House of Cards (U.S. TV series)
House of Cards is an American political drama web television series created by Beau Willimon. It is an adaptation of the BBC's mini-series of the same name and is based on the novel by Michael Dobbs. The thirteen-episode first season premiered on February 1, 2013, on the streaming service Netflix. Thirteen-episode seasons followed on February 14, 2014, February 27, 2015, March 4, 2016, and May 30, 2017. Willimon has stated that plans for the show's future are decided after each season.
|House of Cards|
|Created by||Beau Willimon|
|Music by||Jeff Beal|
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||5|
|No. of episodes||65 (list of episodes)|
|Running time||43–59 minutes|
|Production company(s)||Media Rights Capital
Trigger Street Productions
Knight Takes King Productions
Sony Pictures Television (physical)
|Picture format||1080p (2:1 HDTV) (2013)
4K (2:1 UHDTV) (2014–present)
|Audio format||Dolby Digital 5.1|
|Original release||February 1, 2013– present|
|Related shows||House of Cards|
Set in 2010s Washington, D.C., House of Cards is the story of Congressman Frank Underwood (Kevin Spacey), a Democrat from South Carolina's 5th congressional district and House Majority Whip. After being passed over for appointment as Secretary of State, he initiates an elaborate plan to get himself into a position of greater power, aided by his wife, Claire Underwood (Robin Wright). The series deals primarily with themes of ruthless pragmatism, manipulation, and power.
House of Cards has received positive reviews and several award nominations. To date, it has received 33 Primetime Emmy Award nominations, including Outstanding Drama Series, Outstanding Lead Actor for Spacey, and Outstanding Lead Actress for Wright, for each of its first four seasons. It is the first original online-only web television series to receive major Emmy nominations. The show also earned eight Golden Globe Award nominations, with Wright winning for Best Actress – Television Series Drama in 2014 and Spacey winning for Best Actor – Television Series Drama in 2015.
|1||13||February 1, 2013|
|2||13||February 14, 2014|
|3||13||February 27, 2015|
|4||13||March 4, 2016|
|5||13||May 30, 2017|
Season 1 (2013)Edit
Francis "Frank" Underwood, a power-hungry Democratic congressman from South Carolina and House majority whip, celebrates the election of President Garrett Walker, whose campaign he assisted to get himself appointed Secretary of State. However, Underwood soon learns that he is no longer being considered for the position. Chief of Staff Linda Vasquez tells Underwood that the president wants him to promote his agenda in Congress and will not honor their agreement. Inwardly seething, Underwood quickly gains control of his anger and hides his disappointment to present himself as a helpful lieutenant to Walker and his agenda. In reality, Underwood begins an elaborate plan behind the president's back, with the ultimate goal of gaining power for himself.
Frank's wife Claire runs an NGO, the Clean Water Initiative, which she uses to cultivate her own power and influence, yet its ultimate purpose remains unknown. Despite the success of the operation, Claire seeks to expand its scope to the international stage, often utilizing Frank's connections to push the organization to new heights. It is clear from the outset that Claire shares both her husband's cold-hearted, ruthless pragmatism and lust for power, and they frequently scheme together to ensure the success of each other's ventures. They both work with Remy Danton, a corporate lobbyist and former Underwood staffer, to secure funds for their operations and expand their influence.
Underwood begins a highly intricate plan to obtain a cabinet position, acquiring pawns he can manipulate in his power play. Underwood begins a symbiotic, and ultimately sexual, relationship with Zoe Barnes, an ambitious young political reporter, secretly feeding her damaging stories about his political rivals to sway public opinion as needed. Meanwhile, he manipulates Peter Russo, a troubled alcoholic and congressman from Pennsylvania, into helping him undermine Walker's pick for Secretary of State, Senator Michael Kern. Underwood eventually has Kern replaced with his own choice, Senator Catherine Durant. Underwood also uses Russo in a plot to end a teachers' strike and pass an education bill, which improves Underwood's standing with Walker.
Because the new vice president is the former governor of Pennsylvania, a special election is to be held for his successor. Underwood helps Russo get clean and props up his candidacy, but later uses call girl Rachel Posner to break his sobriety and trigger his public downfall shortly before the election. Distraught, Russo decides to make amends for his failure by coming clean to the press about his role in Underwood's schemes. In response, Frank kills Russo by leaving him passed out in a closed garage with Russo's car running, causing him to die of carbon monoxide poisoning. With the special election in chaos, Underwood convinces the vice president to step down and run for his old position of governor – leaving the vice presidency open to Underwood, as was his plan all along.
Walker appears to have other plans, however. Underwood ends up vetting a surprising choice for vice president: Missouri billionaire Raymond Tusk. He later finds out that Tusk has been secretly appraising Underwood for vice president and is a longtime advisor and friend of Walker; it was Tusk who convinced Walker to break his original agreement to appoint Underwood. Tusk explains he will influence Walker to nominate Underwood if he agrees to perform one unspecified favor for him that will benefit Tusk's financial interests. Underwood, after some thought, counter-proposes to Tusk that they work together to fulfil both their interests, which Tusk accepts. Meanwhile, after Underwood ends their affair, Zoe begins piecing together clues about Underwood's various plots. The season ends when Underwood is offered the nomination for vice president, which he accepts.
Season 2 (2014)Edit
With Frank on the verge of being sworn in as vice president, Zoe and two colleagues, Lucas Goodwin and Janine Skorsky, continue to look into his schemes, and ultimately locate Rachel. As a protective measure, Frank's aide Doug Stamper brings Rachel to a safe house while Frank lures Zoe to a Metro station and, unseen by witnesses or security cameras, pushes her in front of an oncoming train. Zoe's death compels Janine to abandon the investigation, but galvanizes Lucas to continue the search alone. Lucas solicits the help of a hacker to retrieve Frank's text history. However, the hacker, Gavin Orsay, actually works for Doug and frames Lucas for cyberterrorism. Later, Gavin uses Rachel to extort Doug. Fearing potential harm and Doug's growing obsession with her, Rachel hits Doug with a brick and leaves him for dead.
After Frank begins his vice presidential duties, Claire becomes close with the First Lady, and they support a bill to reform the military's prosecution of sexual assault, after Claire reveals in an interview that she had an abortion after being raped in college by a man who has just been commissioned as a general. (Claire lies by conflating two events; a sexual assault by the college classmate and an abortion she had several years later). She learns Walker's marriage is strained and offers the First Lady the aid of a spiritual advisor and marriage counselor.
