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Tennessee's 9th congressional district

Tennessee's 9th congressional district is a congressional district in West Tennessee. It has been represented by Democrat Steve Cohen since 2006.

Tennessee's 9th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 9th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Steve Cohen
DMemphis
Distribution
  • 98.54[1]% urban
  • 1.46% rural
Population (2016)704,328[2]
Median income$40,491[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+28[4]

Current BoundariesEdit

The district is located entirely within Shelby County, where the city of Memphis is located.

It begins north on the border with Tipton County and encompasses most of Millington. It then travels south to the district's anchor city of Memphis. Nearly all of Memphis is in the 9th, although some of its city limits spill over into the 8th. The district then juts out east to capture Cordova, but mostly avoids Bartlett and Germantown.

The district is bounded on the west and south by Arkansas and Mississippi respectively.

CharacteristicsEdit

The district is almost exclusively urban, due to its mostly cohabitant nature with Memphis.

Memphis is recognized worldwide for being the hub for FedEx. Largely due to FedEx's presence, Memphis International Airport boasts handles more cargo than any other airport in the country. Memphis is also known for blues music, Beale Street, and barbecue.

It is the only majority minority congressional district in Tennessee.

Politically speaking, it is considered a very safe area for Democrats. Since 1875, the area has sent mostly Democrats to Congress with the exception of a brief period from 1967 to 1974 when it was represented by Republican Dan Kuykendall.

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Result
2004 John Kerry 70 - 30%
2008 Barack Obama 77 - 22.5%
2012 Barack Obama 78.4 - 21%
2016 Hillary Clinton 77.5 - 19.8%

HistoryEdit

Arguably, the district's current characteristics began to take shape in 1925- the first year a congressional district consisted exclusively of Shelby County.

A congressional district was perfectly coextensive with Shelby County from 1925 until 1966, when the Supreme Court case Baker v. Carr took effect. In that ruling, the court laid out a "one man, one vote" standard. Prior to 1966, the 9th was nearly ten times larger in population than the nearby 7th and 8th.

1967 was the first year where the district was merely a fraction of Shelby County rather than the county's entirety. In that election, the district chose former US Senate Republican nominee Dan Kuykendall.

In 1974, in the midst of Watergate, Kuykendall supported Nixon throughout the scandal. He was subsequently defeated in election by Democrat Harold Ford Sr., whose family had strong political ties in Memphis dating back to at least the 1920s.

The district has swung Democrat in every congressional race since 1974.

Ford served in Congress for 22 years, when he was replaced by his son - Harold Ford, Jr. - in 1997. The younger Ford served for ten years, until he mounted an unsuccessful bid for US Senate.

Concurrent to Ford's senate bid, the district chose state senator Steve Cohen over Ford's brother Jake.[5] Cohen is noted for being Tennessee's first Jewish congressman, and for being a white congressman in a majority minority district. As of 2019, Cohen has been elected seven times for a little over fourteen years in Congress.

List of members representing the districtEdit

Name Party Years Electoral history
District created March 4, 1823
Adam R. Alexander Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
 
Davy Crockett
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
William Fitzgerald Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
James K. Polk
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
Redistricted from the 6th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Harvey M. Watterson Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Cave Johnson
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Redistricted from the 11th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lucien B. Chase Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Isham G. Harris
Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Emerson Etheridge
Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing.]
Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
John D. C. Atkins
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Emerson Etheridge
Opposition March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Vacant March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
American Civil War: No members elected
District eliminated March 4, 1863
District re-established March 4, 1873
 
Barbour Lewis
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
William P. Caldwell
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Charles B. Simonton
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Rice A. Pierce
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Presley T. Glass
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Rice A. Pierce
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
James C. McDearmon Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Rice A. Pierce
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1905
 
Finis J. Garrett
Democratic March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1929
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Jere Cooper
Democratic March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 8th district.
 
E.H. Crump
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
Redistricted from the 10th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Clift Chandler
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 2, 1940
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned when elected Mayor of Memphis
 
Clifford Davis
Democratic February 14, 1940 –
January 3, 1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 10th district.
 
Jere Cooper
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted from the 8th district.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
 
Clifford Davis
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1965
Redistricted from the 10th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
George Grider
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Dan Kuykendall
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1973
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 8th district.
District eliminated January 3, 1973
District re-established January 3, 1983
 
Harold Ford Sr.
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1997
Redistricted from the 8th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Harold Ford Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2007
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Steve Cohen
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
present
Elected in 2006.

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=09
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ http://www.cnn.com/ELECTION/2006/pages/results/states/TN/H/09/index.html

Coordinates: 35°10′00″N 89°58′39″W / 35.16667°N 89.97750°W / 35.16667; -89.97750