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Tennessee's 6th congressional district

The 6th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in Middle Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican John Rose since January 2019.

Tennessee's 6th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 6th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  John Rose
RCookeville
Distribution
  • 48.23[1]% urban
  • 51.77% rural
Population (2016)761,538[2]
Median income$53,708[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+24[4]

Contents

Current boundariesEdit

The district is located in north-central Tennessee and borders Kentucky to the north. It is currently composed of the following counties: Cannon, Clay, Coffee, Cumberland, DeKalb, Fentress, Jackson, Macon, Overton, Pickett, Putnam, Robertson, Smith, Sumner, Trousdale, White, and Wilson. It also contains very small pieces of Cheatham and Van Buren.

CharacteristicsEdit

Much of the Sixth District is rural and wooded. It is spread across the geographic regions known as the Cumberland Plateau, the Highland Rim, and the Central Basin. The area is known for its waterfalls, such as Burgess Falls and Cummins Falls.

With close access to interstates 24, 40, and 65, subdivisions are sprouting almost exponentially, fast filling with new economy managers. Recently, many companies have opened either manufacturing or distribution centers in the 6th District. This includes Amazon[5] and Bridgestone-Firestone[6] in Lebanon, gun manufacturer Beretta[7] in Gallatin, and clothing manufacturer Under Armour[8] in Mt. Juliet.

Politically speaking, the region was traditionally a "Yellow Dog Democrat" district. However, the district began shifting rightward as Nashville's suburbs bled into the district. It supported Bill Clinton in 1992, partly due to Gore's presence as Clinton's running mate. However, it has not supported a Democrat for president since. By the turn of the century, it was obvious that the Democrats would have a hard time holding onto the district once longtime Democratic incumbent Bart Gordon retired.

Gordon retired in 2010, and Black—then a state senator—won the seat in a landslide, proving just how Republican this district had become. The 2010 redistricting made the district even more Republican, with its longtime anchor, Murfreesboro, being drawn out of the district. Since then, no Democrat has won an entire county within the district in any presidential, gubernatorial, senate, or congressional election.[9][10]

According to the 2010 census, the five largest cities are Hendersonville (51,372), Cookeville (30,425), Gallatin (30,278), Lebanon (26,190), and Mt. Juliet (23,671).[11]

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Result
2004 George W. Bush 60 - 40%
2008 John McCain 65 - 33.5%
2012 Mitt Romney 70 - 29.5%
2016 Donald Trump 72.6 - 23.7%

HistoryEdit

Prior to the 1980 census, when Tennessee picked up a district, most of what is now the 6th district was in the 4th district.

During the 1940s, this area was represented by Albert Gore, Sr. of Carthage. Gore was elected to the United States Senate in 1952, where he was instrumental in creating the Interstate Highway system.[12]

From 1953 to 1977, the area was represented by Joe L. Evins of Smithville. Evins's nephew, Dan Evins, was the founder of Cracker Barrel Old Country Store restaurant/retail chain.[13] Cracker Barrel's headquarters are still located in Lebanon.[14]

In 1976, Evins was succeeded by Al Gore, future Vice President and son of Albert Gore, Sr. He was representing the area when much of it was moved into the present 6th District.

Shortly following the redistricting into the 6th District, Gore was elected to the United States Senate. He was then succeeded by former Democratic State Chair Bart Gordon of Murfreesboro. Gordon held the post for the next twenty-six years, relatively unopposed. The only year he faced much opposition was 1994, when attorney Steve Gill ran against him. Gordon defeated Gill by only one percentage point.[15]

Diane Black was elected in the Republican landslide of 2010 when Democrat Bart Gordon decided to end a 26-year career in Congress. Black's victory marked the first time that much of the district had been represented by a Republican since 1921, and for only the second time since Reconstruction.

Following an eight-year stint in Congress, Black made an unsuccessful run for Governor of Tennessee in 2018. In the concurrent election, the district selected businessman and former Tennessee Agriculture Commissioner John Rose.

Notable peopleEdit

The Sixth District raised two Nobel Peace Prize winners: Cordell Hull of Pickett County (1945) and Al Gore of Carthage (2007). Also hailing from the district was World War I hero Alvin C. York.

Current residents include country musicians Charlie Daniels and Gretchen Wilson, as well as the band Kings of Leon.

List of members representing the districtEdit

District created March 4, 1813.

Name Party Years Residence Electoral history District location
Parry W. Humpreys Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Nashville Elected in 1813.
Retired.
[Data unknown/missing.]
James B. Reynolds Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
[Data unknown/missing.] Elected in 1815.
Lost re-election.
George W. L. Marr Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
[Data unknown/missing.] Elected in 1817.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Henry H. Bryan Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Re-elected but failed to qualify.
Vacant March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
James T. Sandford Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
 
James K. Polk
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1833
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 9th district.
Balie Peyton Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
 
William B. Campbell
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
Carthage [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Aaron V. Brown
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Nashville Redistricted from the 10th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Barclay Martin Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
James H. Thomas Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
 
William H. Polk
Independent Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
 
George W. Jones
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
Fayetteville Redistricted from the 5th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
James H. Thomas Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
American Civil War
Sanuel M. Arnell Unconditional Unionist July 24, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
 
Washington C. Whitthorne
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1875
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 7th district.
 
John F. House
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1883
Clarksville [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Andrew J. Caldwell
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Joseph E. Washington
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1897
Robertson County [Data unknown/missing.]
 
John W. Gaines
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1909
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Jo Byrns
Democratic March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1933
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 5th district.
 
Clarence W. Turner
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
March 23, 1939
Waverly [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant March 23, 1939 –
May 11, 1939
W. Wirt Courtney Democratic May 11, 1939 –
January 3, 1943
Franklin Redistricted from the 5th district.
Redistricted to the 7th district.
 
Percy Priest
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1953
Columbia [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 5th district.
 
James P. Sutton
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
Lawrenceburg Redistricted from the 7th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Ross Bass
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
November 3, 1964
Pulaski [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned when elected to US Senate
Vacant November 3, 1964 –
January 3, 1965
 
William R. Anderson
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
Waverly [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Robin Beard
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1983
Somerville [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Al Gore
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
Carthage Redistricted from the 4th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Bart Gordon
Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 2011
Murfreesboro [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
2003 – 2013
 
 
Diane Black
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2019
Gallatin [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired to run for Governor of Tennessee.
2013 – Present
 
 
John Rose
Republican January 3, 2019 –
Present
Temperance Hall Elected in 2018.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=06
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=06
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ http://www.amazonfulfillmentcareers.com/amazon-fulfillment/locations/
  6. ^ http://bridgestone-firestone.com/locations/distributioncenters/index.html
  7. ^ http://www.tennessean.com/story/news/local/gallatin/2014/08/28/beretta-breaks-ground-million-gallatin-plant/14751955/
  8. ^ http://www.tennessean.com/story/news/local/wilson/mt-juliet/2014/10/02/armour-announcement-expected-mt-juliet-today/16579357/
  9. ^ http://tn.gov/sos/election/results/2012-11/USPresidentCountyTotals.pdf
  10. ^ http://www.tn.gov/sos/election/results/20141104_StateCertCountyTotals.pdf
  11. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_SF1_GCTPH1.ST13&prodType=table
  12. ^ http://gorecenter.mtsu.edu/gore-sr.shtml
  13. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/obituaries/dan-evins-founder-of-cracker-barrel-highway-empire-dies/2012/01/16/gIQAfkt43P_story.html
  14. ^ http://www.crackerbarrel.com/careers/home-office/
  15. ^ http://www.techlawjournal.com/people/gordon.htm

External linksEdit