List of political parties in the United States

This is a list of political parties in the United States, both past and present. It does not include independents.

Active partiesEdit

Major partiesEdit

Party Year Founded Main goals Membership[1] Presidential vote (2016)
[2][3]
Senators
[4]
Representatives
[5]
Governors
[6]
State legislators
[6]
Legislatures
[6]
Trifectas
[6]
  Republican Party 1854 Conservatism 33,284,020
304 / 538
62,984,828 (46.09%)
53 / 100
198 / 435
[A]
28 / 55
3,867 / 7,383
29 / 49
21 / 49
  Democratic Party 1828 Modern liberalism 45,715,952
227 / 538
65,853,514 (48.18%)
45 / 100
[B]
232 / 435
[C]
27 / 55
3,473 / 7,383
19 / 49
15 / 49

Third partiesEdit

Represented in state legislaturesEdit

Party Year Founded Main Goals Membership[8] Presidential vote (2016)
[3]
State legislators
[6]
 
Libertarian Party 1971[9] Libertarianism[10] 652,261 4,489,341 (3.28%)
1 / 7,383
Vermont Progressive Party 1981 Democratic socialism[11] Unknown 111,850 (0.08%)
9 / 7,383
Independence Party of New York 1991 Populism 439,552 119,160 (0.09%)
1 / 7,383

Represented in Puerto Rican territorial legislaturesEdit

Party Year Founded Main Goals President Senators Representatives Municipalities
  New Progressive Party
Partido Nuevo Progresista
1967 Puerto Rico statehood Thomas Rivera Schatz
21 / 30
34 / 51
31 / 78
  Popular Democratic Party
Partido Popular Democrático
1938 Pro-Commonwealth
Liberalism
Aníbal José Torres
7 / 30
15 / 51
45 / 78
  Puerto Rican Independence Party
Partido Independentista Puertorriqueño
1946 Puerto Rico independence
Social democracy
Rubén Berríos Martínez
1 / 30
1 / 51
0 / 78

Not represented in Congress, state legislatures, or territorial legislaturesEdit

Party Main Goals Year Founded Membership[12] Presidential vote (2016)[3]
 
Green Party Environmentalism
Democratic socialism[13][14]
2001[15] 246,377 1,457,218 (1.07%)
 
Conservative Party of New York State Conservatism[16] 1962 147,606 292,392 (0.21%)[citation needed]
Constitution Party Paleoconservatism[17] 1992[18] 118,088 203,090 (0.15%)
Working Families Party Social democracy[19] 1998 50,532 140,043 (0.10%)[citation needed]
Party for Socialism and Liberation Marxism-Leninism[20] 2004[18] 606 (FL) 74,401 (0.05%)
Peace and Freedom Party Socialism[21] 1967 94,016 66,101 (0.05%)[citation needed]
 
Women's Equality Party Feminism[22] 2014 7,207 36,292 (0.03%)[citation needed]
Reform Party Radical centrism[23] 1995 6,665 33,136 (0.02%)
Alliance Party Centrism[24] 2019 30,287 (AK/CT/DE) 33,136 (0.02%)
Legal Marijuana Now Party Marijuana legalization[25] 1998 Unknown 13,537 (0.010%)
Socialist Workers Party Castroism[26] 1938 298 (DE/KY) 12,467 (0.009%)
American Solidarity Party Christian democracy[27] 2011[27] Unknown 6,462 (0.005%)
 
Prohibition Party Temperance[28] 1869 36[29] 5,617 (0.004%)
Workers World Party Marxism-Leninism[30] 1959 Unknown 4,317 (0.003%)
 
Socialist Party USA Democratic socialism[31] 1973[18] 8,215 (ME/MA/NJ) 2,691 (0.002%)
Natural Law Party Transcendental Meditation[32] 1992 6,657 (NJ) 2,209 (0.002%)[citation needed]
Socialist Equality Party Trotskyism[33] 1966 Unknown 475 (0.0003%)
 
