Fayetteville, Tennessee

Fayetteville is a city and the county seat[5] of Lincoln County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 6,994 at the 2000 census, and 6,827 at the 2010 census. A census estimate from 2018 showed 7,017.

Fayetteville, Tennessee
Fayetteville town Square
Fayetteville town Square
Official seal of Fayetteville, Tennessee
Motto(s): 
Where tradition meets tomorrow
Location of Fayetteville in Lincoln County, Tennessee.
Location of Fayetteville in Lincoln County, Tennessee.
Coordinates: 35°9′10″N 86°34′17″W / 35.15278°N 86.57139°W / 35.15278; -86.57139Coordinates: 35°9′10″N 86°34′17″W / 35.15278°N 86.57139°W / 35.15278; -86.57139
CountryUnited States
StateTennessee
CountyLincoln
Founded1809
Named forFayetteville, North Carolina
Government
 • MayorMichael T. Whisenant
Area
 • Total9.62 sq mi (24.92 km2)
 • Land9.62 sq mi (24.92 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
705 ft (215 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,827
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
7,047
 • Density732.46/sq mi (282.82/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
37334
Area code(s)931
FIPS code47-25920[3]
GNIS feature ID1647829[4]
Websitewww.fayettevilletn.com

HistoryEdit

Fayetteville is the largest city in Lincoln County. The city was established in 1809 by an Act of the Tennessee General Assembly.[6] The act became effective on January 1, 1810.

 
Child labor at the Elk Cotton Mills in Fayetteville, 1910. Photo by Lewis Hine.

The lands that include Lincoln County and Fayetteville were originally part of Cherokee and Chickasaw land. They were ceded to the United States in 1806.

The city was named for Fayetteville, North Carolina, where some of its earliest residents had lived before moving to Tennessee. The earlier town was named for Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, a French general who fought for the United States during the American Revolution. Lincoln County was named for Major General Benjamin Lincoln, second in command of the U.S. Army at the end of the Revolutionary War.

The earliest white settler was Ezekiel Norris, who gave the one hundred acres upon which the city was built. In addition to Ezekiel Norris, other founding fathers of Fayetteville include: Alexander and Andrew Greer, William Edmonson, and Matthew Buchanan.

In 1995, the International Gospel Hour radio broadcast, founded in Texarkana, Texas, by the clergyman V. E. Howard was transferred to the West Fayetteville Church of Christ in Fayetteville under the minister Winford Claiborne.[7]

1952 TornadoEdit

On February 29, 1952, the town was hit by a catastrophic and violent F4 tornado that damaged or obliterated numerous homes, businesses, trees, power lines, vehicles, and other buildings. Two people were killed and 150 others were injured.[8][9][10][11]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.3 square miles (19 km2), all land.

ClimateEdit

The climate of Fayetteville is characterized by relatively warm temperatures and heavy rainfall throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate). Fayetteville's Trewartha climate classification is also subtropical (Cf).[12]

Climate data for Fayetteville Water Plant, Tennessee (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1957–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 76
(24)
82
(28)
86
(30)
90
(32)
97
(36)
107
(42)
103
(39)
105
(41)
100
(38)
96
(36)
86
(30)
77
(25)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 49.8
(9.9)
54.7
(12.6)
63.3
(17.4)
72.8
(22.7)
79.6
(26.4)
86.2
(30.1)
88.8
(31.6)
88.7
(31.5)
83.6
(28.7)
73.5
(23.1)
61.6
(16.4)
52.4
(11.3)
71.3
(21.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 40.2
(4.6)
44.1
(6.7)
51.6
(10.9)
60.3
(15.7)
67.9
(19.9)
75.1
(23.9)
78.2
(25.7)
77.5
(25.3)
71.7
(22.1)
60.7
(15.9)
49.8
(9.9)
42.8
(6.0)
60.0
(15.6)
Average low °F (°C) 30.5
(−0.8)
33.4
(0.8)
39.9
(4.4)
47.9
(8.8)
56.2
(13.4)
63.9
(17.7)
67.7
(19.8)
66.3
(19.1)
59.8
(15.4)
47.9
(8.8)
38.1
(3.4)
33.2
(0.7)
48.7
(9.3)
Record low °F (°C) −26
(−32)
−5
(−21)
1
(−17)
19
(−7)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
47
(8)
47
(8)
29
(−2)
19
(−7)
8
(−13)
−8
(−22)
−26
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.29
(134)
5.72
(145)
5.79
(147)
5.18
(132)
4.68
(119)
4.91
(125)
4.98
(126)
4.12
(105)
4.10
(104)
3.79
(96)
4.80
(122)
6.45
(164)
59.81
(1,519)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.2
(0.51)
0.4
(1.0)
0.5
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.1
(2.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.5 11.9 12.0 10.8 11.8 12.1 12.2 10.4 8.4 9.2 10.3 13.4 134.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8
Source: NOAA[13][14]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850995
18701,206
18802,10474.5%
18902,41014.5%
19002,70812.4%
19103,43927.0%
19203,6295.5%
19303,8225.3%
19404,68422.6%
19505,44716.3%
19606,80424.9%
19707,69113.0%
19807,559−1.7%
19906,921−8.4%
20006,9941.1%
20106,827−2.4%
2019 (est.)7,047[2]3.2%
Sources:[15][16]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 6,994 people, 3,054 households, and 1,804 families residing in the city. The population density was 952.2 people per square mile (367.9/km2). There were 3,370 housing units at an average density of 458.8 per square mile (177.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 71.39% White, 26.22% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population.

