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Tennessee's 8th congressional district

The 8th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in West Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican David Kustoff since January 2017.

Tennessee's 8th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 8th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
U.S. Representative
  David Kustoff
RGermantown
Distribution
  • 60.83[1]% urban
  • 39.17% rural
Population (2016)706,468[2]
Median income$56,477[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+19[4]

Contents

Current BoundariesEdit

The district is located in West Tennessee. It borders Kentucky to the north, Arkansas and Missouri to the west, and Mississippi to the south.

It is currently composed of the following counties: Carroll, Crockett, Dyer, Fayette, Gibson, Haywood, Henry, Lake, Lauderdale, Madison, Obion, Tipton, and Weakley. It also contains a large piece of Shelby County and a small piece of Benton.

CharacteristicsEdit

The map is deceptively rural, but the bulk of the district's vote is cast in the suburban areas around Memphis, such as Germantown, Bartlett, and Collierville, as well Fayette and Tipton counties. This area boasts some of the highest median incomes in the state.

The rest of the district is composed mostly of small towns and farming communities. The district already had a strong social conservative tint which grew even more pronounced when eastern Memphis was added to the district; many of the state's most politically active churches are located here.

According to the 2010 census, the five largest cities located mostly with the district are: Jackson (65,211), Bartlett (54,613), Collierville (43,965), Germantown (38,844), and Dyersburg (17,145).

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Result
2004 George W. Bush 53 - 47%
2008 John McCain 64 - 35%
2012 Mitt Romney 66 - 33%
2016 Donald Trump 66.3 - 30.7%

HistoryEdit

Districts similar to today's 8th (composing of rural areas in northwest Tennessee) have been in place since Reconstruction.

During the early 20th century, most of northwest Tennessee was represented by Democrats Finis J. Garrett (1905 to 1929), Jere Cooper (1929 to 1943), Clifford Davis (1943 to 1953), then Cooper again from 1953 to 1957. Cooper was succeeded by Fats Everett, who served until his death in early 1969.

The district's current form of including Memphis suburbs began in 1967 due to a re-districting caused by the Baker v. Carr ruling.

Following Everett's death in 1969, the district chose former Tennessee Commissioner of Agriculture Ed Jones in a special election. Jones served the area in Congress for just under twenty years until his retirement in 1988.

Upon Jones' retirement, the district selected Democrat John S. Tanner as its representative. Following eleven terms (22 years) in Congress, Tanner retired.

In 2011, the district chose Republican businessman Stephen Fincher over Democrat state senator Roy Herron. It marked the first time since Reconstruction that a Republican had represented northwest Tennessee.

Following the 2010 census, the district lost its remaining territory in Middle Tennessee, meaning it was entirely within West Tennessee for the first time since 1968. In the same census, the 7th lost its remaining claims in Shelby County, meaning that since 2012, any area of Shelby County that is not in the 9th is in the 8th.

In 2016, Fincher retired and was succeeded by Republican David Kustoff, a former United States Attorney.

List of representativesEdit

Name Years Party District Residence Notes
District created March 4, 1823
James B. Reynolds March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825 Jacksonian D-R
John H. Marable March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1829 Jacksonian
  Cave Johnson March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1833 Jacksonian Redistricted to the 11th district
David W. Dickinson March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1835 Jacksonian
Abram P. Maury March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1837 Anti-Jacksonian
March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839 Whig
  Meredith P. Gentry March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1843 Whig
Joseph H. Peyton March 4, 1843 – November 11, 1845 Whig Died
Edwin H. Ewing January 2, 1846 – March 3, 1847 Whig
Washington Barrow March 4, 1847 – March 3, 1849 Whig
Andrew Ewing March 4, 1849 – March 3, 1851 Democratic
William Cullom March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853 Whig Redistricted to the 4th district
  Felix Zollicoffer March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855 Whig
March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1859 Know Nothing
James M. Quarles March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1861 Opposition
American Civil War
  John W. Leftwich July 24, 1866 – March 3, 1867 Unconditional Unionist
  David A. Nunn March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1869 Republican
  William J. Smith March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1871 Republican
William W. Vaughan March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873 Democratic
  David A. Nunn March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875 Republican
  John D. C. Atkins March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1883 Democratic Redistricted from the 7th district
  John M. Taylor March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887 Democratic
  Benjamin A. Enloe March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1895 Democratic
  John E. McCall March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1897 Republican
  Thetus W. Sims March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1921 Democratic
  Lon A. Scott March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923 Republican
  Gordon Browning March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1933 Democratic Redistricted to the 7th district
  Jere Cooper March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1943 Democratic Redistricted from the 9th district, Redistricted to the 9th district
  Tom J. Murray January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1953 Democratic Redistricted to the 7th district
  Jere Cooper January 3, 1953 – December 18, 1957 Democratic Redistricted from the 9th district, Died
  Fats Everett February 1, 1958 – January 26, 1969 Democratic Died
  Ed Jones March 25, 1969 – January 3, 1973 Democratic Redistricted to the 7th district
  Dan Kuykendall January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975 Republican Redistricted from the 9th district
  Harold Ford, Sr. January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1983 Democratic Redistricted to the 9th district
  Ed Jones January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1989 Democratic Redistricted from the 7th district
  John S. Tanner January 3, 1989 – January 3, 2011 Democratic
  Stephen Fincher January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2017 Republican Retired
  David Kustoff January 3, 2017 – present Republican Incumbent

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 – 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=08
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=08
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.

Coordinates: 35°51′20″N 89°05′59″W / 35.85556°N 89.09972°W / 35.85556; -89.09972