Liberty Union Party Democratic socialism[31] 1970 Unknown 327 (0.0002%)[citation needed]
 
Transhumanist Party Transhumanist politics[34] 2014 Unknown 95 (0%)[citation needed]
American Independent Party Paleoconservatism[35] 1967 600,220 (CA) 0
 
Independent Party of Oregon Centrism[36] 2007 124,048 0
Alaskan Independence Party Alaskan nationalism[37] 1978[38] 17,213 0
Independent Party of Delaware 2000 7,316 0
Oregon Progressive Party Progressivism[39] 2007 2,292 0
United Utah Party Centrism[40] 2017 1,690 0
 
Unity Party Centrism[41] 2004 1,657 (CO) 0
Approval Voting Party Electoral reform[42] 2016 1,149 (CO) 0
Serve America Movement 2017 348 (NY) 0
Christian Liberty Party Christian nationalism[43][44] 2000[45] Unknown 0
American Freedom Party White nationalism[46] 2009[46] Unknown 0
Citizens Party of the United States Center-left politics[47] 2004[48] Unknown 0
 
Freedom Socialist Party Socialist feminism[49] 1966 Unknown 0
Humane Party Environmentalism 2009 Unknown 0
Justice Party Progressivism[50] 2011 Unknown 0
 
Socialist Action Trotskyism[33] 1983 Unknown 0
 
Socialist Alternative Trotskyism[33] 1986 Unknown 0
United States Marijuana Party Marijuana legalization[51] 2002 Unknown 0
 
United States Pirate Party Pirate politics[52] 2006 Unknown 0
Grassroots-Legalize Cannabis Party Marijuana legalization[53] 1986 Unknown 0
Liberal Party of New York Liberalism[54] 1944 Unknown 0
 
Rent Is Too Damn High Party 2005 Unknown 0
 
Charter Party 1924 Unknown 0
Sovereign Union Movement
Movimiento Unión Soberanista
2010 Unknown 0
Puerto Ricans for Puerto Rico Party
Partido Puertorriqueños por Puerto Rico
2003 Unknown 0
 
Working People's Party of Puerto Rico
Partido del Pueblo Trabajador
2010 Unknown 0
Moderate Party of Rhode Island Centrism[55] 2007 Unknown 0
United Citizens Party 1969 Unknown 0
Independent Citizens Movement 1968 Unknown 0
Progressive Dane Progressivism[56] 1992 Unknown 0
Independent Greens of Virginia 2005 Unknown 0
Working Class Party 2016 Unknown 0
Aloha ʻĀina Party Hawaiian nationalism[57] 2015 Unknown 0

