Benjamin Louis Cardin (born October 5, 1943) is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party who serves as the senior United States Senator from Maryland, in office since 2007. Before his election to the Senate, Cardin was previously a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Maryland's 3rd congressional district (1987–2007). He also served in the Maryland House of Delegates (1967–87), serving as Speaker (1979–87). He was the youngest Speaker in Maryland history. In half a century as an elected official, he has never lost an election.
|United States Senator
January 3, 2007
Serving with Chris Van Hollen
|Preceded by||Paul Sarbanes|
|Ranking Member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee|
April 2, 2015
|Preceded by||Bob Menendez|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 3rd district
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Barbara Mikulski|
|Succeeded by||John Sarbanes|
|Speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates|
January 6, 1979 – January 3, 1987
|Preceded by||John Hanson Briscoe|
|Succeeded by||Clayton Mitchell|
|Member of the Maryland House of Delegates
from the 42nd district
January 6, 1967 – January 3, 1987
|Preceded by||Maurice Cardin|
|Succeeded by||David Shapiro|
|Born||Benjamin Louis Cardin
October 5, 1943
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Myrna Edelman (m. 1964)|
|Education||University of Pittsburgh (BA)
University of Maryland, Baltimore (JD)
Cardin was elected to succeed Paul Sarbanes in the 2006 U.S. Senate election, defeating Republican Michael Steele, the Lieutenant Governor of Maryland, by a margin of 54% to 44%. He was re-elected in 2012 with 55% of the vote. He became the senior Senator on January 3, 2017 upon Barbara Mikulski's retirement.
Early life and careerEdit
Benjamin Louis Cardin was born in Baltimore, Maryland, the son of Dora (née Green) and Meyer M. Cardin (1907–2005). The family name was originally "Kardonsky", before it was changed to "Cardin". Cardin's grandparents were Russian Jewish immigrants. His grandfather operated a neighborhood grocery store that later turned into a wholesale food distribution company. His father, Meyer Cardin, served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1935 to 1937, and later sat on the Supreme Bench of Baltimore City from 1961 to 1977.
Cardin and his family attend the Modern Orthodox Beth Tfiloh Congregation near their home, with which the family has been affiliated for three generations. He graduated from Baltimore City College in 1961 and obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree cum laude in 1964 from the University of Pittsburgh, where he was a member of the Pi Lambda Phi fraternity. He earned a Juris Doctor from the University of Maryland School of Law in 1967, graduating first in his class. Cardin was admitted to the Maryland Bar that same year, and entered a private practice.
Maryland House of DelegatesEdit
Cardin was elected to the Maryland House of Delegates in 1966, while still attending law school. He held the seat once held by his uncle, Maurice Cardin, who had decided to not run for reelection so that his nephew could instead pursue the seat. He was chairman of the Ways & Means Committee from 1974 to 1979, then Speaker of the House until he left office. At age 35, he was one of the youngest Speakers in Maryland history. As Speaker, he was involved with reform efforts involving Maryland's property tax system, school financing formula, and ethical standards for elected officials.
U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit
In 1986, with Congresswoman Barbara Mikulski mounting what would be a successful bid for the U.S. Senate seat vacated by retiring Senator Charles Mathias, Cardin ran for Mikulski’s seat representing the 3rd Congressional District, which covered a large slice of inner Baltimore, as well as several close-in suburbs. Cardin won the Democratic nomination with 82 percent of the vote—the real contest in this heavily Democratic district. He won the general election with 79 percent of the vote against a perennial candidate, Republican Ross Z. Pierpont.
Cardin was reelected nine times, rarely facing serious opposition and even running unopposed in 1992. In the 2000 round of redistricting, his district was redrawn to add significant portions of Anne Arundel County, including the state capital of Annapolis. His last two opponents hailed from Anne Arundel and nearly carried the district's portion of that county.
