Pittsgrove Township, New Jersey

Pittsgrove Township is a township in Salem County, in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 9,393,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 500 (+5.6%) from the 8,893 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 772 (+9.5%) from the 8,121 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Pittsgrove Township, New Jersey
Township of Pittsgrove
Moshe Bayuk House
Moshe Bayuk House
Motto(s): 
Old Values, New Ideas: Working Together For All
Pittsgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Pittsgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. Inset map: Salem County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Coordinates: 39°32′34″N 75°07′48″W / 39.54265°N 75.129901°W / 39.54265; -75.129901Coordinates: 39°32′34″N 75°07′48″W / 39.54265°N 75.129901°W / 39.54265; -75.129901[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Salem
Royal charterDecember 6, 1769
IncorporatedFebruary 21, 1798
Named forWilliam Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorDr. Fiore Copare (R, term ends December 31, 2022)[3][4]
 • AdministratorCharles "Chuck" Hughes[5]
 • Municipal clerkConstance S. Garton[6]
Area
 • Total45.75 sq mi (118.50 km2)
 • Land44.90 sq mi (116.29 km2)
 • Water0.85 sq mi (2.21 km2)  1.87%
 • Rank40th of 565 in state
2nd of 15 in county[1]
Elevation108 ft (33 m)
Population
 • Total9,393
 • Estimate 
(2019)[12]
8,799
 • Rank253rd of 566 in state
2nd of 15 in county[13]
 • Density208.3/sq mi (80.4/km2)
  • Rank504th of 566 in state
7th of 15 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
08318[14]
Area code(s)856 exchange: 358[15]
FIPS code3403359130[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID1729723[18]
Websitewww.pittsgrovetownship.com

Pittsgrove Township was formed by Royal charter on December 6, 1769 and was incorporated by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798, as one of the initial group of 104 townships established in New Jersey. Portions of the township were taken on March 4, 1822, to form Centreville Township (which was restored in 1829 when the township was dissolved), on March 10, 1846, to form Upper Pittsgrove Township and on January 28, 1893, to form Elmer borough.[20] The township was named for William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, a supporter of the colonial cause.[21][22]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 45.75 square miles (118.50 km2), including 44.90 square miles (116.29 km2) of land and 0.85 square miles (2.21 km2) of water (1.87%).[1][2]

Olivet (with a 2010 Census population of 1,408[23]) is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Pittsgrove Township.[24][25][26]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Alliance, Brotmanville, Centerton, Daretown, Greenville, Norma, Norma Station, Palatine, Parvin Lake, Rainbow Lake, Six Points, Union Grove, Upper Neck and Willow Grove.[27]

The township borders the municipalities of Elmer Borough and Upper Pittsgrove Township in Salem County; Deerfield Township, Upper Deerfield Township and Vineland in Cumberland County and Franklin Township in Gloucester County.[28][29]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18101,991
18202,0402.5%
18302,2168.6%
18402,3907.9%
18501,151*−51.8%
18601,2337.1%
18701,66735.2%
18801,433−14.0%
18901,91433.6%
19002,092*9.3%
19102,39414.4%
19201,842−23.1%
19302,09113.5%
19402,1573.2%
19502,80830.2%
19603,78534.8%
19704,61822.0%
19806,95450.6%
19908,12116.8%
20008,8939.5%
20109,3935.6%
2019 (est.)8,799[12][30][31]−6.3%
Population sources: 1810–2000[32]
1810–1920[33] 1840[34] 1850–1870[35]
1850[36] 1870[37] 1880–1890[38]
1890–1910[39] 1910–1930[40]
1930–1990[41] 2000[42][43] 2010[9][10][11]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[20]

Census 2010Edit

The 2010 United States census counted 9,393 people, 3,307 households, and 2,576 families in the township. The population density was 208.3 per square mile (80.4/km2). There were 3,445 housing units at an average density of 76.4 per square mile (29.5/km2). The racial makeup was 88.17% (8,282) White, 6.97% (655) Black or African American, 0.42% (39) Native American, 0.94% (88) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.39% (131) from other races, and 2.10% (197) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.80% (451) of the population.[9]

Of the 3,307 households, 31.8% had children under the age of 18; 60.1% were married couples living together; 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present and 22.1% were non-families. Of all households, 17.8% were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.15.[9]

23.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 32.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.6 years. For every 100 females, the population had 99.0 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 95.0 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $74,348 (with a margin of error of +/− $6,547) and the median family income was $83,564 (+/− $7,149). Males had a median income of $56,300 (+/− $5,678) versus $38,056 (+/− $6,727) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $28,606 (+/− $1,671). About 2.4% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.0% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.[44]

Census 2000Edit

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 8,893 people, 3,020 households, and 2,422 families residing in the township. The population density was 196.8 people per square mile (76.0/km2). There were 3,155 housing units at an average density of 69.8 per square mile (27.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 88.14% White, 8.04% African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.29% from other races, and 1.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.41% of the population.[42][43]

There were 3,020 households, out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.8% were non-families. 16.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.23.[42][43]

In the township the population was spread out, with 26.7% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.[42][43]

The median income for a household in the township was $56,687, and the median income for a family was $63,266. Males had a median income of $42,653 versus $27,173 for females. The per capita income for the township was $21,624. About 3.5% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 4.1% of those age 65 or over.[42][43]

GovernmentEdit

Local governmentEdit

Pittsgrove Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government, one of 141 municipalities (of the 564) statewide that use this form, the second-most commonly used form of government in the state.[45] The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[7][46] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2022, members of the Pittsgrove Township Committee are Mayor Dr. Fiore Copare (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2023; term as mayor ends 2022), Deputy Mayor Francesca I. Spinelli (R, term on committee ends 2024; term as deputy mayor ends 2022), Eric Harz (R, 2022), William A. Schmidt (R, 2023) and Kevin Yeagle (R, 2024).[3][47][48][49][50]

