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Tennessee's 5th congressional district

The 5th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in Middle Tennessee. It has been represented by Democrat Jim Cooper since January 2003.

Tennessee's 5th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Jim Cooper
DNashville
Distribution
  • 88.68[1]% urban
  • 11.32% rural
Population (2016)762,535[2]
Median income$57,116[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+7[4]

Current boundariesEdit

The district is located slightly northwest of the state's geographical center. It is currently composed of Davidson and Dickson counties, as well as most of Cheatham County. It is the only Tennessee congressional district which does not border another state.

CharacteristicsEdit

The fifth district is nearly synonymous with Tennessee's capital city, Nashville, as the district has almost always been centered on Nashville throughout the 20th and early 21st centuries. The city is a center for the music, healthcare, publishing, banking and transportation industries, and is home to numerous colleges and universities. It is also home to the Grand Ole Opry and Country Music Hall of Fame and Museum, earning it the nickname "Music City".[5]

The district stretches west of Nashville, and into Cheatham and Dickson counties, which are far less suburbanized than the communities to the south and east of Nashville.

Political characteristicsEdit

The 5th is historically a very safe seat for the Democratic Party, due almost entirely to the influence of heavily Democratic Nashville. Some pockets of Republican influence exist in Belle Meade, and portions of neighboring Cheatham County. However, they are no match for the overwhelming Democratic trend in most of Nashville.

No Republican has represented Nashville in Congress since Horace Harrison in 1875.[6]

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Result
2004 John Kerry 52 - 48%
2008 Barack Obama 57.5 - 41.3%
2012 Barack Obama 56 - 42.5%
2016 Hillary Clinton 56.5 - 38.2%

HistoryEdit

Following the 1950 census, Tennessee expanded briefly to ten districts. Even though it has since contracted back to nine districts, that marked the beginning of the continuous period where the 5th district was centered on Davidson County/Nashville.[7]

From 1941 to 1957, Nashville was represented by J. Percy Priest, who was the House majority whip in the 81st and 82nd Congresses. A dam in eastern Davidson County and the lake formed by the dam are both named in his memory.

Priest died just before the Election of 1956,[8] and the Democrats turned to Carlton Loser. Loser won that election, and then to two more Congresses after that. Loser appeared to win another Democratic nomination in 1962, but his primary came under investigation for voter fraud, and a court ordered a new election. In this new election, Loser was defeated by former state senator Richard Fulton.[9]

Richard "Dick" Fulton represented the 5th from 1963 until 1977, when retired from Congress to become the second mayor of metropolitan Nashville.

Following the 1970 census, while Fulton was representing the district, Tennessee briefly contracted to eight congressional districts. During the 70s, the district encompassed Davidson, Cheatham, and Robertson counties. This contraction of congressional districts forced the first time in thirty years where Davidson County was not the sole county in the district. (The fifth was Davidson County and only Davidson County from 1943 to 1972.)[7]

Once Fulton was Nashville mayor, he was succeeded in Congress by former state senator Clifford Allen. Allen served for only a term and a half (Nov.1975- Jun.1978) before he died in office due to complications from a heart attack he'd suffered a month earlier.[10]

In the election of 1978, the fifth district selected state senator Bill Boner. He served in Congress for ten years, and then succeeded Fulton as mayor of Nashville.

Boner was succeeded in 1988 by Bob Clement, former president of Cumberland University and son of former governor Frank G. Clement. Clement ended up serving seven terms as TN-District 5 Congressman, where he served Davidson and Robertson counties. He was one of the 81 Democratic congressmen who voted for the Iraq Resolution of 2002.[11]

Clement did not run for re-election in 2002, as he was running for the open US Senate seat left by retiring Fred Thompson. He won the Democratic nomination easily, but was defeated in the general election by former governor Lamar Alexander.[12] Clement was succeeded in Congress by Jim Cooper, who, like Clement, was also the son of a former governor.

Jim Cooper is considered a blue dog Democrat. According to On The Issues, he is deemed "moderate", but is slightly to the left of the political center.[13] As of summer 2019, he is in his ninth term in Congress.

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years Residence Electoral history District location
District created March 4, 1813
 
Felix Grundy
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
July, 1814
[Data unknown/missing.] Redistricted from the 3rd district and re-elected in 1813.
Resigned.
Bedford, Davidson, Lincoln, Rutherford, and Williamson counties
 
Newton Cannon
Democratic-Republican September 16, 1814 –
March 3, 1817
[Data unknown/missing.] Elected to finish Grundy's term.
Re-elected in 1815.
Lost re-election.
Thomas Claiborne Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
[Data unknown/missing.] Elected in 1817.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Newton Cannon
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Robert Allen Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Carthage Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Smith, Sumner, and Wilson counties
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Robert Desha Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
Gallatin [Data unknown/missing.]
 
William Hall
Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Sumner County [Data unknown/missing.]
John B. Forester Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Hopkins L. Turney
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
Winchester [Data unknown/missing.]
 