In the House, Cardin was involved with fiscal issues, pension reform, and health care. His legislation to increase the amount individuals can store in their 401k plans and IRAs was passed in 2001. His bill to expand Medicare to include preventive benefits such as colorectal, prostate, mammogram, and osteoporosis screening was also enacted. He also authored legislation to provide a Medicare prescription drug benefit for chronic illnesses; fund graduate medical education; and guarantee coverage for emergency services.
Cardin has also advocated, via proposed legislation, welfare reform. His bill to increase education and support services for foster children between ages 18 and 21 was signed into law in 1999. He authored bills to expand child support, improve the welfare-to-work program, and increase the child care tax credit.
In 1998, Cardin was appointed Chairman of the Special Study Commission on Maryland Public Ethics Law by the Maryland General Assembly. In 1997, he co-chaired the Bipartisan Ethics Task Force in an effort to reform ethics procedures in the House of Representatives. He also held leadership positions on the Organization, Study and Review Committee and the Steering Committee of the House Democratic Caucus, and served as Senior Democratic Whip.
Cardin has been commended for his work with fiscal policy. He has been honored by Worth magazine and by Treasury and Risk Management for his work protecting retirement plans and government-supported medical care for the elderly. He has also received scores of 100% percent from the League of Conservation Voters and the NAACP, indicating stances that are in favor of environmental protection and civil rights. Cardin was also one of 133 members of Congress to vote against the 2002 Iraq Resolution.
As of May 2006, Cardin served on the following House committees:
- Member of the Ways and Means Committee.
- Chairman of the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe.
On April 26, 2005, Cardin announced that he would seek the U.S. Senate seat of long-standing senator Paul Sarbanes (D-MD), following the announcement by Sarbanes that he would not be running for re-election in 2006. On September 12, 2006, Cardin faced a challenging primary battle with other Maryland Democrats, including Kweisi Mfume, Josh Rales, Dennis F. Rasmussen, and Allan Lichtman. Cardin won, however, with 44 percent of the vote, compared to 40 percent for Mfume, five percent for Rales, and two percent for Rasmussen. He was declared the winner after just two percent of the precincts had reported.
Cardin won election on November 7, 2006, defeating Republican challenger Michael Steele 54 percent to 44 percent. Cardin became the third consecutive Representative from Maryland's 3rd Congressional District to be elected Senator (following Sarbanes and Mikulski).
Cardin ran for re-election to a second term in 2012. He turned back a primary challenge from State Senator C. Anthony Muse, defeating him 74% to 16%, with seven other candidates taking the remaining 10%.
In the general election, he faced Republican Dan Bongino, a former United States Secret Service agent, Independent Rob Sobhani, an economist and businessman, and Libertarian Imad-ad-Dean Ahmad, President of the Minaret of Freedom Institute. Cardin easily won the election, taking 55% of the vote to Bongino's 27%, Sobhani's 17% and Ahmad's 1%.
- Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe
- Committee on Environment and Public Works
- Committee on Finance
- Committee on Foreign Relations (Ranking Member)
- Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health Policy (Ex Officio)
- Subcommittee on East Asia, The Pacific and International Cybersecurity Policy (Ex Officio)
- Subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation (Ex Officio)
- Subcommittee on Multilateral International Development, Multilateral Institutions, and International Economic, Energy and Environmental Policy (Ex Officio)
- Subcommittee on Near East, South Asia, Central Asia and Counterterrorism (Ex Officio)
- Subcommittee on State Department and USAID Management, International Operations and Bilateral International Development (Ex Officio)
- Subcommittee on Western Hemisphere, Transnational Crime, Civilian Security, Democracy, Human Rights and Global Women's Issues (Ex Officio)
- Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship
- Cardin was credited in April 2015 with facilitating, as the new Ranking Member, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee 19-0 vote on the markup for the bill on the USA's involvement in the negotiations with Iran on nuclear technology. He had become ranking member only two weeks before, upon the departure of Senator Robert Menendez.
Cardin has been a Commissioner on the Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (the U.S. Helsinki Commission) since 1993, serving as Ranking Member from 2003 to 2006. He subsequently served two terms as co-chair of the Commission, from 2007 to 2008, and 2011 to 2012; and also two terms as chair, from 2009 to 2010, and 2013 to 2014. From 2015 to 2016 he was again ranking member. In 2006 he was elected vice president of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Parliamentary Assembly, and served through 2014.
