municipality.[5]

Salem County
Old Salem County Courthouse in Salem
Official seal of Salem County
Map of New Jersey highlighting Salem County
Location within the U.S. state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°35′N 75°22′W / 39.58°N 75.36°W / 39.58; -75.36
Country United States
State New Jersey
Founded1694[1]
Named forHebrew word meaning "peace"[2]
SeatSalem[3]
Largest cityPennsville Township
Government
 • County Commission DirectorBen H. Laury (R, term as director ends December 31, 2022)
Area
 • Total372.33 sq mi (964.3 km2)
 • Land331.90 sq mi (859.6 km2)
 • Water40.43 sq mi (104.7 km2)  10.86%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total64,837
 • Density195.4/sq mi (75.4/km2)
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.salemcountynj.gov
Interactive map of Salem County, New Jersey

HistoryEdit

European settlement began with English colonists in the seventeenth century, who were settling both sides of the Delaware River. They established a colonial court in the area in 1681, but Salem County was first formally organized within West Jersey on May 17, 1694, from the Salem Tenth. Pittsgrove Township was transferred to Cumberland County in April 1867, but was restored to Salem County in February 1868.[1] The area was initially settled by Quakers.

The Old Salem County Courthouse, situated on the same block as the Salem County Courthouse, serves as the court for Salem City in the 21st century. It is the oldest active courthouse in New Jersey and is the second oldest courthouse in continuous use in the United States, the oldest being King William County Courthouse in Virginia.[6] The courthouse was built in 1735 during the reign of King George II using locally manufactured bricks.[7] The building was enlarged in 1817 and additionally enlarged and remodeled in 1908. Its distinctive bell tower is essentially unchanged and the original bell sits in the courtroom.

Judge William Hancock of the King's Court presided at the courthouse.[8] He was later killed by the British in the American Revolutionary War during the massacre at Hancock House committed by the British against local militia during the Salem Raid in 1778. Afterward the courthouse was the site of the "treason trials," wherein suspected Loyalists were put on trial for having allegedly aided the British during the Salem Raid. Four men were convicted and sentenced to death for treason; however, they were pardoned by Governor William Livingston and exiled from New Jersey. The courthouse is also the site of the legend of Colonel Robert Gibbon Johnson's proving the edibility of the tomato. Before 1820, Americans often assumed tomatoes were poisonous. In 1820, Colonel Johnson, according to legend, stood upon the courthouse steps and ate tomatoes in front of a large crowd assembled to watch him do so.[9]

Salem County is notable for its distinctive Quaker-inspired architecture and masonry styles of the 18th century.[10] It had a rural and agricultural economy. In the early 20th century, its towns received numerous immigrants from eastern and southern Europe, who markedly added to the population. In the period following World War II, the county's population increased due to suburban development. To accommodate increasing traffic, the Delaware Memorial Bridge was built from Salem County to New Castle, Delaware.

GeographyEdit

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 372.33 square miles (964.3 km2), including 331.90 square miles (859.6 km2) of land (89.1%) and 40.43 square miles (104.7 km2) of water (10.9%).[5][11] The county is bordered on the west by the Delaware River, and drained by Salem River, Alloway, and other creeks.[12]

The terrain is almost uniformly flat coastal plain, with minimal relief. The highest elevation in the county has never been determined with any specificity, but is likely one of seven low rises in Upper Pittsgrove Township that reach approximately 160 feet (49 m) in elevation.[13] Sea level is the lowest point.

The county has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) and monthly temperatures in Salem city average from 33.2 °F in January to 77.2 °F in July, while in Elmer they average from 33.1 °F in January to 76.8 °F in July. [1]

Adjacent countiesEdit

The county adjoins the following areas:[14]

1across Delaware Bay; no land border

National protected areaEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
179010,437
180011,3718.9%
181012,76112.2%
182014,0229.9%
183014,1550.9%
184016,02413.2%
185019,46721.5%
186022,45815.4%
187023,9406.6%
188024,5792.7%
189025,1512.3%
190025,5301.5%
191026,9995.8%
192036,57235.5%
193036,8340.7%
194042,27414.8%
195049,50817.1%
196058,71118.6%
197060,3462.8%
198064,6767.2%
199065,2941.0%
200064,285−1.5%
201066,0832.8%
202064,837−1.9%
Historical sources: 1790-1990[16]
1970-2010[5] 2010[17] 2020[4]

