|Tennessee's 5th congressional district|
The district is located slightly northwest of the state's geographical center. It currently includes all of Davidson and Dickson counties, as well as most of Cheatham County. It is the only Tennessee congressional district which does not border another state.
The fifth district is nearly synonymous with Tennessee's capital city, Nashville, as the district has almost always been centered on Nashville throughout the 20th and early 21st centuries. The city is a center for the music, healthcare, publishing, banking and transportation industries, and is home to numerous colleges and universities (its old nickname was "the Athens of the South"). It is also home to the Grand Ole Opry and Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, earning it the nickname "Music City".
The district stretches west of Nashville, and into Cheatham and Dickson counties, which are far less suburbanized than the communities to the south and east of Nashville.
The 5th is historically a very safe seat for the Democratic Party, due almost entirely to the influence of heavily Democratic Nashville. Some pockets of Republican influence exist in Belle Meade, and portions of neighboring Cheatham County, as well as Dickson County. However, they are no match for the overwhelming Democratic trend in most of Nashville.
No Republican has represented Nashville in Congress since Horace Harrison in 1875.
Election results from presidential racesEdit
|2000||President||Al Gore 57% - George W. Bush 42%|
|2004||President||John Kerry 52% - George W. Bush 48%|
|2008||President||Barack Obama 57.5% - John McCain 41.3%|
|2012||President||Barack Obama 56% - Mitt Romney 42.5%|
|2016||President||Hillary Clinton 56.5% - Donald Trump 38.2%|
|2020||President||Joe Biden 60.3% - Donald Trump 36.7%|
Following the 1950 census, Tennessee expanded briefly to ten districts. Even though it has since contracted back to nine districts, that marked the beginning of the continuous period where the 5th district was centered on Davidson County/Nashville.
From 1941 to 1957, Nashville was represented by J. Percy Priest, who was the House majority whip in the 81st and 82nd Congresses. A dam in eastern Davidson County and the lake formed by the dam are both named in his memory.
Priest died just before the Election of 1956, and the Democrats turned to Carlton Loser. Loser won that election, and then to two more Congresses after that. Loser appeared to win another Democratic nomination in 1962, but his primary came under investigation for voter fraud, and a court ordered a new election. In this new election, Loser was defeated by former state senator Richard Fulton.
Richard "Dick" Fulton represented the 5th from 1963 until August 1975, when he retired from Congress to become the second mayor of metropolitan Nashville.
Following the 1970 census, while Fulton was representing the district, Tennessee briefly contracted to eight congressional districts. During the 1970s, the district encompassed Davidson, Cheatham, and Robertson counties. This contraction of congressional districts forced the first time in thirty years where Davidson County was not the sole county in the district. (The fifth was only Davidson County from 1943 to 1972.)
Once Fulton was Nashville mayor, he was succeeded in Congress by former state senator Clifford Allen. Allen served for only a term and a half (November 1975 - June 1978) before he died in office due to complications from a heart attack suffered a month earlier.
In the election of 1978, the fifth district selected state senator Bill Boner. He served in Congress for ten years, and then succeeded Fulton as mayor of Nashville.
Boner was succeeded in 1988 by Bob Clement, former president of Cumberland University and son of former governor Frank G. Clement. Clement served seven terms in Congress, where he represented Davidson and Robertson counties. He was one of the 81 Democratic congressmen who voted for the Iraq Resolution of 2002.
Clement did not run for re-election in 2002, as he was running for the open U.S. Senate seat left by retiring Fred Thompson. He won the Democratic nomination easily, but was defeated in the general election by former governor Lamar Alexander. Clement was succeeded in Congress by Jim Cooper, who, like Clement, was also the son of a former governor.
Jim Cooper is considered a blue dog Democrat. According to On The Issues, he is deemed "moderate", but is slightly to the left of the political center. As of spring 2021, he is in his tenth term in Congress.
List of members representing the districtEdit
Recent election resultsEdit
|Democratic||Bob Clement (incumbent)||149,277||72.5||-10.3|
|Democratic||Jim Cooper (incumbent)||168,970||69.3||+5.5|
|Write-in candidate||Thomas F. Kovach||15||0.0|
|Republican||Thomas F. Kovach||49,702||27.9||-2.8|
|Write-in candidate||Thomas F. Kovach||4||0.0|
|Independent||John "Big John" Smith||533||.3|
Source: TN Department of State
Source: TN Department of State
|Republican||Stacy Ries Snyder||102,433||37.44||+1.74|
|Republican||Jody M. Ball||84,317||32.15||-5.29|
- Supported the Jackson faction in the 1824 United States presidential election
- Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "My Congressional District".
- "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
- "Broadcast Music, Inc. (BMI)". Archived from the original on July 7, 2001.
- "Horace Harrison HARRISON". InfoPlease. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "JeffreyBLewis/congressional-district-boundaries". GitHub. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "J. PERCY PRIEST, 56, LEGISLATOR, DEAD; Tennessee Representative 16 Years, Ex-Democratic Whip, Was Commerce Chairman Was Teacher and Coach". The New York Times. October 13, 1956. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- http://www.thenashvillebanner.com/politics/2015/01/14/it-starts-with-richard-fulton.1311947[permanent dead link]
- "Observer-Reporter - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "H.J.Res. 114 (107th): Authorization for Use of Military Force Against ... -- House Vote #455 -- Oct 10, 2002". GovTrack.us. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- "Our Campaigns - TN US Senate Race - Nov 05, 2002". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- OnTheIssues.org. "Jim Cooper on the Issues". house.ontheissues.org. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
- November 7, 2006 General Election Official Returns (Accessed 2006-12-11)
- House of Representatives member information, via Clerk of the United States House of Representatives