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Delaware's at-large congressional district

Election results from recent presidential racesEdit

Year Office Results
1992 President B. Clinton 44–35%
1996 President B. Clinton 52–37%
2000 President Gore 55–42%
2004 President Kerry 53–45%
2008 President Obama 61–36%
2012 President Obama 59–40%
2016 President H. Clinton 53–42%

HistoryEdit

Delaware has always had only one U.S. Representative, except for 10 years between 1813 and 1823, when the state had two at-large representatives. The two seats were filled by a statewide ballot, with the two candidates receiving the highest votes being elected.

Former U.S. Representative Michael N. Castle, a Republican and former Governor of Delaware, held this seat from January 1993 until his retirement in January 2011, after his unsuccessful bid for the Republican nomination to run for the U.S. Senate. Even as Delaware swung heavily Democratic at the state and national level, Castle was usually reelected without serious difficulty. Since his retirement, however, the Democrats have held it with no substantive opposition.

List of members representing the districtEdit

# Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
1  
John Vining
Pro-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
1st
2nd
Elected in 1789.
Retired.
2  
John Patten
Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
February 14, 1794
3rd Elected in 1792.
Lost election contest.
3  
Henry Latimer
Pro-Administration February 14, 1794 –
February 7, 1795
3rd Won election contest.
Lost re-election.
4  
John Patten
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
4th Elected in 1794.
Retired.
5  
James A. Bayard
Federalist March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1803
5th
6th
7th
Elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Lost re-election.
6  
Caesar A. Rodney
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
8th Elected in 1802.
Lost re-election.
Vacant March 4, 1805 –
October 1, 1805
9th James A. Bayard was elected in 1804 but declined to serve, having also been elected U.S. Senator.
7 James M. Broom Federalist October 1, 1805 –
October 6, 1807
9th
10th
Elected October 1, 1805 to finish Bayard's term and seated December 2, 1805.
Re-elected in 1806, but declined the seat.
8  
Nicholas Van Dyke
Federalist October 6, 1807 –
March 3, 1811
10th
11th
Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
9  
Henry M. Ridgely
Federalist March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1815
12th
13th
Elected in 1810.
Retired.
10  
Thomas Clayton
Federalist March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
14th Elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
11  
Louis McLane
Federalist March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
15th
16th
17th
18th
19th
Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826 but declined to serve having been elected U.S. Senator.
Crawford Federalist March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Vacant March 3, 1827 –
October 2, 1827
20th
12  
Kensey Johns Jr.
Anti-Jacksonian October 2, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
20th
21st
Elected October 2, 1827 to finish McLane's term and seated December 3, 1827.
Re-elected in 1828.
Retired.
13  
John J. Milligan
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1837
22nd
23rd
24th
25th
Elected in 1830.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
14 Thomas Robinson Jr. Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
26th Elected in 1838.
[Data unknown/missing.]
15 George B. Rodney Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1845
27th
28th
Elected in 1840.
[Data unknown/missing.]
16 John W. Houston Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1851
29th
30th
31st
Elected in 1844.
[Data unknown/missing.]
17  
George R. Riddle
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1855
32nd
33rd
Elected in 1850.
[Data unknown/missing.]
18 Elisha D. Cullen Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1854.
[Data unknown/missing.]
19  
William G. Whiteley
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
35th
36th
Elected in 1856.
[Data unknown/missing.]
20  
George P. Fisher
Unionist March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Elected in 1860.
[Data unknown/missing.]
21  
William Temple
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
May 28, 1863
38th Elected in 1862.
Died.
Vacant May 28, 1863 –
December 7, 1863
38th
22  
Nathaniel B. Smithers
Unconditional Unionist December 7, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Elected to finish Temple's term.
Lost re-election.
23  
John A. Nicholson
Democratic March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
39th
40th
Elected in 1864.
[Data unknown/missing.]
24  
Benjamin T. Biggs
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
41st
42nd
Elected in 1868.
[Data unknown/missing.]
25 James R. Lofland Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
[Data unknown/missing.]
26  
James Williams
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
44th
45th
Elected in 1874.
[Data unknown/missing.]
27 Edward L. Martin Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
46th
47th
Elected in 1878.
[Data unknown/missing.]
28  
Charles B. Lore
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
Elected in 1882.
[Data unknown/missing.]
29 John B. Penington Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
50th
51st
Elected in 1886.
[Data unknown/missing.]
30  
John W. Causey
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
52nd
53rd
Elected in 1890.
[Data unknown/missing.]
31  
Jonathan S. Willis
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th Elected in 1894.
[Data unknown/missing.]
32  
L. Irving Handy
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
55th Elected in 1896.
[Data unknown/missing.]
33  
John H. Hoffecker
Republican March 4, 1899 –
June 16, 1900
56th Elected in 1898.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant June 16, 1900 –
November 6, 1900
56th
34 Walter O. Hoffecker Republican November 6, 1900 –
March 3, 1901
56th Elected in 1900.
[Data unknown/missing.]
35  
L. Heisler Ball
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
57th Elected in 1900.
[Data unknown/missing.]
36 Henry A. Houston Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58th Elected in 1902.
[Data unknown/missing.]
37  
Hiram R. Burton
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1909
59th
60th
Elected in 1904.
[Data unknown/missing.]
38  
William H. Heald
Republican March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1913
61st
62nd
Elected in 1908.
[Data unknown/missing.]
39  
Franklin Brockson
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Elected in 1912.
[Data unknown/missing.]
40  
Thomas W. Miller
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
64th Elected in 1914.
[Data unknown/missing.]
41  
Albert F. Polk
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
65th Elected in 1916.
[Data unknown/missing.]
42  
Caleb R. Layton
Republican March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1923
66th
67th
Elected in 1918.
[Data unknown/missing.]
43  
William H. Boyce
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th Elected in 1922.
[Data unknown/missing.]
44  
Robert G. Houston
Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1933
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Elected in 1924.
[Data unknown/missing.]
45 Wilbur L. Adams Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
73rd Elected in 1932.
[Data unknown/missing.]
46  
J. George Stewart
Republican January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1937
74th Elected in 1934.
[Data unknown/missing.]
47 William F. Allen Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th Elected in 1936.
[Data unknown/missing.]
48 George S. Williams Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
76th Elected in 1938.
[Data unknown/missing.]
49 Philip A. Traynor Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
77th Elected in 1940.
[Data unknown/missing.]
50 Earle D. Willey Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
78th Elected in 1942.
[Data unknown/missing.]
51 Philip A. Traynor Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
79th Elected in 1944.
[Data unknown/missing.]
52  
J. Caleb Boggs
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1953
80th
81st
82nd
Elected in 1946.
Retired to run for Governor of Delaware.
53  
Herbert Warburton
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
83rd Elected in 1952.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
54  
Harris McDowell
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1957
84th Elected in 1954.
lost reelection
55  
Harry G. Haskell Jr.
Republican January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1959
85th Elected in 1956.
lost reelection
56  
Harris McDowell
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1967
86th
87th
88th
89th
Elected in 1958.
lost reelection
57  
William Roth
Republican January 3, 1967 –
December 31, 1970
90th
91st
Elected in 1966.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator and resigned after the election.
Vacant December 31, 1970 –
January 3, 1971
91st
58  
Pete du Pont
Republican January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
92nd
93rd
94th
Elected in 1970.
Retired to run for Governor of Delaware.
59  
Thomas B. Evans Jr.
Republican January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1983
95th
96th
97th
Elected in 1976.
lost reelection
60  
Tom Carper
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1982.
Retired to run for Governor of Delaware.
61  
Mike Castle
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2011
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
Elected in 1992.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
62  
John Carney
Democratic January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2017
112th
113th
114th
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Retired to run for Governor of Delaware.
63  
Lisa Blunt Rochester
Democratic January 3, 2017 –
Present
115th
116th
Elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.