2020 CensusEdit

As of the Census of 2020, the county's had 64,837 people, 24,404 households, and 16,880 families.[18] The population density was 195.35 inhabitants per square mile (75.4/km2). There were 27,763 housing units at an average density of 83.64 per square mile (32.3/km2).[19] The racial makeup was 79.0% White, 13.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.1% Asian, and 3.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.8% of the population.[20]

Of the 24,404 households, of which 21.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.6% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present and 30.8% were non-families, and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.03.

About 21.0% of the population was under age 18, 8.0% was from age 18 to 24, 35.2% was from age 15 to 44, and 19.8% was age 65 or older. The median age was 43.1 years. The gender makeup was 47.9% male and 52.1% female. For every 100 females, there were 92.1 males.[21]

The median household income was $68,531, and the median family income was $81,122. About 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.[22][23]

2010 censusEdit

The 2010 United States census counted 66,083 people, 25,290 households, and 17,551 families in the county. The population density was 199.1 per square mile (76.9/km2). There were 27,417 housing units at an average density of 82.6 per square mile (31.9/km2). The racial makeup was 79.83% (52,757) White, 14.09% (9,309) Black or African American, 0.36% (240) Native American, 0.84% (557) Asian, 0.02% (10) Pacific Islander, 2.64% (1,745) from other races, and 2.22% (1,465) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.82% (4,507) of the population.[17]

Of the 25,290 households, 29% had children under the age of 18; 49.9% were married couples living together; 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present and 30.6% were non-families. Of all households, 25.4% were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.07.[17]

23.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 15% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.8 years. For every 100 females, the population had 94.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 91.6 males.[17]

GovernmentEdit

Salem County is governed by a five-member Board of Commissioners who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held at the beginning of January, the board selects a director and a deputy director from among its members. The appointed position professional county administrator was abolished by a unanimous vote of the commissioners in January 2014.[24] In 2016, commissioners were paid $25,410 and the director was paid an annual salary of $26,410.[25]

In the 2016 general election, Salem County voters approved a binding referendum to cut the number of Commissioner from seven to five as well as a non-binding referendum to cut Commissioner salaries by 20%; both initiatives, which had been placed on the ballot as the result of grassroots campaigns opposed to a proposed outsourcing deal, passed by a 3–1 margin.[26] In the wake of the referendum results, Director Julie Acton resigned in December 2016 and was replaced by Scott Griscom.[27] In April 2017, the New Jersey Supreme Court ruled that the reduction in seats will be accomplished through attrition, with the seats expiring at the end of 2017 (held by Commissioners Cross, Painter, and Vanderslice) being eliminated; in the November 2017 general election there will be one new three-year seat up for a vote as well as a two-year unexpired term, so that on January 1, 2018, there will be a five-member board.[28]

As of 2022, Salem County's Commissioners (with party, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are:[29][30][31][32][33]

Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey State Constitution, each county in New Jersey is required to have three elected administrative officials known as "constitutional officers." These officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term).[34] Salem County's constitutional officers, elected on a countywide basis are:[35][36][37]

  • County Clerk Dale A. Cross (R, 2024)[38][39]
  • Sheriff Charles M. Miller (R, 2024)[40][41]
  • Surrogate Nicki A. Burke (D, 2023).[42][43]

The Salem County Prosecutor is John T. Lenahan of Pilesgrove Township, who was nominated by Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie in June 2014.[44][45]

Salem County is a part of Vicinage 15 of the New Jersey Superior Court (along with Cumberland County and Gloucester County), seated in Woodbury in Gloucester County; the Assignment Judge for the vicinage is Benjamin C. Telsey. The Salem County Courthouse is in Salem.[46]

