Law & Order: Special Victims Unit

Law & Order: Special Victims Unit (often abbreviated to Law & Order: SVU or just SVU) is an American crime drama television series created by Dick Wolf's own production company Wolf Entertainment for NBC. The first spinoff of Law & Order, it stars Mariska Hargitay as Captain Olivia Benson, the commanding officer of the Special Victims Unit in a fictionalized version of the New York City Police Department.[1] Christopher Meloni was the other main star of SVU as Det. Elliot Stabler, until departing from the series in 2011 after 12 seasons. Meloni reprised his role as Stabler in 2021 in the spin-off series in Law & Order: Organized Crime.[2][3][4] Law & Order: Special Victims Unit follows the style of the original Law & Order in that some episodes are loosely based on real crimes that have received media attention; these episodes are referred to as having been "ripped from the headlines".

Law & Order: Special Victims Unit
SVUopening.jpg
Also known as
  • Law & Order: SVU'
  • SVU
Genre
Created byDick Wolf
Starring
Narrated bySteven Zirnkilton
Theme music composerMike Post
Opening themeTheme of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit
ComposerMike Post
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons23
No. of episodes502
Production
Executive producers
Showrunners:
Camera setupSingle-camera
Running time40–44 minutes
Production companies
DistributorNBCUniversal Syndication Studios
Release
Original networkNBC
Picture format
Audio formatStereo
Original releaseSeptember 20, 1999 (1999-09-20) –
present
Chronology
Related showsLaw & Order franchise
External links
Website

The show premiered on September 20, 1999. After the premiere of its 21st season in September 2019, the series became the longest-running primetime U.S. live-action series in the history of television[5] and the only live-action primetime series that debuted in the 1990s and is still producing new episodes. As of October 21, 2021, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit has aired 500 original episodes, surpassing the episode count of the original Law & Order series. In terms of all-time episode count for a primetime scripted series, SVU now ranks fourth behind The Simpsons (with 710 episodes), Gunsmoke (with 635 episodes), and Lassie (with 591 episodes). In February 2020, the series was renewed through its 24th season.[6][7] The 22nd season premiered on November 12, 2020.[8] The 23rd season premiered on September 23, 2021,[9] during which the show aired its milestone 500th episode.[10][11]

The series has received 91 award nominations, winning 33 awards. Mariska Hargitay was the first regular cast member on any Law & Order series to win an Emmy Award when she won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series in 2006.

PremiseEdit

In the criminal justice system, sexually-based offenses are considered especially heinous. In New York City, the dedicated detectives who investigate these vicious felonies are members of an elite squad known as the Special Victims Unit. These are their stories.

          – Opening narration spoken by Steven Zirnkilton[12]

Based out of the NYPD New York City Police Department's 16th precinct in Manhattan, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit delves into the dark side of the New York underworld as the detectives of a new elite force, the Special Victims Unit (SVU for short), investigate and prosecute various sexually oriented crimes including rape, pedophilia, and domestic violence. They also investigate the abuses of children, the disabled and elderly victims of non-sexual crimes who require specialist handling, all while trying to balance the effects of the investigation on their own lives as they try not to let the dark side of these crimes affect them. Its stories also touch on the political and societal issues associated with gender identity, sexual preferences, and equality rights. While the victim is often murdered, this is not always the case, and victims frequently play prominent roles in episodes. The unit also works with the Manhattan District Attorney's office as they prosecute cases and seek justice for SVU's victims and survivors with precision and a passion to win and bring closure to the intense investigations. The series often uses stories that are "ripped from the headlines" or based on real crimes. Such episodes take a real crime and fictionalize it by changing some details.[13]

Originally, the show focused around the detective pairings of Elliot Stabler and Olivia Benson and John Munch and Brian Cassidy. Stabler is a seasoned veteran of the unit who has seen it all and tries his best to protect his family from the horrors he has seen in his career. Meanwhile, Benson's difficult past as the child of a rape victim is the reason why she joined the unit. Backing them up is John Munch, and his first partner Brian Cassidy. Munch is a transfer from Baltimore's homicide unit, who brings his acerbic wit, conspiracy theories, and street-honed investigative skills; Cassidy is young and eager to learn from his fellow detectives. These two detective teams received support from Detectives Monique Jeffries and Ken Briscoe.[12] When Cassidy transferred to Narcotics after thirteen episodes, Jeffries was partnered with Munch for the remainder of season one and Briscoe was phased out. In the beginning of season two, Munch was then permanently partnered with Detective Odafin "Fin" Tutuola, whose unique yet sometimes vulgar sense of humor and investigative experience make him a formidable match for Munch.[14] Brooklyn SVU Detective Chester Lake would assist on several Manhattan cases during the eighth season and then join during season nine; Lake would then depart at the season's end after being arrested for murdering a crooked cop who had gotten away with rape. These detectives were supervised by veteran Captain Donald Cragen, who oversaw the team for seasons 1–15. Cragen's tough-but-supportive approach to the team's complex cases guides the squad through the challenges they face every day. Also on the team's payroll is FBI Special Agent Dr. George Huang and Medical Examiner Dr. Melinda Warner. As the resident psychiatrist for the Special Victims Unit, Huang helps keep the officers sane in a field that could drive ordinary people mad. He has also served as the squad's resident criminal profiler, and his insights into the criminal mind have often helped the officers to crack the toughest perps, while Warner has become an integral part of the Manhattan Special Victims Unit, and her personal skills have contributed to the unit's high success rate in closing cases.[citation needed]

The unit did not receive a full-time assistant district attorney until season two, when Alexandra Cabot was assigned to work with the detectives.[15] After Cabot enters the Witness Protection Program after almost being killed in a hit in season five, she was replaced by Casey Novak, who remained as the ADA until the end of season nine, when she is censured for violating due process while trying to bring a rapist cop to justice. Kim Greylek became the permanent ADA in the season ten premiere, until Cabot made a return midway through that season when Greylek returned to the Justice Department in Washington, D.C. Cabot remained the ADA through the second half of season 11. After Cabot's departure, the ADA void was filled by Sonya Paxton (Christine Lahti) and Jo Marlowe (Sharon Stone) until the conclusion of season 11. Gillian Hardwicke (Melissa Sagemiller) served as the SVU's ADA during season 12, while Novak would return for a guest appearance after completing her suspension near the end of the season. In season 13, both Cabot and Novak returned as ADAs. From the beginning of season 14, ADA Rafael Barba was SVU's prosecutor, until leaving halfway through season 19 following the death of an infant. Chicago Justice's Peter Stone became SVU's ADA after Chicago Justice was canceled after only one season. In the season 21 premiere, former Detective Dominick Carisi Jr. became the SVU ADA after Stone left due to the cases being too much for him to handle.[16]

In season 13, other big changes happened with Stabler having retired in the aftermath of the season 12 finale, until he reappears in season 22, leading him to join NYPD's Organized Crime Control Bureau. Huang also departed at the same time after being reassigned to Oklahoma City, but has returned for occasional guest appearances. Detectives Nick Amaro and Amanda Rollins joined the team filling the void left by Stabler. Amaro brought empathy to his cases while dealing with a stressful home life, while Rollins had dogged persistence and instincts help her close cases, but also secrets from her past that could derail her career. During season 15, both Munch and Cragen retired from the NYPD, leaving Benson, after being promoted to Sergeant, to take control of the unit; she would later be promoted to Lieutenant at the start of season 17 and then Captain at the start of season 21. Season 16 was another period of change with the introduction of Carisi at the beginning and the departure of Amaro at the end. Also introduced in season 16 was Deputy Chief William Dodds, who served as commanding officer for the Special Victims Units in all five boroughs of New York. Dodds' son Mike transfers into Special Victims as Sergeant in season 17, becoming Benson's second-in-command until his death at the end of the season; Fin later passes the Sergeant's exam during season 18 and is officially promoted in Mike's place in season 19. Following Carisi's move to the DA's office in season 21, Vice Officer Katriona "Kat" Tamin joined the team after assisting on several cases, eventually getting promoted to detective. Dodds also departed the series at the start of the season due to some issues regarding a mogul raping countless women, allowing new deputy chief Christian Garland to take his place. At the start of season 23, Tamin and Garland both resign from the NYPD after becoming disillusioned with the legal system's failures and the systematic bias within the department, with Tamin being replaced by Detective Joe Velasco. Chief Tommy McGrath has also taken over Garland's position until he can find a permanent deputy chief for SVU.

