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The White House Counsel is a staff appointee of the President of the United States whose role is to advise the President on all legal issues concerning the President and his Administration. Pat Cipollone is the current White House Counsel serving since December 2018.[1]

White House Counsel
US-WhiteHouse-Logo.svg
Incumbent
Pat Cipollone

since December 10, 2018
Formation1943
First holderSamuel Rosenman

Contents

ResponsibilitiesEdit

The Office of Counsel to the President was created in 1943, and is responsible for advising on all legal aspects of policy questions, legal issues arising in connection with the President's decision to sign or veto legislation, ethical questions, financial disclosures, and conflicts of interest during employment and post employment. The Counsel's Office also helps define the line between official and political activities, oversees executive appointments and judicial selection, handles Presidential pardons, reviews legislation and Presidential statements, and handles lawsuits against the President in his role as President, as well as serving as the White House contact for the Department of Justice.

LimitationsEdit

Although the White House Counsel offers legal advice to the President, the Counsel does so in the President's official capacity, and does not serve as the President's personal attorney. Therefore, controversy has emerged over the scope of the attorney–client privilege between the Counsel and the President, namely with John Dean of Watergate notoriety. It is clear, however, that the privilege does not apply in strictly personal matters. It also does not apply to legislative proceedings by the U.S. Congress against the President due to allegations of misconduct while in office, such as formal censures or impeachment proceedings. In those situations the President relies on a personal attorney if he desires confidential legal advice. The office is also distinct from the judiciary, and from others who are not appointed to positions, but nominated by the President, and confirmed by the Senate. These would be foremost the Attorney General of the United States, and his or her principal deputy and other assistants, who are nominated by the President to oversee the United States Department of Justice, or the Solicitor General of the United States and his or her staff (he or she is the third-ranking official in the Justice Department), who argue cases before the U.S. Supreme Court (and in lower federal courts) for the Justice Department when it is a party to the case.

List of White House CounselsEdit

Officeholder Term start Term end Deputy Counsel President
Samuel Rosenman October 2, 1943 February 1, 1946 Franklin D. Roosevelt
Harry S. Truman
Clark Clifford February 1, 1946 January 31, 1950
Charles Murphy January 31, 1950 January 20, 1953
Bernard Shanley January 20, 1953 February 19, 1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower
Gerald Morgan February 19, 1955 November 5, 1958
David Kendall November 5, 1958 January 20, 1961
Ted Sorensen January 20, 1961 February 29, 1964 John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Mike Feldman April 1964 January 17, 1965
Lee White January 17, 1965 February 11, 1966
Milton Semer February 14, 1966 December 31, 1966
Harry McPherson February 11, 1966 October 26, 1967
Larry Temple October 26, 1967 January 20, 1969
John Ehrlichman January 20, 1969 November 4, 1969 Fred Fielding (5/1973 to ?) Richard Nixon
Charles Colson November 6, 1969 July 9, 1970
John Dean July 9, 1970 April 30, 1973
Leonard Garment April 30, 1973 August 9, 1974
Philip Buchen August 9, 1974 January 20, 1977 Philip Areeda (10/1974 to 2/1975)

Roderick Hills (4/1975 to 10/1975)

Edward C. Schmults (10/1975 to 1/1977)

Gerald Ford
William Casselman August 9, 1974 September 19, 1975
Phillip Areeda c. October 1, 1974 c. February 1, 1975
Roderick Hills c. March 1, 1975 c. October 1, 1975
Robert Lipshutz January 20, 1977 October 1, 1979 Margaret A. McKenna (1/1977 to 12/1979)

Joseph Onek (9/1979 to 1/1981)

Michael Cardozo (10/1979 to 1/1981)

Jimmy Carter
Lloyd Cutler October 1, 1979 January 20, 1981
Fred Fielding January 20, 1981 May 23, 1986 Richard A. Hauser (1/1981 to ?)

Herbert E. Ellingwood (1/1981 to ?)

Jay B. Stephens (?/1986 to ?/1987)

Phillip D. Brady (?/1988 to 1/1989)

Ronald Reagan
Peter Wallison May 23, 1986 March 20, 1987
Arthur Culvahouse March 20, 1987 January 20, 1989
C. Boyden Gray January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993 John P. Schmitz (1/1989 to 1/1993) George H. W. Bush
Bernard Nussbaum January 20, 1993 March 8, 1994 Vincent W. Foster (1/1993 to 7/1993)

Joel I. Klein (7/1993 to 3/1995)

James Castello (3/1995 to ?)

Kathleen Wallman (?/1996 to ?)

Cheryl Mills (?/1996 to 8/1999)

Bruce R. Lindsey (1/1993 to 1/2001)

William P. Marshall (12/1999 to 1/2001)

Bill Clinton
Lloyd Cutler March 8, 1994 October 1, 1994
Abner Mikva October 1, 1994 November 1, 1995
Jack Quinn November 1, 1995 February 1997
Chuck Ruff February 1997 September 1999
Beth Nolan September 1999 January 20, 2001
Alberto Gonzales January 20, 2001 February 3, 2005 Timothy E. Flanigan (1/2001 to 11/2002, 11/2004 to ?)

David G. Leitch (12/2002 to ?)

William K. Kelley (3/2005 to 3/2007)

J. Michael Farren (2/2007 to 10/2008)

William Burck (10/2008 to 1/2009)

Emmet Flood (10/2008 to 1/2009)

George W. Bush
Harriet Miers February 3, 2005 January 31, 2007
Fred Fielding January 31, 2007 January 20, 2009
Greg Craig January 20, 2009 January 3, 2010 Daniel Meltzer (1/2009 to 1/2010)

Mary DeRosa (1/2009 to 6/2011)

Neal Wolin (1/2009 to 12/2009)

Cassandra Butts (1/2009 to 1/2010)

Kathryn Ruemmler (12/2009 to 6/2011)

Caroline Cheng (12/2009 to 6/2011, 1/2013 to 12/2013)

Christopher Fonzone (5/2014 to ?)

Michael Bosworth (5/2014 to ?)

Mark Aziz (5/2014 to ?)

Barack Obama
Bob Bauer January 3, 2010 June 30, 2011
Kathryn Ruemmler June 30, 2011 June 2, 2014
Neil Eggleston June 2, 2014 January 20, 2017
Don McGahn January 20, 2017 October 17, 2018 Annie Donaldson

Gregory Katsas Makan Delrahim

Uttam Dhillon

Stefan Passantino

John A. Eisenberg

Patrick F. Philbin

Kate Comerford Todd

Michael Purpura

Donald Trump
Emmet Flood
Acting
October 18, 2018 December 10, 2018
Pat Cipollone December 10, 2018 present

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ JOHNSON, ELIANA (December 4, 2018). "New White House counsel to arrive as Democrats, Mueller close in". Politico. Retrieved December 27, 2018.

External linksEdit