Cardin holds honorary degrees from several institutions, including the University of Baltimore School of Law (1990); University of Maryland, Baltimore (1993); Baltimore Hebrew University (1994); Goucher College (1996); and Villa Julie College (2007).
From 1988 to 1995, he chaired the Maryland Legal Services Corp. Through much of his political career, he has continued to work with law policy.
From 1988 to 1999, Cardin served on the St. Mary's College of Maryland Board of Trustees, and in 2002, he was appointed to the St. Mary's Advisory Board for the Study of Democracy. In 1999, he was appointed to the Goucher College Board of Trustees.
On a list by Congressional Quarterly of the members of Congress who were most supportive of President Barack Obama's legislative agenda in 2009, Cardin was tied for fifth most supportive Senator with five other Senators. In 2013, National Journal rated him as tied with six other Democratic senators for fifth most liberal Senator.
Cardin supports Net Neutrality, as shown by his vote during the 109th Congress in favor of the Markey Amendment to H.R. 5252 which would add Net Neutrality provisions to the federal telecommunications code. Cardin also supports Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act, which gives DOJ the tools to target those site owners who are engaged in illegal digital piracy.
In 2007, Cardin supported the United States Public Service Academy Act. The Act would serve to create "an undergraduate institution devoted to developing civilian leaders." Like the Military Academies, this would give students 4 years of tuition-free education in exchange for 5 years of public service upon graduation.
In November 2011, Cardin's intended update of the 1917 Espionage Act upset some public disclosure advocates. They complained that it "would make it harder for federal employees to expose government fraud and abuse."
Cardin is opposed to eliminating the tax loophole for charitable deductions and supports raising taxes on higher income earners. During a December 20, 2012, interview with Maria Bartiromo on CNBC, Cardin stated, "We're now a few days away from Christmas. The easiest way to get the revenues is to get the rates from the higher income, uh, taxpayers." In response to the question, "Are you prepared to vote to limit the loophole of charitable deductions?" Cardin responded, "No."
Liberal environmentalists criticized Cardin for compromising too much while working with conservative James Inhofe on an amendment to Cardin's Chesapeake Bay legislation. Josh Saks, senior legislative representative for water resources campaigns with the National Wildlife Federation, praised Cardin as "the lead voice for clean water and the restoration of America's great waters in Congress."
In the 111th Congress, Cardin helped secure dental benefits in the State Children's Health Insurance Plan.
Weeks after the 2014 Hong Kong class boycott campaign and Umbrella Movement broke out which demands genuine universal suffrage among other goals, Cardin among bipartisan colleagues joined U.S. Senator Sherrod Brown and Rep. Chris Smith's effort to introduce Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act which would update the United States–Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992 and U.S. commitment to Hong Kong's freedom and democracy. "Civil society and democratic freedoms are under attack around the world and Hong Kong is on the front lines. The United States has a responsibility to protect human rights and defend against these threats," Cardin, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations East Asian and Pacific Affairs Subcommittee said.
In 2017, Cardin sponsored a bill (called the Israel Anti-Boycott Act (S. 720)), that would make it a felony for Americans to support the international boycott against Israel, which was launched in protest of that country’s decades-old occupation of Palestine. Anyone guilty of violating its prohibitions will face a minimum civil penalty of $250,000, and a maximum criminal penalty of $1 million and 20 years in prison.
Cardin married high school sweetheart Myrna Edelman, a teacher, on November 24, 1964. They have a daughter, Deborah. Their son Michael committed suicide on March 24, 1998 at age 30. He has a granddaughter named Julia.