Though Tusk wields major influence over Walker, Frank aims to drive a wedge between them. He meets Xander Feng, a Chinese businessman and ally of Tusk's, to engage in back-channel negotiations which Frank intentionally scuttles at the expense of Tusk's credibility. This leads to a trade war with China and a spike in U.S. energy prices. Tusk openly opposes Walker's efforts to deal with the crisis and begins having a tribal casino funnel money into Republican PACs in retaliation. When Frank discovers that Feng is the source of the funneled money, he gets Feng to end his partnership with Tusk in exchange for a lucrative bridge contract.
The Justice Department discovers that Doug was videotaped at the casino and investigates the White House's ties to Feng and Tusk. Seeking to establish trust with the special prosecutor, Frank manipulates Walker into volunteering his travel records, which reveal his visits to a marriage counselor and raise questions about whether the illicit donations were discussed. Wishing to avoid public disclosure of his personal issues, Walker has the White House Counsel coach the counselor, which the special prosecutor interprets as witness tampering. As the House Judiciary Committee begins drafting articles of impeachment, both Walker and Frank offer Tusk a presidential pardon in exchange for implicating each other. Tusk sides with Walker at first, leaving Frank no other option than to regain the president's trust as a friend. Walker calls off his deal with Tusk as a sign of friendship to Frank, leading Tusk to testify that Walker knew about the deal with China. With Walker forced to resign, Frank is sworn in as president.
Season 3 (2015)Edit
Six months into his presidency, Frank begins by pushing for a new jobs program called America Works. Because funding for America Works requires cutting into social programs, Frank faces immense opposition from his own party. Determined to leave a legacy and not be a "placeholder" president, Underwood makes ambitious moves to run in the 2016 presidential election, where he faces off against Heather Dunbar in the Democratic primaries. This decision is a reversal of his previous pledge not to run for the presidency.
Meanwhile, Doug recovers from his injuries, but Frank refuses to reinstate him as his chief of staff. Doug appears to switch sides and begins working for Dunbar's campaign. Gavin helps Doug track down Rachel in exchange for lifting the ban on his passport; the findings he delivers are of a body reported as a Jane Doe but with fingerprints matching Rachel's. Distraught by the news, Doug suffers a relapse, which Frank blames on Dunbar. When Gavin reveals that Rachel is really alive, Doug brutalizes him into divulging her location. Doug finds Rachel living under a false identity in New Mexico, drives her into the desert, and eventually kills her too. He returns to work as Frank's Chief of Staff after Remy resigns.
Meanwhile, Claire is named the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations and faces a crisis in the Jordan Valley, which pits Frank against Russian president Viktor Petrov. When Petrov has an American gay rights activist arrested in Russia, the Underwoods persuade him to secure a release. However, Petrov demands that the activist apologize on Russian television, leading the activist to kill himself while being visited by Claire. Later, after Russian troops are killed in the Jordan Valley, Petrov convinces Frank to remove Claire as ambassador in exchange for a peaceful resolution. Claire resigns, giving the reason that she wants to be more active in Frank's campaign.
Throughout the season, a writer named Thomas Yates follows the Underwoods. He is hired by Frank to write a biography that Frank plans to use to promote America Works. Yates, a fiction writer with a dark past of his own, decides to put a different spin on the book and writes less about Frank and more about his marriage with Claire. Yates reads Frank a prologue that Frank does not understand at first, but agrees is a decent beginning. By the end of the season, Yates has the first chapter written and Frank, not liking the direction the book is taking, fires Yates. By the season finale, tensions between the Underwoods reach a point where Claire states her intent to leave Frank.
Season 4 (2016)Edit
Claire relocates to Dallas and runs for Congress in her home district. The incumbent, Doris Jones, plans to retire and endorse her daughter Celia as her successor. Claire offers them federal funding for a key Planned Parenthood clinic in exchange for stepping down, but they refuse the offer. Frank desperately seeks to get Claire back by his side as he loses ground in key primary states. He succeeds after promising not to sabotage her campaign in Texas, but he later blocks her congressional bid by publicly endorsing Celia Jones in his State of the Union address. Frank and Claire travel to South Carolina for the primary, but a series of scandals casts Frank in a bad light and causes him to narrowly lose the state to Dunbar. Frank discovers that Claire had been leaking information to Dunbar, and she threatens to continue unless he names her as his running mate. Frank refuses.
Lucas is released from prison and seeks revenge against Frank. He approaches Dunbar and explains his story, but she turns him away. Desperate, he attempts to assassinate Frank, wounding the president in the abdomen and killing bodyguard Edward Meechum, but not before Meechum kills Lucas. While Frank remains comatose, Donald Blythe is sworn in as acting president. Blythe is indecisive during a critical military situation involving Russia, and turns to Claire for guidance on foreign policy. Claire goes against Frank’s wishes by convincing Blythe to involve China in the ensuing dispute and secure a meeting with Petrov, where she brokers an ambitious peace deal single-handedly. While Frank remains incapacitated, Doug decides to go after Dunbar by leaking information about her secret meeting with Lucas prior to the assassination attempt. Dunbar denounces the allegations as a smear campaign, in a move that is widely panned and leads to her suspending her presidential bid. Frank recovers and resumes his position as president, agreeing to put Claire on the ticket for the upcoming election.
Tom Hammerschmidt, Zoe and Lucas's former editor, digs deeper into the latter's claims of Frank's misdeeds. He approaches Remy and, with his help, starts to piece together Frank's corruption. Tom also meets with Walker, convincing him to help by appealing to his anger for being forced to resign. Danton and Jackie Sharp also decide to go on the record against Frank to lend credibility to the story.
An American family is kidnapped in Tennessee by two supporters of a radical Islamist group called the Islamic Caliphate Organization (ICO), who agree to negotiate only with the ambitious Republican nominee, Governor Will Conway. Frank invites Conway to the White House to assist in the negotiations as a publicity stunt, and Conway helps buy critical time in locating the suspects. However, tensions between the Conways and Underwoods lead to the governor ending his role in the crisis. Frank and Claire allow the kidnappers to speak to the deposed leader of ICO, Yusuf al Ahmadi, after successfully obtaining the release of two of the hostages. Instead of defusing the situation as he agreed, al Ahmadi urges the kidnappers to kill the remaining hostage and broadcast the killing to the public.
