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France uses the rank of capitaine for management duties in both uniformed and plain-clothed policing. The rank comes senior to lieutenant and junior to commandant.
This rank was previously known as inspecteur principal for plain-clothed officers, and officier de la paix principal for officers in uniform.
In some smaller U.S. police departments, a person holding the rank of police captain may be in charge of a division (patrol division, detective division, etc.) within that department. In larger police departments however, a police captain may command only one section of a precinct which is commanded by either a police major, police inspector, or the next highest rank. Nevertheless, the rank of police captain is separated from the ranks of police lieutenant and police sergeant. In addition, a police captain is considered upper-level management in most large urban police departments.
In the New York City Police Department, the rank of captain is below deputy inspector. Unlike the military version, where the rank of captain may be held by junior officers with 4 to 11 years of officer service, police and fire captains are usually veterans with extensive experience.