Nullifier Party

The Nullifier Party was an American political party based in South Carolina in the 1830s. Considered an early American third party, it was started by John C. Calhoun sometime in May–December 1828.

Nullifier Party
LeaderJohn C. Calhoun
Founded1828 (1828)
Dissolved1839 (1839)
Split fromDemocratic Party
Merged intoDemocratic Party (majority)
Whig Party (minority)
HeadquartersCharleston, South Carolina
IdeologyEconomic liberalism
Free trade
States' rights
National affiliationDemocratic Party (1828)
Colors  Turquoise

The Nullifier Party was a states' rights, pro-slavery party that supported the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, holding that states could nullify federal laws within their borders. It narrowly missed claiming the unofficial title of being the first ever third party to be created within the United States—that title belongs to the Anti-Masonic Party, which was created in New York in February 1828. The Nullifier Party had several members in both houses of the Congress between 1831 and 1839. Calhoun outlined the principles of the party in his South Carolina Exposition and Protest (1828), a reaction to the "Tariff of Abominations" passed by Congress and signed into law by President John Quincy Adams. The party supported Calhoun's ally John Floyd of Virginia for President in the 1832 presidential election and the state legislature gave Floyd South Carolina's 11 electoral votes, even though Floyd was not a candidate and had himself unsuccessfully tried to convince Calhoun to run for President. The party's candidate for Vice President was the Massachusetts-based political economist Henry Lee.

After President Andrew Jackson left office, Calhoun and most of his followers rejoined the Democratic Party.

Notable membersEdit

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Candidate Running mate Votes Vote % Electoral votes +/- Outcome of election
1832 John Floyd Henry Lee [a]
11 / 286
New Lost
1836 Not presented[b]
  • ^ a: All of John Floyd's electoral votes came from South Carolina where the Electors were chosen by the state legislatures rather than by popular vote.
  • ^ b: Endorsed Hugh Lawson White as President and John Tyler as Vice President.

Congressional electionsEdit

  • ^ c: South Carolina class 2 seat: Jacksonian changed party to Nullifier before the beginning of the first session.
  • ^ d: Office left vacant when Calhoun resigned to become Senator on December 28, 1832.

See alsoEdit