Cast and charactersEdit

Cast Character Rank/Position Seasons Notes
Regular Recurring Guest
Christopher Meloni Elliot Stabler Detective 1–12 22–23 [O 1]
Mariska Hargitay Olivia Benson Detective/Sergeant/Lieutenant/Captain 1– [N 1][O 2]
Richard Belzer John Munch Detective/Sergeant/DA Investigator 1–15 15 & 17 [N 2]
Dann Florek Donald Cragen Captain (retired) 1–15 16 & 23 [N 3]
Michelle Hurd Monique Jeffries Detective 1–2 1
Stephanie March Alexandra Cabot Assistant District Attorney 2–5 & 11 2, 10, & 13 6 & 19
Ice-T Odafin "Fin" Tutuola Detective/Sergeant 2–
BD Wong George Huang FBI Special Agent 4–12 2–3 13–15 & 17 [N 4]
Diane Neal Casey Novak Senior Assistant District Attorney 5–9 13 12
Tamara Tunie Melinda Warner Medical Examiner 7–12 2–6 & 13–17 19, 21–23
Adam Beach Chester Lake Detective 9 8
Michaela McManus Kim Greylek Assistant District Attorney 10
Danny Pino Nick Amaro Detective 13–16 23
Kelli Giddish Amanda Rollins Detective 13–
Raúl Esparza Rafael Barba Assistant District Attorney 15–19 14 21–23
Peter Scanavino Dominick "Sonny" Carisi Jr. Detective/Assistant District Attorney 16– 16 [N 5]
Philip Winchester Peter Stone Assistant District Attorney 19–20 19 [O 3][17]
Jamie Gray Hyder Katriona "Kat" Tamin Officer/Detective 21–23 21 [N 6]
Demore Barnes Christian Garland Deputy Chief 22–23 21
Octavio Pisano Joe Velasco Detective 23– 23
Positions
  1. ^ Olivia Benson was previously a Detective (seasons 1–15), a Sergeant (seasons 15–17), a Lieutenant (seasons 17–20) and a Captain (seasons 21–22)
  2. ^ John Munch was previously a Detective (seasons 1–8) and a Sergeant (seasons 9–15); the character, played by Belzer, first appeared on Homicide: Life on the Street (1993–1999)
  3. ^ Captain Donald Cragen was the commanding officer of the unit until his retirement (seasons 1–15); the character, played by Florek, first appeared in the first three seasons of Law & Order (1990–1993)
  4. ^ George Huang was the unit's forensic psychiatrist and criminal profiler until his retirement (seasons 2–15)
  5. ^ Dominick "Sonny" Carisi Jr. was previously a Detective (seasons 16–20)
  6. ^ Katriona "Kat" Tamin was previously an Officer (seasons 21–22)
Appearances
  1. ^ Christopher Meloni was first billed as "starring" during seasons 1–12.
  2. ^ Mariska Hargitay has been first billed as "starring" since season 13; she was previously second billed after Meloni.
  3. ^ Philip Winchester originally starred as Peter Stone on Chicago Justice, in addition to guest appearances on Chicago P.D. and Chicago Med; the character joins SVU in the episode "The Undiscovered Country".

ProductionEdit

DevelopmentEdit

 
Dick Wolf (pictured in 2010), the creator and executive producer of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit.

The idea for Law & Order: Special Victims Unit originated with the 1986 "preppie murder" case of Robert Chambers, who strangled and killed a woman he dated, Jennifer Levin, during what he claimed was consensual "rough sex" in Manhattan's Central Park. The crime inspired Dick Wolf to write the story for the season one episode of Law & Order titled "Kiss the Girls and Make Them Die". Even after writing the episode, however, the case continued to haunt Wolf, who wanted to go deeper into the psychology of crimes to examine the role of human sexuality.[18]

The original title of the show was Sex Crimes, reflecting the sexual nature of the crimes depicted on the show. Initially, there was concern among the producers that, should Sex Crimes fail, identifying the new show with the Law & Order franchise could affect the original show. Additionally, Ted Kotcheff wanted to create a new series that was not dependent upon the original series for success. Wolf felt, however, that it was important and commercially desirable to have "Law & Order" in the title, and he initially proposed the title of the show be Law & Order: Sex Crimes. Barry Diller, then head of Studios USA, was concerned about the title, however, and it was changed to Law & Order: Special Victims Unit to reflect the actual unit of the New York City Police Department (NYPD) that handles sexually-based offenses that are especially heinous.[19]

Executive producer Neal Baer left Law & Order: SVU as showrunner at the end of season twelve, after eleven years (seasons 2–12) on the show, in order to sign a three-year deal with CBS Studios.[20] Baer was replaced by former Law & Order: Criminal Intent showrunner Warren Leight.[21] In March 2015, it was announced that Warren Leight signed a three-year deal with Sony Pictures Television, that will allow him to work on SVU one more season, its seventeenth.[22] It was announced on March 10, 2016 that original Law & Order veteran producer Rick Eid would take Leight's place as showrunner starting in season 18. Creator Dick Wolf commented to The Hollywood Reporter, "I'm extremely pleased that Rick had decided to rejoin the family and hope that he will be here for years to come."[23] During post-production of season 18, following the announcement that SVU was renewed for a nineteenth season, it was revealed that Rick Eid departed the series. He will be taking over another Dick Wolf/NBC series, Chicago P.D.[24]

It was announced on May 25, 2017, that original Law & Order and Law & Order: Criminal Intent showrunner Michael S. Chernuchin would be reprising his role starting on season nineteen. Chernuchin was also co-creator and executive producing showrunner of Chicago Justice, another Wolf-related show that was canceled by NBC at the end of the 2016–17 TV season.[25] On April 22, 2019, it was announced that Leight would return as showrunner for the series' twenty-first season.[26]

CastingEdit

 
Mariska Hargitay, Christopher Meloni and Ice-T during some outdoor shooting of the 12th season.

Casting for the lead characters of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit occurred in the spring of 1999. Dick Wolf, along with officials from NBC and Studios USA were at the final auditions for the two leads at Rockefeller Center. The last round had been narrowed down to seven finalists. For the female lead, Detective Olivia Benson, actresses Samantha Mathis, Reiko Aylesworth, and Mariska Hargitay were being considered. For the male role, Detective Elliot Stabler, the finalists were Tim Matheson, John Slattery, Nick Chinlund, and Christopher Meloni. Hargitay and Meloni had auditioned in the final round together and, after the actors left, there was a moment of dead silence, after which Wolf blurted out, "Oh well. There's no doubt who we should choose—Hargitay and Meloni." Wolf believed the duo had the perfect chemistry together from the first time he saw them together, and they ended up being his first choice. Garth Ancier, then head of NBC Entertainment, agreed, and the rest of the panel assembled began voicing their assent.[27]

The first actor to be cast for the show was Dann Florek. Florek had originated the character of Captain Don Cragen in the 1990 pilot for Law & Order and played the character for the first three seasons of the show until he was fired on the orders of network executives, who wanted to add female characters to the all-male primary cast. He maintained a friendly relationship with Wolf, however, and went on to direct three episodes of the original series as well as to occasionally guest star on the show. Shortly after Florek reprised his role for Exiled: A Law & Order Movie, he received a call to be on Sex Crimes.[28] Initially reluctant, he eventually agreed to star on the show as Cragen on the assurance that he would not be asked to audition for the role.[29]

Shortly after the cancellation of Homicide: Life on the Street, Richard Belzer heard that Benjamin Bratt had left Law & Order. Belzer requested his manager to call Wolf and pitch the idea for Belzer's character from Homicide, Detective John Munch, to become the new partner of Jerry Orbach's character, Detective Lennie Briscoe, since they had previously teamed in three Homicide crossovers. Wolf loved the idea, but had already cast Jesse L. Martin as Briscoe's new partner, Detective Ed Green. The idea was reconfigured, however, to have Munch on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit instead.[29] Since the character of Munch was inspired by David Simon's depiction of Detective Sergeant Jay Landsman and developed for Homicide by Tom Fontana and Barry Levinson, the addition of Munch to the cast required the consent of all three. The appropriate agreements were reached and, while Fontana and Levinson agreed to waive their royalty rights, contracts with Simon required that he be paid royalties for any new show in which Munch is a main character; as a result, Simon receives royalties every time Munch appears in an episode of the show.[30]

