1844 and 1845 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 29th Congress were held at various dates in different states from July 1844 to November 1845.

1844 and 1845 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1842 / 43 July 1, 1844 – November 4, 1845[Note 1] 1846 / 47 →

All 227[Note 2][Note 3] seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
115 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  John Wesley Davis.jpg Samuel Finley Vinton by howe.png
Leader John Davis Samuel Finley Vinton
Party Democratic Whig
Leader's seat Indiana 6th Ohio 12th
Last election 148 seats 73 seats
Seats won 142[Note 2] 79
Seat change Decrease 6 Increase 6

  Third party
 
Party Know Nothing
Last election 0 seats
Seats won 6
Seat change Increase 6

Speaker before election

John Jones
Democratic

Elected Speaker

John Davis
Democratic

All 227 elected members[Note 3] took their seats when Congress convened December 1, 1845. The House elections spanned the 1844 Presidential election, won by dark horse Democratic candidate James K. Polk, who advocated territorial expansion. The new states of Texas and Iowa were added during this Congress, with Florida admitted on the last day of the previous Congress.

Democrats lost six seats but retained a large majority over the rival Whigs. The new American Party, based on the nativist "Know Nothing" movement characterized by opposition to immigration and anti-Catholicism, gained six seats.

Election summariesEdit

Five seats were added for the new States of Florida[1] (1), Iowa[2] (2), and Texas[3] (2). Florida was represented for the whole 29th Congress, while Texas was unrepresented for part of the first session and Iowa for all of the first session.

142 6 79
Democratic AKN Whig
State Type Date Total
seats
Democratic Whig Know Nothing
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Louisiana District July 1–3, 1844 4 3  1 1  1 0  
Illinois District August 5, 1844 7 6   1   0  
Missouri At-large August 5, 1844 5 5   0   0  
Georgia District[Note 4] August 7, 1844 8 4  4 4  4 0  
Vermont District September 3, 1844 4 1   3   0  
Maine District September 9, 1844 7 6  1 1  1 0  
Arkansas At-large October 8, 1844 1 1   0   0  
Ohio District October 8, 1844 21 13  1 8  1 0  
Pennsylvania District October 8, 1844 24 12   10  2 2  2
New Jersey District October 9, 1844 5 1  3 4  3 0  
South Carolina District October 14–15, 1844 7 7   0   0  
Michigan District November 5, 1844 3 3   0   0  
Massachusetts District November 11, 1844 10 0  2 10  2 0  
New York District November 11, 1844 34 21  3 9  1 4  4
Delaware At-large November 12, 1844 1 0   1   0  
1845 elections
New Hampshire At-large March 11, 1845 4[Note 3] 3  1 0   0  
Rhode Island District April 2, 1845 2 0   2  2[Note 5] 0  
Connecticut District April 7, 1845 4 0  4 4  4 0  
Virginia District April 24, 1845 15 14  2 1  2 0  
Florida[Note 6] At-large May 26, 1845 1 1  1 0   0  
Alabama District August 4, 1845 7 6   1   0  
Indiana District August 4, 1845 10 8   2   0  
Kentucky District August 4, 1845 10 3  1 7  2 0  
North Carolina District August 7, 1845 9 6  1 3  1 0  
Tennessee District August 7, 1845 11 6   5   0  
Maryland District October 1, 1845 6 4  4 2  4 0  
Mississippi At-large November 3–4, 1845 4 4   0   0  
1846 elections
Texas[Note 6] District March 30, 1846 2 2  2 0   0  
Iowa[Note 6] At-large October 26, 1846 2 2  2 0   0  
Total 227[Note 2][Note 3] 142
62.6%
 6 79
34.8%
 6 6
2.6%
 6
House seats
Democratic
62.56%
Whig
34.80%
Know-Nothing
2.64%

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida at-large None (New state) New seat.
New member elected late on May 26, 1845.
Democratic gain.
Winner did not serve, having also been elected U.S. Senator.
David Levy Yulee (Democratic) 60.3
Benjamin A. Putnam (Whig) 39.7%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Excludes states admitted during the 29th Congress
  2. ^ a b c Includes late elections
  3. ^ a b c d There was one vacancy in New Hampshire's delegation, unfilled for the duration of the 29th Congress – see: Dubin, p. 142-143; Martis, p. 98-99.
  4. ^ Changed from at-large
  5. ^ Previous election had 2 members of the short-lived Law and Order Party
  6. ^ a b c New State

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stat. 743
  2. ^ Stat. 52
  3. ^ Stat. 798

BibliographyEdit

  • Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0029201701.
  • Moore, John L., ed. (1994). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (Third ed.). Congressional Quarterly Inc. ISBN 978-0871879967.
  • "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, House of United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015.

External linksEdit