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John Lanneau "Johnny Mac" McMillan (April 12, 1898 – September 3, 1979) was a United States Representative from South Carolina. Born on a farm near Mullins, he was educated at Mullins High School, the University of North Carolina, as well as the University of South Carolina Law School and National Law School in Washington, D.C. He was selected to represent the United States Congress at the Interparliamentary Union in London in 1960, and in Tokyo in 1961.

John Lanneau McMillan
Congressman John L. McMillan.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 6th district
In office
January 3, 1939 – January 3, 1973
Preceded byElizabeth H. Gasque
Succeeded byEdward Lunn Young
Personal details
Born(1898-04-12)April 12, 1898
Mullins, South Carolina
DiedSeptember 3, 1979(1979-09-03) (aged 81)
Florence, South Carolina
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materUniversity of North Carolina
University of South Carolina
National University School of Law
ProfessionLawyer

McMillan was elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-sixth and to the sixteen succeeding Congresses, serving from January 3, 1939 to January 3, 1973. He was chairman of the Committee on the District of Columbia from 1945 to 1947, from 1949 to 1953, and from 1955 to 1973. He was a signatory to the 1956 Southern Manifesto that opposed the desegregation of public schools ordered by the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education.

As chairman of the District of Columbia Committee, McMillan was primarily responsible for overseeing local matters in the capital; under the Constitution, Congress has ultimate authority over the District. He consistently opposed home rule for the District; no home rule even came up for a vote in his committee, even when they had originally been passed out of the Senate.[1] The lone home rule bill that even reached the House floor during his tenure came in 1965, when the House leadership steered a home rule bill away from McMillan at the urging of the Johnson administration. McMillan opposed the bill, arguing that Washington was "the only city created for a federal purpose." Although the bill ultimately didn't pass, the fact it was even brought to the floor at all was seen as a sea change.[2]

However, McMillan was not completely opposed to giving D. C. residents greater control over their affairs. For example, in 1967, he sponsored a bill that gave the District an elected school board.[2]

McMillan's tenure saw Washington become a majority-minority city, and blacks often claimed he was indifferent to their concerns.[2] When Walter Washington, the Mayor-Commissioner of the District of Columbia, sent his first budget to Congress in late 1967, McMillan responded by having a truckload of watermelons delivered to Washington's office.[3]

McMillan was defeated in the 1972 Democratic primary by a considerably more liberal Democrat, State Representative John Jenrette. McMillan blamed black voters, charging that "The colored people were bought out."[1]

He is still the longest-serving congressman in South Carolina's history, and only Strom Thurmond and Ernest Hollings represented the state longer at the federal level.

He resided in Florence, South Carolina, where he died in 1979; interment was in the McMillan family cemetery, Mullins.

ReferencesEdit

  • United States Congress. "John L. McMillan (id: M000568)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  1. ^ a b King, Colbert (September 17, 2019). "This is D.C. statehood's only way forward". Washington Post.
  2. ^ a b c Martin Weil (September 9, 1979). "John McMillan Dies, Opposed Home Rule as Congressman". The Washington Post.
  3. ^ Harry S. Jaffe and Tom Sherwood. Dream City: Race, Power, and the Decline of Washington D.C. Simon & Schuster, 1994, p.62
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Elizabeth H. Gasque
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from South Carolina's 6th congressional district

1939–1973
Succeeded by
Edward Lunn Young