Second at-large seat: 1813–1823Edit

From 1813 to 1823, Delaware elected two members of the United States House of Representatives. Both were elected statewide at-large. This is a list of the four men who held that second seat during that decade.

# Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
1 Thomas Cooper Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
13th
14th
Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
2  
Willard Hall
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
January 22, 1821
15th
16th
Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Lost re-election and resigned early.
Vacant January 22, 1821 –
March 3, 1821
16th
3  
Caesar A. Rodney
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
January 24, 1822
17th Elected in 1820.
Resigned when elected to the U.S. Senate
Vacant January 24, 1822 –
October 1, 1822
4  
Daniel Rodney
Federalist October 1, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
Elected to finish his cousin's term.
Retired.

Recent election resultsEdit

1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 1930 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1942 1944 1946 1948 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018

1920Edit

1920 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Caleb R. Layton (incumbent) 52,145 56%
Democratic James R. Clements 40,206 43%
Socialist Robert A. Walker 1,063 .01%
Independent Howard T. Ennis 196 0.02%
Total votes 93,609 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1922Edit

1922 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William H. Boyce 39,126 54%
Republican Caleb R. Layton (incumbent) 32,577 45%
Independent Frank A. Houck 908 .01%
Total votes 72,611 100%
Turnout  
Democratic gain from Republican

1924Edit

1924 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert G. Houston 51,536 59%
Democratic William H. Boyce (incumbent) 35,943 41%
Independent Florence Garvin 519 0.05
Total votes 87,998 100%
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

