United Citizens Party
The United Citizens Party (UCP) was first organized in 1969 in the U.S. state of South Carolina in response to the state Democratic Party's opposition to nominating black candidates. The party's objective was to elect blacks to the legislature and local offices in counties with black majority populations. The party ran candidates in 1970 and 1972; as a result in 1970 the first three black candidates were elected to the South Carolina House of Representatives since Reconstruction.
|Founded||1969 as United Citizens Party, |
1990s as Patriot Party of South Carolina,
1996 as United Citizens Party
liberal conservatism (formerly)
|National affiliation||Reform (1996)|
independent (1969-1996, 1996-present)
In South Carolina, as in New York and unlike most other states, a single candidate may be nominated by two or more legally separate political parties. This practice is called electoral fusion. In the past, several South Carolina state legislators, who concurrently served as Democrats, were cross-endorsed by the United Citizens Party. Other political parties that have practiced fusion include the New York Conservative Party, the Working Families Party of New York and the Liberal Party of New York. The American Labor Party was a historically important party in New York State which both practiced fusion and elected candidates independently.
Since the opening up of the state Democratic Party to black candidates, the party has mainly served as a means for various third party candidates to appear on the South Carolina Presidential ballot.
In the 2002 election for the Second Congressional District in South Carolina, Mark Whittington received 17,189 votes or 10.03% of the total, after picketing the national headquarters of the Bank of America in Charlotte, N.C.
In 2004, the UCP chose to nominate the Socialist Party candidate Walt Brown for President. Brown received 2,124 votes or about 0.13% of the total 1,617,730. Ralph Nader appeared on the South Carolina ballot as an independent, receiving 5520 votes or 0.34%. David Cobb appeared on the new South Carolina Green Party ballot line and received 1488 votes or 0.09% of the statewide total.
In 2006, the Party endorsed John "JC" Nellums for State House District 79 (Kershaw, Richland), and did not cross-endorse candidates of any other party.
On March 29, 2008, the party endorsed Barack Obama via convention for the 2008 presidential election, but the nomination was not accepted. Obama appeared on the ballot as solely as the candidate of the Democratic Party.
In 2010, the party cross-endorsed former football player Morgan Bruce Reeves for governor, alongside the South Carolina Green Party. Reeves received 0.9% of the vote.
On the November 2014 ballot, the party nominated Morgan Bruce Reeves for Governor and David Edmond for Commissioner of Agriculture. Reeves received 0.45% of the vote.
- http://www.scvotes.org/statistics/election_returns_from_primaries_and_general_elections_statewide[permanent dead link]
- South Carolina Election Commission, Nov. 5, 2002.
- search | SCVotes.org
- Winger, Richard (editor). United Citizens Party Nominates Barack Obama for President. Ballot Access News. 2008-04-11
- "SC - Election Results", 2008 General Election Returns, South Carolina State Election Commission, p. 1, 2009-06-01, retrieved 2011-09-06
- Kevin Gray for Governor. Archived United Citizens Party 2002 Gubernatorial campaign site. Archive date December 2, 2002. Retrieved from Library of Congress Minerva archive on June 21, 2006.
- Mark Whittington for Congress. United Citizens Party 2002 candidate for House, South Carolina, 2nd District. Archive date Dec 2, 2002. Retrieved from Library of Congress Minerva archive on January 1, 2012.
- Peoples, Betsy. Historically Black political party still alive. The New Crisis. Nov/Dec 2002.
- Bursey, Brett (Summer 2000). "Is South Carolina Ready For A Progressive Third Party?". The Point: South Carolina's Independent Newsmonthly. South Carolina Progressive Network. 10 (99). Retrieved 2006-06-29.