Dean Winters was cast as Munch's partner, Brian Cassidy, at the insistence of Belzer. Belzer looked at Winters as a sort of little brother, and told Wolf, "Well, I'll do this new show of yours, SVU, only if you make Dean Winters my partner."[29] Wolf did make Winters Belzer's partner, but he was contractually obligated to his other show at the time, the HBO drama Oz. Since the role on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit was only initially meant to be a few episodes, Winters was forced to leave when it was time to film Oz again. Winters returned for the Season 13 finale, "Rhodium Nights", reprising his role as Cassidy. He also appeared (as Cassidy) on the two-part Season 14 premiere "Lost Reputation"/"Above Suspicion".[31] He subsequently became a recurring character into season 15. The void left by Winters's departure was filled for the remainder of the season by Michelle Hurd as Detective Monique Jeffries, a character who Wolf promised that, despite starting out as a minor character with one scene in the pilot, would eventually develop. Hurd left the show at the beginning of season two to join the cast of Leap Years.[32] Munch's permanent partner came in the form of rapper-turned-actor Ice-T, who had previously worked with Wolf on New York Undercover and Exiled. Ice-T originally agreed to do only four episodes of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, but he quickly gained affection for the ensemble nature of the cast. He relocated to New York City before his four-episode contract was up and remained with the show as Munch's permanent partner, Detective Odafin "Fin" Tutuola.[33]

Initially, the show focused exclusively on the police work of the detectives in the Special Victims Unit of the 16th precinct, with members of the District Attorney's office occasionally appearing as guest roles crossing over from the original Law & Order. From season two onwards, the format was changed to be more faithful to the original Law & Order concept by including court cases. Stephanie March had little television experience before being cast on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, nor did she watch much TV. Nevertheless, March was cast as Assistant District Attorney Alexandra Cabot at the beginning of season two but still believed that, due to the grim nature of the series, it would be short-lived. She stayed with the series for three seasons, however, and left when she believed she had reached the natural conclusion of the character's development. She would later reprise the character as a guest appearance in season six and as a regular character on the short-lived Wolf series, Conviction, where she was promised more to do. Diane Neal had previously guest-starred on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit in season three before being cast as Cabot's replacement, Casey Novak, in season five. Neal remained with the show through the end of season nine,[34] after which she was replaced by Michaela McManus. March returned to the show in the tenth season (after McManus' departure from the cast) when Neal Baer proposed Cabot receive a character arc to revitalize the second part of the season, which would continue through season eleven.[35][36]

Tamara Tunie was cast as medical examiner Melinda Warner in season two after working with Wolf previously on New York Undercover, Feds, and Law & Order. Warner was initially a recurring character but became a regular character in season seven, and Tunie was added to the opening credits at that time.[37] When initially cast as Warner, Tunie was appearing as attorney Jessica Griffin on the CBS daytime soap opera As the World Turns. From 2000 to 2007 (and again briefly in 2009), she appeared on both series simultaneously. In 2002, she also appeared on the Fox espionage-themed drama series 24, in the recurring role of CTU Acting Director Alberta Green. BD Wong was asked to film four episodes as Dr. George Huang, a Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) forensic psychiatrist and criminal profiler on loan to the Special Victims Unit. After his four episodes, he was asked to stay on with the show.[38]

After he starred in Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee and guest-starred as Detective Chester Lake in the eighth season, Wolf felt that Adam Beach would be a good addition to the cast and asked him to be a permanent member beginning with the ninth season. Although Beach felt the role was a "dream role", the character proved unpopular with fans who felt that he was designed to gradually write out either Richard Belzer or Ice-T. Feeling there were too many police characters on the show, Beach left the show after only one season.[39] Michaela McManus was originally felt to be too young for the role of an Assistant District Attorney (ADA) before being cast as ADA Kim Greylek in the tenth season. McManus, months removed from a recurring role on One Tree Hill, remained with the series only half a season, however, before departing for unspecified reasons.[40]

Paula Patton joined the cast as ADA Mikka Von. She replaced Stephanie March.[41] However, Patton dropped out after one episode to film Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol, and was replaced by Melissa Sagemiller in the recurring role of ADA Gillian Hardwicke.[42][43]

Before the end of season twelve, Mariska Hargitay asked for a lighter workload. As a way of writing her out of certain episodes, a plan to have her character promoted to a supervisory role was discussed.[44] At the end of season twelve, Christopher Meloni departed the cast, unable to reach agreement on a new contract. Warren Leight became the new showrunner during this same year and signed on before he knew that Meloni would be leaving the cast.[45] The second major departure to be announced in 2011 was that of BD Wong. On July 17, Wong announced on Twitter that, "I actually do not return for season 13, I am jumping to Awake! It's awesome!" Wong added, "I don't know if or when I'll be back on SVU! It was amazing to have such a cool job for 11 years and to be a real NY Actor." Wong reprised his role as Dr. Huang in season 13's episode "Father Dearest".[46]

 
Danny Pino and Hargitay during the filming of the 13th season.

In June 2011, it was announced that Kelli Giddish and Danny Pino would join the cast as new series regulars.[4] Weeks later, it was announced that Stephanie March and Diane Neal would be reprising their roles as ADA Alexandra Cabot and ADA Casey Novak, respectively.[47] The launch of season 13 was marked with a retooling of the show that Warren Leight referred to as "SVU 2.0".[48] Changes that accompanied this included Tamara Tunie's being bumped from the main cast to a guest-starring role and recurring actor Joel de la Fuente's not appearing for the first time since 2002. Of the latter change, Warren Leight said, "those scenes [which featured Fuente] can be dry" and hired Gilbert Gottfried as a more comedic replacement.[49]

In season 14, Raúl Esparza joined the cast in a recurring capacity as ADA Rafael Barba and prior to the season 15 premiere, Esparza was promoted to a series regular. Also in season 15, Belzer departed the cast in the fifth episode, "Wonderland Story", in which Sgt. Munch retired from the NYPD and took a job in the DA's office as an investigator. Later in the season, Captain Cragen announced his departure from the NYPD, which made newly promoted Sgt. Benson the temporary squad commander. In leaving the cast, Florek ended a 400-episode run as Captain Cragen. In season 16, Peter Scanavino joined the series, first in a recurring role for episodes 1–3 and then was promoted to the main cast in episode 5, with Kelli Giddish, Danny Pino, Ice-T and Raúl Esparza. On May 20, 2015, it was revealed that Danny Pino would be leaving the cast after the season 16 finale "Surrendering Noah".[citation needed]

In August 2017, it was announced that Philip Winchester would recur in season 19 as ADA Peter Stone, his character from Chicago P.D. and Chicago Justice, who is the son of Benjamin Stone, the first ADA on the original Law & Order series.[50] It was later also announced that Brooke Shields was enlisted to assume a major recurring role (Sheila Porter, maternal grandmother of Noah Porter-Benson, Olivia's adopted son) starting in season 19 of the long-running dramatic series.[51] On February 7, 2018, Raúl Esparza left the series after six seasons.[52] His role was taken over by Winchester. Upon being renewed for its twenty-first season, it was announced that Winchester would be departing the series after the twentieth season.[53]

In March 2019, it was announced that the show would come back for season 21, making it the longest-running primetime U.S. live-action series in the history of television.[5] On March 29, 2019, it was revealed that Winchester would not return for season 21. He tweeted the same day about his departure from the show.[54] On May 16, 2019, the season finale aired and Winchester took to Twitter to thank the cast and crew for the send-off.[55] After recurring for several episodes in season 21 as Vice Officer Katriona Tamin, Jamie Gray Hyder joined the cast as a regular, starting in episode 8.[56] On October 6, 2020, Demore Barnes, who had recurred throughout season 21 as new Deputy Chief Christian Garland, was upgraded to regular status for season 22.[57][58] On September 3, 2021, it was announced that Hyder and Barnes would both depart the series following the two-hour season 23 premiere.[59] On October 13, 2021, Octavio Pisano, who had guest starred since the start of the season, was promoted to regular status.