Meanwhile, Hammerschmidt publishes his story and threatens to end Frank's campaign weeks before the election. Claire urges Frank to use a heavier hand in the situation, and they decide to fight back by creating chaos. Frank addresses the public declaring that the nation is at total war, ordering the full force of the military be used to combat global terrorism regardless the cost. The season ends with Frank and Claire watching the live execution of the hostage together, and Claire breaking the fourth wall for the first time by looking into the camera along with Frank.
Season 5 (2017)Edit
In the weeks before the 2016 election, Frank uses ICO as a pretext to enacting martial law in urban areas and consolidating polling places in key states. Done mainly through back channels with Democratic governors, this is officially done in the name of safety, but is actually done to disenfranchise rural Republican voters. To keep the strategy of fear going, Doug blackmails hacker Aidan Macallan into launching a massive cyberattack on the NSA, slowing down internet traffic and wiping out hundreds of thousands of files. The Underwood Administration pins the attack on ICO.
On Election Day, the result hinges on Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Ohio. Contrary to the Underwoods' desired plans, the early returns seem to favor Conway. Underwood's political machine stages a terrorist attack in Knoxville, which is pinned on a local suspected ICO sympathizer. With Pennsylvania secured by Conway and Ohio seeming to swing his way, Frank unofficially calls Conway directly to concede. However, this is merely a tactic to put Conway off guard, as the Underwoods contact Ohio's governor and convince him to close the polls early on the pretense of a terrorist threat. Ohio and Tennessee refuse to certify the election, and neither candidate reaches the requisite number of electoral votes.
Nine weeks after the unresolved election, the Twelfth Amendment is invoked, with the vote being put up to members of Congress. During a meeting with the Congressional Black Caucus, cracks begin to appear in Conway's facade as he loses his cool. In spite of this, Frank's own baggage and 12% approval rating only allows him a tie with Conway in the House, while Claire manages to secure the Senate vote, becoming acting president. In light of the tie, Claire orders a special election for Ohio and Tennessee. Meanwhile, Jane Davis, a low-ranking Commerce Department official who has a wide-ranging network of connections and influence, begins working closely with the Underwoods.
As a private citizen for the time being, Frank attends a meeting of powerful men at a secret society known as Elysian Fields, in an effort to secure their influence for votes in the upcoming special election. Meanwhile, Conway has a mental breakdown on his private plane due to feeling that the election was stolen from him. Eventually, this and other leaks from his campaign are slowly dripped to the media in a manner that seems unconnected to the Underwoods. Seeing that his candidate is losing, Conway's campaign manager, Mark Usher, switches sides to the Underwoods. The Underwood ticket wins both Ohio and Tennessee, and Frank is sworn in as president and Claire as vice president.
Meanwhile, Hammerschmidt continues to investigate Zoe's death, and is given information by an unknown leaker within the White House. Major document dumps are made available to Hammerschmidt, which, among other charges, prompts an impeachment hearing against Frank. In response, the Underwoods set up extensive surveillance on all White House personnel. Eventually, the leaker makes a voice-modulated call to Hammerschmidt, implicating Doug in Zoe's murder. The Underwoods convince Doug to take the fall for killing Zoe, and the leaker is revealed to be Frank himself.
The leaks are revealed to be part of Frank's master plan to resign the presidency to Claire, believing his thirst for power can be better achieved in the private sector, working alongside his wife's presidency. Frank, concerned about Durant's intention to testify at the impeachment hearing, pushes her down a short flight of stairs upon accepting her resignation, hospitalizing her. Claire poisons Yates with an overdose of Gelsemium provided to her by Jane, concerned that he knows too much. Finally, contractors working for the Underwoods eliminate LeAnn by ramming her car off the road into a guard rail. Frank resigns, and the two await the proper moment for Claire to pardon him. This comes in the form of a military special operations unit finding and taking out the leader of ICO, which moves media focus away from Frank. Standing in the Oval Office, Claire appears to reconsider pardoning Frank, and ignores multiple concerned calls from him regarding the matter. The season ends with Claire hanging up the phone, then breaking the fourth wall to tell the viewers, "My turn."
Cast and charactersEdit
- Kevin Spacey as Francis J. "Frank" Underwood, Democrat from South Carolina's 5th congressional district who is House Majority Whip in season one, Vice President of the United States in season two, and the 46th President of the United States in seasons three to five.
- Robin Wright as Claire Underwood, Frank's wife who runs the Clean Water Initiative, a non-governmental organization, in season one before giving it up to become Second Lady of the United States in season two. She then becomes United States Ambassador to the United Nations in season three and First Lady of the United States in seasons three to five, Acting President of the United States briefly in season five before becoming Vice President of the United States and then permanently President of the United States at the end of the season.
- Michael Kelly as Douglas "Doug" Stamper, Underwood's unwaveringly loyal chief of staff and confidant. He is temporarily replaced by Remy Danton as Chief of Staff after his injury for most of season 3 but returns as his new chief of staff at the end of the season.
- Kate Mara as Zoe Barnes, a reporter for The Washington Herald (and later Slugline). She forms an intimate relationship with Frank Underwood, her political informant, who in turn uses her as a mouthpiece to leak stories to the press and irk his political rivals.
- Corey Stoll as Peter Russo, a Democratic congressman from Pennsylvania's 1st congressional district and recovering addict.
- Mahershala Ali as Remy Danton, a lawyer for Glendon Hill and lobbyist who works for natural gas company SanCorp in season one and Raymond Tusk in season two. He worked in Underwood's congressional office as Communications Director prior to the series, and after severing ties with Tusk, serves as Underwood's chief of staff for most of season 3 until quitting at the end of the season.
- Michel Gill as Garrett Walker, 45th President of the United States, former Governor of Colorado. He trusts Underwood as a close adviser and lieutenant, but remains blind to his machinations.
- Gerald McRaney as Raymond Tusk, a billionaire businessman with a wide network of influence, although he prefers to live modestly.
- Rachel Brosnahan as Rachel Posner, a prostitute whom Underwood and Stamper use to bring about Russo's downfall.
- Nathan Darrow as Edward Meechum, a member of the U.S. Capitol Police and the Underwoods' bodyguard and driver.
