Maui County, Hawaii

Maui County, officially the County of Maui, is a county in the U.S. state of Hawaii. It consists of the islands of Maui, Lānaʻi, Molokaʻi (except for a portion of Molokaʻi that comprises Kalawao County), Kahoʻolawe, and Molokini. The latter two are uninhabited. As of the 2010 census, the population was 154,834.[1] The county seat is Wailuku.[2]

Maui County
Haleakalā National Park
Flag of Maui County
Flag
Official seal of Maui County
Seal
Map of Hawaii highlighting Maui County
Location within the U.S. state of Hawaii
Map of the United States highlighting Hawaii
Hawaii's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 20°53′00″N 156°39′00″W / 20.883333333333°N 156.65°W / 20.883333333333; -156.65
Country United States
State Hawaii
Founded1905
SeatWailuku
Largest cityKahului
Government
 • MayorMike Victorino
Area
 • Total2,398 sq mi (6,210 km2)
 • Land1,162 sq mi (3,010 km2)
 • Water1,237 sq mi (3,200 km2)  51.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
167,417
 • Density133/sq mi (51/km2)
Time zoneUTC−10 (Hawaii–Aleutian)
 • Summer (DST)HADT
Congressional district2nd
Websitewww.mauicounty.gov

Maui County is included in the Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

GovernmentEdit

Maui County has a quasi-mayor-council form of municipal government. Unlike traditional municipal governments, the county government is established by the state legislature by statute and is not chartered. Executive authority is vested in the mayor, elected by the voters on a nonpartisan basis to a four-year term (with a limit of two consecutive full terms). Legislative authority is vested in the nine-member county council. All seats in the county council have residency requirements, but all Maui County voters may vote in elections for all nine seats regardless of residence. Members of the county council are elected on a nonpartisan basis to two-year terms (with a limit of five consecutive full terms).

The mayor of Maui County is Mike Victorino, serving since January 2, 2019. Victorino was a member of the county council from 2007 to 2017.

The county's Department of Liquor Control regulates and enforces state and county laws regarding the manufacture, importation, sale and consumption of intoxicating liquors.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,398 square miles (6,210 km2), of which 1,162 square miles (3,010 km2) is land and 1,237 square miles (3,200 km2) (51.6%) is water.[3] The islands that comprise Maui County correspond to the remnants of the ancient landmass of Maui Nui. The highest point in the county is the peak of Haleakalā at 10,023 feet (3,055 m). Haleakalā is a shield volcano located on the eastern side of the island of Maui.

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
190026,743
191029,76211.3%
192037,38525.6%
193055,54148.6%
194055,5340.0%
195048,179−13.2%
196042,576−11.6%
197045,9848.0%
198070,84754.1%
1990100,37441.7%
2000128,09427.6%
2010154,83420.9%
Est. 2019167,417[4]8.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2018[1]

As of the 2000 Census,[9] there were 128,094 people, 43,507 households, and 29,889 families residing in the county. The population density was 110 people per square mile (43/km2). There were 56,377 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile (19/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 28.90% White, 1.40% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 33.01% Asian, 10.72% Pacific Islander, 1.36% from other races, and 22.24% from two or more races. 7.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 43,507 households, out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.90% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.30% were non-families. 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.50% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 30.90% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.20 males.

EconomyEdit

Top employersEdit

According to the county's 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[10] the top employers in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 State of Hawaii 4,860
2 Maui County 2,423
3 Grand Wailea Resort & Spa 1,400
4 Ritz-Carlton-Kapalua 1,000
5 United States Federal Government 860
6 Maui Memorial Medical Center 800
Four Seasons Resort Maui
7 Fairmont Kea Lani 700
Four Seasons Lānaʻi
Westin Maui Resort & Spa on Kaanapali Beach
8 Kea Lani Maui Restaurant 600
9 Hale Makua 500
Kaanapali Beach Club
Montage Kapalua Bay
Walmart
Royal Lahaina Resort
10 Wailea Beach Resort Marriott 420

TransportationEdit

AirportsEdit

Three airports provide air service to the island of Maui:

There are also airports on Maui's smaller adjacent islands:

Major highwaysEdit

CommunitiesEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

Former communitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

United States presidential election results for Maui County, Hawaii[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2016 13,446 25.89% 33,480 64.45% 5,019 9.66%
2012 11,602 23.85% 36,052 74.10% 999 2.05%
2008 11,154 21.54% 39,727 76.71% 908 1.75%
2004 18,187 38.34% 28,803 60.73% 440 0.93%
2000 12,876 32.81% 23,484 59.83% 2,888 7.36%
1996 9,323 26.74% 20,600 59.08% 4,944 14.18%
1992 11,151 30.17% 18,962 51.31% 6,845 18.52%
1988 12,944 41.96% 17,532 56.83% 374 1.21%
1984 14,720 52.45% 12,966 46.20% 381 1.36%
1980 10,359 40.23% 12,674 49.22% 2,718 10.55%
1976 10,318 45.78% 11,921 52.89% 299 1.33%
1972 11,618 61.09% 7,399 38.91% 0 0.00%
1968 6,401 37.76% 10,313 60.84% 237 1.40%
1964 3,553 21.91% 12,666 78.09% 0 0.00%
1960 8,848 54.79% 7,302 45.21% 0 0.00%

Maui County was the only county in the United States won by Dennis Kucinich during his unsuccessful campaign for the Democratic Party nomination to the presidency in 2004.[12]

Sister citiesEdit

Maui County currently has 21 sister cities, including:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  9. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ County of Maui CAFR Archived 2019-02-27 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  12. ^ "US Election Atlas". Dave Leip. Retrieved 2008-01-11.
  13. ^ "Sister Cities". The Local Government of Quezon City. Archived from the original on 1 October 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2019.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 20°53′N 156°39′W / 20.883°N 156.650°W / 20.883; -156.650