SalariesEdit

By season twelve, both Mariska Hargitay and Christopher Meloni had become among the highest-paid lead actors on a drama, with each earning nearly $400,000 per episode, a salary that TV Guide said was exceeded only by House's Hugh Laurie.[60] During season sixteen, Hargitay was reported to be earning $450,000 per episode, or $10,350,000 per season.[61] In season seventeen, her salary increased to $500,000 per episode.[62]

Filming and locationEdit

 
SVU shooting on location in Central Park at night

Many exterior scenes of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit are filmed on location in New York City, Wolf's hometown, throughout all five of New York City's boroughs. As the NYPD encounters varied law enforcement challenges on a daily basis, the backdrop provides the writers a supply of ideal locations from which to choose.[63] Fort Lee, New Jersey served as the filming location for Detective Elliot Stabler's residence in Queens, New York.[64]

When searching for a place to film the interiors of the show, the producers found that there were no suitable studio spaces available in New York City. As a result, a space was chosen at NBC's Central Archives building in nearby North Bergen, New Jersey, which had sat empty for some time, and featured air-conditioning, adequate parking, and 53,000 square feet (4,900 m2) of stage area.[65] The Archives building was used for police station and courtroom scenes,[64] with various other locations in Hudson County used for other scenes, such as a scene shot at the Meadowlands Parkway in Secaucus in 2010. The production left New Jersey for New York in 2010, however, when New Jersey Governor Chris Christie suspended the tax credits for film and television production for the Fiscal Year 2011 to close budget gaps.[66] The show moved into the studio space at Chelsea Piers that had been occupied by the original Law & Order series until its cancellation in May 2010.[67][68]

EpisodesEdit

Law & Order: Special Victims Unit has finished airing its twenty-second season as of June 3, 2021. Each season has aired on NBC and consists of 16 to 25 episodes, each lasting approximately 40 minutes (60 minutes including commercials).[citation needed]

Series overviewEdit

SeasonEpisodesOriginally airedRankRating
First airedLast aired
122September 20, 1999 (1999-09-20)May 19, 2000 (2000-05-19)308.8
221October 20, 2000 (2000-10-20)May 11, 2001 (2001-05-11)259.6
323September 28, 2001 (2001-09-28)May 17, 2002 (2002-05-17)1210.4
425September 27, 2002 (2002-09-27)May 16, 2003 (2003-05-16)1410.1
525September 23, 2003 (2003-09-23)May 18, 2004 (2004-05-18)188.7
623September 21, 2004 (2004-09-21)May 24, 2005 (2005-05-24)169.2
722September 20, 2005 (2005-09-20)May 16, 2006 (2006-05-16)189.2
822September 19, 2006 (2006-09-19)May 22, 2007 (2007-05-22)247.9
919September 25, 2007 (2007-09-25)May 13, 2008 (2008-05-13)227.6
1022September 23, 2008 (2008-09-23)June 2, 2009 (2009-06-02)266.7
1124September 23, 2009 (2009-09-23)May 19, 2010 (2010-05-19)N/AN/A
1224September 22, 2010 (2010-09-22)May 18, 2011 (2011-05-18)N/AN/A
1323September 21, 2011 (2011-09-21)May 23, 2012 (2012-05-23)N/AN/A
1424September 26, 2012 (2012-09-26)May 22, 2013 (2013-05-22)N/AN/A
1524September 25, 2013 (2013-09-25)May 21, 2014 (2014-05-21)N/AN/A
1623September 24, 2014 (2014-09-24)May 20, 2015 (2015-05-20)N/AN/A
1723September 23, 2015 (2015-09-23)May 25, 2016 (2016-05-25)N/AN/A
1821September 21, 2016 (2016-09-21)May 24, 2017 (2017-05-24)N/AN/A
1924September 27, 2017 (2017-09-27)May 23, 2018 (2018-05-23)305.6
2024September 27, 2018 (2018-09-27)May 16, 2019 (2019-05-16)N/AN/A
2120September 26, 2019 (2019-09-26)April 23, 2020 (2020-04-23)N/AN/A
2216November 12, 2020 (2020-11-12)June 3, 2021 (2021-06-03)365.9
23TBASeptember 23, 2021 (2021-09-23)TBATBATBA

ReleaseEdit

BroadcastEdit

Law & Order: SVU airs on NBC in the United States. With the season eleven premiere on September 23, 2009, the series vacated its Tuesday 10 p.m. ET slot because NBC began a prime-time weeknight Jay Leno series. The new time slot became Wednesday nights at 9:00 p.m. ET on NBC, with CTV still airing SVU on Tuesdays at 10:00 in Canada.[69] After the 2010 Winter Olympics on March 3, 2010, the time slot for SVU changed again to Wednesdays at 10 p.m. ET, where it stayed until the twelfth season.[70] In the 12th season, SVU moved back to 9:00 p.m. to lead in the newest Law & Order spin-off, Law & Order: LA,[71] until it was pulled from the network in January 2011 to be retooled.[72] SVU moved back to 10:00 p.m. on January 12, 2011, until the end of the 13th season.[73] With season 14, SVU moved back to 9:00 p.m. after a two-hour season premiere event on September 26, 2012.[74] Beginning with Season 20, SVU would air on Thursday nights at 10 p.m., after NBC decided to devote their entire Wednesday primetime lineup to the Chicago Med, PD, and Fire trilogy. It marked the first time ever that Law & Order: SVU would hold this timeslot on Thursday nights.[75] Starting with season 22, the show moved to 9 p.m., with offshoot Law & Order: Organized Crime taking its old slot.[76]

StreamingEdit

All seasons, including the season that is currently on the air, are available to stream on Hulu (with a subscription). The latest 5 episodes can be watched for free on NBC.com[77] and the NBC app.[78] Outside of SVOD and NBC platforms, most episodes (outside of seasons 2–4 in the United States for unknown reasons) can be found on electronic sell-through platforms such as iTunes[79] and Amazon Prime Video.[80] The series is available for streaming on Peacock along with Chicago Fire, Chicago P.D., Chicago Med, Law & Order and Law & Order: Criminal Intent.[81] The first thirteen seasons are available for streaming in Australia on Amazon Prime Video. In Brazil, seasons 11 to 13 are available on Amazon Prime Video, and all 22 seasons are available on Globoplay, although seasons 15 to 22 require a subscription expansion or cable access to UniversalTV[82]

SyndicationEdit

As of September 2017, the series is rerun on fellow NBCUniversal network USA, as well as local stations Ion Television and MyNetworkTV. The series also briefly ran on Syfy in 2006. In 2008, Fox obtained rights to air Law & Order: SVU on Fox-owned TV stations, and began doing so in the fall of 2009.[83]