Historical partiesEdit

The following parties are no longer functioning.
Historical parties in the United States
Party Other names Main Goals Year Created Year Disbanded
Federalist Party Classical conservatism[58] 1789 1824
Anti-Administration party Anti-Federalism[59] 1789 1792
Democratic-Republican Party Democratic Party Jeffersonianism[60] 1792 1825
Toleration Party American Party Secularism[61] 1816 1828
National Republican Party Anti-Jacksonian Party Classical conservatism[62] 1825 1837
Anti-Masonic Party Anti-Masonry[63] 1828 1838
Nullifier Party Nullificiation[64] 1828 1839
Whig Party Traditionalist conservatism[65] 1833 1854
Liberty Party Abolitionism[66] 1840 1848
Law and Order Party of Rhode Island Charterites Anti-Dorr Rebellion[67] 1840 1848
American Republican Party (1843) Nativism[68] 1843 1854
Free Soil Party Abolitionism[69] 1848 1855
Unionist Party American unionism[70] 1852 1861
Anti-Nebraska Party Abolitionism[71] 1854 1854
American Party (1844) Know Nothings Nativism[72] 1854 1858
Opposition Party (Northern) Abolitionism[73] 1854 1858
Opposition Party (Southern) Pro-slavery[74] 1858 1860
Constitutional Union Party Unionist Party Southern unionism[75] 1860 1860
Unconditional Union Party Unionist Party American unionism[76] 1861 1866
National Union Party Unionist Party American unionism[77] 1864 1868
Radical Democracy Party Abolitionism[78] 1864 1864
Readjuster Party Left-wing populism[79] 1870 1885
People's Party (Utah) Mormonism[80] 1870 1891
Liberal Party Anti-clericalism[81] 1870 1893
Liberal Republican Party Classical liberalism[82] 1872 1872
Greenback Party Currency reform[83] 1874 1884
Socialist Labor Party of America Workingmen's Party of the United States De Leonism[84] 1876 2011
Anti-Monopoly Party Progressivism[85] 1884 1884
People's Party (1892) Populist Party Populism[86] 1892 1908
Silver Party Bimetalism[87] 1892 1902
National Democratic Party Gold Democrats Gold standard[88] 1896 1900
Silver Republican Party Bimetalism[89] 1896 1900
Social Democracy of America Utopian socialism[90] 1897 1900
Social Democratic Party Democratic socialism[91] 1898 1901
Home Rule Party of Hawaii Hawaiian nationalism[92] 1900 1912
Socialist Party of America Democratic socialism[93] 1901 1972
Independence Party Independence League Progressivism[94] 1906 1914
Progressive Party (1912) Bull Moose Party Progressivism[95] 1912 1920
National Woman's Party 1913 1930
Nonpartisan League Agrarianism[96] 1915 1956
Minnesota Farmer–Labor Party Populism[97] 1918 1944
Labor Party of the United States Social democracy[98] 1919 1920
Farmer–Labor Party Social democracy[99] 1920 1936
Proletarian Party of America Communism[100] 1920 1971
Puerto Rican Nationalist Party Puerto Rican nationalism[101] 1922 1965
American Party (1924) Nativism[102] 1924 1924
Progressive Party (1924) Progressivism[103] 1924 1924
Communist League of America Trotskyism[104] 1928 1934
American Labor Party (1932) De Leonism[105] 1932 1935
American Workers Party Trotskyism[106] 1933 1934
Workers Party of the United States Trotskyism[107] 1934 1938
Union Party Distributism[108] 1936 1936
American Labor Party (1936) Social democracy[109] 1936 1956
America First Party Isolationism[110] 1944 1996
States' Rights Democratic Party Dixiecrats Segregationism[111] 1948 1948
Progressive Party (1948) Progressivism[112] 1948 1955
Progressive Democratic Party Progressivism[113] 1944 1948
Constitution Party (1952) Christian Nationalist Party Paleoconservatism[114] 1952 1968?
Puerto Rican Socialist Party Puerto Rican nationalism[115] 1959 1993
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party Desegregation[116] 1964 1964
Black Panther Party Black nationalism[117] 1966 1982
Patriot Party Socialism[118] 1960 1980
Youth International Party Yippies Anarcho-socialism[119] 1967 1967
Marxist–Leninist Party, USA Marxism–Leninism[120] 1967 1993
Communist Workers Party Maoism[121] 1969 1985
American Party (1969) Paleoconservatism[122] 1969 2008
Raza Unida Party Chicanismo[123] 1970 2012
People's Party (1971) Democratic socialism[124] 1971 1976
League for the Revolutionary Party Revolutionary Socialist League (U.S.) Trotskyism[125] 1972 1989
New Union Party De Leonism[126] 1974 2005
U.S. Labor Party LaRouchism[127] 1975 1979
Concerned Citizens Party Paleoconservatism[128] 1975 1992
International Socialist Organization Trotskyism[129] 1977 2019
Citizens Party Progressivism[130] 1979 1984
New Alliance Party Left-wing populism[131] 1979 1992
Labor–Farm Party of Wisconsin Left-wing populism[132] 1982 1987
Populist Party (United States, 1984) White nationalism[133] 1984 1994
Illinois Solidarity Party Anti-LaRouchism[134] 1986 2007
Republican Moderate Party of Alaska Centrism[135] 1986 2011
Independent Party of Utah 1988 1996
A Connecticut Party Liberalism[136] 1990 1998
Greens/Green Party USA Green Committees of Correspondence Ecopolitics[137] 1991 2019
New Party Progressivism[138] 1992 1998
New Jersey Conservative Party Conservatism[139] 1992 2009
Labor Party Social democracy[140] 1996 2007
Marijuana Reform Party Marijuana legalization[141] 1998 2002
Southern Party Southern nationalism[142] 1999 2003
Christian Freedom Party Christian left[143] 2004 2004
Personal Choice Party Libertarianism[144] 2004 2006
Florida Whig Party Fiscal Conservatism[145] 2006 2012
Boston Tea Party Libertarianism[146] 2006 2012
Connecticut for Lieberman Centrism[147] 2006 2013
Independence Party of America Centrism[148] 2007 2013
Modern Whig Party Conservative liberalism[149] 2007 2018
Taxpayers Party of New York Conservatism[150] 2010 2011
Freedom Party of New York Progressivism[151] 2010 2011
Traditionalist Worker Party Neo-Nazism[152] 2013 2018

