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Florence Garvin (February 27, 1876—July 10, 1968) was a women's rights activist, the daughter of former Rhode Island governor Lucius F. C. Garvin and Dr. Lucy Waterman Southmayd, an 1867 graduate of New England Female Medical College.[1] Florence Garvin was the author of several books including Land Rent, Arden Charm and Americanism and a candidate for United States Vice President in the 1932 and 1936 presidential elections.

She was a member of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, the head of the Rhode Island College Equal Suffrage League[2] and Third Vice-President of the Women's National Single Tax League, a group supporting the ideas of Henry George.[3] Garvin served as Secretary-Treasurer of the International Free Trade League, a short lived branch of the Free Trade League based in Boston, Massachusetts[4] and is listed as the author of "International free trade vs. the international loan," while she served as Secretary-Treasurer.[5]

In 1924, Garvin moved to Wilmington, Delaware and unsuccessfully ran for Congress.[1] In 1932 she was the running mate of presidential candidate John Zahnd of the National Party, also known as the Independent Party; Zahnd has been called "one of the more intriguing fringe candidates in American history."[6] She was the third woman to have run for vice-president in the United States. They won 1,645 votes versus the 22,821,277 of winners Franklin Delano Roosevelt and John Nance Garner. It was the only time perennial candidate Zahnd was known to have received any votes.[6] She ran again with Zahnd in 1936 at which point the party's name was changed to the Greenback Party.[7]

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Laxton, Glenn (2009). Hidden History of Rhode Island: Not to Be Forgotten Tales of the Ocean State. The History Press.
  2. ^ History of Women Suffrage Ida Husted Harper(editor)
  3. ^ Club Women of New York 1910-1911
  4. ^ "Free Trade League records 1916-1933 [Finding Aid]". NYPL Archives and Manuscript.
  5. ^ Garvin, Florence; International Free Trade League (1925). "International free trade vs. the international loan".
  6. ^ a b Others: "Fighting Bob" La Follette and the Progressive Movement: Third-Party Politics in the 1920s by Darcy G. Richardson, page 235.
  7. ^ Greenback party picks zahnd. (1936, Apr 06). New York Times (1923-Current File). Retrieved from Proquest.