ReceptionEdit

RatingsEdit

Viewership and ratings per season of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit
Season Timeslot (ET) Episodes First aired Last aired TV season Viewership
rank
Avg. viewers
(millions)
Date Viewers
(millions)
Date Viewers
(millions)
1 Monday 9:00 p.m. (ep. 1–9)
Friday 10:00 p.m. (ep. 10–22)
22 September 20, 1999 (1999-09-20) 18.43[84] May 19, 2000 (2000-05-19) 15.11[85] 1999–2000 33 12.18[86]
2 Friday 10:00 p.m. 21 October 20, 2000 (2000-10-20) 13.20[87] May 11, 2001 (2001-05-11) 15.06[88] 2000–01 29 13.1[89]
3 23 September 28, 2001 (2001-09-28) 15.80[90] May 17, 2002 (2002-05-17) 14.27[91] 2001–02 14 15.2[92]
4 25 September 27, 2002 (2002-09-27) 15.60[93] May 16, 2003 (2003-05-16) 13.70[94] 2002–03 16 14.83[95]
5 Tuesday 10:00 p.m. 25 September 23, 2003 (2003-09-23) 13.23[96] May 18, 2004 (2004-05-18) 18.36[97] 2003–04 21 12.72[98]
6 23 September 21, 2004 (2004-09-21) 14.20[99] May 24, 2005 (2005-05-24) 16.38[100] 2004–05 23 13.46[101]
7 22 September 20, 2005 (2005-09-20) 15.32[102] May 16, 2006 (2006-05-16) 12.97[103] 2005–06 24 13.78[104]
8 22 September 19, 2006 (2006-09-19) 14.55[105] May 22, 2007 (2007-05-22) 10.28[106] 2006–07 38 11.94[107]
9 19 September 25, 2007 (2007-09-25) 12.10[108] May 13, 2008 (2008-05-13) 10.83[109] 2007–08 30 11.33[110]
10 22 September 23, 2008 (2008-09-23) 9.52[111] June 2, 2009 (2009-06-02) 11.34[112] 2008–09 39 10.11[113]
11 Wednesday 9:00 p.m. 24 September 23, 2009 (2009-09-23) 8.36[114] May 19, 2010 (2010-05-19) 8.61[115] 2009–10 44 8.81[116]
12 24 September 22, 2010 (2010-09-22) 9.68[117] May 18, 2011 (2011-05-18) 8.98[118] 2010–11 47 8.84[119]
13 Wednesday 10:00 p.m. 23 September 21, 2011 (2011-09-21) 7.63[120] May 23, 2012 (2012-05-23) 7.16[121] 2011–12 67 7.59[122]
14 Wednesday 9:00 p.m. 24 September 26, 2012 (2012-09-26) 7.19[123] May 22, 2013 (2013-05-22) 6.66[124] 2012–13 56 7.30[125]
15 24 September 25, 2013 (2013-09-25) 9.58[126] May 21, 2014 (2014-05-21) 6.39[127] 2013–14 46 8.18[128]
16 23 September 24, 2014 (2014-09-24) 10.07[129] May 20, 2015 (2015-05-20) 6.96[130] 2014–15 52 8.71[131]
17 23 September 23, 2015 (2015-09-23) 8.27[132] May 25, 2016 (2016-05-25) 7.19[133] 2015–16 52 8.31[134]
18 21 September 21, 2016 (2016-09-21) 7.83[135] May 24, 2017 (2017-05-24) 6.22[136] 2016–17 48 7.39[137]
19 24 September 27, 2017 (2017-09-27) 5.67[138] May 23, 2018 (2018-05-23) 6.12[139] 2017–18 39 8.57[140]
20 Thursday 10:00 p.m. 24 September 27, 2018 (2018-09-27) 5.09[141] May 16, 2019 (2019-05-16) 3.58[142] 2018–19 51 7.41[143]
21 20 September 26, 2019 (2019-09-26) 3.84[144] April 23, 2020 (2020-04-23) 3.69[145] 2019–20 55 6.46[146]
22 Thursday 9:00 p.m. 16 November 12, 2020 (2020-11-12) 3.02[147] June 3, 2021 (2021-06-03) 4.23[148] 2020–21 34 6.78[149]
23 TBA September 23, 2021 (2021-09-23) 5.57[150] TBA TBD 2021–22 TBD TBD

In 2016, a New York Times study of the 50 TV shows with the most Facebook likes found that SVU's popularity was "atypical: generally slightly more popular in rural areas and the South, but largely restricted to the eastern half of the country. It is most popular in Albany, N.Y.; least in Colorado and Utah".[151]

Awards and honorsEdit

Law & Order: Special Victims Unit has received many awards and award nominations. Mariska Hargitay has twice been nominated for a Golden Globe Award and won once in 2005.[152]

The show has been nominated numerous times for the Emmy Award. Mariska Hargitay has been nominated for the Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series category 8 years in a row beginning in 2004 and won the Emmy in 2006. Christopher Meloni was nominated for the Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series category in 2006. Robin Williams was nominated in the Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series in 2008. The series was nominated in the category Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series for Jane Alexander and Tracy Pollan in 2000, Martha Plimpton in 2002, Barbara Barrie in 2003, Mare Winningham and Marlee Matlin in 2004, Amanda Plummer and Angela Lansbury in 2005, Marcia Gay Harden and Leslie Caron in 2007, Cynthia Nixon in 2008, Ellen Burstyn, Brenda Blethyn, and Carol Burnett in 2009, and Ann-Margret in 2010. The series won the award for Plummer in 2005, Caron in 2007, Nixon in 2008, Burstyn in 2009, and Margret in 2010.[153]

Critical receptionEdit

In 2014, Joshua Alston of The A.V. Club described it as "most improved, and that uptick in quality is all the more admirable.[154] Ilana Kaplan of The New York Times wrote that the series the longest-running drama in primetime history and Mariska Hargitay as Olivia Benson is a person of repose of real life victims and survivors. Hargitay quoted: “It became very apparent to me early how much, culturally, we needed this character who relentlessly fights and advocates for women and for survivors, and who does it with compassion,” she said through tears. “Somebody who is unequivocally committed to righting wrongs, who believes survivors, who’s aware of the healing in it.”[155]

Russian adaptationEdit

In 2007, the Russian production company Studio 2B purchased the rights to create an adaptation of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit for Russian television. Titled Law & Order: Division of Field Investigation,[a] the series stars Alisa Bogart and Vica Fiorelia. It follows a unit of investigators in Moscow whose job is to investigate crimes of a sexual nature. The series airs on NTV and is produced by Pavel Korchagin, Felix Kleiman and Edward Verzbovski and directed by Dmitry Brusnikin. The screenplays are written by Sergei Kuznvetsov, Elena Karavaeshnikova, and Maya Shapovalova.[156]

Spin-offEdit

On March 31, 2020, it was announced that NBC had ordered an untitled spin-off series to launch in the 2020–21 television season, with Christopher Meloni reprising his role as Elliot Stabler. Meloni left SVU in 2011. The series order consists of 13 episodes.[157] On June 2, 2020, it was announced that the series would be called Law & Order: Organized Crime and writer Craig Gore had been fired.[158] When NBC announced its fall schedule on June 16, Organized Crime was the only new show on the schedule, slotted for Thursdays at 10/9c.[76] However, the series was later delayed to 2021.[159] On October 2, 2020, it was announced that Matt Olmstead would be stepping down as showrunner and a replacement was not announced at the time.[160] On December 9, 2020, it was announced that Ilene Chaiken has joined as showrunner after her overall deal with Universal Television.[161] Dylan McDermott was announced on January 27, 2021, as joining the cast in an unspecified role.[162][163] On February 2, 2021, Tamara Taylor was cast in an undisclosed role.[164] On February 4, 2021, it was announced that the series would premiere on April 1, 2021, in a two-hour crossover event.[165]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Russian: Закон и порядок: отдел оперативных расследований, Zakon i poryadok: otdel operativnykh rassledovaniy

