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Will County, Illinois

Will County is a county in the northeastern part of the state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 677,560, which is an increase of 34.9% from 502,266 in 2000,[2] making it the fourth-most populous county in Illinois. The county seat is Joliet.[3]

Will County, Illinois
Joliet State Prison (10045283735).jpg
Joliet State Prison
Map of Illinois highlighting Will County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
FoundedJanuary 12, 1836
Named forDr. Conrad Will
SeatJoliet
Largest cityJoliet
Area
 • Total849 sq mi (2,199 km2)
 • Land837 sq mi (2,168 km2)
 • Water12 sq mi (31 km2), 1.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)692,661[1]
 • Density810/sq mi (310/km2)
Congressional districts1st, 2nd, 3rd, 11th, 14th, 16th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.willcountyillinois.com

Will County is one of the five collar counties of the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area. The portion of Will County around Joliet uses the 815 and 779 area codes, 630 and 331 area code for far northern Will County, and 708 area code for eastern Will County.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Will County was formed in 1836 out of Cook and Iroquois. It was named after Dr. Conrad Will, a businessman involved in salt production in southern Illinois, and also a politician.[4] Will was a member of the first Illinois Constitutional Convention and a member of the Illinois Legislature until his death in 1835. On January 12, 1836, Will County was formed from Cook County and Iroquois County. It included besides its present area, the part of Kankakee County, Illinois lying north of the Kankakee River. Will County lost that area when Kankakee County was organized in 1852, but since then its boundaries have been unchanged.

Thirty-six locations in Will County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

"WILL, a county in the E. N. E. part of Illinois, bordering on Indiana, has an area of 1,236 square miles (3,200 km2). It is intersected by the Kankakee and Des Plaines Rivers, branches of the Illinois. The surface is generally level, and destitute of timber, excepting small groves. The soil is very fertile, and much of it is under cultivation. The soil of the prairies is a deep, sandy loam, adapted to Indian corn and grass. In 1850 the county produced 527,903 bushels of Indian corn; 230,885 of wheat; 334,360 of oats; 32,043 tons of hay, and 319,054 pounds of butter. It contained 14 churches, 3 newspaper offices; 3472 pupils attending public schools, and 200 attending other schools. Quarries of building stone are worked near the county seat. The Des Plaines river furnishes water-power. The county is intersected by the Illinois and Michigan canal, by the Chicago branch of the Central railroad, the Chicago and Mississippi, and by the Chicago and Rock Island railroad. Named in honor of Conrad Will, for many years a member of the Illinois legislature. Capital, Joliet. Population, 16,703."

1854 U.S. Gazetteer

Will County is home to Argonne National Laboratory.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 849 square miles (2,200 km2), of which 837 square miles (2,170 km2) is land and 12 square miles (31 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5]

The Kankakee River, Du Page River and the Des Plaines River run through the county and join on its western border. The Illinois and Michigan Canal and the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal run through Will County.

A number of areas are preserved as parks (over 20,000 acres (81 km2) total) under the Forest Preserve District of Will County. The 17,000 acres (69 km2) Midewin National Tallgrass Prairie is a U.S. Forest Service park in the county on the grounds of the former Joliet Arsenal. Other parks include Channahon State Park and the Des Plaines Fish and Wildlife Area.

Climate and weatherEdit

Joliet, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.6
 
 
30
13
 
 
1.6
 
 
35
19
 
 
2.5
 
 
47
28
 
 
3.8
 
 
60
37
 
 
3.9
 
 
72
48
 
 
4.2
 
 
81
58
 
 
4.3
 
 
85
63
 
 
3.8
 
 
82
61
 
 
3.1
 
 
76
53
 
 
2.7
 
 
64
41
 
 
3
 
 
48
31
 
 
2.4
 
 
35
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Joliet have ranged from a low of 13 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 85 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.58 inches (40 mm) in January to 4.34 inches (110 mm) in July.[6]

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
184010,167
185016,70364.3%
186029,32175.5%
187043,01346.7%
188053,42224.2%
189062,00716.1%
190074,76420.6%
191084,37112.8%
192092,91110.1%
1930110,73219.2%
1940114,2103.1%
1950134,33617.6%
1960191,61742.6%
1970249,49830.2%
1980324,46030.0%
1990357,31310.1%
2000502,26640.6%
2010677,56034.9%
Est. 2017692,661[7]2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790–1960[9] 1900–1990[10]
1990–2000[11] 2010–2017[2]