- Sakina Jaffrey as Linda Vasquez, President Walker's White House Chief of Staff.
- Joanna Going as Patricia Walker, President Garrett Walker's wife and First Lady of the United States.
- Sebastian Arcelus as Lucas Goodwin, an editor at The Washington Herald and later Zoe's boyfriend.
- Jimmi Simpson as Gavin Orsay, a computer hacker turned reluctant FBI informant, who works secretly with Doug Stamper in exchange for help escaping the country.
- Reg E. Cathey as Freddy Hayes, the owner of Freddy's BBQ – an eatery frequented by Underwood – and one of Underwood's only true friends and confidants.
- Derek Cecil as Seth Grayson, a political operative who becomes Press Secretary for Vice President Underwood through blackmail.
- Kristen Connolly as Christina Gallagher, a congressional staffer and personal assistant to President Walker, and lover to Peter Russo.
- Constance Zimmer as Janine Skorsky, a reporter for The Washington Herald.
- Jayne Atkinson as Catherine "Cathy" Durant, a Democratic Senator from Louisiana and Secretary of State.
- Elizabeth Marvel as Heather Dunbar, a lawyer and Solicitor General of the US in the Walker Administration. She runs against Underwood for the Democratic nomination for President in seasons 3–4.
- Lars Mikkelsen as Viktor Petrov, the President of Russia.
- Molly Parker as Jacqueline "Jackie" Sharp, a Democratic congresswoman from California who succeeded Frank as Majority Whip. She also briefly ran for the Democratic nomination for President in season 3.
- Boris McGiver as Tom Hammerschmidt, editor-in-chief of The Washington Herald. He opens an investigation into the secret dealings of Frank and his inner circle in Season 4.
- Neve Campbell as LeAnn Harvey, a Texas-based political consultant Claire hires to run her Congressional campaign. She later becomes the Campaign Manager for the Underwoods for the 2016 Election.
- Paul Sparks as Thomas Yates, a successful author whom Frank asks to write a book about the America Works jobs program. He stays on as a speech writer and Claire's lover.
- Joel Kinnaman as Will Conway, Republican Governor of New York and Nominee for President of the United States running against Frank.
- Campbell Scott as Mark Usher, Conway's Campaign Manager. He later joins the Underwood's inner circle as a "Special Adviser".
- Patricia Clarkson as Jane Davis, Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade. She is very well connected and able to successfully negotiate back channel dealings for the Underwoods.
- James Martinez as Alex Romero, a Democratic Congressman who leads the House Intelligence Committee's investigation into Frank's alleged abuse of power.
- Gil Birmingham as Daniel Lanagin, a Native American casino owner in Missouri and business partner of Raymond Tusk's.
- Kathleen Chalfant as Margaret Tilden, the owner of The Washington Herald.
- Terry Chen as Xander Feng, a corrupt Chinese businessman and back-channel diplomat and one of Raymond Tusk's business partners.
- Sandrine Holt as Gillian Cole, the leader of a grass-roots organization called World Well that provides clean water to developing countries.
- Kevin Kilner as Michael Kern, a Senator from Colorado and President Walker's original choice for the position of Secretary of State.
- Benito Martinez as Hector Mendoza, a Republican Senator from Arizona and the Senate Majority Leader.
- Lance E. Nichols as Gene Clancy, the mayor of Gaffney, South Carolina.
- Elizabeth Norment as Nancy Kaufberger, secretary to Frank Underwood and Doug Stamper.
- Samuel Page as Connor Ellis, a media consultant who becomes Communications Director for Claire Underwood.
- Larry Pine as Bob Birch, the former Democratic Speaker of the House and current House Minority Leader.
- Dan Ziskie as Jim Matthews, the first Vice President of the United States under President Walker, and former Democratic Governor of Pennsylvania.
- Mozhan Marnò as Wall Street Telegraph reporter Ayla Sayyad. She is assigned to the White House and does freelance investigative reporting.
- Kim Dickens as Kate Baldwin, chief political reporter of the Wall Street Telegraph. She replaces Sayyad at the White House after Seth Grayson dismisses Sayyad for protocol violations.
- Kelly AuCoin as Gary Stamper, Doug Stamper's brother.
- Ellen Burstyn as Elizabeth Hale, Claire's mother.
Independent studio Media Rights Capital, founded by Mordecai Wiczyk and Asif Satchu, producer of films such as Babel, purchased the rights to House of Cards with the intention to create a series. While finishing production on his 2008 film The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, David Fincher's agent showed him House of Cards, a BBC miniseries starring Ian Richardson. Fincher was interested in producing a potential series with Eric Roth. Fincher said that he was interested in doing television because of its long-form nature, adding that working in film does not allow for complex characterizations the way that television allows. "I felt for the past ten years that the best writing that was happening for actors was happening in television. And so I had been looking to do something that was longer form," Fincher stated.
MRC approached different networks about the series, including HBO, Showtime and AMC, but Netflix, hoping to launch its own original programming, outbid the other networks. Ted Sarandos, Netflix's Chief Content Officer, looked at the data of Netflix users' streaming habits and concluded that there was an audience for Fincher and Spacey. "It looked incredibly promising," he said, "kind of the perfect storm of material and talent." In finding a writer to adapt the series, Fincher stated that they needed someone who could faithfully translate parliamentary politics to Washington." Beau Willimon, who has served as an aide to Charles Schumer, Howard Dean and Hillary Clinton, was hired and completed the pilot script in early 2011. Willimon saw the opportunity to create an entirely new series from the original and deepen its overall story.
The project was first announced in March 2011, with Kevin Spacey attached to star and serve as an executive producer. Fincher was announced as director for the first two episodes, from scripts by Willimon. Netflix ordered 26 episodes to air over two seasons.
Spacey called Netflix's model of publishing all episodes at once a "new perspective." He added that Netflix's commitment to two full seasons gave the series greater continuity. "We know exactly where we are going," he said. In a speech at the Edinburgh International Television Festival, he also noted that while other networks were interested in the show, they all wanted a pilot, whereas Netflix – relying solely on their statistics – ordered the series directly. In January 2016, show creator, executive producer and showrunner Beau Willimon's departure following season 4 was announced.
