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Tennessee's 9th congressional district

Tennessee's 9th congressional district is a congressional district in West Tennessee. It has been represented by Democrat Steve Cohen since 2006.

Tennessee's 9th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 9th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Steve Cohen
DMemphis
Distribution
  • 98.54[1]% urban
  • 1.46% rural
Population (2016)704,328[2]
Median income$40,491[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+28[4]

Contents

Current BoundariesEdit

The district is located entirely within Shelby County, where the city of Memphis is located.

It begins north on the border with Tipton County and encompasses most of Millington. It then travels south to the district's anchor city of Memphis. Nearly all of Memphis is in the 9th, although some of its city limits spill over into the 8th. The district then juts out east to capture Cordova, but mostly avoids Bartlett and Germantown.

The district is bounded on the west and south by Arkansas and Mississippi respectively.

CharacteristicsEdit

The district is almost exclusively urban, due to its mostly cohabitant nature with Memphis.

Memphis is recognized worldwide for being the hub for FedEx. Largely due to FedEx's presence, Memphis International Airport boasts handles more cargo than any other airport in the country. Memphis is also known for blues music, Beale Street, and barbecue.

It is the only majority minority congressional district in Tennessee.

Politically speaking, it is considered a very safe area for Democrats. Since 1875, the area has sent mostly Democrats to Congress with the exception of a brief period from 1967 to 1974 when it was represented by Republican Dan Kuykendall.

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Result
2004 John Kerry 70 - 30%
2008 Barack Obama 77 - 22.5%
2012 Barack Obama 78.4 - 21%
2016 Hillary Clinton 77.5 - 19.8%

HistoryEdit

Arguably, the district's current characteristics began to take shape in 1925- the first year a congressional district consisted exclusively of Shelby County.

A congressional district was perfectly coextensive with Shelby County from 1925 until 1966, when the Supreme Court case Baker v. Carr took effect. In that ruling, the court laid out a "one man, one vote" standard. Prior to 1966, the 9th was nearly ten times larger in population than the nearby 7th and 8th.

1967 was the first year where the district was merely a fraction of Shelby County rather than the county's entirety. In that election, the district chose former US Senate Republican nominee Dan Kuykendall.

In 1974, in the midst of Watergate, Kuykendall supported Nixon throughout the scandal. He was subsequently defeated in election by Democrat Harold Ford Sr., whose family had strong political ties in Memphis dating back to at least the 1920s.

The district has swung Democrat in every congressional race since 1974.

Ford served in Congress for 22 years, when he was replaced by his son - Harold Ford, Jr. - in 1997. The younger Ford served for ten years, until he mounted an unsuccessful bid for US Senate.

Concurrent to Ford's senate bid, the district chose state senator Steve Cohen over Ford's brother Jake.[5] Cohen is noted for being Tennessee's first Jewish congressman, and for being a white congressman in a majority minority district. As of 2019, Cohen has been elected seven times for a little over fourteen years in Congress.

RepresentativesEdit

Name Years Party Notes
District created March 4, 1823
Adam R. Alexander March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1825 Jacksonian D-R
March 4, 1825 - March 3, 1827 Jacksonian
  Davy Crockett March 4, 1827 - March 3, 1829 Jacksonian
March 4, 1829 - March 3, 1831 Anti-Jacksonian
William Fitzgerald March 4, 1831 - March 3, 1833 Jacksonian
  James K. Polk March 4, 1833 - March 3, 1837 Jacksonian Redistricted from the 6th district
March 4, 1837 - March 3, 1839 Democratic
Harvey M. Watterson March 4, 1839 - March 3, 1843 Democratic
  Cave Johnson March 4, 1843 -March 3, 1845 Democratic Redistricted from the 11th district
Lucien B. Chase March 4, 1845 - March 3, 1849 Democratic
  Isham G. Harris March 4, 1849 - March 3, 1853 Democratic
  Emerson Etheridge March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 Whig
March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857 Know Nothing
  John D. C. Atkins March 4, 1857 - March 3, 1859 Democratic
  Emerson Etheridge March 4, 1859 - March 3, 1861 Opposition
American Civil War
District eliminated March 4, 1863
District re-established March 4, 1873
  Barbour Lewis March 4, 1873 -March 3, 1875 Republican
  William P. Caldwell March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1879 Democratic
  Charles B. Simonton March 4, 1879 - March 3, 1883 Democratic
  Rice A. Pierce March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1885 Democratic
  Presley T. Glass March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1889 Democratic
  Rice A. Pierce March 4, 1889 - March 3, 1893 Democratic
James C. McDearmon March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1897 Democratic
  Rice A. Pierce March 4, 1897 - March 3, 1905 Democratic
  Finis J. Garrett March 4, 1905 - March 3, 1929 Democratic
  Jere Cooper March 4, 1929 - March 3, 1933 Democratic Redistricted to the 8th district
  E.H. Crump March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935 Democratic Redistricted from the 10th district
  Clift Chandler January 3, 1935 - January 2, 1940 Democratic Resigned after being elected Mayor of Memphis
  Clifford Davis February 14, 1940 - January 3, 1943 Democratic Redistricted to the 10th district
  Jere Cooper January 3, 1943 - January 3, 1953 Democratic Redistricted from the 8th district, Redistricted to the 8th district
  Clifford Davis January 3, 1953 - January 3, 1965 Democratic Redistricted from the 10th district
  George Grider January 3, 1965 -January 3, 1967 Democratic
  Dan Kuykendall January 3, 1967 - January 3, 1973 Republican Redistricted to the 8th district
District eliminated January 3, 1973
District re-established January 3, 1983
  Harold Ford, Sr. January 3, 1983 - January 3, 1997 Democratic Redistricted from the 8th district
  Harold Ford Jr. January 3, 1997 - January 3, 2007 Democratic
  Steve Cohen January 3, 2007 - present Democratic Incumbent

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=09
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2006/pages/results/states/TN/H/09/index.html

Coordinates: 35°10′00″N 89°58′39″W / 35.16667°N 89.97750°W / 35.16667; -89.97750