George Washington Jones
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1853
Fayetteville [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
Charles Ready Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Murfreesboro [Data unknown/missing.]
Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Robert H. Hatton
Opposition March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Lebanon [Data unknown/missing.]
American Civil War
 
William B. Campbell
Unionist July 24, 1866 –
March 3, 1867
Wilson County [Data unknown/missing.]
John Trimble Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
 
William F. Prosser
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
Edward I. Golladay Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
Lebanon [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Horace Harrison
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
 
John M. Bright
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
Fayetteville Redistricted from the 4th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Richard Warner Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
Lewisburg [Data unknown/missing.]
 
James D. Richardson
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1905
Murfreesboro [Data unknown/missing.]
 
William C. Houston
Democratic March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1919
Woodbury [Data unknown/missing.]
Ewin L. Davis Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1933
Tullahoma [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Jo Byrns
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
June 4, 1936
Nashville Redistricted from the 6th district.
Died.
Richard M. Atkinson Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Jo Byrns Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Percy Priest
Independent Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 6th district.
 
Jim Nance McCord
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1945
Lewisburg [Data unknown/missing.]
Harold Earthman Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Murfreesboro [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Joe L. Evins
Democratic January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1953
Smithville [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 4th district.
 
Percy Priest
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
October 12, 1956
Nashville Redistricted from the 6th district.
Died.
J. Carlton Loser Democratic January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1963
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Richard Fulton
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
August 14, 1975
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned after becoming Mayor of Nashville
 
Clifford Allen
Democratic November 25, 1975 –
June 18, 1978
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant June 18, 1978 –
January 3, 1979
 
Bill Boner
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
October 5, 1987
Nashville [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned after becoming Mayor of Nashville
 
Bob Clement
Democratic January 19, 1988 –
January 3, 2003
Nashville Ran unsuccessfully for a House seat in 1982 and for Senate in 2002.
 
Jim Cooper
Democratic January 3, 2003 –
Present
Nashville Served as the representative of the 4th district district from 1983-1994 and ran unsuccessfully for Senate in 1994. Davidson County, Dickson, and Cheatham counties.

Recent election resultsEdit

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2004: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 168,970 69.3 +5.5
Republican Scott Knapp 74,978 30.7 -2.5
Write-in candidate Thomas F. Kovach 15 0.0

Source: Statistics of the Presidential and Congressional Election of November 2, 2004

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2006: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 122,919 69.0 -0.3
Republican Thomas F. Kovach 49,702 27.9 -2.8
Independent Ginny Welsch 3,766 2.1
Independent Scott Knapp 1,755 1.0
United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2008: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 181,467 65.8 -3.2
Republican Gerard Donovan 85,471 31.0 +3.1
Independent Jon Jackson 5,464 2.0
Green John Miglietta 3,196 1.2
Write-in candidate Thomas F. Kovach 4 0.0
United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2010: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 99,162 56.2 -9.6
Republican David Hall 74,204 42.1 +11.1
Libertarian Stephen Collings 584 .3
Independent John "Big John" Smith 533 .3
Independent Jackie Miller 444 .3
Green John Miglietta 396 .2 -1
Independent Bill Crook 391 .2
Independent James Whitfield 333 .2
Independent Joe Moore 159 .1
Independent Clark Taylor 156 .1

Source: TN Department of State

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2012: District 5 (Unofficial)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 171,358 65.22 +9.0
Republican Brad Staats 86,153 32.79 -9.3
Green John Miglietta 5,208 1.98 +1.8

Source: TN Department of State

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2014: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 96,148 62.32 -2.9
Republican Bob Ries 55,078 35.70 +2.91
Independent Paul Deakin 9,634 6.24 +6.2

Source: [1]

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2016: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 171,111 62.55 +0.23
Republican Stacy Ries Snyder 102,433 37.44 +1.74

Source: [2]

United States House of Representatives elections in Tennessee, 2018: District 5
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Jim Cooper 177,923 67.84 +5.29
Republican Jody M. Ball 84,317 32.15 -5.29

Source: [3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  2. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=05
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20010707123558/http://www.bmi.com/library/brochures/historybook/musiccity.asp
  6. ^ "Horace Harrison HARRISON". InfoPlease. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  7. ^ a b "JeffreyBLewis/congressional-district-boundaries". GitHub. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  8. ^ "J. PERCY PRIEST, 56, LEGISLATOR, DEAD; Tennessee Representative 16 Years, Ex-Democratic Whip, Was Commerce Chairman Was Teacher and Coach". 13 October 1956. Retrieved 10 April 2018 – via NYTimes.com.
  9. ^ http://www.thenashvillebanner.com/politics/2015/01/14/it-starts-with-richard-fulton.1311947[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Observer-Reporter - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  11. ^ "H.J.Res. 114 (107th): Authorization for Use of Military Force Against ... -- House Vote #455 -- Oct 10, 2002". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Our Campaigns - TN US Senate Race - Nov 05, 2002". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  13. ^ OnTheIssues.org. "Jim Cooper on the Issues". house.ontheissues.org. Retrieved 10 April 2018.

External linksEdit