PoliticsEdit

As of August 1, 2020, there were a total of 48,110 registered voters in Salem County, of which 15,330 (31.9%) were registered as Democrats, 13,063 (27.2%) were registered as Republicans and 18,985 (39.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 732 (1.5%) voters registered to other parties.[47] Among the county's 2010 Census population, 64.6% were registered to vote, including 84.4% of those ages 18 and over.[48][49]

Salem County generally and historically leaned towards the Republican Party, but not as much so as the Northwest or Shore regions of the state. In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama carried the county by a 4% margin over Republican John McCain, with Obama receiving 57.27% statewide.[50] Obama received 16,044 votes here (50.4%), ahead of McCain with 14,816 votes (46.6%) and other candidates with 503 votes (1.6%), among the 31,812 ballots cast by the county's 44,324 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.8%.[51]

In the 2012 U.S. presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama narrowly finished ahead of Republican Mitt Romney; the state voted for Obama.[52] Since 2012, the county has swung more toward Republicans, following the trend of most rural counties in the United States. Republican Donald Trump won 54.9% of the vote in 2016, the highest vote share for a Republican since George H.W. Bush in 1988. Trump improved to 55.3% of the vote in winning the county again in 2020.

Presidential election results
Presidential election results[53]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 55.3% 18,827 42.5% 14,479 2.2% 750
2016 54.9% 16,381 39.9% 11,904 5.3% 1,568
2012 48.4% 14,334 49.7% 14,719 1.9% 570
2008 47.0% 14,816 50.9% 16,044 2.1% 672
2004 52.8% 15,721 46.2% 13,749 1.0% 311
2000 45.4% 12,257 50.9% 13,718 3.7% 997
1996 35.8% 9,294 46.3% 12,044 17.9% 4,654
1992 37.1% 10,363 36.0% 10,062 26.9% 7,510
1988 59.5% 15,240 38.9% 9,956 1.6% 410
1984 65.7% 17,368 33.8% 8,935 0.6% 149
1980 51.0% 13,000 40.1% 10,209 8.9% 2,265
1976 46.6% 11,639 51.4% 12,826 2.1% 512
1972 64.8% 16,371 34.1% 8,609 1.1% 269
1968 43.5% 11,407 42.6% 11,172 14.0% 3,672
1964 32.7% 8,682 67.2% 17,846 0.1% 17
1960 53.3% 14,192 46.6% 12,394 0.1% 21
1956 60.2% 14,091 39.6% 9,276 0.2% 56
1952 51.3% 12,026 48.5% 11,362 0.2% 54
1948 48.7% 8,961 50.4% 9,278 1.0% 179
1944 43.4% 7,942 56.5% 10,345 0.1% 23
1940 39.8% 8,132 59.9% 12,244 0.3% 57
1936 39.5% 7,671 59.9% 11,614 0.6% 117
1932 56.6% 9,870 42.2% 7,357 1.1% 198
1928 80.2% 12,323 19.5% 3,001 0.2% 36
1924 68.9% 8,027 27.5% 3,206 3.6% 424
1920 66.5% 7,638 30.3% 3,483 3.2% 364
1916 53.8% 4,080 44.2% 3,353 2.0% 155
1912 29.7% 1,803 45.1% 2,745 25.2% 1,533
1908 52.9% 3,713 45.2% 3,174 1.9% 131
1904 54.7% 3,694 41.1% 2,775 4.2% 286
1900 50.6% 3,395 44.4% 2,982 5.0% 334
County CPVI: R+9

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 9,599 votes here (46.1%), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 8,323 votes (39.9%), Independent Chris Daggett with 2,011 votes (9.7%) and other candidates with 411 votes (2.0%), among the 20,838 ballots cast by the county's 44,037 registered voters, yielding a 47.3% turnout.[54]

Federal RepresentationEdit

Salem County falls entirely within the 2nd congressional district[55] For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Jeff Van Drew (R, Dennis Township).[56]

State RepresenatationEdit

All of Salem County is located in the 3rd legislative district.

District Senator[57] Assembly[57] Notes
3rd Edward Durr (R) Claire Swift (R)

Bethanne McCarthy Patrick (R)

The remainder of this district includes portions of Cumberland County & Gloucester County.