Fincher stated that every main cast member was their first choice. In the first read through, he said "I want everybody here to know that you represent our first choice — each actor here represents our first choice for these characters. So do not fuck this up." Spacey, whose last regular television role was in the series Wiseguy, which ran from 1987 until 1990, responded positively to the script. He then played Richard III at The Old Vic, which Fincher said was "great training." Spacey supported the decision to release all of the episodes at once, believing that this type of release pattern will be increasingly common with television shows. He said, "When I ask my friends what they did with their weekend, they say, 'Oh, I stayed in and watched three seasons of Breaking Bad or it's two seasons of Game of Thrones." He was officially cast on March 18, 2011. Robin Wright was approached by Fincher to star in the series when they worked together in The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo. She was cast as Claire Underwood in June 2011. Kate Mara was cast as Zoe Barnes in early February 2012. Mara's sister, Rooney, worked with Fincher in The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, and when Kate Mara read the part of Zoe, she "fell in love with the character" and asked her sister to "put in a word for me with Fincher." The next month, she got a call for an audition.
Principal photography for the first season began in January 2012 in Harford County, Maryland, on the Eastern seaboard of the United States. Filming of exterior scenes in 2013 centered primarily in and around the city of Baltimore, Maryland, which is about 40 miles northeast of Washington, D.C.
Among the numerous exteriors filmed in Baltimore, but set in Washington, D.C., are: Francis and Claire Underwood's residence, Zoe Barnes' apartment, Freddy’s BBQ Rib Joint, The Clean Water Initiative building where Claire works, The Washington Herald offices, the Washington Opera House, the Secretary of State's building, Hotel Cotesworth, The Georgetown Hotel, Werner's Bar, Tio Pepe's, the DuPont Circle Bar, as well as scenes set in other locations, including Peter Russo's campaign rally in Pennsylvania and The Sentinel (military academy)’s Francis J. Underwood Library and Waldron Hall in South Carolina.
Most of the interior scenes in House of Cards are filmed in a large industrial warehouse, which is located in Joppa, Maryland, also in Harford County, which is about 17 miles north east of Baltimore. The warehouse is used for the filming of some of the most iconic scenes of the series, such as the full-scale reconstruction of most of the West Wing of the White House, including the Oval Office, the Congressional offices and corridors, the large 'Slugline' open-plan office interior, and domestic interiors such as the large townhouse rooms of the Underwood residence and a large loft apartment. Extensive filming for season 5 was also done at the Maryland Historical Society in Mount Vernon, Baltimore.
The series uses green screen to augment the live action, inserting views of outdoor scenes in windows and broadcast images on TV monitors, often in post-production. The Production Designer, Steve Arnold, also describes in detail the use of a three-sided green screen to insert street scenes outside car windows, with synchronized LED screens above the car (and out of camera shot), that emit the appropriate light onto the actors and parts of the car, such as window frames: "All the driving in the show, anything inside the vehicle is done on stage, in a room that is a big three-sided green screen space. The car does not move, the actors are in the car, and the cameras are set up around them. We have very long strips of LED monitors hung above the car. We had a camera crew go to Washington, D.C. to drive around and shoot plates for what you see outside when you’re driving. And that is fed into the LED screens above the car. So as the scene is progressing, the LED screens are synched up to emit interactive light to match the light conditions you see in the scenery you’re driving past (that will be added in post). All the reflections on the car windows, the window frames and door jambs is being shot while we’re shooting the actors in the car. Then in post the green screens are replaced with the synced up driving plates, and it works really well. It gives you the sense of light passing over the actors’ faces, matching the lighting that is in the image of the plate".
In June 2014, filming of three episodes in the UN Security Council chamber was vetoed by Russia at the last minute. However the show was able to film in other parts of the UN Building. In August 2014, the show filmed a "mock-motorcade scene" in Washington, D.C. In December 2014, the show filmed in Espanola, Santa Fe, and Las Vegas, New Mexico.
According to the Maryland Film Office, the state provided millions in tax credits to subsidize the production costs.
- For season 1, the company received a final tax credit of $11.6 million. Production costs were $63 million, more than 1,800 Maryland businesses were involved, and nearly 2,200 Marylanders were hired with a $138 million economic impact.
- For season 2, the company was reported to expect to get a tax credit of about $15 million because filming costs were more than $55 million. There were nearly 2,000 Maryland businesses benefitting from the production and more than 3,700 Marylanders were hired with a $120 million estimated economic impact.
- For season 3, the company filed a letter of intent to film, and estimated costs and economic impact similar to season 2. Under the 2014 formula, "the show would qualify for up to $15 million in tax credits."
In Australia, where Netflix was not available prior to 2015, the series was broadcast on Showcase, premiering May 7, 2013. Australian subscription TV provider Foxtel, and owner of Showcase, offered the entire first season to Showcase subscribers via their On Demand feature on Foxtel set top boxes connected to the internet, as well as through their Xbox 360, Internet TV, and mobile (Foxtel Go) services. Although the entire season was made available, it maintained its weekly timeslot on Showcase. Season two returned to Showcase on February 15, 2014. As with season one, the entire season was made available on demand to Showcase subscribers while also retaining a weekly timeslot. The series has also been made available to non Foxtel subscribers through Apple's Apple TV service. Prior to Netflix's Australian launch on March 28, 2015, Netflix renounced Showcase's rights to House of Cards, with season 3 premiering on Netfix at launch.
In New Zealand, where Netflix was unavailable prior to 2015, season 1 premiered on TV3 in early 2014 followed immediately by season 2. Netflix launched in New Zealand on March 24, 2015, and unlike Australia (which had Netflix launch on the same day) where House of Cards season 3 was available at launch, the series was unavailable and the premiere date and network of season 3 is unknown.
In India, where Netflix was unavailable prior to January 2016, House of Cards premiered on February 20, 2014, on Zee Café. Seasons 1 and 2 were aired back–to–back. The channel aired all 13 episodes of season 3 on March 28 and 29, 2015. This marked the first time that an English-language general entertainment channel in India aired all episodes of the latest season of a series together. The move was intended to satisfy viewers' urge to binge watch the season. Although Netflix launched in India in January 2016, House of Cards was not available on the service until March 4, 2016. All episodes of season 4 had their television premiere on Zee Café on March 12 and 13, 2016.
