Hawaii's 2nd congressional district
Hawaii's 2nd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Hawaii. The district encompasses all rural and most suburban areas of Oahu/Honolulu County, as well as the entire state outside of Oahu. Besides Honolulu, the district includes the counties of Kauai, Maui, Kalawao and Hawaii ("the Big Island"). The district spans 331 miles. The most populous community entirely within the district is Hilo. Major segments of the economy include tourism, ranching and agriculture, especially pineapple and sugarcane cultivation.
|Hawaii's 2nd congressional district|
Hawaii's 2nd congressional district – since January 3, 2013
(all but the green-shaded portion of Oahu)
- 1 History
- 2 Political profile
- 3 Recent election results in presidential races
- 4 Residency requirement
- 5 List of members representing the district
- 6 Election results
- 7 Living former members from the district
- 8 Historical district boundaries
- 9 See also
- 10 References
When Hawaii and Alaska were admitted to the Union in 1959, both new states were granted one at-large Representative to Congress pending the next United States Census. In the reapportionment following the 1960 U.S. Census, Hawaii was entitled to a second U.S. Representative. Instead of creating two congressional districts, the state continued to elect its U.S. Representatives at-large. Two representatives were first elected in 1962 and Hawaii was first represented by two U.S. Representatives on January 2, 1963 upon the convening of the 88th Congress.
The 2nd Congressional District was created in 1971 when Hawaii began electing its representatives from districts instead of electing an at-large U.S. Representative statewide.
Historically, the 2nd Congressional District has been the more Democratic of the state's two districts, with a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+19.
Recent election results in presidential racesEdit
|2000||President||Al Gore 56% – George W. Bush 36%|
|2004||President||John Kerry 56% – George W. Bush 44%|
|2008||President||Barack Obama 73% – John McCain 25%|
|2012||President||Barack Obama 71% – Mitt Romney 27%|
|2016||President||Hillary Clinton 61% – Donald Trump 30%|
Under the U.S. Constitution, a candidate for this district only has to be a resident of Hawaii, but does not have to live in the district itself. The first non-resident to be elected to this U.S. House seat was Ed Case, a Honolulu attorney, though Case was born and raised on the Big Island of Hawaii. The home state office of the Second Congressional District is at the Prince Kuhio Federal Building near Honolulu Harbor.
List of members representing the districtEdit
|Democratic win (new seat)|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||79,856||57.08%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||86,916||62.58%|
|Republican||Carla W. Coray||51,984||37.42%|
|Independents for Godly Government||Bill Penaroza||3,461||2.22%|
|People's Party||Dexter Cate||2,408||1.54%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||118,272||85.73%|
|Libertarian||Amelia L. Fritts||3,988||2.89%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||141,477||89.90%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||132,072||89.23%|
|Nonpartisan||Gregory B. Mills||9,080||6.14%|
|Libertarian||Amelia L. Fritts||6,856||4.63%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||112,377||82.18%|
|Republican||A.D. (Al) Shipley||20,000||14.63%|
|Libertarian||Amelia L. Fritts||4,364||3.19%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||123,830||76.05%|
|Republican||Maria M. Hustace||35,371||21.73%|
|Democratic||Daniel Akaka (Incumbent)||144,802||88.94%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||18,006||11.06%|
|Democratic||Duane A. Black||1,242||0.90%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||791||0.57%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||118,155||66.27%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||5,508||3.09%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||131,454||72.65%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||9,431||5.21%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||124,431||70.14%|
|Republican||Robert H. (Lopaka) Garner||42,891||24.18%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||109,178||60.33%|
|Republican||Tom Pico Jr.||55,729||30.80%|
|Libertarian||James M. Keefe||4,769||2.64%|
|Natural Law||Amanda (Mandy) Toulon||3,564||1.97%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||144,254||69.40%|
|Republican||Carol J. Douglass||50,423||24.25%|
|Libertarian||Noreen Leilehua Chun||13,194||6.35%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||112,856||61.59%|
|Libertarian||Lawrence G.K. Duquesne||4,468||2.44%|
|Democratic||Patsy Mink (Incumbent)||100,671||56.16%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||4,719||2.63%|
|Natural Law||Nick Bedworth||2,200||1.23%|
|No party||34 others||2,754||5.96%%|
|Democratic||Ed Case (Incumbent)||33,002||43.24%|
|No party||39 others||5,435||7.12%%|
|Democratic||Ed Case (Incumbent)||133,317||62.77%|
|Democratic||Mazie Hirono (Incumbent)||165,748||76.06%|
|Republican||Roger B. Evans||44,425||20.39%|
|Libertarian||Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan||3,699||1.70%|
|Democratic||Mazie Hirono (Incumbent)||132,290||72.19%|
|Republican||John W. Willoughby||46,404||25.32%|
|Nonpartisan||Andrew V. Von Sonn||1,310||0.72%|
|Democratic||Tulsi Gabbard (Incumbent)||142,010||78.7%|
|Democratic||Tulsi Gabbard (Incumbent)||170,848||76.23%|
|Republican||Angela Aulani Kaaihue||39,668||17.70%|
Living former members from the districtEdit
As of April 2018[update], there are two living former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from the district. The most recent representative to die was Daniel Akaka (served 1977–1990), who died on April 6, 2018. The most recently serving representative to die was Patsy Mink (served 1971–1977, 1990–2002), who died in office on September 28, 2002.
|Representative||Term in office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Ed Case||2002–2007||September 27, 1952|
|Mazie Hirono||2007–2013||November 3, 1947|
Historical district boundariesEdit
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
- "United States Census". Retrieved 22 July 2014.
- "My Congressional District". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "Daily Kos Elections' presidential results by congressional district for 2016, 2012, and 2008". Daily Kos.
- Hawaii Office of Elections: Election results separated by year. Accessed February 11, 2015.
- 1970 Election Results
- 1972 Election Results
- 1974 Election Results
- 1976 Election Results
- 1978 Election Results
- 1980 Election Results
- 1982 Election Results
- 1984 Election Results
- 1986 Election Results
- 1988 Election Results
- 1990 Special Election Results
- 1990 Election Results
- 1992 Election Results
- 1994 Election Results
- 1996 Election Results
- 1998 Election Results
- 2000 Election Results
- 2002 Election Results
- 2002 Special Election Results
- 2003 Special Election Results
- 2004 Election Results
- 2006 Election Results
- 2008 Election Results
- 2010 Election Results
- 2012 Election Results
- "Hawaii General Election 2014" (PDF). Hawaii Office of Elections. 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2014-12-18.
- "PRIMARY ELECTION 2016 – State of Hawaii – Statewide". State of Hawaii Office of Elections. August 16, 2016. p. 1. Retrieved November 18, 2016.