TransportationEdit

As of 2010, the county had a total of 879.53 miles (1,415.47 km) of roadways, of which 429.36 miles (690.99 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 355.17 miles (571.59 km) by Salem County and 85.94 miles (138.31 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation, 8.11 miles (13.05 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority and 0.95 miles (1.53 km) by the Delaware River and Bay Authority.[58][59]

Salem is served by many roads. Major county routes include CR 540, CR 551, CR 553 (only in Pittsgrove) and CR 581. State highways include Route 45, Route 48 (only in Carneys Point), Route 49, Route 56 (only in Pittsgrove), Route 77 and Route 140 (only in Carneys Point). The U.S. routes are U.S. Route 40 and the southern end of U.S. Route 130.

Limited access roads include Interstate 295 and the New Jersey Turnpike. Both highways pass through the northern part of the county. Only one turnpike interchange is located in Salem: Exit 1 in Carneys Point (which is also where the turnpike ends). There are a pair of service areas on the Turnpike, both located between exits 1 and 2 in Oldmans Township: The John Fenwick Service Area on the northbound side and the Clara Barton Service Area in the southbound direction.[60] The Route 55 freeway passes through the northeastern part of the county briefly but has no interchanges within the county.

The Delaware Memorial Bridge (which is signed as I-295/US 40) is a set of twin suspension bridges crossing the Delaware River. Connecting New Castle, Delaware and Pennsville Township, the original span was opened in 1951 and the second span in 1968.[61]

NJ Transit operates three routes through Salem County:[62] the 401, which stops in Salem, Woodstown, Swedesboro, and Woodbury en route to and from Philadelphia;[63] the 402, which stops in Penns Grove and has two stops in Salem en route to and from Philadelphia;[64] and the 468, which has local stops throughout Salem County.[65]

MunicipalitiesEdit

 
Index map of Salem County municipalities (click to see index key)
 
Interactive map of municipalities in Salem County.

Municipalities in Salem County (with 2010 Census data for population, housing units and area in square miles) are:[66] Other, unincorporated communities in the county are listed next to their parent municipality. Some of these areas are census-designated places (CDPs) that have been created by the United States Census Bureau for enumeration purposes within a Township. Other communities and enclaves that exist within a municipality are also listed next to the name.

Municipality
(map index)
Map key Municipal
type
Population Housing
units
Total
area
Water
area
Land
area
Pop.
density
Housing
density
Unincorporated
communities / notes
Alloway Township 13 township 3,467 1,268 33.83 0.43 33.40 103.8 38.0 Aldine
Alloway CDP (1,402)
Friesburg
Oakland
Penton
Remsterville
Riddleton
Carneys Point Township 6 township 8,049 3,502 17.74 0.87 16.86 477.3 207.7 Carneys Point CDP (7,382)
Helms Cove
Laytons Lake
Elmer 1 borough 1,395 577 0.88 0.01 0.87 1,612.3 666.9
Elsinboro Township 10 township 1,036 524 13.32 1.41 11.92 86.9 44.0
Lower Alloways Creek Township 11 township 1,770 727 72.46 27.23 45.23 39.1 16.1 Hancock's Bridge CDP (254)
Mannington Township 8 township 1,806 592 37.73 4.02 33.70 53.6 17.6 Marshalltown
Pointers
Oldmans Township 5 township 1,773 699 20.38 0.93 19.45 91.1 35.9 Pedricktown CDP (524)
Penns Grove 4 borough 5,147 2,004 0.91 0.00 0.91 5,656.0 2,202.2
Pennsville Township 9 township 13,409 5,914 24.59 3.31 21.28 630.2 278.0 Deepwater
Pennsville CDP (11,888)
Pilesgrove Township 7 township 4,016 1,594 35.07 0.23 34.84 115.3 45.7
Pittsgrove Township 15 township 9,393 3,445 45.92 0.83 45.08 208.3 76.4 Brotmanville
Centerton
Norma
Olivet CDP (1,408)
Quinton Township 12 township 2,666 1,099 24.58 0.49 24.09 110.7 45.6 Pecks Corner
Quinton CDP (588)
Salem 3 city 5,146 2,633 2.82 0.47 2.34 2,195.9 1,123.6
Upper Pittsgrove Township 14 township 3,505 1,310 40.49 0.16 40.33 86.9 32.5 Daretown
Friendship
Monroeville
Whig Lane
Woodstown 2 borough 3,505 1,529 1.63 0.04 1.58 2,211.8 964.9
Salem County 66,083 27,417 372.33 40.43 331.90 199.1 82.6

