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Articles of impeachment

Articles of impeachment are the set of charges drafted against a public official to initiate the impeachment process. The articles of impeachment do not result in the removal of the official, but instead require the enacting body to take further action, such as bringing the articles to a vote before the full body.

In the United States, the articles of impeachment are drafted by the House of Representatives for cases involving federal officials. Once drafted, a supermajority of the United States Senate is required to convict based on the articles.

A person of a high office must be removed upon impeachment if they have committed a high misdemeanor, a felony, or treason, they are nevertheless subject to indictment under the law. An impeachment trial is carried out in the Senate, with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court presiding if the impeachment involves the President. Impeachment can expand beyond senior members of the White House. A Supreme Court of the United States Justice may be impeached for committing a high misdemeanor, treason, or a felony. Impeachment charges must be drafted in the House of Representatives. The trial for the person undergoing such occurs in the Senate, requiring two thirds of the members present (currently 67 out of 100 senators, assuming all present) to successfully remove a public official from office.

(If not all Senators were present, a quorum would be needed for a vote. In the U.S. Senate a quorum is half plus one, or 51 out of 100. If only the minimum for a quorum were present, two thirds would mean 34 voting in favor of impeachment.)

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