In 2002, Ben’s 32-year-old nephew, Jon S. Cardin, who graduated from University of Maryland law school in 2001, was elected as a Delegate representing District 11 of western Baltimore County. With state legislative District 11 overlapping Congressional District 3, there were two Cardins on the ticket in this area in 2002. Present at Jon’s swearing in was the oldest living former member of the House of Delegates at 95 years of age, Meyer Cardin, Jon’s grandfather and Ben’s father. Also in attendance was Ben himself, who stated, "The next generation's taking over." After Ben announced that he would vacate his Congressional seat to run for the U.S. Senate, Jon Cardin stated that he was exploring a campaign for his uncle's Congressional seat, though he ultimately decided to seek reelection to the House of Delegates.
For many years Cardin served on the Board of Trustees for St. Mary's College of Maryland. He was very active on the board and also played key roles in the establishment of the Center for the Study of Democracy at the college, where he also served on the advisory board.
|Maryland's 3rd Congressional District Democratic Primary election, 1986|
|Democratic||Edward Ellison, Jr.||4,422||5%|
|Democratic||Earl Koger, Sr.||3,714||4%|
|Maryland's 3rd Congressional District Democratic Primary election, 1988|
|Democratic||Ben Cardin (inc.)||52,850||86%|
|Maryland's 3rd Congressional District Democratic Primary election, 1990|
|Democratic||Ben Cardin (inc.)||43,496||83%|
|Maryland's 3rd Congressional District Democratic Primary election, 1992|
|Democratic||Ben Cardin (inc.)||63,793||84%|
|Maryland's 3rd Congressional District Democratic Primary election, 1994|
|Democratic||Ben Cardin (inc.)||64,742||87%|
|Maryland's 3rd Congressional District Democratic Primary election, 1996|
|Democratic||Ben Cardin (inc.)||34,496||90%|
|Maryland's 3rd Congressional District Democratic Primary election, 1998|
|Democratic||Ben Cardin (inc.)||50,240||90%|
|Maryland's 3rd Congressional District Democratic Primary election, 2002|
|Democratic||Ben Cardin (inc.)||62,938||90%|
|Maryland's 3rd Congressional District Democratic Primary election, 2004|
|Democratic||Ben Cardin (inc.)||54,398||90%|
|U.S. Senate Democratic Primary election in Maryland, 2006|
|Democratic||Charles Ulysses Smith||1,702||<1%|
|U.S. Senate Democratic Primary election in Maryland, 2012|
|Democratic||Ben Cardin (inc.)||240,704||74%|
|Democratic||Raymond Levi Blagmon||5,909||2%|
|Democratic||J. P. Cusick||4,778||2%|
|1986||Congress, MD-3||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||100,161||79.11%||Ross Pierpont||Republican||26,452||20.89%|
|1988||Congress, MD-3||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||133,779||72.9%||Ross Pierpont||Republican||49,733||27.1%|
|1990||Congress, MD-3||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||82,545||69.73%||Harwood Nichols||Republican||35,841||30.27%|
|1992||Congress, MD-3||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||163,354||99.98%||Unopposed|
|1994||Congress, MD-3||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||117,269||70.97%||Robert Tousey||Republican||47,966||29.03%|
|1996||Congress, MD-3||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||130,204||67.31%||Patrick McDonough||Republican||63,229||32.69%|
|1998||Congress, MD-3||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||137,501||77.61%||Colin Harby||Republican||39,667||22.39%|
|2000||Congress, MD-3||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||169,347||75.66%||Colin Harby||Republican||53,827||24.05%||Joseph Pomykala||Libertarian||238|
|2002||Congress, MD-3||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||145,589||65.72%||Scott Conwell||Republican||75,721||34.18%|
|2004||Congress, MD-3||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||182,066||63.39%||Bob Duckworth||Republican||97,008||33.77%||Patsy Allen||Green||4,224||2.75%|
|2006||MD Senator, Class 1||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||965,567||54.20%||Michael S. Steele||Republican||787,352||44.20%||Kevin Zeese||Green||27,570||1.55%|
|2012||MD Senator, Class 1||General||Benjamin Cardin||Democratic||1,474,028||56.0%||Dan Bongino||Republican||693,291||26.3%||S. Rob Sobhani||Independent||430,934||16.4%|
- "1". freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
- "About Ben Cardin". Ben Cardin for Senate. Archived from the original on 2009-02-08.
- "Baltimore City Supreme Bench". Maryland Archives.
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- "Senator Benjamin L. Cardin : Maryland". Cardin.senate.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
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-  Archived February 21, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Portman and Durbin Launch Senate Ukraine Caucus". Rob Portman United States Senator for Ohio. February 9, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
- Thrust Into Iran Bill Talks, Cardin Delivers - Senator Took Top Dem Post At Start of Tense Negotiations, John T Bennett, Defense News, 16 April 2015
- "Ben Cardin, US Senator for Maryland". cardin.senate.gov. Archived from the original on March 28, 2007.
- "Benjamin L. 'Ben' Cardin" (2016). Congressional Directory, 2015-2016: 114th Congress. Washington, DC: United States Government Publishing Office. ISBN 9781598888447.
- "About CSCE: Commissioners". Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. Retrieved 2016-12-29.
- "Board of Visitors". University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law. 2016. Retrieved 2016-12-29.
- "Cardin, Sarbanes get high marks for Obama support; Mikulski's attendance slips". Baltimore Sun.
- "2013 Vote Ratings: The 15 Most Liberal Senators". National Journal. Archived from the original on February 9, 2014. Ballotpedia offers an explanation of the ratings, with a full list of the 2013 ratings of the Senate and House: .
- "Text of S. 3804 (111th): Combating Online Infringement and Counterfeits Act (Reported by Senate Committee version) - GovTrack.us". GovTrack.us. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
- "USPSA" (PDF). Public Service Academy.[permanent dead link]
- "Benjamin Cardin - Israel". The Political Guide. March 27, 2012. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
- "Cardin bill angers whistleblower advocates". 24 November 2011.
- "CNBC Interview". CNBC Interview.
- Quinlan, Paul (1 July 2011). "Sen. Cardin Hopes to Bridge Divide Over Water". New York Times. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
- Quinlan, Paul (1 July 2011). "Sen. Cardin Hopes to Bridge Divide Over Water". New York Times. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
- "Sen. Ben Cardin (D)". National Journal Almanac. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- "Wicker Joins Bill to Support Hong Kong's Freedom and Democracy". Roger Wicker. November 13, 2014. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- S.2922 - Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, Congress.gov, 11/13/2014
- H.R.5696 - Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, Congress.gov, 11/13/2014
- H.R.1159 - Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act, Congress.gov, 2/27/2015
- "China ‘Voids’ Hong Kong Rights: Beijing abrogates the 1984 treaty it signed with Britain to guarantee the city’s autonomy". The Wall Street Journal. December 14, 2014. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- "A Useful Hong Kong Rebuke: China’s betrayal of its promises becomes a U.S. political issue". The Wall Street Journal. January 30, 2015. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- Greenwald, Glenn GreenwaldRyan GrimGlenn; Grim2017-07-19T16:30:14+00:00, Ryan. "U.S. Lawmakers Seek to Criminally Outlaw Support for Boycott Campaign Against Israel". The Intercept. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
- Linn, Leticia (2006-11-03). "Candidate Profile: U.S. Senate: Ben Cardin (D)". Southern Maryland Online.
- "Death Record»Michael A Cardin", Death record, retrieved March 23, 2013.
- "Congressman's son dies suddenly", Google Groups, March 25, 1998.
- "Eric Bromwell - Maryland House of Delegates". ericbromwell.com. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
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- Senator Ben Cardin official U.S. Senate site
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- Ben Cardin at DMOZ
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|Member of the Maryland House of Delegates from the 42nd district
January 6, 1967 – January 3, 1987
John Hanson Briscoe
|Speaker of the Maryland House of Delegates
1979 – 1987
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Maryland's 3rd congressional district
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 2007
|Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Maryland
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Maryland
January 3, 2007 – present
Served alongside: Barbara Mikulski, Chris Van Hollen
|Chair of the Joint Helsinki Commission
2009 – 2011
|Chair of the Joint Helsinki Commission
2013 – 2015
|Ranking Member of the Committee on Foreign Relations
2015 – present
|Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|Current U.S. Senators by seniority