Season 1 was released on DVD and Blu-ray by Sony Pictures Home Entertainment in region 1 on June 11, 2013, season 2 was released on June 17, 2014, season 3 was released on July 7, 2015, and season 4 was released on July 5, 2016.
|Season||Volume/Chapters||DVD Releases||Blu-ray Releases|
|Region 1||Region 2||Region 4||Region A||Region B|
|The Complete First Season||Volume One
|The Complete Second Season||Volume Two
|The Complete Third Season||Volume Three
|The Complete Fourth Season||Volume Four
The first season received positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the first season holds a rating of 85%, based on 34 reviews, with an average rating of 8.3/10. The site's consensus reads, "Bolstered by strong performances — especially from Kevin Spacey — and surehanded direction, House of Cards is a slick, engrossing drama that may redefine how television is produced." On Metacritic, the first season has a score of 76 out of 100, based on 25 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
USA Today critic Robert Bianco praised the series, particularly Spacey's and Wright's lead performances, stating "If you think network executives are nervous, imagine the actors who have to go up against that pair in the Emmys." Tom Gilatto of People Weekly lauded the first two episodes, calling them "cinematically rich, full of sleek, oily pools of darkness." In her review for The Denver Post, Joanne Ostrow said the series is "Deeply cynical about human beings as well as politics and almost gleeful in its portrayal of limitless ambition." She added: "House of Cards is a wonderfully sour take on power and corruption."
Writing in The New York Times, critic Alessandra Stanley noted that the writing in the series sometimes fails to match the high quality of its acting: "Unfortunately Mr. Spacey’s lines don’t always live up to the subtle power of his performance; the writing isn’t Shakespeare, or even Aaron Sorkin, and at times, it turns strangely trite." Nevertheless, she lauded House of Cards as an entertainment that "revels in the familiar but always entertaining underbelly of government." Andrew Davies, the writer of the original UK TV series, stated that Spacey's character lacks the "charm" of Ian Richardson's, while The Independent praised Spacey's portrayal as a more "menacing" character, "hiding his rage behind Southern charm and old-fashioned courtesy." Randy Shaw, writing for The Huffington Post, criticized House of Cards for glorifying "union bashing and entitlement slashing within a political landscape whose absence of activist groups or anyone remotely progressive resembles a Republican fantasy world". Critics such as Time television critic James Poniewozik and Hank Stuever of The Washington Post compare the series to Boss. Like the UK show and novel of the same name many critics have noted that it is heavily influenced by both Macbeth and Richard III, In addition, some critics find elements of Othello, such as Iago's bitter ire.
The second season received positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes the season has a rating of 88%, based on 40 reviews, with an average rating of 8.5/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "House of Cards proves just as bingeworthy in its second season, with more of the strong performances, writing, and visual design that made the first season so addictive". On Metacritic the season has a score of 80 out of 100, based on 25 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
But as the season progressed, reviews became more mixed. Jen Chaney of Vulture wrote that the second season "felt kind of empty" and that "the closest it came to feeling emotionally rich was when it focused on Claire." At the end of the second season, Alan Sepinwall of HitFix wrote that show is a "A ridiculous political potboiler that takes itself too seriously"; he gave the overall season a C-.
The third season received mostly positive reviews, although many critics noted it felt repetitive. On Rotten Tomatoes, the season has a rating of 77%, based on 48 reviews, with an average rating of 7.2/10. The site's consensus reads, "Season three introduces intriguing new political and personal elements to Frank Underwood's character, even if it feels like more of the same for some." On Metacritic, the season has a score of 76 out of 100, based on 24 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
Negative reviews came from Nick Gillespie of The Daily Beast who accused the writers of "descending into prosaic moralism" in season 3 and asserts that it deviates from the show's original intent, and Michael Wolff of USA Today plainly asserts that "the third season of House of Cards is no good...not just no good, but incompetent, a shambles, lost." IndieWire named the season one of the most disappointing shows of 2015.
The fourth season received positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the season has a rating of 87%, based on 30 reviews, with an average rating of 7.8/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "House of Cards retains its binge-worthiness by ratcheting up the drama, and deepening Robin Wright's role even further." On Metacritic, the season has a score of 76 out of 100, based on 17 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews".
Ben Travers of IndieWire had a positive response to season four, calling it an upgrade from what he perceived as a "messy and unsatisfying melodramatic" third season, writing that "House of Cards is aiming at authenticity, and–for what feels like the first time–consistently finding it."
Todd Van DerWerff of Vox had a mixed review to season four, criticizing the repetitive and predictable nature of the series, writing: "There's no such mystery with House of Cards, where you know exactly what will happen as surely as you do on NCIS. Obstacles will present themselves, but Frank (the hammy Kevin Spacey) and Claire (the almost perfect Robin Wright) Underwood will overcome. What you see is what you get."
The choice to have Frank and Claire run as running mates was highly criticized by some reviewers. Jonathan Holmes of Radio Times wrote that "there are limits to the stupidity viewers are willing to accept, and with season four [House of Cards] may have stepped over the line. Claire demanding her selection as Frank’s running mate is stupid. Moronic. It turns a canny political operator into a ham-brained fish-eyed jar-opener." Spencer Kornhaber of The Atlantic wrote that "in moments like this it’s good to remember that Cards really, fundamentally is a stupid TV show instead of a particularly cunning comment on political reality."
The fifth season received mixed to positive reviews from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the season has an approval rating of 72% based on 25 reviews, with an average rating of 7.3/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "House of Cards enjoys a confident return to form this season, though its outlandish edge is tempered slightly by the current political climate." On Metacritic, the season has a score of 60 out of 100, based on 11 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".
For its first season, House of Cards received nine nominations for the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards in 2013, to become the first original online-only web television series to receive major nominations. Among House of Cards' nine nominations, "Chapter 1" received four nominations for the 65th Primetime Emmy Awards and 65th Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards becoming the first webisode (online-only episode) of a television series to receive a major Primetime Emmy Award nomination: Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series for David Fincher. This episode also received several Creative Arts Emmy Award nominations, including Outstanding Cinematography for a Single-Camera Series, Outstanding Single-Camera Picture Editing for a Drama Series, and Outstanding Music Composition for a Series (Original Dramatic). Although Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series is not a category that formally recognizes an episode, Spacey submitted "Chapter 1" for consideration to earn his nomination. At the Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Award presentation, "Chapter 1" and Eigil Bryld earned the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Cinematography for a Single-Camera Series, making "Chapter 1" the first Emmy-awarded webisode. At the Primetime Emmy Awards ceremony, Fincher won for Outstanding Directing for a Drama Series for directing the pilot episode "Chapter 1" in addition to the pair of Creative Arts Emmy Awards, making "Chapter 1" the first Primetime Emmy-awarded webisode. None of the Emmy awards were considered to be in major categories.
