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New Hampshire's 1st congressional district

New Hampshire's 1st congressional district covers the southeastern part of New Hampshire. The district consists of three general areas: Greater Manchester, the Seacoast and the Lakes Region.

New Hampshire's 1st congressional district
New Hampshire US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
New Hampshire's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Chris Pappas
DManchester
Distribution
  • 69.55% urban
  • 30.45% rural
Population (2017 ACS[1])673,194
Median income$73,488[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+2[3]

It is represented in the United States House of Representatives by Democrat Chris Pappas.

Politically, the 1st district is one of the most competitive congressional districts in the country, with a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+2. As of 2019, the district has changed hands in six of the last seven elections, with an incumbent losing re-election in five instances.

Cities and towns in the districtEdit

The district includes:

List of members representing the districtEdit

District organized from New Hampshire's At-large congressional district in 1847

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
 
Amos Tuck
Independent March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th
31st
32nd
Elected late on March 9, 1847.
Re-elected late on March 13, 1849.
Re-elected late on March 11, 1851.

Lost re-election.
Free Soil March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
 
George W. Kittredge
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected late on March 8, 1853.

Lost re-election.
 
James Pike
Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th
35th
Elected late on March 13, 1855.
Re-elected late on March 10, 1857.

Retired.
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
 
Gilman Marston
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1863
36th
37th
Elected late on March 8, 1859.
Re-elected late on March 12, 1861.

[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Daniel Marcy
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Re-elected late on March 10, 1863.

Lost re-election.
 
Gilman Marston
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
39th Re-elected late on March 14, 1865.

Lost re-election.
 
Jacob Hart Ela
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
Elected late on March 12, 1867.
Re-elected late on March 9, 1869.

[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Ellery Albee Hibbard
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected late on March 14, 1871.

Lost re-election.
 
William B. Small
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected late on March 11, 1873.

Retired.
 
Frank Jones
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
44th
45th
Elected late on March 9, 1875.
Re-elected late on March 13, 1877.

Retired.
 
Joshua G. Hall
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
46th
47th
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.

[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Martin Alonzo Haynes
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.

Lost re-election.
 
Luther F. McKinney
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
50th Elected in 1886.

Lost re-election.
 
Alonzo Nute
Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
51st Elected in 1888.

Retired to run for Governor of New Hampshire.
 
Luther F. McKinney
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Elected in 1890.

[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Henry W. Blair
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd Elected in 1892.

Retired.
 
Cyrus A. Sulloway
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1913
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
Elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.

Lost re-election.
 
Eugene Elliott Reed
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Elected in 1912.

Lost re-election.
 
Cyrus A. Sulloway
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 11, 1917
64th
65th
Elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.

Died.
Vacant March 11, 1917 –
May 29, 1917
 
Sherman Everett Burroughs
Republican May 29, 1917 –
January 27, 1923
65th
66th
67th
Elected to finish Sulloway's term.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.

Died.
Vacant January 27, 1923 –
March 3, 1923
 
William Nathaniel Rogers
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th Elected in 1922.

Lost re-election.
 
Fletcher Hale
Republican March 4, 1925 –
October 22, 1931
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.

Died.
Vacant October 22, 1931 –
January 5, 1932
 
William Nathaniel Rogers
Democratic January 5, 1932 –
January 3, 1937
72nd
73rd
74th
Elected to finish Hale's term.
Re-elected in 1934.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Arthur B. Jenks
Republican January 3, 1937 –
June 9, 1938
75th Elected in 1936.

Lost election contest.
 
Alphonse Roy
Democratic June 9, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
75th Successfully contested Jenks's election.

Lost re-election.
 
Arthur B. Jenks
Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
76th
77th
Elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.

Lost re-nomination.
 
Chester Earl Merrow
Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1963
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
First elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Louis C. Wyman
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
88th Elected in 1962.

Lost re-election.
 
Joseph Oliva Huot
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
89th Elected in 1964.

Lost re-election.
 
Louis C. Wyman
Republican January 3, 1967 –
December 31, 1974
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
Elected in 1966.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.

Resigned.
Vacant December 31, 1974 –
January 3, 1975
 
Norman D'Amours
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1985
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
Elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Bob Smith
Republican January 3, 1985 –
December 7, 1990
99th
100th
101st
Elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.

Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Vacant December 7, 1990 –
January 3, 1991
 
Bill Zeliff
Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1997
102nd
103rd
104th
Elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.

Retired to run for Governor of New Hampshire.
 
John E. Sununu
Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2003
105th
106th
107th
Elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.

Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Jeb Bradley
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2007
108th
109th
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.

Lost re-election.
 
Carol Shea-Porter
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2011
110th
111th
Elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.

Lost re-election.
 
Frank Guinta
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th Elected in 2010.

Lost re-election.
 
Carol Shea-Porter
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2015
113th Elected in 2012.

Lost re-election.
 
Frank Guinta
Republican January 3, 2015 –
January 3, 2017
114th Elected in 2014.

Lost re-election.
 
Carol Shea-Porter
Democratic January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
115th Elected in 2016.

Retired.
 
Chris Pappas
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Elected in 2018.

CompetitivenessEdit

The first district is a swing district.

District election results from presidential races:

Year Office Results
2000 President George W. Bush 49 – Al Gore 46%
2004 President George W. Bush 51 – John Kerry 48%
2008 President Barack Obama 53 – John McCain 47%
2012 President Barack Obama 50 – Mitt Romney 49%
2016 President Donald Trump 48 – Hillary Clinton 47%

Living former representativesEdit

As of January 2019, there are seven living former members. The most recent representative to die was Louis C. Wyman (served 1963–1965, 1967–1974) on May 5, 2002.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Norman D'Amours 1975–1985 (1937-10-14) October 14, 1937 (age 81)
Bob Smith 1985–1990 (1941-03-30) March 30, 1941 (age 78)
Bill Zeliff 1991–1997 (1936-06-12) June 12, 1936 (age 83)
John E. Sununu 1997–2003 (1964-09-10) September 10, 1964 (age 55)
Jeb Bradley 2003–2007 (1952-10-30) October 30, 1952 (age 66)
Carol Shea-Porter 2007–2011
2013–2015
2017–2019
(1952-12-02) December 2, 1952 (age 66)
Frank Guinta 2011–2013
2015–2017
(1970-09-26) September 26, 1970 (age 49)

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003–2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  1. ^ "ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates: 2013 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP05)". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=33&cd=01
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.

Coordinates: 43°27′28″N 71°11′57″W / 43.45778°N 71.19917°W / 43.45778; -71.19917