1926Edit

1926 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert G. Houston (incumbent) 38,919 52%
Democratic Merrill H. Tilghman 35,943 48%
Total votes 74,862 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1928Edit

1928 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert G. Houston (incumbent) 66,361 64%
Democratic John M. Richardson 38,045 36%
Total votes 104,406 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1930Edit

1930 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert G. Houston (incumbent) 48,493 56%
Democratic John P. Le Fevre 38,391 44%
Independent Arnold Williams 127 0.01%
Total votes 87,011 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

1932Edit

1932 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wilbur L. Adams 51,698 46%
Republican Reuben Satterthwaite, Jr. 48,841 44%
Prohibition Francis B. Short 10,560 9%
Socialist Edgar G. Shaeffer 887 0.08%
Communist Frank Rhoades 110 0.01%
Total votes 112,096 100%
Turnout  
Democratic gain from Republican

1934Edit

1934 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican J. George Stewart 52,829 53%
Democratic John C. Hazzard 45,771 46%
Socialist William A. Mayor 404 0.4%
Communist Joseph P. Daniels 58 .006%
Total votes 99,062 100%
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

1936Edit

1936 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William F. Allen 65,485 52%
Republican J. George Stewart (incumbent) 55,664 44%
Republican James A. Ellison 5,338 4%
Socialist William A. Mayor 176 0.01%
Total votes 126,663 100%
Turnout  
Democratic gain from Republican

1938Edit

1938 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican George S. Williams 60,661 56%
Democratic William F. Allen (incumbent) 46,989 43%
Republican William J. Highfield 816 0.07%
Progressive Ralph L. Brown 105 0.01%
Total votes 108,571 100%
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

1940Edit

1940 United States House of Representatives elections
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Philip A. Traynor 68,205 51%
Republican George S. Williams (incumbent) 64,384 48%
Independent Royden C. Caulk 816 0.06%
Total votes 133,405 100%
Turnout  
Democratic gain from Republican

1980Edit

1980 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[4]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Evans (incumbent) 133,842 62%
Democratic Robert Maxwell 81,227 37%
Libertarian Lawrence Sullivan 1,506 1%
Total votes 216,575 100%
Republican hold

1982Edit

1982 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas R. Carper 98,533 52%
Republican Tom Evans (incumbent) 87,153 46%
American Mary Gies 1,109 1%
Libertarian Richard Cohen 711 0.38%
N/A David Nuttall 558 0.30%
Total votes 188,064 100%
Democratic gain from Republican

1984Edit

1984 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas R. Carper (incumbent) 142,070 58%
Republican Elise du Pont 100,650 41%
Libertarian V. Luther Etzel 294 0.12%
Total votes 243,014 100%
Democratic hold

1986Edit

1986 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas R. Carper (incumbent) 106,351 66%
Republican Thomas Nueberger 53,767 33%
American Patrick Harrison 639 0.40%
Total votes 160,757 100%
Democratic hold

1988Edit

1988 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas R. Carper (incumbent) 158,338 68%
Republican James P. Krapf 76,179 32%
Total votes 234,517 100%
Democratic hold

1990Edit

1990 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Thomas R. Carper (incumbent) 116,274 66%
Republican Ralph Williams 58,037 33%
Libertarian Richard Cohen 3,121 1%
N/A Write-ins 3 <0.01%
Total votes 177,435 100%
Democratic hold

1992Edit

1992 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle 153,037 55%
Democratic S. B. Woo 117,426 43%
Libertarian Peggy Schmitt 5,661 2%
Total votes 276,124 100%
Republican gain from Democratic

1994Edit

1994 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (incumbent) 137,945 71%
Democratic Carol Ann DeSantis 51,793 27%
Libertarian Danny Ray Beaver 3,866 2%
Delaware Independent Donald M. Hockmuth 1,404 0.72%
Total votes 195,008 100%
Republican hold

1996Edit

1996 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (incumbent) 185,577 70%
Democratic Dennis E. Williams 73,258 27%
Libertarian George A. Jurgensen 4,000 2%
Constitution Felicia B. Johnson 3,009 1%
Natural Law Bob Mattson 987 0.37%
Total votes 266,831 100%
Republican hold

1998Edit

1998 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (incumbent) 119,811 66%
Democratic Micheal C. Miller 57,446 32%
Constitution James P. Webster 2,411 1%
Natural Law Kim Stanley Bemis 859 1%
N/A Write-ins 2 <0.01%
Total votes 180,529 100%
Republican hold

2000Edit

2000 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (incumbent) 211,797 68%
Democratic Micheal C. Miller 96,488 31%
Constitution James P. Webster 2,490 0.5%
Libertarian Brad C. Thomas 2,351 0.5%
Total votes 313,126 100%
Republican hold

