Tennessee's 9th congressional district
|Tennessee's 9th congressional district|
Tennessee's 9th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
It begins north on the border with Tipton County and encompasses most of Millington. It then travels south to the district's anchor city of Memphis. Nearly all of Memphis is in the 9th, although some of its city limits spill over into the 8th. The district then juts out east to capture Cordova, but mostly avoids Bartlett and Germantown.
The district is almost exclusively urban, due to its mostly cohabitant nature with Memphis.
Memphis is recognized worldwide for being the hub for FedEx. Largely due to FedEx's presence, Memphis International Airport boasts handles more cargo than any other airport in the country. Memphis is also known for blues music, Beale Street, and barbecue.
It is the only majority minority congressional district in Tennessee.
Politically speaking, it is considered a very safe area for Democrats. Since 1875, the area has sent mostly Democrats to Congress with the exception of a brief period from 1967 to 1974 when it was represented by Republican Dan Kuykendall.
Election results from presidential racesEdit
|2004||John Kerry 70 - 30%|
|2008||Barack Obama 77 - 22.5%|
|2012||Barack Obama 78.4 - 21%|
|2016||Hillary Clinton 77.5 - 19.8%|
Arguably, the district's current characteristics began to take shape in 1925- the first year a congressional district consisted exclusively of Shelby County.
A congressional district was perfectly coextensive with Shelby County from 1925 until 1966, when the Supreme Court case Baker v. Carr took effect. In that ruling, the court laid out a "one man, one vote" standard. Prior to 1966, the 9th was nearly ten times larger in population than the nearby 7th and 8th.
1967 was the first year where the district was merely a fraction of Shelby County rather than the county's entirety. In that election, the district chose former US Senate Republican nominee Dan Kuykendall.
In 1974, in the midst of Watergate, Kuykendall supported Nixon throughout the scandal. He was subsequently defeated in election by Democrat Harold Ford Sr., whose family had strong political ties in Memphis dating back to at least the 1920s.
The district has swung Democrat in every congressional race since 1974.
Concurrent to Ford's senate bid, the district chose state senator Steve Cohen over Ford's brother Jake. Cohen is noted for being Tennessee's first Jewish congressman, and for being a white congressman in a majority minority district. As of 2019, Cohen has been elected seven times for a little over fourteen years in Congress.
|District created March 4, 1823|
|Adam R. Alexander||March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1825||Jacksonian D-R|
|March 4, 1825 - March 3, 1827||Jacksonian|
|Davy Crockett||March 4, 1827 - March 3, 1829||Jacksonian|
|March 4, 1829 - March 3, 1831||Anti-Jacksonian|
|William Fitzgerald||March 4, 1831 - March 3, 1833||Jacksonian|
|James K. Polk||March 4, 1833 - March 3, 1837||Jacksonian||Redistricted from the 6th district|
|March 4, 1837 - March 3, 1839||Democratic|
|Harvey M. Watterson||March 4, 1839 - March 3, 1843||Democratic|
|Cave Johnson||March 4, 1843 -March 3, 1845||Democratic||Redistricted from the 11th district|
|Lucien B. Chase||March 4, 1845 - March 3, 1849||Democratic|
|Isham G. Harris||March 4, 1849 - March 3, 1853||Democratic|
|Emerson Etheridge||March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855||Whig|
|March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857||Know Nothing|
|John D. C. Atkins||March 4, 1857 - March 3, 1859||Democratic|
|Emerson Etheridge||March 4, 1859 - March 3, 1861||Opposition|
|American Civil War|
|District eliminated March 4, 1863|
|District re-established March 4, 1873|
|Barbour Lewis||March 4, 1873 -March 3, 1875||Republican|
|William P. Caldwell||March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1879||Democratic|
|Charles B. Simonton||March 4, 1879 - March 3, 1883||Democratic|
|Rice A. Pierce||March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1885||Democratic|
|Presley T. Glass||March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1889||Democratic|
|Rice A. Pierce||March 4, 1889 - March 3, 1893||Democratic|
|James C. McDearmon||March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1897||Democratic|
|Rice A. Pierce||March 4, 1897 - March 3, 1905||Democratic|
|Finis J. Garrett||March 4, 1905 - March 3, 1929||Democratic|
|Jere Cooper||March 4, 1929 - March 3, 1933||Democratic||Redistricted to the 8th district|
|E.H. Crump||March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935||Democratic||Redistricted from the 10th district|
|Clift Chandler||January 3, 1935 - January 2, 1940||Democratic||Resigned after being elected Mayor of Memphis|
|Clifford Davis||February 14, 1940 - January 3, 1943||Democratic||Redistricted to the 10th district|
|Jere Cooper||January 3, 1943 - January 3, 1953||Democratic||Redistricted from the 8th district, Redistricted to the 8th district|
|Clifford Davis||January 3, 1953 - January 3, 1965||Democratic||Redistricted from the 10th district|
|George Grider||January 3, 1965 -January 3, 1967||Democratic|
|Dan Kuykendall||January 3, 1967 - January 3, 1973||Republican||Redistricted to the 8th district|
|District eliminated January 3, 1973|
|District re-established January 3, 1983|
|Harold Ford, Sr.||January 3, 1983 - January 3, 1997||Democratic||Redistricted from the 8th district|
|Harold Ford Jr.||January 3, 1997 - January 3, 2007||Democratic|
|Steve Cohen||January 3, 2007 - present||Democratic||Incumbent|
Historical district boundariesEdit
- Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov.
- Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present