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South Carolina's 6th congressional district

The 6th Congressional District of South Carolina is a congressional district in central and eastern South Carolina. It includes all of Allendale, Bamberg, Clarendon, Colleton, Hampton, Jasper and Williamsburg counties and parts of Beaufort, Berkeley, Calhoun, Charleston, Dorchester, Orangeburg, Richland and Sumter counties. The district borders were shifted south in the 2012 redistricting. It lost its share of the North Carolina border, and now takes in part of the area near the South Carolina-Georgia border.

South Carolina's 6th congressional district
South Carolina US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
South Carolina's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Jim Clyburn
DColumbia
Population (2000)668,670
Median income$35,615[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+19[2]

The district was defined in the early 1990s in a deal between state Republicans (mostly white) and Democrats (mostly black) in the South Carolina General Assembly to ensure a majority-black population, known as a majority-minority district. The rural counties of the historical black belt in South Carolina make up much of the district, but it sweeps south to include most of the majority-black precincts in and around Charleston, and sweeps west to include most of the majority-black precincts in and around Columbia. In all of its configurations, its politics have been dominated by black voters in the Columbia and Charleston areas.

Following the Reconstruction era, the white Democratic-dominated legislature passed Jim Crow laws, as well as a new constitution in 1895 that effectively disfranchised blacks, crippling the Republican Party in the state. For most of the next 60 years, South Carolina was essentially a one-party state dominated by the Democrats, and blacks were nearly excluded from the political system.

Demographic and political changes have included the Great Migration (African American) of blacks out of the state during the Jim Crow era in the first half of the 20th century. At the same time, many white Democrats felt chagrin at the national party's greater support of civil rights for blacks from the 1940s onward, and began splitting their tickets in federal elections. After successes of the Civil Rights Movement in gaining passage of federal legislation in the mid-1960s to enforce their constitutional rights and ability to vote, blacks in South Carolina supported national Democratic candidates. White conservatives began moving into the Republican Party in the 1980s.

Since the late 20th century, South Carolina politics have been very racially polarized. Republicans in South Carolina have been mostly white, and most African Americans in the state continue to support the Democrats. In the 21st century, the 6th is considered the only "safe" Democratic district in the state.

Before 1993, this district included the northeastern part of the state, from Darlington to Myrtle Beach. It was a classic "Yellow Dog" Democratic district; in this configuration it only elected two Republicans, both for a single term. In 2012, the new 7th congressional district was created; it includes much of the territory that was in the 6th for most of the 20th century.

Jim Clyburn, a Democrat and the current Majority Whip, has represented this district since first being elected in 1992.

Contents

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Result
2004 John Kerry 61 - 39%
2008 Barack Obama 70.1 - 28.9%
2012 Barack Obama 70.9 - 28.1%
2016 Hillary Clinton 66.8 - 30.3%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Name Party Years Electoral history District location
District created in 1793
 
Andrew Pickens
Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Elected in 1793.
[Data unknown/missing.]
"Pinckney and Washington district"
Samuel Earle Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
Elected in 1794.
Retired.
William Smith Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Elected in 1796.
Lost re-election.
"Washington district"
 
1796 election results by district
Abraham Nott Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Elected in 1798.
Retired.
Thomas Moore Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 7th district.
Levi Casey Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
February 3, 1807
Elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Died.
"Abbeville district"
Vacant February 3, 1807 –
June 2, 1807
Joseph Calhoun Democratic-Republican June 2, 1807 –
March 3, 1811
Elected to finish Casey's term.
Re-elected in 1808.
Retired.
 
John C. Calhoun
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1811 –
November 3, 1813
Elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Re-elected in 1816.
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of War.
March 4, 1813 –
November 3, 1817
"Abbeville district"
Vacant November 3, 1817 –
January 24, 1818
Eldred Simkins Democratic-Republican January 24, 1818 –
March 3, 1821
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
George McDuffie
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 5th district.
John Wilson Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Redistricted from the 7th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
"Pendleton district"
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
[Data unknown/missing.]
Warren R. Davis Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Nullifier March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
March 4, 1833 –
January 29, 1835
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant January 29, 1835 –
September 10, 1835
 
Waddy Thompson Jr.
Anti-Jackson September 10, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
William Butler Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Isaac E. Holmes Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1851
Redistricted from the 1st district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
William Aiken Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
 
William W. Boyce
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
December 21, 1860
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Vacant December 21, 1860 –
March 3, 1867
Civil War - Reconstruction
District eliminated in 1867
District re-established 1883
 
George W. Dargan
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1891
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Eli T. Stackhouse
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
June 14, 1892
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant June 14, 1892 –
December 5, 1892
 
John L. McLaurin
Democratic December 5, 1892 –
May 31, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
Vacant May 31, 1897 –
December 6, 1897
James Norton Democratic December 6, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Elected to finish McLaurin's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert B. Scarborough Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1905
[Data unknown/missing.]
J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
J. Willard Ragsdale Democratic March 4, 1913 –
July 23, 1919
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant July 23, 1919 –
October 7, 1919
 
Philip H. Stoll
Democratic October 7, 1919 –
March 3, 1923
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Allard H. Gasque
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
June 17, 1938
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant June 17, 1938 –
September 13, 1938
 
Elizabeth H. Gasque
Democratic September 13, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
John L. McMillan
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1973
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
 
Edward Lunn Young
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
Elected in 1972.
Lost re-election.
 
John Jenrette
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
December 10, 1980
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election and resigned early as a result of the ABSCAM scandal.
 
John L. Napier
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Robin Tallon
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired when district was Redistricted as a minority-majority district.
 
Jim Clyburn
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
Present
Elected in 1992. [Data unknown/missing.]
 
1995 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=45&cd=06
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.

Coordinates: 33°18′N 80°33′W / 33.30°N 80.55°W / 33.30; -80.55