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit - NBC.com". Archived from the original on March 30, 2019. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  2. ^ Webb Mitovich, Matt (May 24, 2011). "Exclusive: Chris Meloni Exits Law & Order: SVU". TVLine. Archived from the original on May 25, 2011. Retrieved May 24, 2011.
  3. ^ Ausiello, Michael (August 1, 2011). "NBC on Chris Meloni's Law & Order: SVU Exit: We're Not Killing Him Off". TVLine. Archived from the original on November 20, 2011. Retrieved August 10, 2011.
  4. ^ a b Seidman, Robert. "NBC Signs Kelli Giddish (Chase) and Danny Pino (Cold Case) as New Detectives for Law & Order: Special Victims Unit". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Law & Order: SVU is now officially TV's longest-running primetime live-action series". News.
  6. ^ "Dick Wolf's Three "Chicago" Series and "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit" Receive Three-Season Pickups on NBC". The Futon Critic. February 27, 2020.
  7. ^ Trevor Kimball (February 27, 2020). "Law & Order: SVU: Seasons 22, 23 & 24; Dick Wolf Series Scores Record Renewals from NBC". Canceled + Renewed Tv Shows - Tv Series Finale.
  8. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (August 27, 2020). "NBC Sets Premiere Dates For Tweaked Fall Schedule; Scripted Series Delayed; 'New Amsterdam', 'Brooklyn', 'Manifest', 'Law & Order: Organized Crime' Held For 2021". Deadline Hollywood.
  9. ^ Petski, Denise (July 15, 2021). "NBC Sets Fall Premiere Dates: New 'Ordinary Joe', 'La Brea', Returning 'Chicago', 'Law & Order'; 'The Blacklist' Moves To Thursdays". Deadline Hollywood.
  10. ^ Lawler, Kelly (October 21, 2021). "Spoiler alert! 'Law & Order: SVU' 500th episode dives into Benson's past, as former stars return". USA Today. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  11. ^ Roots, Kimberly (October 21, 2021). "Law & Order: SVU Episode 500 Recap: You've Come a Long Way, Benson". TV Line. Retrieved October 23, 2021.
  12. ^ a b Writer: Dick Wolf. Director: Jean de Segonzac (September 20, 1999). "Payback". Law & Order: Special Victims Unit. Season 1. Episode 1. NBC.
  13. ^ Conan, Neal (September 29, 2009). "'Law & Order' Writer Turns Headlines Into TV". Talk of the Nation. NPR. Archived from the original on November 29, 2011. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
  14. ^ Writer: Michael R. Perry. Director: Constantine Makris (February 11, 2000). "Limitations". Law & Order: Special Victims Unit. Season 1. Episode 14. NBC.
  15. ^ Writers: Jeff Eckerle & David J. Burke. Director: Ted Kotcheff (October 20, 2000). "Wrong is Right". Law & Order: Special Victims Unit. Season 2. Episode 1. NBC.
  16. ^ Writers: Warren Leight & Peter Blauner. Director: Norberto Barba (September 26, 2019). "I'm Going to Make You a Start". Law & Order: Special Victims Unit. Season 21. Episode 1. NBC.
  17. ^ "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit on NBC – "The Undiscovered Country" (#1913)". The Futon Critic. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  18. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), p. 2
  19. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), pp. 10–11
  20. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (November 23, 2010). "'Law & Order: SVU' Show-runner Neal Baer Signs Big Overall Deal With CBS TV Studios". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved November 24, 2010.
  21. ^ Ausiello, Michael (April 11, 2011). "Scoop: NBC Taps New Law & Order: SVU Boss". TVLine. Archived from the original on April 12, 2011. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  22. ^ Littleton, Cynthia (March 13, 2015). "'Law & Order: SVU' Showrunner Warren Leight Sets Overall Deal with Sony TV (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Archived from the original on May 14, 2015. Retrieved May 11, 2015.
  23. ^ Stanhope, Kate (March 10, 2016). "'Law & Order: SVU' Taps Flagship Series Vet as New Showrunner". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on March 15, 2016. Retrieved March 20, 2016.
  24. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (May 12, 2017). "'Law & Order: SVU' Showrunner Rick Eid to Run 'Chicago P.D.' Next Season". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on May 15, 2017. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
  25. ^ Otterson, Joe (May 25, 2017). "'Law and Order: SVU' Taps 'Chicago Justice' EP Michael Chernuchin as New Showrunner". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on May 29, 2017. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
  26. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (April 22, 2019). "Warren Leight Returns to Law & Order: SVU as Showrunner, Michael Chernuchin Joins FBI as EP, Inks Overall Deal with Universal TV". Deadline Hollywood. United States: Penske Media Corporation. Archived from the original on April 23, 2019. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
  27. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), p. 11
  28. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), pp. 145–146
  29. ^ a b c Green and Dawn (2009), p. 13
  30. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), p. 150
  31. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), p. 157
  32. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), pp. 154–156
  33. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), pp. 152–154
  34. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), pp. 167–169
  35. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), pp. 165–166
  36. ^ O'Connor, Mickey (June 29, 2009). "SVU News: Mariska and Meloni Are In For Season 11, and So Is Christine Lahti". TV Guide. Archived from the original on August 2, 2009. Retrieved June 29, 2009.
  37. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), pp. 172–173
  38. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), pp. 175–176
  39. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), pp. 160–162
  40. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), pp. 170–171
  41. ^ O'Connor, Mickey (July 21, 2010). "Precious Star Paula Patton Is Law & Order: SVU's New ADA". TV Guide. Archived from the original on July 22, 2010. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
  42. ^ Ausiello, Michael (September 10, 2010). "'Law & Order: SVU' scoop: 'Bar' girl Melissa Sagemiller is new ADA". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on September 11, 2010. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
  43. ^ Rudolph, Ileane (September 10, 2010). "SVU Producer Neal Baer Explains ADA Shakeup". TV Guide. Archived from the original on September 12, 2010. Retrieved September 11, 2010.
  44. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (May 14, 2011). "Law & Order: SVU Scoop: Hargitay Inks New Deal, Jennifer Love Hewitt May Succeed Her". TVLine. United States: TVLine Media, LLC (Penske Media Corporation). Archived from the original on January 21, 2012. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  45. ^ Porter, Rick (May 24, 2012). "'Law & Order: SVU' cliffhanger: EP Warren Leight on what's next for Cragen and the squad". Zap2It. Archived from the original on June 8, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
  46. ^ Mitovich, Matt (July 17, 2011). "Fall TV Scoop: B.D. Wong Reveals His SVU Fate". TVLine. United States: TVLine Media, LLC (Penske Media Corporation). Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
  47. ^ Ausiello, Michael (July 5, 2011). "Law & Order: SVU Scoop: Stephanie March, Diane Neal Heading Back to Court". TVLine. United States: TVLine Media, LLC (Penske Media Corporation). Archived from the original on February 21, 2015. Retrieved July 5, 2011.
  48. ^ Bryant, Adam (September 1, 2011). "Law & Order: SVU's New Boss on Meloni's Exit, the New Detectives and Rejuvenating the Show". TV Guide. New York City: NTVB Media (magazine) CBS Interactive (CBS Corporation) (digital assets). Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
  49. ^ Keck, William (October 26, 2011). "Gilbert Gottfried to Annoy SVU Cast". TV Guide. New York City: NTVB Media (magazine) CBS Interactive (CBS Corporation) (digital assets). Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  50. ^ Kimberly Roots (August 8, 2017). "Law & Order SVU: Philip Winchester to Bring Chicago Justice Role to NY". TVLine. United States: TVLine Media, LLC (Penske Media Corporation). Archived from the original on August 11, 2017. Retrieved August 12, 2017.
  51. ^ Laura Hurley (August 11, 2017). "Law & Order: SVU Season 19 Is Adding Brooke Shields For A Big Role". CinemaBlend. United States: Gateway Blend, LLC. Archived from the original on August 12, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  52. ^ Abrams, Natalie (February 7, 2018). "Raúl Esparza exits Law & Order: SVU after six seasons". Entertainment Weekly. New York City: Time Inc. Archived from the original on February 9, 2018. Retrieved February 10, 2018.
  53. ^ Petski, Andreeva, Denise, Nellie (March 29, 2019). "Philip Winchester Leaving 'Law & Order: SVU' Ahead Of Historic 21st Season". Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved March 30, 2019.
  54. ^ May 17, Caroline John-Published; Am, 2019 at 11:14 (May 17, 2019). "Why Did Philip Winchester Leave "Law & Order: SVU"?". Earn The Necklace. Archived from the original on May 25, 2019. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  55. ^ Winchester, Philip (May 16, 2019). "As this chapter closes, my deepest gratitude and thankfulness to @Noochone and @AlexChapple2 for giving me a wonderful send off. Surrounding me with strong story telling and brilliant co-stars. I'll miss you all!". @philipwinchestr. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  56. ^ Hirsch, Chelsea (February 21, 2020). "'Law & Order: SVU' newbie Jamie Gray Hyder reveals what it was like to join the iconic show". Page Six. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  57. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (October 6, 2020). "'Law & Order: SVU' Promotes Demore Barnes To Series Regular For Season 22 Of NBC Drama". Deadline. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  58. ^ Anderson, Lucas (October 7, 2020). "'Law & Order: SVU' Adds Demore Barnes To Season 22 Main Cast".
  59. ^ "Jamie Gray Hyder & Demore Barnes Exiting 'Law & Order: SVU' in Season 23". September 3, 2021.