Non-electoral organizationsEdit

These organizations generally do not nominate candidates for election, but some of them have in the past; they otherwise function similarly to political parties.

Political Party Founded in Former Titles International Affiliations
African People's Socialist Party 1972 Uhuru Movement
American Nazi party (remnants) 1959 World Union of Free Enterprise National Socialists
National Socialist White People's Party
American Party of Labor 2008
Black Riders Liberation Party 1996[153]
Committees of Correspondence for Democracy and Socialism 1991
Communist Party USA 1919[154] International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties
Democratic Socialists of America 1982 (merger of Democratic Socialist Organizing Committee + New American Movement) Formerly Socialist International, not a member as of August 2017.
Freedom Road Socialist Organization 1985 International Communist Seminar
Internationalist Group 1996 League for the Fourth International
Liberation Road 1985 Freedom Road Socialist Organization
National Socialist Movement 1974 American Nazi Party World Union of National Socialists
New Black Panther Party 1989
News and Letters Committees 1955
Our Revolution 2016
Progressive Labor Party 1961 Progressive Labor Movement
Revolutionary Communist Party, USA 1975 Revolutionary Union
Social Democrats, USA 1972
Solidarity 1986
Spartacist League 1966 International Communist League (Fourth Internationalist)
World Socialist Party of the United States 1916 Socialist Party of the United States
Socialist Educational Society
Workers' Socialist Party
World Socialist Movement

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ Additionally, two of the six non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives caucus with the Republican Party.[7]
  2. ^ Additionally, the two independent Senators both caucus with the Democratic Party.[4]
  3. ^ Additionally, four of the six non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives caucus with the Democratic Party.[7]
Footnotes
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  2. ^ "2016 Electoral College Results". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
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  4. ^ a b "U.S. Senate: Party Division". United States Senate. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  5. ^ "Party Breakdown". House Press Gallery. House Press Gallery. 29 November 2018. Archived from the original on 14 March 2019. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e "State Partisan Composition". National Conference of State Legislatures. April 1, 2019. Archived from the original on February 18, 2019. Retrieved May 12, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Directory of Representatives". United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on March 5, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  8. ^ Winger, Richard. "March 2020 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  9. ^ Martin, Douglas (November 22, 2010). "David Nolan, 66, Is Dead; Started Libertarian Party". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 13, 2019. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  10. ^ Segal, Cheryl (May 27, 2016). "5 things the Libertarian Party stands for". The Hill. Archived from the original on August 16, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  11. ^ Mark P. Jones, ed. (2020). Voting and Political Representation in America: Issues and Trends [2 volumes]. Mark P. Jones. p. 202. ISBN 9781440860850. The Vermont Progressive Party is a competitive third party that currently provides a visible democratic socialist presence in the state's politics.
  12. ^ Winger, Richard. "March 2020 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Howie Hawkins will probably be the Green Party's 2020 nominee". The Economist. March 26, 2020. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
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