There were 3,054 households, out of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.0% were married couples living together, 18.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.9% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 22.1% from 45 to 64, and 25.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 76.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 70.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,830, and the median income for a family was $32,477. Males had a median income of $26,957 versus $22,382 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,391. About 15.1% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.8% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over.

LandmarksEdit

Old Stone BridgeEdit

One of the most famous landmarks of Fayetteville is the remains of the Stone Bridge, commonly known by the locals of Fayetteville as the “Old Stone Bridge”. It was in 1860 that John Markum and Patrick Flannery, the architects and contractors, began the building of the bridge. Consisting of six arches, the bridge was completed in January 1862 with a final cost of $40,000. In 1863, during the Civil War, the bridge was ordered burned by General William T. Sherman, but this order was disobeyed because the river was easily forded at the bridge's base. The bridge stood until 1969, when it collapsed due to flooding.

Lincoln County CourthouseEdit

The first courthouse for Lincoln County, which was made of logs, was completed in 1815. It was used as local headquarters by Union troops during the Civil War. The building was replaced by an Italianate structure in 1874.[17] This second courthouse was demolished and replaced by the current Colonial Revival-style building in 1970.[18]

Camp Blount MonumentEdit

The Camp Blount marker, erected in 1998, stands along Huntsville Highway (US-431) near the WalMart shopping center.[19] The camp was located along the Elk River and was a meeting point for the Tennessee soldiers who were serving under General Andrew Jackson in the Creek War of 1813–1814. Camp Blount also was a meeting point for soldiers during the Seminole Wars in 1818 and 1836, and for both Confederate and Federal troops during the Civil War.

AttractionsEdit

Lincoln County FairEdit

The Lincoln County Fair grounds are located in Fayetteville Tennessee. The Lincoln County Fair Association was issued its charter in 1906 and is a nonprofit organization with all profits going back into maintaining the fair grounds. In 1980, the fair became a district fair, serving five counties and paying over $10,000 in agriculture premiums.

As far back as 1889, there are records for the harness racing that takes place still today at the fairgrounds.[20] The racetrack was made of red clay until 1978 when it was converted to an all weather track by grading it and covering it in limestone dust. Other elements of the fair include a demolition derby, rides, food vendors, a cattle showing, pageants, art competition, and concerts.

EconomyEdit

Bavarian-based Grammer AG operates a site in Fayetteville. It manufactures components for the automotive industry.

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Forrester, Charlette; Stevenson, Jean; Whisemant, Dora; Throneberry, Pat (2005). Heritage of Lincoln County Tennessee. Waynesville, NC: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
  7. ^ "Verna Elisha Howard (1911-2000)". therestorationmovement.com. Archived from the original on December 25, 2013. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
  8. ^ "Climatological Data National Summary Publication | IPS | National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)". www.ncdc.noaa.gov. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  9. ^ US Department of Commerce, NOAA. "February 29th, 1952 Fayetteville Tornado Weather Setup". www.weather.gov. Retrieved August 30, 2020.
  10. ^ "Tennessee F4". Tornado History Projects. Storm Predicition Center. Retrieved July 8, 2020.
  11. ^ Tennessee Event Report: F4 Tornado. National Weather Service (Report). National Centers for Environmental Information. Retrieved August 30, 2020.
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
  14. ^ "Station: Fayetteville WTP, TN". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  16. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved December 11, 2013.
  17. ^ "County Courthouse" Archived July 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Fayetteville Main Street
  18. ^ Jack Towry and June Towry, "Lincoln County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: May 5, 2015.
  19. ^ Kanon, Tom (2001). "Camp Blount, Public Memory, and the Paving of History". Tennessee Historical Quarterly.
  20. ^ Lindquist, Patricia (c. 1994). The pictorial history of Fayetteville & Lincoln County, Tennessee. Virginia Beach, Va. : Donning Co. ISBN 0898659264.
  21. ^ United States Navy-Admiral Frank Kelso

External linksEdit