Robin Gayle Wright (born April 8, 1966) is an American actress and director. She stars as Claire Underwood in the Netflix political drama web television series House of Cards, for which she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama in 2013, making her the first actress to win a Golden Globe for a web television series. Wright received Primetime Emmy nominations for House of Cards in 2013, 2014, 2015 and 2016.
Wright in 2009
|Born||Robin Gayle Wright
April 8, 1966
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
|Other names||Robin Wright Penn|
(m. 1986; div. 1988)
(m. 1996; div. 2010)
|Children||2 (including Dylan Penn)|
|Relatives||Charlie Wright (nephew)|
Wright first gained attention for her role in the NBC Daytime soap opera Santa Barbara, as Kelly Capwell from 1984 to 1988. She then made the transition to film, starring in the romantic comedy fantasy adventure film The Princess Bride (1987). She has since enjoyed a successful career in the film industry, starring in various films, including the epic romantic comedy-drama Forrest Gump (1994), the romantic drama Message in a Bottle (1999), the superhero drama-thriller Unbreakable (2000), the historical drama The Conspirator (2010), the biographical sports drama Moneyball (2011), the mystery thriller The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (2011), the biographical drama Everest (2015), and the superhero film Wonder Woman (2017).
Wright was born in Dallas, Texas, to Gayle (Gaston), a cosmetics saleswoman, and Freddie Wright, a pharmaceutical company employee. Wright was raised in San Diego, California. She attended La Jolla High School and Taft High School in Woodland Hills, Los Angeles.
Wright began her career as a model, when she was 14. At the age of 18, she played Kelly Capwell in the NBC soap opera Santa Barbara, for which she received several Daytime Emmy Award nominations.
1980s–2000s: Transition into feature film workEdit
She transitioned into feature film work as Buttercup in the cult film The Princess Bride (1987). She gained critical acclaim in her role as Jenny Curran in Forrest Gump (1994), receiving Golden Globe Award and Screen Actors Guild nominations for Best Supporting Actress.
In 1996 she starred in the lead role of the film adaptation of Daniel Defoe's Moll Flanders (1996), for which she received a Satellite Award Nomination for Best Actress in a Drama. She was nominated for a Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Actress for her role in She's so lovely (1997), a film in which she co-starred with her then-husband Sean Penn. Wright received her third Screen Actors Guild Award nomination for her role in the television film Empire Falls (2005).
2013–present: House of Cards, further film workEdit
Since 2013, Wright has appeared in the Netflix political drama series House of Cards in the role of Claire Underwood, the ruthless wife of political mastermind Frank Underwood. On January 12, 2014, she won a Golden Globe for the role, becoming the first actress to win the award for an online-only web television series; she was nominated for the same award the following year. She also received nominations for the Primetime Emmy Award in 2013 and 2014 for the same role. Following Season 4 in 2016, Wright stated that she felt Claire Underwood was the equal of Frank Underwood and demanded equal pay for her performance as her co-star Kevin Spacey; Netflix acquiesced.
In 2017, Wright played General Antiope in Wonder Woman (2017), alongside Gal Gadot and Chris Pine. She will reprise the role in Justice League (2017). She will appear in the Blade Runner sequel Blade Runner 2049.
In 1989, Wright became involved with actor Sean Penn following his divorce from Madonna. Wright was offered the role of Maid Marian in the film, Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves, but turned it down because she was pregnant. Wright and Penn's daughter, Dylan Frances, was born in April 1991. She backed out of the role of Abby McDeere in The Firm (1993) due to her pregnancy with her second child. Wright and Penn's son, Hopper Jack, was born in August 1993.
After breaking up and getting back together, Wright and Penn married in 1996, and she changed her name to Robin Wright Penn. Their on-and-off relationship seemingly ended in divorce plans, announced in December 2007, but the divorce petition was withdrawn four months later at the couple's request. In February 2009, Wright and Penn attended the 81st Academy Awards together, at which Penn won Best Actor. Penn filed for legal separation in April 2009, but withdrew the petition in May. On August 12, 2009, Wright filed for divorce declaring she had no plans to reconcile. At that time she dropped "Penn" from her professional name. The divorce was finalized on July 22, 2010.
In February 2012, Wright began dating actor Ben Foster, and their engagement was announced in January 2014. The couple called off their engagement in November 2014, but reunited in January 2015. On August 29, 2015, they announced they were ending their second engagement.
Philanthropy and activismEdit
Wright is an activist for human rights in the Democratic Republic of Congo. She is the narrator and executive producer of the documentary When Elephants Fight which highlights how multinational mining corporations and politicians in the Democratic Republic of Congo threaten human rights, and perpetuate conflict in the region. Wright is a supporter of Stand With Congo, the human rights campaign behind the film. In 2016, she spoke publicly in support of the campaign at a film screening at the TriBeCa Film Institute in New York City, in media interviews,  with journalists, and across her social media accounts.
-  Archived July 21, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
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Dylan Frances Penn was born Saturday [April 13] at 10:49 p.m. at UCLA Medical Center.
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- "Congo: The High Cost of Mineral Riches". WNYC (NPR). Retrieved July 27, 2016.
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