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South Carolina's 5th congressional district

The 5th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in northern South Carolina bordering North Carolina. The district includes all of Cherokee, Chester, Fairfield, Kershaw, Lancaster, Lee, Union and York counties and parts of Newberry, Spartanburg and Sumter counties. Outside the rapidly growing cities of Rock Hill, Fort Mill, and Lake Wylie the district is mostly rural and agricultural. The district borders were contracted from some of the easternmost counties in the 2012 redistricting.

South Carolina's 5th congressional district
South Carolina US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
South Carolina's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Ralph Norman
RRock Hill
Population (2015)678,910
Median income$51,131[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+9[2]

The district's character is very similar to other mostly rural districts in the South. Democrats still hold most offices outside Republican-dominated York County. However, few of the area's Democrats can be described as liberal by national standards; most are fairly conservative on social issues, but less so on economics. The largest blocs of Republican voters are in the fast-growing suburbs of Charlotte, North Carolina and Cherokee County, which shares the Republican tilt of most of the rest of the Upstate. York County is by far the largest county in the district, with almost one-third of its population, and its Republican bent has pushed the district as a whole into the Republican column in recent years.

In November 2010, the Republican Mick Mulvaney defeated longtime Congressman John Spratt and became the first Republican since Robert Smalls and the end of Reconstruction to represent the district. Following Mulvaney's confirmation as the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, a special election was held in 2017 to determine his successor. Republican Ralph Norman narrowly won the special election against Archie Parnell.[3]

Contents

HistoryEdit

From 2003 to 2013 the district included all of Cherokee, Chester, Chesterfield, Darlington, Dillon, Fairfield, Kershaw, Lancaster, Marlboro, Newberry and York counties and parts of Florence, Lee and Sumter counties.

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Result
2004 George W. Bush 57 - 42%
2008 John McCain 55 - 43.8%
2012 Mitt Romney 55.1 - 43.6%
2016 Donald Trump 57.3 - 38.8%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years Residence Electoral history District location
 
Thomas Tudor Tucker
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
[Data unknown/missing.] Elected in 1788.
Re-elected in 1790.
[Data unknown/missing.]
"Ninety-Six district"
 
South Carolina Congressional Districts, 1789–1793
  1st District, Charleston
  2nd District, Beaufort-Orangeburg
  3rd District, Georgetown-Cheraw
  4th District, Camden
  5th District, Ninety-Six
Alexander Gillon Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
October 6, 1794
[Data unknown/missing.] Elected in 1793.
Died.
"Ninety-Six district"
(Map unknown)
Vacant October 6, 1794 –
February 9, 1795
 
Robert Goodloe Harper
Pro-Administration February 9, 1795 –
March 3, 1795
[Data unknown/missing.] Elected October 13–14, 1794 to finish Gillon's term and elected the same day to the next term.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Retired.
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1807
March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1801
"Ninety-Six district"
 
1796 election results by district
William Butler Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Mount Willing Elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Richard Winn Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1813
Winnsboro Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
[Data unknown/missing.]
"Sumter district"
David R. Evans Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Winnsboro Elected in 1812.
Retired.
"Newberry district"
William Woodward Democratic-Republican March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
[Data unknown/missing.] Elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
Starling Tucker Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
Mountain Shoals Elected in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 9th district.
 
George McDuffie
Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Charleston Elected in 1823.
Resigned to become Governor of South Carolina.
"Edgefield district"
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1831
Nullifier March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
March 4, 1833 –
1834
 
Francis W. Pickens
Nullifier December 8, 1834 –
March 3, 1839
Edgefield [Data unknown/missing.]
Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
Armistead Burt Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1853
Abbeville [Data unknown/missing.]
 
James L. Orr
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1859
Anderson [Data unknown/missing.]
 
John D. Ashmore
Democratic March 4, 1859 –
December 21, 1860
Greenville [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
Civil War and Reconstruction December 21, 1860 –
March 3, 1863
District eliminated March 4, 1863
District re-established March 4, 1875
 
Robert Smalls
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
Beaufort [Data unknown/missing.]
 
George D. Tillman
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
July 19, 1882
Edgefield Lost contested election.
 
Robert Smalls
Republican July 19, 1882 –
March 3, 1883
Beaufort Won contested election.
 
John J. Hemphill
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1893
Chester [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Thomas J. Strait
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1899
Lancaster [Data unknown/missing.]
 
David E. Finley
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
January 26, 1917
York [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant January 26, 1917 –
February 21, 1917
 
Paul G. McCorkle
Democratic February 21, 1917 –
March 3, 1917
York [Data unknown/missing.]
William F. Stevenson Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1933
Cheraw [Data unknown/missing.]
 
James P. Richards
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1957
Lancaster [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Robert W. Hemphill
Democratic January 3, 1957 –
May 1, 1964
Chester [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become Judge of the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina.
Vacant May 1, 1964 –
November 3, 1964
 
Thomas S. Gettys
Democratic November 3, 1964 –
December 31, 1974
Rock Hill [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Kenneth L. Holland
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1983
Gaffney [Data unknown/missing.]
 
John M. Spratt Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 2011
York [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Mick Mulvaney
Republican January 3, 2011 –
February 16, 2017
Lancaster [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
Vacant February 16, 2017 –
June 20, 2017
 
Ralph Norman
Republican June 20, 2017[3]
Present
Rock Hill Elected to finish Mulvaney's term.

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
1995 - 2013

Election resultsEdit

2017 SpecialEdit

General election results[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Ralph Norman 45,076 51.04% -8.03%
Democratic Archie Parnell 42,341 47.94% +9.17%
American Josh Thornton 319 0.36% -1.74%
Libertarian Victor Kocher 273 0.31% N/A
Green David Kulma 242 0.27% N/A
Write-in Write-in 65 0.07% 0.0%
Total votes 88,316 100.00%
Majority 2,836 3.23%
Turnout 88,316 18.24%
Republican win

In popular cultureEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=45&cd=05
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ a b https://www.nytimes.com/elections/results/south-carolina-house-special-election
  4. ^ "Special Election – U.S. House District 5, State House Districts 48 and 70 – June 20, 2017". South Carolina State Election Commission. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Massachusetts's 7th congressional district
Home district of the Speaker of the House
December 7, 1857 – March 3, 1859
Succeeded by
New Jersey's 5th congressional district

Coordinates: 34°29′N 80°58′W / 34.49°N 80.97°W / 34.49; -80.97