Jerome Segal

Jerome Michael Segal (born November 25, 1943) is an American philosopher and political activist, who resides in Silver Spring, Maryland. He was the founder of the socialist Bread and Roses Party, which achieved ballot access in Maryland, and which Segal ran from 2018 to 2021.

Jerome Segal
Jerome Segal(Cropped).jpg
Born (1943-11-25) November 25, 1943 (age 78)
EducationCity College of New York (AB, Philosophy, Economics), University of Michigan (PhD), University of Minnesota (MPA)
OccupationPolitical philosopher, Conflict-resolution practitioner
EmployerThe Jewish Peace Lobby
Known forArab-Israeli peace work
Notable workCreating the Palestinian State, Agency and Alienation, Negotiating Jerusalem, Graceful Simplicity, Joseph's Bones
Political partyDemocratic (until 2018; 2021–present)
Bread and Roses (2018–2021)

Segal is a research scholar at the University of Maryland, College Park, and the president of the Jewish Peace Lobby.[1] He was a candidate in the Democratic Party primary in the 2018 United States Senate election in Maryland.[2] He unsuccessfully ran in the 2020 United States presidential election[3] and the 2022 Maryland gubernatorial election.

On July 25, 2022, Segal started a campaign for the 2024 United States presidential election. This was the first Democratic challenger against incumbent President Joe Biden.

Early life and educationEdit

Segal was born and raised in The Bronx. His father, a socialist and member of the Jewish Labor Bund, was born in Poland and immigrated to the United States, where he found employment as a factory worker in the garment industry.[4] After graduating from the Bronx High School of Science, Segal went to City College of New York, where he received honors in philosophy and economics, and was awarded the Brittain Prize in Moral Philosophy.[5] Segal went on to receive a PhD from the University of Michigan, and taught in the philosophy department of the University of Pennsylvania. He later received an MPA from the Hubert Humphrey School of the University of Minnesota.[6]


After receiving his MPA from the University of Minnesota, Segal moved to Washington, D.C. in 1974 to work as an aide to Congressman Donald M. Fraser and administrator of the House Budget Committee's task force on distributive impacts of economic policy. In 1979, he became Coordinator for the Near East in the policy bureau of the US Agency for International Development and, later, Senior Advisor for Agency Planning. After leaving government, he joined the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at the University of Maryland as Senior Research Scholar.[7]

Segal has been a leader of the American Jewish peace movement, starting in 1982 with Washington Area Jews for Israeli-Palestinian Peace (WAJIPP), a group that opposed the Israeli invasion of Lebanon. In 1987, he traveled to Tunis to meet Yasser Arafat and leaders of the Palestine Liberation Organization. No American Jewish delegation had ever met with the PLO, which the U.S. government officially considered a terrorist organization at the time.[8] In August 1988, Israel raided the offices of Faisal al-Husseini, a Palestinian militant, and discovered a plan, based in part on earlier writings by Segal, for a ''declaration of Palestinian independence."[9] That plan, along with other writings by Segal in Palestinian papers such as Al-Quds, were a catalyst for the Palestinian Declaration of Independence later that year and the Palestinian peace initiative in which Israel's right to exist was recognized.[10][11]

In May 1989, Segal founded the Jewish Peace Lobby, which he envisioned as acting as a counterweight to the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC).[12][13] The Peace Lobby remains active today, with about 5,000 members (including 400 rabbis).[14]

As a candidateEdit

Jerome Segal's performance by county in the state of Maryland in the 2020 presidential election.

In 2018, Segal founded a new socialist political party called "Bread and Roses", after raising the requisite 10,000 signatures needed by the Maryland Board of Elections. The party is named after a slogan used by striking workers during the 1912 Lawrence textile strike.[15] Segal ran for a seat in the US Senate against Ben Cardin in the 2018 midterm elections. After losing in the Democratic primary to Cardin, he attempted to be included in the general election under the Bread and Roses party, but was prohibited due to the "sore loser" statute of Maryland state law, which prohibits candidates from running in the general election after losing a primary. After the 2018 election, Segal submitted a petition with more than 15,000 signatures to the Maryland Board of Elections. The Board certified the Bread and Roses party in January 2019, allowing its candidates to run for office in Maryland in the 2020 election.[16]

In August 2019, Segal ran in the 2020 United States presidential election under the Bread and Roses party banner. He said that he would not compete in swing states to avoid taking votes from a Democratic candidate running against Donald Trump.[3]

The Bread and Roses party identifies itself as "socialistic" in nature, distinguishing itself from "traditional socialism". The party advocates socialist ideals such as "From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs" while also advocating democratic principles of limited government, individual liberty and rule of law. Their website also advertises ideals like "plain living, high thinking and a Utopian future".[17][18]