  60. ^ Stephen Battaglio (August 10, 2010). "Who Are TV's Top Earners?". TV Guide. Archived from the original on September 2, 2010. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  61. ^ "No. 2: Mariska Hargitay – pg.4 Forbes". Forbes.com. Archived from the original on February 21, 2017. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
  62. ^ By: Garrett (September 21, 2015). "Per episode salaries of the highest paid TV actors of all time". theCHIVE. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
  63. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), pp. 2–3
  64. ^ a b Kimpton, Roger. "Hollywood on the Palisades"; Palisade magazine; Summer 2010; Pages 12–15
  65. ^ Green and Dawn (2009), p. 14
  66. ^ Wright, E. Assata. "Getting the film crews back to NJ", The Union City Reporter, February 13, 2011, pages 5 and 7
  67. ^ Ausiello, Michael (May 14, 2010). "It's official: NBC cancels 'Law & Order'". Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  68. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (June 25, 2010). "'Law & Order: SVU' Leaves New Jersey Over Nixed Tax Credit & May Move Into 'L&O' Set". Deadline Hollywood. Mail.com Media. Archived from the original on June 28, 2010. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
  69. ^ Mitovich, Matt. "Fall TV: NBC Announces Premiere Dates". TV Guide. Archived from the original on June 26, 2009. Retrieved June 25, 2009.
  70. ^ Hibberd, James (January 10, 2010). "NBC firms up post-'Leno' schedule". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 23, 2010. Retrieved January 22, 2010.
  71. ^ "Breaking News – NBC Announces Updated Fall Schedule Premieres". The Futon Critic. July 30, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2012.
  72. ^ Stanhope, Kate (January 18, 2011). "NBC Benches Law & Order: Los Angeles Following Cast Shake-Up". TV Guide. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved June 17, 2012.
  73. ^ Seidman, Robert (November 15, 2010). "NBC Renews '30 Rock', Announces Parks & Rec Return & Major Midseason Schedule Changes". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on November 17, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2012.
  74. ^ Bibel, Sara (June 14, 2012). "NBC Announces Fall 2012 Premiere Dates for 'Grimm', 'Revolution', 'The Voice,' 'Animal Practice' & More". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on August 20, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
  75. ^ "NBC's fall lineup: An all-'Chicago' drama block on Wednesdays". www.mercurynews.com. May 13, 2018. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  76. ^ a b Andreeva, Nellie (June 16, 2020). "NBC Fall 2020 Schedule: Addition Of 'Law & Order: SVU' Spinoff Starring Christopher Meloni Marks Only Change". Deadline Hollywood.
  77. ^ "Watch Law & Order: SVU Videos, Highlights & Clips - NBC.com". NBC. Archived from the original on December 15, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  78. ^ "Download the NBC App for Phones, Tablets and Connected Devices!". NBC. Archived from the original on December 14, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  79. ^ "Law & Order: SVU (Special Victims Unit), Season 16 on iTunes". iTunes. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  80. ^ "Watch Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Season 1 Episode – Amazon Video". www.amazon.com. Archived from the original on January 27, 2016. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  81. ^ Goldberg, Lesley (January 16, 2020). "Dick Wolf Sets Rich Six-Show Streaming Deal at Peacock". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 17, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  82. ^ "Confira as estreias de outubro no Globoplay" [Check out these upcoming releases for Globoplay in October] (Press release) (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Comunicação Globo. September 30, 2021. Archived from the original on September 30, 2021. Retrieved October 27, 2021.
  83. ^ Hibberd, James (April 28, 2008). "'SVU' picked up in syndication". Hollywood Reporter, Associated Press. Archived from the original on September 28, 2019. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  84. ^ "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit – Series – Episode List – Season 1". Spot Vault. June 9, 2014. Archived from the original on March 13, 2014. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  85. ^ "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit – Series – Episode List – Season 1". Spot Vault. July 7, 2014. Archived from the original on March 13, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  86. ^ "Top TV Shows For 1999–2000 Season". Variety. Archived from the original on January 20, 2012. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
  87. ^ "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit – Series – Episode List – Season 2". TV Tango. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  88. ^ "SpotVault – Law & Order: SVU (NBC) – 2000–01". Spot Vault. December 9, 2011. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  89. ^ "The Bitter End". Entertainment Weekly Published in issue No. 598 June 1, 2001. June 1, 2001. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
  90. ^ "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit – Series – Episode List – Season 3". TV Tango. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  91. ^ "SpotVault – Law & Order: SVU (NBC) – 2001–02". Spot Vault. December 9, 2011. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  92. ^ "How did your favorite show rate?". USA Today. May 28, 2002. Archived from the original on February 22, 2017. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  93. ^ "SpotVault – Law & Order: SVU (NBC) – 2002–03". Spot Vault. December 9, 2011. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  94. ^ "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit – Series – Episode List – Season 4". TV Tango. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved June 10, 2012.
  95. ^ "Nielsen's TOP 156 Shows for 2002–03 Options". rec.arts.tv. Archived from the original on May 26, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
  96. ^ "SpotVault – Law & Order: SVU (NBC) – 2003–04". Spot Vault. December 9, 2011. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  97. ^ "Weekly Program Rankings: 05/17/04 Through 05/23/04". ABC Medianet. May 25, 2004. Archived from the original on March 14, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  98. ^ "I.T.R.S. Ranking Report". ABC Television Network. June 2, 2004. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007.
  99. ^ "Weekly Program Rankings: From 09/20/04 Through 09/26/04". ABC Medianet. September 29, 2004. Archived from the original on March 6, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  100. ^ "Weekly Program Rankings: 05/23/05 Through 05/29/05". ABC Medianet. June 1, 2005. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  101. ^ "ABC Television Network 2004–2005 Primetime Ranking Report". ABC Medianet. June 1, 2005. Archived from the original on April 21, 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2007.
  102. ^ "Weekly Program Rankings: From 09/26/05 Through 10/02/05". ABC Medianet. October 4, 2005. Archived from the original on February 17, 2012. Retrieved March 13, 2012.
  103. ^ "Weekly Program Rankings: From 05/15/06 Through 05/21/06". ABC Medianet. May 23, 2006. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved March 13, 2012.
  104. ^ "ABC Television Network 2005–2006 Primetime Ranking Report". (May 31, 2006). ABC Medianet. Retrieved November 6, 2007. Archived July 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  105. ^ "Weekly Program Rankings". ABC Medianet. September 26, 2006. Archived from the original on March 29, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  106. ^ "Weekly Program Rankings". ABC Medianet. May 30, 2007. Archived from the original on October 11, 2013. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
  107. ^ "ABC Television Network 2006–2007 Primetime Ranking Report". (May 30, 2007). ABC Medianet. Retrieved May 31, 2011. Archived March 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  108. ^ "With Break-Out Performances from New and Returning Series, NBC Ties for Premiere Week's Top Spot in 18–49". The Futon Critic/NBC. The Futon Critic/NBC. October 2, 2007. Retrieved September 11, 2011.
  109. ^ Seidman, Robert (May 14, 2008). "Nielsen Ratings May 13, 2008: American Idol Still Crushes Field". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on May 16, 2008. Retrieved August 7, 2010.
  110. ^ "ABC Television Network 2007–2008 Primetime Ranking Report". (May 28, 2008). ABC Medianet. Retrieved July 3, 2009. Archived April 13, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  111. ^ Gorman, Bill (September 24, 2008). "Tuesday, Sept. 23: Second Night Wins To CBS, ABC and Fox". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on May 24, 2010. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  112. ^ Gorman, Bill (June 3, 2009). "Tuesday Ratings: NBC Wins Again Lead By Law & Order: SVU Finale, Obama Special". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on June 6, 2009. Retrieved July 11, 2010.
  113. ^ "ABC Television Network 2008–2009 Primetime Ranking Report". (June 2, 2009). ABC Medianet. Retrieved August 29, 2013. Archived October 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  114. ^ Seidman, Robert (September 24, 2009). "Wednesday broadcast finals: Modern Family down a tenth, Cougar Town up a tenth with adults 18–49". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on October 5, 2009. Retrieved April 24, 2010.
  115. ^ "TV Ratings Wednesday: Good Guys Off To Bad Start; Idol Down". TV by the Numbers. May 20, 2010. Archived from the original on May 23, 2010. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
  116. ^ "Final 2009–10 Broadcast Primetime Show Average Viewership". Tvbythenumbers.com. June 16, 2010. Archived from the original on June 19, 2010. Retrieved August 26, 2010.
  117. ^ Seidman, Robert (September 23, 2010). "Wednesday Finals: 'The Middle,' 'Modern Family,' 'Cougar Town,' 'Undercovers' All See Small Gains". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on September 4, 2019. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  118. ^ Seidman, Robert (May 19, 2011). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'American Idol,' 'Modern Family,' 'Law & Order: SVU' Adjusted Up; 'Happy Endings' Adj. Down". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2011.