2002Edit

2002 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (incumbent) 164,605 72%
Democratic Micheal C. Miller 61,011 27%
Libertarian Brad C. Thomas 2,789 1%
Total votes 228,405 100%
Republican hold

2004Edit

2004 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (incumbent) 245,978 69%
Democratic Paul Donnelly 105,716 30%
Delaware Independent Maurice J. Barros (write-in) 2,337 0.5%
Libertarian William E. Morris 2,014 0.5%
Total votes 356,045 100%
Republican hold

2006Edit

2006 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mike Castle (incumbent) 143,897 57%
Democratic Dennis Spivack 97,565 39%
Delaware Independent Karen M. Hartley-Nagle 5,769 2%
Green Michael Berg 4,463 2%
Total votes 251,694 100%
Republican hold

2008Edit

2008 Delaware's at-large congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Michael Castle (incumbent) 235,437 61%
Democratic Karen Hartley-Nagle 146,434 38%
Libertarian Mark Parks 3,586 1%
Total votes 385,457 100%
Republican hold

2010Edit

2010 Delaware's at-large congressional district election
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Carney 173,543 57%
Republican Glen Urquhart 125,442 41%
Independent Earl R. Lofland 3,704 1%
Libertarian Brent Wangen 1,986 1%
Independent Jeffrey Brown 961 0.31%
Total votes 305,636 100%
Turnout  
Democratic gain from Republican

2012Edit

2012 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Carney (incumbent) 249,905 64%
Republican Tom Kovach 129,749 33%
Green Bernard August 4,273 2%
Libertarian Scott Gesty 4,096 1%
Total votes 388,023 100%
Democratic hold

2014Edit

2014 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Carney (incumbent) 137,251 59%
Republican Rose Izzo 85,146 37%
Green Bernard August 4,801 2%
Libertarian Scott Gesty 4,419 2%
Total votes 231,617 100%
Democratic hold

2016Edit

2016 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lisa Blunt Rochester 233,554 56%
Republican Hans Reigle 172,301 41%
Green Mark Andrew Perri 8,326 2%
Libertarian Scott Gesty 6,436 2%
Total votes 420,617 100%
Democratic hold

2018Edit

2018 Delaware's at-large congressional district election[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Lisa Blunt Rochester 227,353 64.5%
Republican Scott Walker 125,384 35.5%
Turnout 352,737 46.1%
Total votes 352,737 100%
Democratic hold

Living former MembersEdit

As of January 2017, there are six former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Delaware's at-large congressional district who are currently living at this time. The most recent and most recently serving representative to die was William V. Roth Jr. (served 1967–1970) on December 13, 2003.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Harry G. Haskell, Jr. 1957–1959 (1921-05-27) May 27, 1921 (age 98)
Pete du Pont 1971–1977 (1935-01-22) January 22, 1935 (age 84)
Thomas B. Evans, Jr. 1977–1983 (1931-11-05) November 5, 1931 (age 88)
Tom Carper 1983–1993 (1947-01-23) January 23, 1947 (age 72)
Michael Castle 1993–2011 (1939-07-02) July 2, 1939 (age 80)
John Carney 2011–2017 (1956-05-20) May 20, 1956 (age 63)

ReferencesEdit

  • Barone, Michael; Richard E. Cohen (2005). The Almanac of American Politics. Washington: National Journal Group. ISBN 0-89234-112-2.
  • Martin, Roger A. (1995). Memoirs of the Senate. Newark, DE: Roger A. Martin.
  1. ^ "Urban Rural Population United States in 2010 – Distribution". Statista. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=10
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ Representatives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of. "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives – 404". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 25 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  5. ^ Representatives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of. "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives – 404". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  6. ^ Representatives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of. "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives – 404". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 27 February 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  7. ^ Representatives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of. "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives – 404". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 25 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  8. ^ Representatives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of. "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives – 404". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  9. ^ Representatives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of. "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives – 404". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 24 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  10. ^ Representatives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of. "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives – 404". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 26 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  11. ^ Representatives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of. "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives – 404". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  12. ^ Representatives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of. "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives – 404". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  13. ^ Representatives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of. "Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives – 404". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  14. ^ "2000 ELECTION STATISTICS". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  15. ^ "2002 ELECTION STATISTICS". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 5 January 2007. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  16. ^ "2004 ELECTION STATISTICS". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  17. ^ "2006 Election Statistics". clerk.house.gov. Archived from the original on 30 January 2008. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  18. ^ "State of Delaware Primary Election Official Results". State of Delaware. Archived from the original on November 7, 2012. Retrieved November 7, 2012.
  19. ^ a b c "State of Delaware General Election (Official Results)". State of Delaware Election Commissioner. Archived from the original on November 26, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014.