Federal, state and county representationEdit

Pittsgrove Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[51] and is part of New Jersey's 3rd state legislative district.[10][52][53]

For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Jeff Van Drew (R, Dennis Township).[54] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027)[55] and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term ends 2025).[56][57]

For the 2022–2023 session, the 3rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Edward Durr (R, Logan Township) and in the General Assembly by Bethanne McCarthy-Patrick (R, Mannington Township) and Beth Sawyer (R, Woolwich Township).[58]

Salem County is governed by a five-member Board of County Commissioners who are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Director and a Deputy Director from among its members.[59] As of 2022, Salem County's Commissioners (with party, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Director Benjamin H. Laury (R, Elmer, term as commissioner ends December 31, 2024; term as director ends 2022), Deputy Director Gordon J. "Mickey" Ostrum, Jr. (R, Pilesgrove Township, term as commissioner ends 2024; term as deputy director ends 2022), R. Scott Griscom (R, Mannington Township, 2022), Edward A. Ramsay (R, Pittsgrove Township, 2023) and Lee R. Ware (D, Elsinboro Township, 2022).[59][60] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Dale A. Cross (R, 2024),[61][62] Sheriff Charles M. Miller (R, 2024)[63][64] and Surrogate Nicki A. Burke (D, 2023).[65][66]

PoliticsEdit

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 5,928 registered voters in Pittsgrove Township, of which 1,618 (27.3% vs. 30.6% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,223 (20.6% vs. 21.0%) were registered as Republicans and 3,085 (52.0% vs. 48.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered as either Libertarians or Greens.[67] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 63.1% (vs. 64.6% in Salem County) were registered to vote, including 82.3% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 84.4% countywide).[67][68]

In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 58% of the vote (2,508 cast), ahead of Democrat Hillary Clinton with 38.3% (1,655 votes), and other candidates with 3.6% (155 votes), among the 4,318 ballots cast in total.[69] In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 50.2% of the vote (2,114 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 48.6% (2,046 votes), and other candidates with 1.1% (47 votes), among the 4,229 ballots cast by the township's 6,130 registered voters (22 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 69.0%.[70][71] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 2,279 votes (50.0% vs. 50.4% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 2,162 votes (47.5% vs. 46.6%) and other candidates with 71 votes (1.6% vs. 1.6%), among the 4,554 ballots cast by the township's 6,225 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.2% (vs. 71.8% in Salem County).[72] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 2,233 votes (51.0% vs. 52.5% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 2,077 votes (47.4% vs. 45.9%) and other candidates with 50 votes (1.1% vs. 1.0%), among the 4,380 ballots cast by the township's 6,022 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.7% (vs. 71.0% in the whole county).[73]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 64.0% of the vote (1,764 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 33.6% (926 votes), and other candidates with 2.4% (67 votes), among the 2,908 ballots cast by the township's 6,077 registered voters (151 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 47.9%.[74][75] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,422 votes (46.9% vs. 46.1% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,198 votes (39.5% vs. 39.9%), Independent Chris Daggett with 243 votes (8.0% vs. 9.7%) and other candidates with 43 votes (1.4% vs. 2.0%), among the 3,035 ballots cast by the township's 6,164 registered voters, yielding a 49.2% turnout (vs. 47.3% in the county).[76]

EducationEdit

Public school students from Pittsgrove Township and Elmer borough attend the Pittsgrove Township School District for kindergarten through twelfth grade as part of a full sending/receiving relationship in which the former Elmer School was integrated into the district as of 2011 and students from both Elmer and Pittsgrove Township attend school together throughout their education.[77][78][79]

As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of five schools, had an enrollment of 1,762 students and 143.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.3:1.[80] Schools in the district (with 2018–19 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[81]) are Norma Elementary School[82] with 103 students in grades Pre-K–K, Elmer Elementary School[83] with 225 students in grades 1–2), Olivet Elementary School[84] with 357 students in grades 3–5, Pittsgrove Township Middle School[85] with 502 students in grades 6–8 and A.P. Schalick High School[86] with 541 students in grades 9–12.[87][88][89]

TransportationEdit

 
US 40 westbound on the border of Pittsgrove Township and Upper Pittsgrove Township

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 125.38 miles (201.78 km) of roadways, the highest in the county, of which 57.54 miles (92.60 km) were maintained by the municipality, 64.99 miles (104.59 km) by Salem County and 2.85 miles (4.59 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[90]

U.S. Route 40 is the most prominent highway serving Pittsgrove Township, crossing east–west along the northern edge of the township. Other significant roads within the township include Route 56, which passes through the southern part of the township,[91] while a small portion of Route 55 passes through the eastern part of the township[92] County highways include County Route 540, which passes east / west through the township,[93] intersecting and briefly overlapping with County Route 553, which crosses in a north / south direction.[94]

Public SafetyEdit

Pittsgrove Township is protected by the New Jersey State Police. American Legion Ambulance Corps (who purchased the Elmer Ambulance Corps in 2018) and Norma/Alliance Rescue provide EMS services to the township. Centerton Fire Company,[95] Willow Grove Fire Company, and Norma/Alliance Fire Rescue provide fire protection services for the township.[96]

Notable peopleEdit

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Pittsgrove Township include:

ReferencesEdit

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  78. ^ Dunn, Phil. "Pittsgrove Township Board of Education weighing how many choice students it will accept into district", Today's Sunbeam, December 19, 2011. Accessed October 9, 2013. "Brodzik said the 2011 number includes the influx of students they gained from Elmer since the school became part of the Pittsgrove district."
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