  119. ^ Gorman, Bill (June 1, 2011). "2010–11 Season Broadcast Primetime Show Viewership Averages". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2011.
  120. ^ Seidman, Robert (September 22, 2011). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'The X Factor,' 'Modern Family,' 'The Middle,' 'Revenge' And Others Adjusted Up". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on September 22, 2018. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
  121. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (May 24, 2012). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'Idol', 'Modern Family', & 'SVU' Adjusted Up, 'Apt 23' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on May 25, 2012. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
  122. ^ Gorman, Bill (May 24, 2012). "Complete List Of 2011–12 Season TV Show Viewership: 'Sunday Night Football' Tops, Followed By 'American Idol,' 'NCIS' & 'Dancing With The Stars'". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on May 30, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  123. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (September 27, 2012). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'X Factor', 'Survivor', 'The Middle' Adjusted Up, 'The Neighbors' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on September 30, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2012.
  124. ^ Bibel, Sara. "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'MasterChef', 'Modern Family', 'Criminal Minds' & 'Law & Order: SVU' Adjusted Up; 'How To Live With Your Parents' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
  125. ^ Bibel, Sara (May 29, 2013). "Complete List Of 2012–13 Season TV Show Viewership: 'Sunday Night Football' Tops, Followed By 'NCIS,' 'The Big Bang Theory' & 'NCIS: Los Angeles'". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on June 27, 2013. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
  126. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (September 26, 2013). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'The Middle', 'Modern Family' and 'Survivor' Adjusted Up; 'Nashville' & 'CSI' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on September 29, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  127. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (May 22, 2014). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'Survivor', 'The Middle' & 'Modern Family' Adjusted Up; 'Survivor' Reunion Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on July 24, 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
  128. ^ "Full 2013–14 Series Rankings". Deadline Hollywood. May 23, 2014. Archived from the original on June 28, 2019. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
  129. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (September 25, 2014). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'The Middle', 'The Goldbergs', 'Modern Family', 'Law and Order: SVU', & 'Red Band Society' Adjusted Up". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on September 27, 2014. Retrieved September 25, 2014.
  130. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (May 21, 2015). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'Survivor', 'Survivor: Reunion' & 'Modern Family' Adjusted Up". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on May 25, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2015.
  131. ^ de Moraes, Lisa (May 21, 2015). "Full 2014–15 TV Season Series Rankings: Football & 'Empire' Ruled". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on May 22, 2015. Retrieved May 22, 2015.
  132. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (September 24, 2015). "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'Survivor', 'Modern Family' & 'Law and Order: SVU' Adjusted Up; 'Nashville' Adjusted Down". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on November 16, 2018. Retrieved September 24, 2015.
  133. ^ Porter, Rick (May 26, 2016). "Wednesday final ratings: 'SVU' finale adjusts up, 'Supernatural' finale adjusts down". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on May 28, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  134. ^ de Moraes, Lisa (May 29, 2016). "Full 2015–16 TV Season Series Rankings: 'Blindspot', 'Life In Pieces' & 'Quantico' Lead Newcomers". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on May 27, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  135. ^ Porter, Rick (September 22, 2016). "Wednesday final ratings: 'Empire' adjusts up, 'Designated Survivor' adjusts down". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on September 23, 2016. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  136. ^ Porter, Rick (May 25, 2017). "'Empire' finale and 'Dirty Dancing' adjust up, 'Survivor' reunion adjusts down: Wednesday final ratings". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  137. ^ "Final 2016–17 TV Rankings: 'Sunday Night Football' Winning Streak Continues". Deadline Hollywood. May 26, 2017. Archived from the original on June 8, 2017. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  138. ^ Porter, Rick (September 28, 2017). "'Survivor' premiere adjusts up: Wednesday final ratings". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on October 1, 2017. Retrieved September 28, 2017.
  139. ^ Porter, Rick (May 24, 2018). "'Empire' and 'Star' finales adjust up, 'Survivor' reunion down: Wednesday final ratings". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on May 25, 2018. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  140. ^ "2017–18 TV Series Ratings Rankings: NFL Football, 'Big Bang' Top Charts". Deadline Hollywood. May 22, 2018. Archived from the original on May 23, 2018. Retrieved May 22, 2018.
  141. ^ Welch, Alex (September 28, 2018). "'Grey's Anatomy,' 'Big Bang Theory,' and 'Thursday Night Football' adjust up: Thursday final ratings". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on September 29, 2018. Retrieved September 28, 2018.
  142. ^ Rejent, Joseph (May 17, 2019). "'Paradise Hotel,' 'The Big Bang Theory' finale adjust up, 'Young Sheldon' adjusts down: Thursday final ratings". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on May 17, 2019. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  143. ^ Schneider, Michael (May 22, 2019). "100 most-Watched TV Shows of 2018-19: Winners and Losers". Variety. Archived from the original on July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  144. ^ Rejent, Joseph (September 28, 2019). "'Young Sheldon' adjusts up, 'A Million Little Things' and 'Evil' adjust down: Thursday final ratings". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on September 28, 2019. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  145. ^ Metcalf, Mitch (April 24, 2020). "Updated: ShowBuzzDaily's Top 150 Thursday Cable Originals & Network Finals: 4.23.2020". Showbuzz Daily. Archived from the original on April 24, 2020. Retrieved April 24, 2020.
  146. ^ Porter, Rick (June 4, 2020). "TV Ratings: 7-Day Season Averages for Every 2019-20 Broadcast Series". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 5, 2020.
  147. ^ Metcalf, Mitch (November 13, 2020). "Updated: ShowBuzzDaily's Top 150 Thursday Cable Originals & Network Finals: 11.12.2020". Showbuzz Daily. Archived from the original on November 13, 2020. Retrieved November 13, 2020.
  148. ^ Bauder, David (June 8, 2021). "Former president Trump returns as a diminished TV draw". Associated Press. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  149. ^ Porter, Rick (June 8, 2021). "2020-21 TV Ratings: Complete 7-Day Ratings for Broadcast Network Series". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on June 9, 2021.
  150. ^ Metcalf, Mitch (September 24, 2021). "SHOWBUZZDAILY's Thursday 9.23.2021 Top 150 Cable Originals & Network Finals UPDATED". Showbuzz Daily.
  151. ^ Katz, Josh (December 27, 2016). "'Duck Dynasty' vs. 'Modern Family': 50 Maps of the U.S. Cultural Divide". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 29, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  152. ^ "Golden Globe Wins: Law & Order: Special Victims Unit". Archived from the original on August 1, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2009.
  153. ^ "SVU Emmy Nominations". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Archived from the original on August 21, 2014. Retrieved December 27, 2012.
  154. ^ "L&O: SVU is TV's most improved crime drama". TV Club. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  155. ^ Kaplan, Ilana (September 25, 2019). "As 'SVU' Makes History, Mariska Hargitay Makes Olivia Benson's Mission Her Own (Published 2019)". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  156. ^ "Archived copy" Главная страница (in Russian). Archived from the original on April 21, 2009. Retrieved December 14, 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  157. ^ "Christopher Meloni As 'SVU' Character Elliot Stabler To Headline New Dick Wolf Drama Series For NBC". Deadline Hollywood. March 31, 2020.
  158. ^ Throne, Will (June 2, 2020). "Dick Wolf Fires Writer From 'Law & Order' Spinoff for Threatening to 'Light Up' Looters". Variety. Retrieved June 11, 2020.
  159. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (August 27, 2020). "NBC Sets Premiere Dates For Tweaked Fall Schedule; Scripted Series Delayed; 'New Amsterdam', 'Brooklyn', 'Manifest', 'Law & Order: Organized Crime' Held For 2021". Deadline Hollywood.
  160. ^ Roots, Kimberly (October 2, 2020). "Law & Order: Organized Crime EP Matt Olmstead Steps Down as Showrunner on Chris Meloni-Led SVU Spinoff". TVLine. Retrieved October 3, 2020.
  161. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (December 9, 2020). "Ilene Chaiken Inks Overall Deal With Universal Television, Joins 'Law & Order: Organized Crime' As Showrunner". Deadline Hollywood.
  162. ^ White, Peter (January 27, 2021). "Dylan McDermott Joins NBC's 'Law & Order: Organized Crime'". Deadline Hollywood.
  163. ^ Porter, Rick (January 27, 2021). "Dylan McDermott Boards 'Law & Order: Organized Crime'". The Hollywood Reporter.
  164. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (February 2, 2021). "'Law & Order: Organized Crime': Tamara Taylor Joins NBC's 'SVU' Spinoff". Deadline Hollywood.
  165. ^ Erik, Pedersen (February 4, 2021). "'Law & Order: Organized Crime' Sets NBC Premiere With 'SVU' Crossover, Releases First Look At Christopher Meloni As Elliot Stabler". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 4, 2021.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit