Russophilia (literally love of Russia or Russians) is admiration and fondness of Russia (including the era of the Soviet Union and/or the Russian Empire), Russian history and Russian culture. The antonym and opposite of Russophilia is Russophobia.

Russophilia in EuropeEdit

American author Robert Alexander wrote: "I love Russians for their dramatic, emotional nature. They're not afraid to love, not afraid to get hurt, not afraid to exaggerate or act impulsively."[1]

In October 2004, the International Gallup Organization announced the results of its poll, according to which approximately 20% of the residents of Western Europe viewed Russia positively, with the most positive view coming from Iceland, Germany, Greece, and Britain. The percentage of respondents expressing a positive attitude towards Russia was 9% in Finland, Turkey, and Japan, 38% in Lithuania, 36% in Latvia, and 34% in Estonia.[citation needed] Estonia and especially Latvia have a large number of ethnic Russians, which likely affected the result.

Russophilia in SerbiaEdit

Russia is hugely popular in Serbia, and Serbs have always traditionally seen Russia as a close ally due to shared Slavic heritage, culture, and Orthodox faith.[2] Serbia and Montenegro are predominately Eastern Orthodox, the faith expressed by a vast majority of Russians. There was little Soviet influence in the Balkans, so Russians were always seen as friendly brotherly people.[citation needed] According to European Council on Foreign Relations, 54% of Serbians see Russia as an ally. In comparison, 11% see European Union as an ally, and only 6% see United States in the same manner.[3] In both Serbia and Montenegro, there are neighbourhoods, streets, buildings and statues named after something Russian.[citation needed] In Serbia there is the Russian Centre of Science and Culture and a Hotel Moskva.

Russophilia in MontenegroEdit

Montenegro is also an Eastern Orthodox and Slavic country. There is the Moscow Bridge[4] in Podgorica, and a statue of Russian singer and actor Vladimir Vysotsky next to the bridge.

Russophilia in UkraineEdit

 
Pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine

Following Ukrainian independence in 1991 Ukrainians, mostly in the east and south of the country, voted to a see a more Russophile attitude of the government, ranging from closer economic partnership to full national union.[5] Russia and Ukraine enjoyed especially close economic ties, while the Russophilic political party, the Party of Regions, became the largest party in the Verkhovna Rada in 2006. It would remain a dominant force in Ukrainian politics, until the 2014 Ukrainian Revolution. Following the 2014 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, the overall attitude of Ukrainians towards Russia and Russians has become much more negative,[6] with most Ukrainians favoring NATO[7] and European Union[8] membership.

41% of Ukrainians have a "good" attitude towards Russians (42% negatively),[9] while in general 54% of Russians have a positive attitude towards Ukraine, according to a recent survey of the country's population. As of 2021, there are such Russophile parties in Ukraine as the Opposition Platform — For Life, the Opposition Bloc, Our Land, Nashi and the Party of Shariy.

Notable RussophilesEdit

Pro-Russian political partiesEdit

Historic

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Book Group Guide – Rusoff Agency". Rusoffagency.com. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  2. ^ "Зашто је Путин толико популаран у Србији? – Центар за развој међународне сарадње". crms.org.rs. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  3. ^ "Pandemic trends: Serbia looks east, Ukraine looks west". ecfr.eu. 5 August 2021. Retrieved 9 November 2021.
  4. ^ "Moscow bridge in Podgorica". Androidvodic.com. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  5. ^ Rapawy, Stephen (1997). Ethnic Reidentification in Ukraine (page 17) (PDF). Washington, D.C.: United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 October 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2018.
  6. ^ How Ukraine views Russia and the West, Brookings Institution (18 October 2017)
  7. ^ "Pledging reforms by 2020, Ukraine seeks route into NATO". Reuters. 10 July 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  8. ^ Simmons, Katie; Stokes, Bruce; Poushter, Jacob (10 June 2015). "3. Ukrainian Public Opinion: Dissatisfied with Current Conditions, Looking for an End to the Crisis". Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Украинцы хуже относятся к РФ, чем россияне в Украине – опрос". https://www.kiis.com.ua/ (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 31 October 2021. External link in |website= (help)
  10. ^ "Jacques Chirac, son tropisme russe et son ami Boris Eltsine". francetvinfo. 26 September 2019.
  11. ^ "Jacques Chirac, le plus russe des présidents français". Le Courrier de Russie. 26 September 2019.
  12. ^ "Far-right's hopes of powerful EU alliance dashed by Farage". Independent.ie. 6 June 2019.
  13. ^ "How Italy's new — and old — prime minister ditched the right wing". Washington Post. 30 September 2019. In 2018, Conte was prime minister in a government composed of Matteo Salvini's populist, pro-Russian, anti-European Union, anti-immigrant League party and Luigi Di Maio's big-spending Five Star Movement.
  14. ^ "Salvini invokes God and Russia on Poland trip". EUobserver. 10 January 2019.
  15. ^ Smuđa, Stefan (15 January 2016). "RUSOFIL VUJOŠEVIĆ: Kačket menjam, ali ostajem isti! - Košarka, Vesti, The Best Of". Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  16. ^ "Ja sam rusofil! Rusija je moja druga zemlja!". Kurir.rs.
  17. ^ "Sophians Talk -Japan and the World (Sumire Uesaka) : SOPHIA ONLINE : YOMIURI ONLINE". yab.yomiuri.co.jp. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  18. ^ "Talking Russia w/ Bald and Bankrupt". NFKRZ w/ Bald and Bankrupt. Retrieved 9 March 2021.
  19. ^ "Berlin Wall anniversary: The 'worst night of my life'". BBC News. 9 October 2019.
  20. ^ Fasanotti, Federica Saini (1 September 2016). "Russia and Libya: A brief history of an on-again-off-again friendship".
  21. ^ Lynch, Colum. "Why Putin Is So Committed to Keeping Assad in Power".
  22. ^ "Έρχεται το νέο "ρωσικό κόμμα" με το όνομα "Ελληνική Λύση", αναφέρει το γερμανικό Stern". 4 November 2016.
  23. ^ "1798: Heraclius II – The Last Great Georgian King". 10 January 2020.
  24. ^ "Pro-Russian Alliance of Patriots Demand More Seats in Parliament". Georgia Today on the Web. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  25. ^ "Whither the Alternative for Germany?". Intersectionproject.eu. 12 October 2017. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  26. ^ Sofia, Agence France-Presse in (26 March 2017). "Borisov's pro-EU party beats Socialists in Bulgaria's snap election". the Guardian. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  27. ^ https://www.plenglish.com/index.php?o=rn&id=55507&SEO=diaz-canel-and-putin-praise-60-years-of-cuba-russia-relations. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  28. ^ "Putin's friends in Europe". European Council on Foreign Relations. 19 October 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
  29. ^ "L'accordo tra la Lega Nord e il partito di Putin". il Post. 7 March 2017.
  30. ^ Matteo Carnieletto; Elena Barlozzari (13 July 2017). "Ecco l'accordo tra Lega Nord e Russia Unita". il Giornale.
  31. ^ Insurgency in Cabo Delgado
  32. ^ "CasaPound, l'orgoglio di Di Stefano: "Siamo fascisti, ammiro Putin"". Libero. 16 November 2017.
  33. ^ Leonardo Bianchi (2 March 2015). "Ho passato un pomeriggio con la Lega Nord e CasaPound a Roma". Vice.
  34. ^ "Forza nuova, Roberto Fiore e i rapporti con Putin - Lettera43". Archived from the original on 5 November 2019.
  35. ^ "Czech centre-left party approves joining coalition, new government close". Channelnewsasia.com. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  36. ^ "Rusko – komunisti - svet". Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  37. ^ "Stirring the pot". The Economist. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  38. ^ "Austrian far right signs deal with Putin's party, touts Trump ties". Reuters. 19 December 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  39. ^ Janjevic, Darko (13 March 2019). "Vladimir Putin and Viktor Orban's special relationship". Deutsche Welle. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  40. ^ "NAKA preverovala Kotlebu kvôli peniazom z Ruska". Aktuality.sk. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  41. ^ "New pro-Russia party stumbles in Lithuanian elections – Lewiston Sun Journal". Sunjournal.com. 25 October 2004. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  42. ^ Schulze, Jennie L. (2018). Strategic Frames: Europe, Russia, and Minority Inclusion in Estonia and Latvia. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 978-0-82296-511-4. In 2014, the party changed its name to the Latvian Russian Union, and adopted a pro-Russia stance by signing a cooperation agreement with the pro-Russia regional party Russian Unity in Crimea in order to “strengthen the unity of the Russian World.”
  43. ^ Foer, Franklin. "It's Putin's World". The Atlantic. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  44. ^ @DFRLab (23 November 2017). "#LetsLeaveNATO trends in Turkey". Medium. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
  45. ^ Moldova election: Pro-EU parties edge pro-Russian rivals BBC News 1 December 2014
  46. ^ "Прогрессивная социалистическая партия Украины присоединилась к". Regnum.ru. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  47. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 June 2007. Retrieved 9 August 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  48. ^ "SNS-suppported gathering planned for Putin visit to Serbia". rs.n1info.com. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  49. ^ "Ultranationalism and Russia colour Serbia's election". Irishtimes.com. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  50. ^ "Belarus tries to follow in Moscow's steps and team up with the European far right". 26 June 2018.
  51. ^ "Pro-Russia party wins Latvia election". Bbc.com. 8 October 2018. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  52. ^ "After defeat, Greek PM calls for snap elections | Kathimerini". www.ekathimerini.com.
  53. ^ "National Democratic Party of Germany". Counter Extremism Project.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Russophiles at Wikimedia Commons