John J. Hemphill

John James Hemphill (August 25, 1849 – May 11, 1912) was a U.S. Representative from South Carolina, cousin of William Huggins Brawley, nephew of John Hemphill and great-uncle of Robert Witherspoon Hemphill.

John James Hemphill
John James Hemphill.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 5th district
In office
March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1893
Preceded byRobert Smalls
Succeeded byThomas J. Strait
Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives
In office
1876 – 1882
Personal details
BornAugust 25, 1849
Chester, South Carolina
DiedMay 11, 1912(1912-05-11) (aged 62)
Washington, D.C.
Resting placeWashington, D.C.
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materUniversity of South Carolina
ProfessionAttorney, politician

Born in Chester, South Carolina, Hemphill attended the public schools and was graduated from the University of South Carolina at Columbia in 1869. He studied law. He was admitted to the bar in 1870 and practiced in Chester, South Carolina. He was an unsuccessful candidate for the State legislature in 1874. He served as member of the State house of representatives 1876-1882.

Hemphill was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1893). He served as chairman of the Committee on District of Columbia (Fiftieth and Fifty-second Congresses). He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1892 to the Fifty-third Congress. He resumed the practice of law in Washington, D.C., while retaining his residence in South Carolina. He was an unsuccessful candidate for election as United States Senator from South Carolina in 1902. He died in Washington, D.C., May 11, 1912. He was interred in Oak Hill Cemetery.


  • United States Congress. "John J. Hemphill (id: H000469)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 5th congressional district

Succeeded by