Open main menu

Illinois's 4th congressional district

The 4th congressional district of Illinois includes part of Cook County, and has been represented by Democrat Jesús "Chuy" García since January 2019.

Illinois's 4th congressional district
Illinois US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
Illinois's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Chuy García
DChicago
Area52 sq mi (130 km2)
Distribution
  • 100.0% urban
  • 0.0% rural
Population (2011 est.)737,025
Median income$53,955[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+33[2][3]

In November 2017, incumbent Luis Gutiérrez announced that he would retire from Congress at the end of his current term, and not seek re-election in 2018.[4][5] Jesús "Chuy" García was elected on November 6, 2018.

It was featured by The Economist as one of the most strangely drawn and gerrymandered congressional districts in the country[6] and has been nicknamed "earmuffs" due to its shape.[7] It was created after federal courts ordered the creation of a majority-Hispanic district in the Chicago area. The Illinois General Assembly responded by packing two majority Hispanic parts of Chicago into a single district.

This district covers two strips running east-west across the city of Chicago, on the west side continuing into smaller portions of some suburban areas in Cook County, surrounding Illinois's 7th congressional district. The northern portion is largely Puerto Rican, while the southern portion is heavily Mexican-American. The two sections are only connected by a piece of Interstate 294 to the west; the highway is in the district while the surrounding areas are not. It is the smallest congressional district in area outside New York City and California.[8]

VotingEdit

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Gore 76 – 19%
2004 President Kerry 79 – 21%
2008 President Obama 81 – 18%
2012 President Obama 81 – 17%
2016 President Clinton 82 – 13%

GeographyEdit

The 4th District includes the Chicago community of Brighton Park, in addition to almost all of Hermosa, Lower West Side and Gage Park; parts of Albany Park, Irving Park, Avondale, Logan Square, West Town, Humboldt Park, Belmont Cragin, Austin, McKinley Park, South Lawndale, New City, West Elsdon and Archer Heights; portions of riverfront Bridgeport; the portion of North Center southwest of Clybourn Avenue; and the northwestern tip of Lincoln Park.

Since the 2011 redistricting, the district also includes portions of Berwyn, Brookfield, Cicero, Lyons, Melrose Park, Riverside, and Elmwood Park.[9]

 
2003 - 2013

HistoryEdit

The Illinois 4th Congressional District was originally formed in 1842. It included 17 counties, which were Cook, Lake, McHenry, Boone, De Kalb, Kane, Du Page, Will, Kendall, Grundy, La Salle, Bureau, Livingston, Iroquois, McLean, Vermilion and Champaign Counties. Beyond this Ford and Kankakee Counties were part of Vermillion and Iroquois Counties respectively at this point and thus in the district's boundaries.[10]

In the redistricting following the 1990 United States Census, Chicago Mayor Richard M. Daley and Governor Jim Edgar both wanted a Latino district, as Latinos were the fastest growing demographic group in the state at the time. In June 1991, Congressman Dennis Hastert, a suburban Republican, filed a federal lawsuit claiming that the existing congressional map was unconstitutional;[11] the present congressional district boundaries emerged as a result of that lawsuit. A three-judge panel of the federal district court adopted the map proposed by Hastert and other Republican members of the Illinois Congressional delegation.[12] Subsequent lawsuits challenging the redistricting as racially biased[13] did not succeed in redrawing the district boundaries.

List of members representing the districtEdit

District created March 4, 1843.

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Notes
 
John Wentworth
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1851
28th
29th
30th
31st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Richard S. Molony Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd [Data unknown/missing.]
James Knox Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th
 
William Kellogg
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1863
35th
36th
37th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Charles M. Harris
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th [Data unknown/missing.]
Abner C. Harding Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
39th
40th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
John B. Hawley
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
41st
42nd
Redistricted to the 6th district.
 
Stephen A. Hurlbut
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1877
43rd
44th
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Lathrop Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th [Data unknown/missing.]
John C. Sherwin Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
46th
47th
[Data unknown/missing.]
George E. Adams Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1891
48th
49th
50th
51st
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Walter C. Newberry
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Julius Goldzier
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Charles W. Woodman
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Daniel W. Mills
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
55th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Thomas Cusack
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
56th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
James McAndrews
Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
57th Redistricted to the 5th district.
 
George P. Foster
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58th Redistricted from the 3rd district.
Charles S. Wharton Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
59th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
James T. McDermott
Democratic March 4, 1907 –
July 21, 1914
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
Resigned.
Vacant July 21, 1914 –
March 3, 1915
 
James T. McDermott
Democratic March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
64th Re-elected to fill his own seat
 
Charles Martin
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
October 28, 1917
65th Died.
Vacant October 28, 1917 –
April 2, 1918
 
John W. Rainey
Democratic April 2, 1918 –
May 4, 1923
65th
66th
67th
68th
Died.
Vacant May 4, 1923 –
November 6, 1923
 
Thomas A. Doyle
Democratic November 6, 1923 –
March 3, 1931
68th
69th
70th
71st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Harry P. Beam Democratic March 4, 1931 –
December 6, 1942
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
Resigned after being elected judge of the Municipal Court of Chicago
Vacant December 6, 1942 –
January 3, 1943
 
Martin Gorski
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
78th
79th
80th
Redistricted to the 5th district.
 
James V. Buckley
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
81st [Data unknown/missing.]
 
William E. McVey
Republican January 3, 1951 –
August 10, 1958
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
Died.
Vacant August 10, 1958 –
January 3, 1959
 
Ed Derwinski
Republican January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1983
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
George M. O'Brien
Republican January 3, 1983 –
July 17, 1986
98th
99th
Redistricted from the 17th district.

Died.
Vacant July 17, 1986 –
January 3, 1987
 
Jack Davis
Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1989
100th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
George E. Sangmeister
Democratic January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1993
101st
102nd
Redistricted to the 11th district.
 
Luis Gutiérrez
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2019
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
Retired.
 
Jesús "Chuy" García
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Elected in 2018.

Living former membersEdit

As of January 2019, there is one living former member of the House from the district.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Luis Gutiérrez 1993–2019 (1953-12-10) December 10, 1953 (age 65)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=17&cd=04
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Barone, Michael; McCutcheon, Chuck (2013). The Almanac of American Politics 2014. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-10544-4. Copyright National Journal.
  4. ^ Pearson, Rick; Byrne, John (November 28, 2017). "U.S. Rep. Luis Gutierrez won't run again, wants to rebuild Puerto Rico". ChicagoTribune. Chicago. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  5. ^ Korecki, Natasha (November 27, 2017). "Gutierrez won't seek reelection". Politico. Arlington, VA. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
  6. ^ The Economist (April 25, 2002). "How to rig an election".
  7. ^ Aaron Blake (July 27, 2011). "Name that district! (Gerrymandering edition)". Washington Post. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
  8. ^ "Congressional Districts by Land Area (National)". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original (ASCII text) on August 1, 2007. Retrieved 2006-11-11. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ Illinois Congressional District 4, Illinois Board of Elections
  10. ^ Parson, Stanley B., William W. Beach and Michael J. Durbin. United States Congressional Districts and Data, 1843–1883 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1986) p. 9
  11. ^ Hastert v. State Bd. of Elections, 777 F.Supp. 634, 638 (N.D.Ill.1991).
  12. ^ O'Grady, Patrick. "Illinois Redistricting History Since 1970" (PDF). Illinois General Assembly. p. 9. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  13. ^ James R. KING, v. State Bd. of Elections et al.. See [1]; [2]

External linksEdit