In December 2021, Segal disbanded the Bread and Roses party to seek the Democrat nomination for the 2022 Maryland gubernatorial election.[19] His running mate was Justin Dispenza, a member of the town council of Galena, Maryland.[20] After conceding in the Democratic primary on July 20, 2022, Segal started a campaign for 2024 United States presidential election. This was the first Democratic challenger against incumbent President Joe Biden.[21]


  • Creating the Palestinian State[22]
  • Agency and Alienation[23]
  • Negotiating Jerusalem[24]
  • Graceful Simplicity[25]
  • Joseph's Bones[26]
  • Agency, Illusion, and Well-Being[27]


  1. ^ "Search - The Washington Post - Jerome M. Segal". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-12-13.
  2. ^ Portnoy, Jenna (January 17, 2018). "How a defiant Chelsea Manning could upend the race for U.S. Senate in Maryland". Washington Post. Retrieved January 24, 2018.
  3. ^ a b Chason, Rachel (28 August 2019). "Jerome Segal, of Maryland socialist Bread and Roses party, to run for president". Washington Post. Washington DC. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  4. ^ Pear, Robert; Times, Special to the New York (1988-08-24). "Washington Talk: Foreign Affairs; Jewish Father for Palestinian State?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-01-15.
  5. ^ "Graduation Is Set at City College". The New York Times. 1964-06-17. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-01-15.
  6. ^ Segal, Jerome M. (2009). Agency, Illusion, and Well-being: Essays in Moral Psychology and Philosophical Economics. Lexington Books. ISBN 9780739129692.
  7. ^ Andrews, Cecile; Urbanska, Wanda (2009-09-01). Less is More: Embracing Simplicity for a Healthy Planet, a Caring Economy and Lasting Happiness. New Society Publishers. ISBN 9781550924312.
  8. ^ "Jerome Segal: Visionary who led Congress to establish $10 Million Annual Peace Fund". Jewschool. 2015-02-26. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  9. ^ Pear, Robert (1988-08-24). "WASHINGTON TALK: FOREIGN AFFAIRS; Jewish Father for Palestinian State?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  10. ^ "Middle East Dialogue 2013 Conference Presenters – About The Authors". Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  11. ^ "Nonfiction Book Review: Creating the Palestinian State: A Strategy for Peace by Jerome M. Segal, Author Lawrence Hill Books $9.95 (177p) ISBN 978-1-55652-055-6". Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  12. ^ "Liberal U.S. Jews Lobby for Israel-PLO Talks". tribunedigital-sunsentinel. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  13. ^ Adler, Cyrus; Szold, Henrietta (1995). American Jewish Year Book. VNR AG. ISBN 9780874951080.
  14. ^ "The Jewish Peace Lobby". Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  15. ^ "Ex-US Senate candidate asks Maryland to sanction a socialist party". Herald-Mail Media. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
  16. ^ "Bread and Roses socialist party certified in Maryland". Washington Post. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  17. ^ "Bread and Roses". Bread and Roses. Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  18. ^ Tkacik, Christina. "Bread and Roses Party, a self-identified socialist group, is certified in Maryland". Retrieved 2019-03-19.
  19. ^ Kurtz, Josh (December 16, 2021). "Bread and Roses Party Marches Into the Sunset; Founder Runs for Governor as a Dem". Maryland Matters. Retrieved December 16, 2021.
  20. ^ DePuyt, Bruce; Kurtz, Josh (February 10, 2022). "Political Notes: Elrich's Endorsements, Pippy's Plans, Segal's LG, and CD-4 News". Maryland Matters. Retrieved April 7, 2022.
  21. ^ Cohn, Meredith (July 20, 2022). "Some concede, others watch and wait in Maryland Democratic primary race for governor". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved July 20, 2022.
  22. ^ Segal, Jerome M. (1989). Creating the Palestinian state : a strategy for peace (1st ed.). Chicago, Ill.: Lawrence Hill Books. ISBN 9781556520556. OCLC 18779422.
  23. ^ Segal, Jerome M. (1991). Agency and alienation : a theory of human presence. Savage, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780847676286. OCLC 23356376.
  24. ^ Segal, Jerome M. (1996). Agency and alienation : a theory of human presence (1st paperback ed.). Lanham, Maryland.: Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0847682072. OCLC 35295628.
  25. ^ Segal, Jerome M. (2003). Graceful simplicity : the philosophy and politics of the alternative American dream (Paperback ed.). Berkeley, California.: University of California Press. ISBN 0520236009. OCLC 49531032.
  26. ^ Segal, Jerome M. (2007). Joseph's bones : understanding the struggle between God and mankind in the Bible. New York: Riverhead Books. ISBN 978-1594489396. OCLC 76261878.
  27. ^ Segal, Jerome M. (2009). Agency, illusion, and well-being : essays in moral psychology and philosophical economics. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0739129692. OCLC 243674284.

External linksEdit