Climate and weatherEdit

Salem, New Jersey
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
3
 
 
40
25
 
 
2.8
 
 
44
27
 
 
3.9
 
 
52
34
 
 
3.5
 
 
64
43
 
 
4
 
 
73
53
 
 
3.9
 
 
82
63
 
 
4.6
 
 
86
68
 
 
3.3
 
 
84
66
 
 
4.3
 
 
77
58
 
 
3.4
 
 
66
46
 
 
3.1
 
 
56
37
 
 
3.5
 
 
45
29
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[67]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Salem have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −14 °F (−26 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in August 1918. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.78 inches (71 mm) in February to 4.57 inches (116 mm) in July.[67]

WineriesEdit

Notable personEdit

  • Whitey Witt, former Baseball player and member of the New York Yankees first World Series championship team 1923

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 120. Accessed October 30, 2012.
  2. ^ Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed October 29, 2017.
  3. ^ a b New Jersey County Map, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed July 10, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts; 2010 Census of Population and Housing, p. 6, CPH-2-32. United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed August 29, 2016.
  6. ^ Welcome to King William County
  7. ^ Welcome to Salem, New Jersey Archived August 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ William Hancock House, Hancocks Bridge, New Jersey, Cup O'Jersey - South Jersey History
  9. ^ "The Story of Robert Gibbon Johnson and the Tomato", The History Highway of the Salem County Historical Society. May 2005. Accessed August 13, 2007. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 24, 2008. Retrieved August 14, 2007.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  10. ^ Bishir, Catherine (2005). North Carolina Architecture. University of North Carolina Press. p. 17.
  11. ^ Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Counties, United States Census Bureau, Backed up by the Internet Archive as of June 11, 2012. Accessed October 6, 2013.
  12. ^ Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Salem, a S. W. county of New Jersey" . The American Cyclopædia.
  13. ^ New Jersey County High Points, Peakbagger.com. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  14. ^ Areas touching Salem County, MapIt. Accessed August 17, 2015.
  15. ^ Supawna Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Brochure, United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Accessed August 17, 2015.
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 6, 2013.
  17. ^ a b c d DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 13, 2021.
  18. ^ "HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES (S1101)| Salem County (ACS 1-Year)". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ "Salem County | Census Data". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2020. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  20. ^ "DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES (DP05) | Salem County (ACS 1-Year)". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ "AGE AND SEX (S0101) | Salem County (ACS 1-Year)". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  22. ^ "INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (S1901) | Salem County (ACS". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  23. ^ "POVERTY STATUS IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (S1701) | Salem County (ACS 1-Year)". United States Census Bureau (USCB). 2019. Retrieved January 21, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ Young, Alex. "Salem County freeholders look to 2014 at annual reorganization meeting", South Jersey Times, January 9, 2014. Accessed October 22, 2017. "He replaces Evern Ford, who will leave county government after the board also voted to abolish his county administrator position with a unanimous vote."
  25. ^ Gallo Jr., Bill. "Which N.J. county freeholders are paid the most?", NJ.com, March 11, 2016. Accessed October 25, 2017. "Freeholder director: $26,410; Other freeholders: $25,410"
  26. ^ Gallo Jr., Bill. "Salem County votes to cut freeholder board from 7 to 5 members", NJ.com, November 9, 2016. Accessed October 29, 2017. "Salem County residents Tuesday voted overwhelmingly to cut the membership of the freeholder board from seven to five. The result means that at the next election, November 2017, a new five-seat board will be elected. The vote was 21,942 to 7,013 in favor of the referendum. Also on the ballot was a second question dealing with the freeholders, asking whether their salaries should be cut by 20 percent. That question was approved by a vote of 22,272 to 6,543."
  27. ^ Gallo Jr., Bill. "Salem County freeholder board swears in new member", NJ.com, January 19, 2017. Accessed October 29, 2017. "Republican Scott Griscom, 69, was sworn in Wednesday night to fill the seat on the board left vacant by the abrupt resignation of Julie Acton in December."
  28. ^ Gallo Jr., Bill. "High court rejects appeal on how to handle Salem freeholder election ", NJ.com, April 3, 2017. Accessed October 29, 2017. "Salem County Clerk Gilda T. Gill's original plan had been to elect all five new members to the board, but Democrat Party Chairman Steven Caltabiano disagreed and filed suit in Superior Court. A judge there agreed with Gill's formula, but Caltabiano pursued the matter and a state Appellate Court agreed with Caltabiano that only one freeholder should be elected to a new full term. The court also agreed with Caltabiano's contention that the board should be allowed to shrink through attrition and those whose terms are up at the end of the year be allowed to stay on until then."
  29. ^ County Commissioners, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed June 20, 2022.
  30. ^ 2021 County Data Sheet, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed June 20, 2022.
  31. ^ Election Summary Report General Election Salem County November 2, 2021 Official Results Report, Salem County, New Jersey, updated November 15, 2021. Accessed January 1, 2022.
  32. ^ Election Summary Report Salem County NJ General Election November 3, 2020 Official Report, Salem County, New Jersey, updated November 25, 2020. Accessed January 1, 2021.
  33. ^ November 5, 2019 Summary Report Salem County, NJ Official Results, Salem County, New Jersey Clerk, updated November 18, 2019. Accessed January 1, 2020.
  34. ^ New Jersey State Constitution (1947), Article VII, Section II, Paragraph 2, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed October 26, 2017.
  35. ^ "2014 General Election Summary Report" (PDF). Salem County Clerk. Salem County Clerk. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
  36. ^ "2015 General Election Summary Report" (PDF). Salem County Clerk. Salem County Clerk.
  37. ^ "Official Summary Report: 2018 General Election" (PDF). Salem County Clerk. Salem County Clerk. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
  38. ^ About, Salem County Clerk's Office. Accessed June 20, 2022.
  39. ^ Clerks, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 20, 2022.
  40. ^ Home Page, Salem County Sheriff's Office. Accessed June 20, 2022.
  41. ^ Sheriffs, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 20, 2022.
  42. ^ Surrogate's Court, Salem County, New Jersey. Accessed June 20, 2022.
  43. ^ Surrogates, Constitutional Officers Association of New Jersey. Accessed June 20, 2022.
  44. ^ Home Page, Office of the Salem County Prosecutor. Accessed October 29, 2017.
  45. ^ "Governor Chris Christie Files Nominations" Archived 2016-06-21 at the Wayback Machine, Governor of New Jersey Chris Christie, press release dated June 3, 2014. Accessed October 26, 2017. "Prosecutorial Nominations - Nominate for appointment John T. Lenahan (Pilesgrove, Salem)"
  46. ^ Cumberland/Gloucester/Salem Counties, New Jersey Courts. Accessed October 22, 2017.
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  49. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 23, 2013.
  50. ^ "Presidential Election: Winners by County". The Washington Post.
  51. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Salem County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed January 22, 2013.
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  55. ^ 2012 Congressional Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed January 23, 2013.
  56. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 3, 2019.
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  58. ^ Salem County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  59. ^ Interstate 295 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2017. Accessed December 25, 2020.
  60. ^ Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed August 17, 2015.
  61. ^ About the Delaware Memorial Bridge, Delaware River and Bay Authority. Accessed August 17, 2015.
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  63. ^ "401" (PDF).
  64. ^ "402" (PDF).
  65. ^ "468" (PDF).
  66. ^ GCT-PH1: Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Salem County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 16, 2015.
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External linksEdit

Coordinates: 39°35′N 75°22′W / 39.58°N 75.36°W / 39.58; -75.36