As of the 2010 Census, there were 677,560 people, 225,256 households, and 174,062 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 809.6 inhabitants per square mile (312.6/km2). There were 237,501 housing units at an average density of 283.8 per square mile (109.6/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 76.0% white, 11.2% black or African American, 4.6% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 5.8% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 15.6% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 21.6% were German, 18.6% were Irish, 13.3% were Polish, 11.1% were Italian, 5.9% were English, and 2.1% were American.[13]

Of the 225,256 households, 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.7% were non-families, and 18.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.41. The median age was 35.4 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $75,906 and the median income for a family was $85,488. Males had a median income of $60,867 versus $40,643 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,811. About 5.0% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.0% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[14]

GovernmentEdit

Will County is governed via a 26-member county board who are elected from one of 13 districts. Each district elects 2 members. The County Executive, County Clerk, Coroner, Auditor, Treasurer, Recorder of Deeds, State's Attorney and Sheriff are all elected in a countywide vote.

PoliticsEdit

Will County, once a Republican stronghold, has become a swing county in recent years.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 43.6% 132,720 49.9% 151,927 6.4% 19,579
2012 46.4% 128,969 51.9% 144,229 1.8% 4,967
2008 42.7% 122,597 55.9% 160,406 1.5% 4,178
2004 52.4% 130,728 46.9% 117,172 0.7% 1,709
2000 50.0% 95,828 47.4% 90,902 2.6% 4,940
1996 42.2% 62,506 46.8% 69,354 11.1% 16,444
1992 38.4% 58,337 39.2% 59,633 22.5% 34,153
1988 59.1% 73,129 40.3% 49,816 0.6% 786
1984 63.3% 78,684 36.3% 45,193 0.4% 520
1980 57.4% 69,310 34.8% 41,975 7.8% 9,373
1976 53.9% 61,784 44.5% 51,103 1.6% 1,840
1972 65.7% 65,155 33.9% 33,633 0.4% 430
1968 49.3% 43,630 35.7% 31,576 15.0% 13,254
1964 43.8% 38,619 56.3% 49,663 0.0% 0
1960 50.9% 42,575 49.0% 41,056 0.1% 81
1956 64.3% 45,628 35.5% 25,188 0.1% 100
1952 56.3% 38,533 43.5% 29,749 0.2% 110
1948 51.4% 28,601 47.5% 26,430 1.1% 597
1944 52.3% 30,058 47.1% 27,085 0.5% 310
1940 52.1% 32,291 47.5% 29,442 0.3% 213
1936 45.3% 25,028 50.9% 28,135 3.9% 2,151
1932 48.2% 25,173 49.4% 25,798 2.5% 1,295
1928 55.0% 26,081 44.0% 20,877 0.9% 447
1924 64.2% 22,780 13.3% 4,707 22.6% 8,018
1920 76.4% 21,746 19.0% 5,410 4.6% 1,318
1916 62.6% 19,881 35.8% 11,378 1.6% 506
1912 48.3% 8,092 28.1% 4,717 23.6% 3,958
1908 61.3% 10,358 33.7% 5,693 5.0% 850
1904 66.4% 10,001 21.2% 3,191 12.4% 1,873
1900 59.2% 10,056 39.2% 6,655 1.6% 269
1896 56.9% 9,249 42.3% 6,873 0.7% 120
1892 49.5% 6,720 47.4% 6,434 3.1% 420

EducationEdit

TransportationEdit

Energy InfrastructureEdit

PipelinesEdit

The county is a major hub in the United States natural gas pipeline grid where pipelines from Canada and the Gulf of Mexico meet and then fan out to serve the Midwest. The following major energy companies own pipeline that run through Will County:

Joliet RefineryEdit

ExxonMobil owns and operated the Joliet Refinery which is located along the Des Plaines River just east of I-55. According to ExxonMobil, the refinery employs about 600 people and was constructed in 1972.[17]

MunicipalitiesEdit

The municipalities with their population within Will County and their total population as of the 2010 Census, are:[18]

CitiesEdit

VillagesEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

TownshipsEdit

The 24 townships of Will County, with their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Specific
  1. ^ "UNITED STATES QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Was Dr. Conrad Will really worth his salt?" Archived October 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., Ledger-Sentinel, Roger Matile, June 22, 2006
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Joliet, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on January 27, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  7. ^ "County Population Estimates". Retrieved April 2, 2018.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
  16. ^ retrieved 2007-02-13 Archived December 8, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on October 5, 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
  18. ^ "GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2018.
General
  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990: from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8.

External linksEdit