Tennessee's 8th congressional district

The 8th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in West Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican David Kustoff since January 2017.

Tennessee's 8th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 8th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  David Kustoff
RGermantown
Distribution
  • 60.83[1]% urban
  • 39.17% rural
Population (2016)706,468[2]
Median income$56,477[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+19[4]

Current BoundariesEdit

The district is located in West Tennessee. It borders Kentucky to the north, Arkansas and Missouri to the west, and Mississippi to the south.

It is currently composed of the following counties: Carroll, Crockett, Dyer, Fayette, Gibson, Haywood, Henry, Lake, Lauderdale, Madison, Obion, Tipton, and Weakley. It also contains a large piece of Shelby County and a small piece of Benton.

CharacteristicsEdit

The map is deceptively rural, but the bulk of the district's vote is cast in the suburban areas around Memphis, such as Germantown, Bartlett, and Collierville, as well Fayette and Tipton counties. This area boasts some of the highest median incomes in the state.

The rest of the district is composed mostly of small towns and farming communities. The district already had a strong social conservative tint which grew even more pronounced when eastern Memphis was added to the district; many of the state's most politically active churches are located here.

According to the 2010 census, the five largest cities located mostly with the district are: Jackson (65,211), Bartlett (54,613), Collierville (43,965), Germantown (38,844), and Dyersburg (17,145).

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Office Result
2000 President Al Gore 51% - George W. Bush 48%
2004 President George W. Bush 53% - John Kerry 47%
2008 President John McCain 64% - Barack Obama 35%
2012 President Mitt Romney 66% - Barack Obama 33%
2016 President Donald Trump 66.3% - Hillary Clinton 30.7%

HistoryEdit

Districts similar to today's 8th (composing of rural areas in northwest Tennessee) have been in place since Reconstruction.

During the early 20th century, most of northwest Tennessee was represented by Democrats Finis J. Garrett (1905 to 1929), Jere Cooper (1929 to 1943), Clifford Davis (1943 to 1953), then Cooper again from 1953 to 1957. Cooper was succeeded by Fats Everett, who served until his death in early 1969.

The district's current form of including Memphis suburbs began in 1967 due to a re-districting caused by the Baker v. Carr ruling.

Following Everett's death in 1969, the district chose former Tennessee Commissioner of Agriculture Ed Jones in a special election. Jones served the area in Congress for just under twenty years until his retirement in 1988.

Upon Jones' retirement, the district selected Democrat John S. Tanner as its representative. Following eleven terms (22 years) in Congress, Tanner retired.

In 2011, the district chose Republican businessman Stephen Fincher over Democrat state senator Roy Herron. It marked the first time since Reconstruction that a Republican had represented northwest Tennessee.

Following the 2010 census, the district lost its remaining territory in Middle Tennessee, meaning it was entirely within West Tennessee for the first time since 1968. In the same census, the 7th lost its remaining claims in Shelby County, meaning that since 2012, any area of Shelby County that is not in the 9th is in the 8th.

In 2016, Fincher retired and was succeeded by Republican David Kustoff, a former United States Attorney.

List of representativesEdit

Name Years Cong
ress
Party District Residence Notes
District created March 4, 1823
James B. Reynolds March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825 18th Jacksonian D-R
John H. Marable March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1829 19th
20th
Jacksonian
  Cave Johnson March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1833 21st
22nd
Jacksonian Redistricted to the 11th district
David W. Dickinson March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1835 23rd Jacksonian
Abram P. Maury March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1837 24th
25th
Anti-Jacksonian
March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839 Whig
  Meredith P. Gentry March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1843 26th
27th
Whig
Joseph H. Peyton March 4, 1843 – November 11, 1845 28th
29th
Whig Died
Edwin H. Ewing January 2, 1846 – March 3, 1847 29th Whig
Washington Barrow March 4, 1847 – March 3, 1849 30th Whig
Andrew Ewing March 4, 1849 – March 3, 1851 31st Democratic
William Cullom March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853 32nd Whig Redistricted to the 4th district
  Felix Zollicoffer March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855 33rd
34th
35th
Whig
March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1859 Know Nothing
James M. Quarles March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1861 36th Opposition
American Civil War
  John W. Leftwich July 24, 1866 – March 3, 1867 39th Unconditional Unionist
  David A. Nunn March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1869 40th Republican
  William J. Smith March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1871 41st Republican
William W. Vaughan March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873 42nd Democratic
  David A. Nunn March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875 43rd Republican
  John D. C. Atkins March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1883 44th
45th
46th
47th
Democratic Redistricted from the 7th district
  John M. Taylor March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887 48th
49th
Democratic
  Benjamin A. Enloe March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1895 50th
51st
52nd
53rd
Democratic
  John E. McCall March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1897 54th Republican
  Thetus W. Sims March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1921 55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Democratic
  Lon A. Scott March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923 67th Republican
  Gordon Browning March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1933 68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Democratic Redistricted to the 7th district
  Jere Cooper March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1943 73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
Democratic Redistricted from the 9th district, Redistricted to the 9th district
  Tom J. Murray January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1953 78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Democratic Redistricted to the 7th district
  Jere Cooper January 3, 1953 – December 18, 1957 83rd
84th
85th
Democratic Redistricted from the 9th district, Died
  Fats Everett February 1, 1958 – January 26, 1969 85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
Democratic Died
  Ed Jones March 25, 1969 – January 3, 1973 91st
92nd
Democratic Redistricted to the 7th district
  Dan Kuykendall January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975 93rd Republican Redistricted from the 9th district
  Harold Ford, Sr. January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1983 94th
95th
96th
97th
Democratic Redistricted to the 9th district
  Ed Jones January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1989 98th
99th
100th
Democratic Redistricted from the 7th district
  John S. Tanner January 3, 1989 – January 3, 2011 101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
Democratic
  Stephen Fincher January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2017 112th
113th
114th
Republican Retired
  David Kustoff January 3, 2017 – present 115th
116th
Republican Incumbent

Living former membersEdit

As of January 2019, there are three living former members. The most recent to die was Dan Kuykendall (served 1973–1975) on June 12, 2008. The most recently serving to die was Ed Jones (served 1969–1973, 1983–1989) on December 11, 1999.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Harold Ford, Sr. 1975–1983 (1945-05-20) May 20, 1945 (age 74)
John S. Tanner 1989–2011 (1944-09-22) September 22, 1944 (age 75)
Stephen Fincher 2011–2017 (1973-02-07) February 7, 1973 (age 46)

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 – 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=08
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=08
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.

Coordinates: 35°51′20″N 89°05′59″W / 35.85556°N 89.09972°W / 35.85556; -89.09972