For the 71st Golden Globe Awards, House of Cards received four nominations. Among those nominations was Wright for Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama for her portrayal of Claire Underwood, which she won. In so doing she became the first actress to win a Golden Globe Award for an online-only web television series.
For its second season, House of Cards received 13 Primetime Emmy Award nominations, including Outstanding Drama Series, Kevin Spacey for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series, Robin Wright for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series, Kate Mara for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series, and Reg E. Cathey for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series. At the 72nd Golden Globe Awards, the series was nominated for Best Drama Series and Wright was nominated for Best Drama Actress, while Spacey won for Best Drama Actor.
- Anderson, David (November 21, 2014). "House of Cards' keeps busy Harford shooting schedule, prompting a rare complaint". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- Schneider, Michael (February 13, 2014). "House of Cards Creator Beau Willimon on the D.C. Thriller's Second Season". TV Guide. Retrieved October 2, 2015.
- Graves, Lucia (February 19, 2014). "Frank Underwood and a Brief History of Ruthless Pragmatism". National Journal. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- Cronk, Jordan (April 29, 2013). "'Doing bad for the greater good': Kevin Spacey, Beau Willimon and Co. Look Back at 'House of Cards' Season One". Indiewire. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- "House of Cards". Television Academy. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- Stelter, Brian (July 18, 2013). "Netflix Does Well in 2013 Primetime Emmy Nominations". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
- "House of Cards". Golden Globes. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
- Dolgov, Anna (March 6, 2015). "Putin vs Petrov — Fact and Fiction in House of Cards". The Moscow Times. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- Abele, Robert. "Playing With a New Deck". Director's Guild of America. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- Stelter, Brian (January 18, 2013). "A Drama's Streaming Premiere". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- Sepinwall, Alan (January 29, 2013). "'House of Cards' director David Fincher on making 13 hours for Netflix". HitFix. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- Ryan, Maureen (March 18, 2011). "Netflix Builds a 'House of Cards' That Could Knock Down the Networks". aoltv.com. Retrieved March 18, 2011.
- Coyle, Jake (January 24, 2013). "Netflix Show 'House of Cards' Is A Big Gamble". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 25, 2013.
- Carr, David and Ashley Parker (February 22, 2013). "Debating ‘House of Cards’: What the Show Gets Right and Wrong About Journalism". The New York Times. Retrieved January 25, 2014.
- Roxborough, Scott (October 10, 2012). "MIPCOM 2012: Kevin Spacey, Robin Wright: Why Netflix's 'House of Cards' Is the Future of TV". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 14, 2012.
- Andreeva, Nellie (March 3, 2011). "Kevin Spacey Set To Star in David Fincher's Drama Series For MRC 'House of Cards'". Deadline. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- Andreeva, Nellie (March 15, 2011). "Netflix To Enter Original Programming With Mega Deal For David Fincher-Kevin Spacey Series 'House of Cards'". Deadline. Retrieved March 15, 2011.
- "Kevin Spacey urges TV channels to give control to viewers". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved October 2, 2013.
- Andreeva, Nellie (January 28, 2016). "‘House Of Cards’ Renewed For Season 5 By Netflix, Creator Beau Willimon Departs". Deadline.com. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
- Jeffery, Morgan (January 27, 2013). "Kevin Spacey 'House of Cards' Q&A: 'My role is diabolical, delicious'". Digital Spy. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- Goldberg, Lesley (June 9, 2011). "Robin Wright in Talks to Star in Netflix's 'House of Cards' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
- Andreeva, Nellie (February 1, 2012). "Jennifer Finnigan Joins David E. Kelley TNT Pilot, Kate Mara in Netflix 'House of Cards'". Deadline. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- Hughes, Sarah (January 20, 2013). "Why we're watching... Kate Mara". The Guardian. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
- Zurawik, David (January 5, 2012). "Netflix to film political thriller 'House of Cards' in Baltimore". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 5, 2012.
- Goodman, Brian (January 9, 2012). "Political Thriller House of Cards to Film in Harford County". The Dagger. Retrieved January 10, 2012.
- "‘House Of Cards’ Filming Locations In Baltimore: The Complete Guide". CBSLocal.com. March 15, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- "Production design of "House of Cards" – interview with Steve Arnold". Pushing-Pixels.org. December 29, 2013. Retrieved January 25, 2015.
- Zurawik, David; Kaltenbach, Chris (February 14, 2014). "Find a little Hollywood in Baltimore". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Zurawik, David (March 21, 2012). "'House of Cards' brings Hollywood to Harford County". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Idato, Michael (July 3, 2014). "House of Cards barred from UN Security Council chamber". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Breitman, Kendall (August 7, 2014). "‘House of Cards’ filming comes to D.C.". Politico. Retrieved August 7, 2014.
- Gomez, Adrian (December 7, 2014). "‘House of Cards’ films season-three finale in NM". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Da, Royale (December 1, 2014). "Episode of ‘House of Cards’ filmed in Santa Fe: Film insiders dish on popular Netflix show". KOAT. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
- Johnson, Jenna (February 21, 2014). "How did ‘House of Cards’ get millions in Maryland tax credits?". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 21, 2014.
- Knox, David (April 4, 2013). "Foxtel to offer full series of House of Cards online TV Tonight". TV Tonight. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
- Knox, David (January 23, 2014). "Returning: House of Cards". TV Tonight. Retrieved February 2, 2014.
