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Tennessee's 2nd congressional district

The 2nd congressional district of Tennessee is a congressional district in East Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican Tim Burchett since January 2019.

Tennessee's 2nd congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Tim Burchett
RKnoxville
Distribution
  • 74.15[1]% urban
  • 25.85% rural
Population (2016)740,182[2]
Median income$52,025[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+20[4]

Current BoundariesEdit

The district is located in East Tennessee and borders Kentucky to the north and North Carolina to the south.

It is currently composed of the following counties: Blount, Claiborne, Grainger, Knox, and Loudon. It also contains a small piece of Campbell County and a large piece of Jefferson County.

CharacteristicsEdit

The district is based in Knoxville, and is largely coextensive with that city's metropolitan area.

The area is known for being the home of the flagship campus for the University of Tennessee, hosting the 1982 World's Fair, and for being the headquarters for the Tennessee Valley Authority, Ruby Tuesday, and Pilot Flying J.

The 2nd is one of the safest districts in the nation for the Republican Party. No Democrat has represented the district since 1855, and Republicans have held the district continuously since 1859.

This district traditionally gives its congressmen very long tenures in Washington. Since 1909, six men have served at least ten years in Congress, with three of those having served at least twenty years.

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Office Result
2000 President George W. Bush 59 - Al Gore 39%
2004 President George W. Bush 64 - John Kerry 35%
2008 President John McCain 64 - Barack Obama 34.5%
2012 President Mitt Romney 67.3 - Barack Obama 31%
2016 President Donald Trump 65 - Hillary Clinton 29.7%

HistoryEdit

Although the district has taken many forms over the years, it has included Knoxville every year since 1853.

During the Civil War era, the area was represented in Congress by Horace Maynard. Maynard switched parties many times, but was pro-Union, and did not resign from Congress when Tennessee seceded. Maynard entered Congress in 1857 (four years before the outbreak of the Civil War), but did not leave entirely until 1875 (ten years after the Civil War ended).

For a short period in the 1870s, the area was represented by Jacob M. Thornburgh. For the 44th United States Congress, Thornburgh was the only Republican in the Tennessee delegation.

Following Thornburgh's retirement, the district chose former Union colonel Leonidas C. Houk, who served until his death in 1891, upon which he was succeeded by his son John.

In late 1893, John faced a primary challenge from Henry R. Gibson. Gibson was chosen following this narrow and divisive primary, then went on to serve in Congress for ten years.

Gibson did not seek re-election in 1904 and was succeeded by Nathan W. Hale, who served only two terms.

Similar in character to the Houk/Gibson primary in 1893, Hale faced a divisive primary with eventual winner Richard W. Austin in 1908.

Ten years later, Austin himself was defeated for the Republican nomination, being edged out by former state Republican chairman J. Will Taylor. Taylor managed to serve for twenty years until his death in 1939.

In a special election to fill the vacancy left by Taylor's death, the district elected former judge John Jennings, Jr.. Jennings' tenure nearly perfectly coincided with the 1940s decade.

In 1950, Jennings was defeated in primary by former district attorney Howard Baker, Sr.. Baker served for thirteen years until his death in 1964, where he was succeeded by his widow Irene who did not seek re-election.

In the 1964 election, the district chose Knoxville mayor John Duncan, Sr.. Duncan served for 23 years before his death in summer 1988.

Following Duncan's death, the district elected his son, Jimmy. The younger Duncan served for just over thirty years from late 1988 until his successor was sworn in early January 2019.

Upon Jimmy Duncan's retirement, the district chose outgoing Knox County mayor Tim Burchett, who has served since January 2019.

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years Electoral history District location
District created March 4, 1805
 
George W. Campbell
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1809
Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Retired to become judge of the Tennessee Supreme Court.
1805–1813
"Hamilton district"
 
Robert Weakley
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
Elected in 1809.
Retired.
 
John Sevier
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Elected in 1811.
Re-elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Died.
March 4, 1813 –
September 24, 1815
1813–1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant September 24, 1815 –
December 8, 1815
William G. Blount Democratic-Republican December 8, 1815 –
March 3, 1819
Elected to finish Sevier's term.
Re-elected in 1817.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John A. Cocke Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
[Data unknown/missing.]
Pryor Lea Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas D. Arnold Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
Samuel Bunch Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
Abraham McClellan Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
William T. Senter Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
[Data unknown/missing.]
William M. Cocke Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing.]
Albert G. Watkins Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
William M. Churchwell Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Redistricted from the 3rd district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
William H. Sneed American March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Horace Maynard
Know Nothing March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
Opposition March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
[Data unknown/missing.]
Unionist March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Civil War
 
Horace Maynard
Unconditional Unionist July 24, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
[Data unknown/missing.]
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the At-large district
 
Jacob M. Thornburgh
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Leonidas C. Houk
Republican March 4, 1879 –
May 25, 1891
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant May 25, 1891 –
December 7, 1891
 
John C. Houk
Republican December 7, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
Succeeded his father
 
Henry R. Gibson
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1905
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Nathan W. Hale
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1909
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Richard W. Austin
Republican March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1919
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
J. Will Taylor
Republican March 4, 1919 –
November 14, 1939
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant November 14, 1939 –
December 30, 1939
 
John Jennings Jr.
Republican December 30, 1939 –
January 3, 1951
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Howard H. Baker
Republican January 3, 1951 –
January 7, 1964
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant January 7, 1964 –
March 10, 1964
 
Irene Baker
Republican March 10, 1964 –
January 3, 1965
Succeeded her husband
 
John J. Duncan
Republican January 3, 1965 –
June 21, 1988
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
1983–1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant June 21, 1988 –
November 7, 1988
 
John J. Duncan Jr.
Republican November 8, 1988 –
January 3, 2019
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1993–2013
[Data unknown/missing.]
2003–2013
 
2013–present
 
 
Tim Burchett
Republican January 3, 2019 –
present
Incumbent.

Living former membersEdit

As of January 2019, there is one living former member. The most recent to die was Irene Baker (served 1964–1965) on April 2, 1994. The most recently serving representative to die was John Duncan Sr. (served 1965–1988), who died in office on June 21, 1988.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Jimmy Duncan 1988–2019 (1947-07-21) July 21, 1947 (age 72)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=02
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=02
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.

Coordinates: 36°03′01″N 83°49′16″W / 36.05028°N 83.82111°W / 36.05028; -83.82111