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New Hampshire's 1st congressional district

New Hampshire's 1st congressional district covers the southeastern part of New Hampshire. The district consists of three general areas: Greater Manchester, the Seacoast and the Lakes Region.

New Hampshire's 1st congressional district
New Hampshire US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
New Hampshire's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Chris Pappas
DManchester
Distribution
  • 66.69% urban
  • 33.31% rural
Population (2016 ACS[1])671,625
Median income$73,488[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+2[3]

It is represented in the United States House of Representatives by Democrat Chris Pappas.

Politically, the 1st district is one of the most competitive congressional districts in the country, with a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+2. As of 2019, the district has changed hands in six of the last seven elections, with an incumbent losing re-election in five instances.

Contents

Cities and towns in the districtEdit

The district includes:

List of members representing the districtEdit

District organized from New Hampshire's At-large congressional district in 1847

Representative Party Years Electoral history
 
Amos Tuck
Independent March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Elected late on March 9, 1847.
Re-elected late on March 13, 1849.
Re-elected late on March 11, 1851.

Lost re-election.
Free Soil March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
 
George W. Kittredge
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Elected late on March 8, 1853.

Lost re-election.
 
James Pike
Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Elected late on March 13, 1855.
Re-elected late on March 10, 1857.

Retired.
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
 
Gilman Marston
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1863
Elected late on March 8, 1859.
Re-elected late on March 12, 1861.

[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Daniel Marcy
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Re-elected late on March 10, 1863.

Lost re-election.
 
Gilman Marston
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
Re-elected late on March 14, 1865.

Lost re-election.
 
Jacob Hart Ela
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
Elected late on March 12, 1867.
Re-elected late on March 9, 1869.

[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Ellery Albee Hibbard
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Elected late on March 14, 1871.

Lost re-election.
 
William B. Small
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Elected late on March 11, 1873.

Retired.
 
Frank Jones
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
Elected late on March 9, 1875.
Re-elected late on March 13, 1877.

Retired.
 
Joshua G. Hall
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.

[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Martin Alonzo Haynes
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.

Lost re-election.
 
Luther F. McKinney
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
Elected in 1886.

Lost re-election.
 
Alonzo Nute
Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
Elected in 1888.

Retired to run for Governor of New Hampshire.
 
Luther F. McKinney
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
Elected in 1890.

[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Henry W. Blair
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Elected in 1892.

Retired.
 
Cyrus A. Sulloway
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1913
Elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.

Lost re-election.
 
Eugene Elliott Reed
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
Elected in 1912.

Lost re-election.
 
Cyrus A. Sulloway
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 11, 1917
Elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.

Died.
Vacant March 11, 1917 –
May 29, 1917
 
Sherman Everett Burroughs
Republican May 29, 1917 –
January 27, 1923
Elected to finish Sulloway's term.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.

Retired and then died.
Vacant January 27, 1923 –
March 3, 1923
 
William Nathaniel Rogers
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
Elected in 1922.

Lost re-election.
 
Fletcher Hale
Republican March 4, 1925 –
October 22, 1931
Elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.

Died.
Vacant October 22, 1931 –
January 5, 1932
 
William Nathaniel Rogers
Democratic January 5, 1932 –
January 3, 1937
Elected to finish Hale's term.
Re-elected in 1934.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Arthur B. Jenks
Republican January 3, 1937 –
June 9, 1938
Elected in 1936.

Lost election contest.
 
Alphonse Roy
Democratic June 9, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
Successfully contested Jenks's election.

Lost re-election.
 
Arthur B. Jenks
Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
Elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.

Lost re-nomination.
 
Chester Earl Merrow
Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1963
Frist elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Louis C. Wyman
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
Elected in 1962.

Lost re-election.
 
Joseph Oliva Huot
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
Elected in 1964.

Lost re-election.
 
Louis C. Wyman
Republican January 3, 1967 –
December 31, 1974
Elected in 1966.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.

Resigned.
Vacant December 31, 1974 –
January 3, 1975
 
Norman D'Amours
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1985
Elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Bob Smith
Republican January 3, 1985 –
December 7, 1990
Elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.

Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Vacant December 7, 1990 –
January 3, 1991
 
Bill Zeliff
Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1997
Elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.

Retired to run for Governor of New Hampshire.
 
John E. Sununu
Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2003
Elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Jeb Bradley
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2007
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.

Lost re-election.
 
Carol Shea-Porter
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2011
Elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.

Lost re-election.
 
Frank Guinta
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
Elected in 2010.

Lost re-election.
 
Carol Shea-Porter
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2015
Elected in 2012.

Lost re-election.
 
Frank Guinta
Republican January 3, 2015 –
January 3, 2017
Elected in 2014.

Lost re-election.
 
Carol Shea-Porter
Democratic January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
Elected in 2016.

Retired.
 
Chris Pappas
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
Elected in 2018.

CompetitivenessEdit

The first district is a swing district.

District election results from presidential races:

Year Office Results
2000 President George W. Bush 49 – Al Gore 46%
2004 President George W. Bush 51 – John Kerry 48%
2008 President Barack Obama 53 – John McCain 47%
2012 President Barack Obama 50 – Mitt Romney 49%
2016 President Donald Trump 48 – Hillary Clinton 47%

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003–2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  1. ^ "ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates: 2013 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP05)". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=33&cd=01
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.

Coordinates: 43°27′28″N 71°11′57″W / 43.45778°N 71.19917°W / 43.45778; -71.19917