- Knox, David (March 24, 2015). "Netflix launches in Australia". TV Tonight. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- Knox, David (November 16, 2014). "Foxtel loses House of Cards". TV Tonight. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- Knox, David (February 23, 2015). "House of Cards shifts from Foxtel to Netflix streaming". TV Tonight. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- "The Blacklist, Rake, House of Cards and more coming to TV3". TV3. July 26, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- Schulz, Chris (March 24, 2015). "Netflix launches in New Zealand today, in direct competition with Spark's Lightbox and Sky TV's Neon. Should you join? Chris Schulz weighs up the pros and cons...". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
- "Zee Café brings home the biggest show of 2014; House Of Cards". IndianTelevision.com. January 29, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- Naidu, Vinaya (February 18, 2014). "Zee Café Launches Innovative Campaign To Promote House Of Cards TV Premiere". Lighthouse Insights. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- "Zee Café to air the entire Season 3 of House of Cards in Two Days!". The Times of India. March 9, 2015. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
- Arora, Akhil. "Netflix India Finally Gets 'House of Cards'". NDTV. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
- "Zee Café to premiere 'House of Cards' season 4 on 12–13 March". IndianTelevision.com. February 11, 2016. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
- Lambert, David (May 6, 2013). "House of Cards – Packaging and Official Press Release for 'The Complete 1st Season'". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- "House of Cards: The Complete Second Season Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Lambert, David (May 27, 2015). "House of Cards – Press Release from Sony for 'The Complete 3rd Season' on DVD, Blu-ray". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- Lambert, David (June 23, 2016). "House of Cards – Official Sony Press Release for 'The Complete 4th Season'". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
- "House of Cards (2013): Season 1". Metacritic. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- "House of Cards (2013) : Season 2". Metacritic. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
- "House of Cards (2013): Season 3". Metacritic. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "House of Cards (2013): Season 4". Metacritic. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
- "House of Cards: Season 5 reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 31, 2017.
- "House of Cards: Season 1 (2013)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- "House of Cards: Season 2 (2014)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved January 30, 2015.
- "House of Cards: Season 3 (2015)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
- "House of Cards: Season 4 (2016)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved March 4, 2016.
- "House of Cards: Season 5 (2017)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- Stone, Jeff (February 1, 2013). "Netflix's 'House of Cards' Earns Rave Reviews, CEO Reed Hastings Promises Hollywood Takeover". International Business Times. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Bianco, Robert (February 1, 2013). "'House of Cards' is all aces". USA Today. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Ostrow, Joanne (February 1, 2013). "Ostrow: Kevin Spacey shines in "House of Cards" political drama on Netflix". The Denver Post. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- Stanley, Alessandra (February 2, 2013). "Political Animals That Slither". The New York Times. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Lacob, Jace (January 30, 2013). "David Fincher, Beau Willimon & Kate Mara On Netflix’s ‘House of Cards’". The Daily Beast. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Hughes, Sarah (January 30, 2013). "'Urquhart is deliciously diabolical': Kevin Spacey is back in a remake of House of Cards". The Independent. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Shaw, Randy (February 20, 2014). "House of Cards Is a Republican Fantasy World". The Huffington Post. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- Poniewozik, James (January 31, 2013). "Review: House of Cards Sinks Its Sharp Teeth into Washington". Time. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- Stuever, Hank (January 31, 2013). "'House of Cards': Power corrupts (plus other non-breaking news)". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- Youngs, Ian (February 9, 2007). "Richardson's rule in House of Cards". BBC News. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- "9 Things 'House Of Cards' Took From Shakespeare". The Huffington Post. February 21, 2014. Retrieved March 11, 2014.
- D'Addario, Daniel (February 14, 2014). "Yes, "House of Cards" is our Shakespeare: Comparing the show to Shakespeare isn't pretentious; it's appropriate". Salon. Retrieved March 11, 2014.
- Blank, Paula C. (February 12, 2014). "To figure out House of Cards, read a lot of Shakespeare". The Star. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
- Grant, Drew (February 17, 2014). "The Anhedonia of Antiheroes: Why House of Cards’ Second Season Isn’t as Fun as It Should Be". The New York Observer. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- Chaney, Jen (March 7, 2014). "House of Cards Season 2 Finale Recap: The Wicked Wing of the West". Vulture. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- Sepinwall, Alan (April 30, 2014). "'House of Cards' season 2 in review: It gets weaker the more you watch". HitFix. Retrieved February 16, 2015.
- Gillespie, Nick (March 7, 2015). "That’s It, House of Cards. You Lost Me.". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- Wolff, Michael (March 5, 2015). "Wolff: 'House of Cards' shows Netflix weakness". USA Today. Retrieved March 7, 2015.
- Shannon Miller, Liz; Travers, Ben (2015). "The Most Disappointing TV Shows of 2015". IndieWire. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
- Travers, Ben (March 4, 2016). "Review: ‘House of Cards’ Season 4 Might Be the Best Season Yet, But It Won’t Be Your Favorite". IndieWire. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
- Van DerWerff, Todd (March 6, 2016). "House of Cards season 4 review: The Netflix drama's latest season is a ridiculous mess — but better than you'd expect". Vox. Retrieved July 9, 2016.
- Holmes, Jonathan (March 8, 2016). "Has House of Cards outstayed its welcome?". Radio Times. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
- Kornhaber, Spencer (March 4, 2016). "House of Cards Season 4, Episode 3: The Live-Binge Review". The Atlantic. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
- Stelter, Brian (July 18, 2013). "Netflix Does Well in 2013 Primetime Emmy Nominations". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
- "House of Cards". Emmys.com. Retrieved July 19, 2013.
- Riley, Jenelle (August 26, 2013). "Emmy Episode Submissions: Lead Actor in a Drama". Backstage. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
- "Netflix Makes History With Two Primetime Creative Arts Emmy® Awards". The Star-Ledger. PR Newswire. September 15, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
- "@HouseofCards status update". Twitter. September 15, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
- Sharma, Amol; Alexandra Cheney (September 23, 2013). "Netflix Makes Some History With Showing at Emmys". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- "Netflix Wins Three Emmys, 'House of Cards' Shut Out of Major Categories". The Huffington Post. September 23, 2013. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- Farley, Christopher John (December 12, 2013). "Golden Globes Nominations 2014: '12 Years a Slave,' 'American Hustle' Lead Field". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
- Zurawik, David (December 12, 2013). "'House of Cards' star Robin Wright earns series' sole Golden Globes win". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
- Hyman, Vicki (January 12, 2014). "2014 Golden Globes: Robin Wright wins best actress for online-only 'House of Cards'". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved January 13, 2014.
- Littleton, Cynthia (January 12, 2014). "Golden Globes: ‘Brooklyn Nine Nine’ Nabs Upset TV Comedy Wins". Variety. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
- Lowry, Brian (July 10, 2014). "2014 Emmy Awards: ‘Game of Thrones,’ ‘Fargo’ Lead Nominations". Variety. Retrieved July 30, 2014.